BETA


Events

2023/04/26
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2023/04/25
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the number of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading system until 2030.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision (EU) 2023/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the number of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading system until 2030.

CONTENT: the Decision on the market stability reserve has been revised in the ‘Fit for 55’ package that aims to enable the EU to reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to achieve climate neutrality in 2050.

The market stability reserve aims to address the surplus of emission allowances that has built up in the EU emission trading system (EU ETS) since 2009 and to improve the system's resilience to major shocks by adjusting the supply of allowances to be auctioned.

A robust and forward-looking reserve is essential to ensure the integrity of the EU ETS and to effectively steer the EU ETS so that it can contribute, as a policy tool, to achieving the Union’s climate-neutrality objective by 2050 at the latest and to the aim of achieving negative emissions thereafter.

This Decision provides for the continuation of the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum amount to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability.

In addition, further changes to the market stability reserve will be made in the next revision of the EU ETS.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 15.5.2023.

2023/04/19
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2023/04/19
   CSL - Final act signed
2023/03/28
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2023/03/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/03/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 504 votes to 118, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the amount of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading scheme until 2030.

The European Parliament's position at first reading supports the decision’s objective, that is to ensure that the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum quantity to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) are maintained beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability.

The amended text clarifies that maintaining the rate of 24 % in this Decision should be without prejudice to further revisions of the reserve, including, if appropriate, a further revision of the percentage rate for the determination of the number of allowances to be placed in the reserve, as part of the general revision of Directive 2003/87/EC and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 in 2023.

Without prejudice to further revisions of the reserve, the Commission should continuously monitor the functioning of the reserve and ensure that the reserve is kept fit for purpose in case of future unforeseeable external shocks. A robust and forward-looking reserve is essential to ensure the integrity of the EU ETS and to effectively steer the EU ETS so that it can contribute, as a policy tool, to achieving the Union’s climate-neutrality objective by 2050 at the latest and to the aim of achieving negative emissions thereafter.

Lasty, the text stressed that it is even more significant to keep the Paris Agreement's objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C following the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its Sixth Assessment Report that global warming can only be limited to 1.5 °C if strong and sustained reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions within this decade are immediately undertaken.

Documents
2023/03/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/02/08
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2023/02/08
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2023/02/08
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2022/04/28
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2022/04/05
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted amendments to the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the amount of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading scheme until 2030.

Parliament supported the present decision’s objective, that is to ensure that the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum quantity to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) are maintained beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability.

Members pointed out that if the rate of the total number of allowances in circulation to be placed in the reserve each year reverts to 12 % after 2023, a significant and harmful surplus of allowances in the EU ETS could disturb market stability and the proper functioning of the EU ETS, and as a result jeopardise the achievement of greenhouse gas emission reductions necessary to meet legally binding climate targets. It is therefore important to ensure that the rate does not fall below 24% after 2023 and that the minimum number of allowances to be placed in the reserve does not fall below 200 million.

Parliament introduced a number of changes in the recitals of the proposal. It emphasised the following points:

- the fact that the revision of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), including its market stability reserve, is a unique opportunity to contribute to strengthening the EU's climate action ahead of the 27th Conference of the Parties (COP 27) to the UNFCCC in Egypt;

- the urgency of maintaining the Paris Agreement's objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C in the light of the IPCC's findings in its report of 7 August 2021, entitled ‘Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis ‘, as the report indicates that unless immediate and ambitious reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are made, it will no longer be possible to limit global warming to around 1.5°C or even 2°C;

- the need to act urgently on the increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events as a direct consequence of climate change. The EU should address this urgency by stepping up its efforts and establishing itself as an international leader in the fight against climate change;

- the need to mitigate climate change to maintain and improve the health of biodiversity, which also protects human health . Parliament recalled its resolution of 28 November 2019 on the climate and environment emergency in which it urged the Commission to take immediate and ambitious action to limit global warming to 1,5 °C and to avoid massive biodiversity loss;

- the importance of achieving the EU's binding commitment to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels in a manner that is just and results in no one being left behind, including those at risk of energy poverty.

Parliament recalled that according to the 2021 Carbon Market Report, the total number of allowances in circulation increased again in 2020 to 1 579 billion from 1 385 billion in 2019. This sharp increase in the overall surplus is linked to a lower demand due to the COVID-19 crisis. The Commission estimates that it will take up to four years for that additional 2020 surplus to be absorbed, thereby further delaying the urgent need to absorb the historical surplus and make the EU ETS fit for purpose.

As a result, the Commission should continuously monitor the functioning of the reserve and ensure that the reserve remains fit for purpose in the event of unforeseeable external shocks.

Members consider that the rate of 24 % after 2023 should be established separately from the general review of Directive 2003/87/EC and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 to strengthen the EU ETS in line with the Union’s increased climate ambition for 2030 to ensure that there is market predictability.

Documents
2022/04/05
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/04/04
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/03/16
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Cyrus ENGERER (S&D, MT) on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the amount of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading scheme until 2030.

Members support the Commission's proposal to ensure that the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum quantity to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) are maintained beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability. The market stability reserve allowance rate would return to 12% after 2030.

The report pointed out that if the rate of the total number of allowances in circulation to be placed in the reserve each year reverts to 12 % after 2023, a significant and harmful surplus of allowances in the EU ETS could disturb market stability and the proper functioning of the EU ETS, and as a result jeopardise the achievement of greenhouse gas emission reductions necessary to meet legally binding climate targets. It is therefore important to ensure that the rate does not fall below 24% after 2023 and that the minimum number of allowances to be placed in the reserve does not fall below 200 million.

The committee responsible introduced a number of changes in the recitals of the proposal. The report stressed the following points:

- the urgency of the need to keep the Paris Agreement goal of 1.5 °C alive has become more significant following the findings of the IPCC in its report of 7 August 2021 entitled ‘Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis’. The EU ETS, and therefore the reserve, should also be aligned with the efforts to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognising that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;

- the need to act urgently on the increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events as a direct consequence of climate change. The EU should address this urgency by stepping up its efforts and establishing itself as an international leader in the fight against climate change;

- the need to mitigate climate change to maintain and improve the health of biodiversity, which also protects human health;

- the importance of achieving the EU's binding commitment to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels while leaving no one behind in a just transition.

The Commission should continuously monitor the functioning of the reserve and ensure that the reserve remains fit for purpose in the event of future unpredictable external shocks.

Members consider that the rate of 24 % after 2023 should be established separately from the general review of Directive 2003/87/EC and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 to strengthen the EU ETS in line with the Union’s increased climate ambition for 2030 to ensure that there is market predictability.

Documents
2022/03/15
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/03/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/01/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/12/08
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/12/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/11/29
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/07
   EP - GAMON Claudia (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/16
   EP - ENGERER Cyrus (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the amount of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading scheme until 2030.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: all sectors of the economy need to contribute to achieving those emission reductions. Therefore, the ambition of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), established by Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, should be

adjusted to be in line with the economy-wide net greenhouse gas emissions reduction commitment for 2030.

In order to address the structural imbalance between supply and demand of allowances in the market, Decision (EU) 2015/1814 of the European Parliament and of the Council established a market stability reserve (MSR) in 2018, which has been operational since 2019.

The reserve functions by triggering adjustments to the annual volumes of allowances to be auctioned. In order to preserve a maximum degree of predictability, Decision (EU) 2015/1814 established clear rules for placing and releasing allowances in the reserve.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

The ‘Fit for 55’ package, the Next Generation EU and the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 will help to achieve the twin green and digital transitions that Europe is aiming for.

As part of this package, this proposal aims to increase the environmental contribution of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS).

As the MSR Decision currently stands, the 24 % intake rate of the MSR and the minimum amount to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances will expire in 2023. As from 2024, the intake rate would become 12 %. 12 % intake rate would not be enough to ensure that the objectives of the MSR in terms of reducing the surplus and ensuring market resilience would still be fulfilled.

CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission seeks to ensure that the current parameters of the MSR (intake rate of 24 % and minimum amount to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) are maintained beyond 2023 and until the end of Phase IV of the EU ETS on 31 December 2030 to ensure market predictability . The MSR intake rate would revert to 12 % after 2030 .

Monitoring and reporting

The Commission will continue to monitor and evaluate the functioning of the EU ETS, including the MSR, in its annual Carbon Market Report. The initiative builds on the process based on integrated national energy and climate plans and the robust transparency framework for greenhouse gas emissions and other climate information. The Commission will use the information submitted and reported by Member States under the Governance Regulation as a basis for its regular assessment of progress. This includes information on greenhouse gas emissions,

policies and measures, projections and adaptation.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Révision de la réserve de stabilité du marché pour le système d'échange de quotas d'émission de l'UE - Revision of the Market Stability Reserve for the EU Emissions Trading System - Überarbeitung der Marktstabilitätsreserve für das Emissionshandelssystem der EU - A9-0045/2022 - Cyrus Engerer - Am 22 #

2022/04/05 Outcome: -: 488, +: 131, 0: 6
IT PL LV EE SI MT LU HR LT CY FI CZ EL DK AT SK BG BE IE HU SE PT NL RO FR ES DE
Total
71
49
7
7
5
5
5
12
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6
12
21
16
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13
14
20
12
13
21
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A9-0045/2022 - Cyrus Engerer - Proposition de la Commission #

2022/04/05 Outcome: +: 490, -: 127, 0: 7
DE ES FR RO NL PT SE HU IE SK AT DK BG EL IT BE HR LT FI SI MT CY EE LU LV PL CZ
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93
53
56
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19
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18
71
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12
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Révision de la réserve de stabilité du marché pour le système d'échange de quotas d'émission de l'UE - A9-0045/2022 - Cyrus Engerer - Rejet - Am 31 #

2023/03/14 Outcome: -: 519, +: 108, 0: 2
PL MT EE CY HR LU LT LV SI FI SK BG AT EL IE DK HU BE SE CZ IT PT NL RO FR ES DE
Total
50
4
7
5
12
6
9
8
8
11
13
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17
15
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13
13
20
21
21
65
20
26
28
71
53
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A9-0045/2022 - Cyrus Engerer - Accord provisoire - Am 30 #

2023/03/14 Outcome: +: 504, -: 118, 0: 11
DE ES FR RO IT NL PT SE HU IE DK AT BG BE EL SK LV SI FI HR LT LU CZ EE MT CY PL
Total
90
53
71
28
67
26
20
21
13
12
13
17
12
20
17
13
8
8
10
12
9
6
21
7
4
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50
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37

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
32

Germany NI

Against (1)

2
1

Slovakia NI

2

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden ECR

3

Bulgaria ECR

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
57

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
111 2021/0202(COD)
2022/01/20 ENVI 82 amendments...
source: 704.569
2022/02/01 ITRE 29 amendments...
source: 704.763

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/9
date
2023-04-26T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=57915&j=0&l=en title: SP(2023)193
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events/12
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events/13
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events/13/summary
  • PURPOSE: to amend Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the number of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading system until 2030.
  • LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision (EU) 2023/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the number of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading system until 2030.
  • CONTENT: the Decision on the market stability reserve has been revised in the ‘Fit for 55’ package that aims to enable the EU to reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to achieve climate neutrality in 2050.
  • The market stability reserve aims to address the surplus of emission allowances that has built up in the EU emission trading system (EU ETS) since 2009 and to improve the system's resilience to major shocks by adjusting the supply of allowances to be auctioned.
  • A robust and forward-looking reserve is essential to ensure the integrity of the EU ETS and to effectively steer the EU ETS so that it can contribute, as a policy tool, to achieving the Union’s climate-neutrality objective by 2050 at the latest and to the aim of achieving negative emissions thereafter.
  • This Decision provides for the continuation of the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum amount to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability.
  • In addition, further changes to the market stability reserve will be made in the next revision of the EU ETS.
  • ENTRY INTO FORCE: 15.5.2023.
events/12
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events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 504 votes to 118, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/1814 as regards the amount of allowances to be placed in the market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emission trading scheme until 2030.
  • The European Parliament's position at first reading supports the decision’s objective, that is to ensure that the current parameters of the market stability reserve (24% intake rate and minimum quantity to be placed in the reserve of 200 million allowances) are maintained beyond 2023 and until the end of phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on 31 December 2030, in order to ensure market predictability.
  • The amended text clarifies that maintaining the rate of 24 % in this Decision should be without prejudice to further revisions of the reserve, including, if appropriate, a further revision of the percentage rate for the determination of the number of allowances to be placed in the reserve, as part of the general revision of Directive 2003/87/EC and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 in 2023.
  • Without prejudice to further revisions of the reserve, the Commission should continuously monitor the functioning of the reserve and ensure that the reserve is kept fit for purpose in case of future unforeseeable external shocks. A robust and forward-looking reserve is essential to ensure the integrity of the EU ETS and to effectively steer the EU ETS so that it can contribute, as a policy tool, to achieving the Union’s climate-neutrality objective by 2050 at the latest and to the aim of achieving negative emissions thereafter.
  • Lasty, the text stressed that it is even more significant to keep the Paris Agreement's objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C following the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its Sixth Assessment Report that global warming can only be limited to 1.5 °C if strong and sustained reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions within this decade are immediately undertaken.
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