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Events

2024/02/27
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2024/02/27
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Documents
2024/02/26
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2024/01/24
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2023/12/20
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2023/02/02
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/02/02
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 433 votes to 61, with 110 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transparency and targeting of political advertising.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Subject matter, scope and definitions

Members propose to clarify that the regulation lays down harmonised rules on:

- obligations concerning the provision of political advertising services, transparency and due diligence for sponsors and providers of political advertising services that require them to provide, collect, retain, disclose and publish information connected to the provision in the internal market of such services;

- the use of targeting and ad delivery techniques in connection with the preparation, placement, promotion, publication, delivery or dissemination of political advertising, in the context of the provision of political advertising services, that involves the processing of personal data;

- the supervision and enforcement of this Regulation, including as regards the cooperation and coordination between the competent authorities.

It is clarified that political views and opinions and other editorial content expressed under the editorial responsibility of a media service provider should not be considered political advertising unless specific payment or other remuneration is provided for their preparation, placement, promotion, publication, delivery or dissemination by third parties.

Furthermore, the Regulation should protect fundamental rights and freedoms as enshrined in Union and national law, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and should not affect the content of political advertising or national provisions governing election periods and political campaigns.

Provision of political advertising services in the Union

Providers of political advertising services should not discriminate against sponsors on grounds of their place of residence or, where applicable, establishment, when those sponsors request, conclude or hold a contract for political advertising services. By way of exception, political advertising services should be provided only to a sponsor or a service provider acting on behalf of a sponsor who is a citizen of the Union, or a natural or legal person residing or established in the Union .

Identification of a political advertisement

In order to determine whether a message constitutes a political advertisement, Members suggest that all its features should be taken into account, in particular the content and purpose of the message, its sponsor, the spoken or written language used to convey the message, as well as the context in which the message is conveyed and how it is transmitted. The Commission should develop common guidance to contribute to the correct application of those criteria.

Transparency and due diligence obligations for political advertising services

Members suggested the following clarifications:

- all service providers should ensure that the contractual arrangements concluded for the provision of a political advertising service specify how the relevant provisions of this Regulation are complied with;

- the statement made by advertising services acting on behalf of sponsors whether the advertising service constitutes a political advertising service should be made in a good faith, should contain accurate information, and should be provided in timely, complete and accurate manner. In case of manifestly erroneous declarations, the providers of advertising services should request corrections.

- political advertising publishers that are also Very Large Online Platforms (VLOPs) and Very Large Online Search Engines (VLOSEs) should diligently identify, analyse and assess any systemic risks that their political advertising services pose in the context of their risk assessments and put in place reasonable, proportionate and effective mitigation measures;

- strengthening the provisions on record-keeping and transmission of information to the political advertising publisher to ensure that providers of political advertising services retain information they collect in the provision of their services and communicate it to the political advertising publisher in a timely and accurate manner;

- labelling requirements that allow people to easily identify political advertising as such, as well as the definition by the Commission of standardised and effective techniques for the labelling of political advertising;

- details of the information to be provided in the transparency notice and the responsibility of providers of political advertising services, including publishers with regards to accuracy and completeness of information; transparency notices should be presented in an easily accessible form;

- the establishment of an EU library for hosting political advertisements ensuring the hosting of a database containing each online political advertisement;

- the adoption by the Commission to adopt common standards to establish common data structure and standards, and a common application programming interface;

- details of the procedures for natural and legal persons to easily flag up possibly unlawful political advertisements.

Targeting and delivery of political advertising

Targeting and ad delivery techniques that involve the processing of special categories of personal data in the context of political advertising would be prohibited. Targeting techniques involving the processing of personal data would be limited to personal data explicitly provided by the data subject with his or her consent . The data controller should inform when requesting consent from the data subject that his or her provided personal data may be processed solely for the purpose of presenting political advertising to the data subject.

The amendments aim to ensure that publishers of political advertising include in the transparency notice all the information necessary to enable the data subject to understand the logic involved and the main parameters of the technique used, such as the objectives, mechanisms and logic of targeting, including inclusion and exclusion parameters, and the reasons for choosing these parameters.

In addition, the transparency notice should visibly refer to an easily accessible interface where users can withdraw their consent or modify the personal data they have provided.

Supervision, enforcement and sanctions

Parliament called for enhanced cooperation at EU level between national competent authorities, while preserving national competences in this area. Each Member State should designate a competent authority as a national contact point at EU level for all aspects of the Regulation. The national contact points would ensure effective cooperation between national competent authorities and with other national contact points and authorities at Union level.

Within the framework of the European Cooperation Network on Elections, a permanent Network of National Contact Points should be established which should serve as a platform for regular exchange of information and structured cooperation between national contact points and the Commission on all aspects of this Regulation.

As for the provisions requiring Member States to determine the system of penalties for breaches of the Regulation, Parliament suggested that Member States should also have the possibility of imposing periodic penalty payments for serious and repeated breaches.

Lastly, any person, or entity should have the right to lodge a complaint with the competent authority that is the national contact point of the Member State where that entity or person is located or established against sponsors and providers of political advertising services, alleging an infringement of this Regulation.

Documents
2023/02/02
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2023/02/01
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/01/26
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the report by Sandro GOZI (Renew, FR) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transparency and targeting of political advertising.

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amend the proposal as follows:

Subject matter, scope and definitions

Members propose to clarify that the regulation establishes harmonised rules on obligations concerning the provision of political advertising services, and on transparency and due diligence for sponsors and providers of political advertising services that require them to provide, collect,

retain, disclose and publish information connected to the provision in the internal market of such services.

Furthermore, the Regulation should protect fundamental rights and freedoms as enshrined in Union and national law, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and should not affect the content of political advertising or national provisions governing election periods and political campaigns.

Moreover, political opinions expressed under the editorial responsibility of a service provider should not be considered political advertising unless specific payment or other remuneration is provided for their preparation, placement, promotion, publication, delivery or dissemination by third parties.

The report also recommends clarifying several definitions , including 'political advertising', 'political actor' and ‘political advertising publisher', 'targeting and amplification techniques', and proposes a new definition of 'political advertising service providers' in order to promote a better understanding of the system.

Provision of political advertising services in the Union

Providers of political advertising services should not discriminate against sponsors on grounds of their place of residence or, where applicable, establishment, when those sponsors request, conclude or hold a contract for political advertising services. By way of exception, political advertising services should be provided only to a sponsor or a service provider acting on behalf of a sponsor who is a citizen of the Union, or a natural or legal person residing or established in the Union .

Identification of a political advertisement

Members believe that it is essential to clearly establish the criteria for determining whether an advertisement is political in nature or not. Such criteria should include the content and purpose of the message, its sponsor, the spoken or written language used to convey the message, as well as the context in which the message is conveyed and how it is transmitted. The Commission should develop common guidance to contribute to the correct application of those criteria.

Transparency and due diligence obligations for political advertising services

The report suggested the following clarifications:

- all service providers should ensure that the contractual arrangements concluded for the provision of a political advertising service specify how the relevant provisions of this Regulation are complied with;

- the statement made by advertising services acting on behalf of sponsors whether the advertising service constitutes a political advertising service should be made in a good faith, should contain accurate information , and should be provided in timely, complete and accurate manner. In case of manifestly erroneous declarations, the providers of advertising services should request corrections. Additional risk management obligations should apply to service providers who are very large online platforms in the meaning of the Digital Services Act;

- strengthening the provisions on record-keeping and transmission of information to the political advertising publisher so as to ensure that providers of political advertising services retain information they collect in the provision of their services and communicate it to the political advertising publisher in a timely and accurate manner;

- the definition by the Commission of common standards to establish harmonised, efficient and prominent labels for political advertisements;

- details of the information to be provided in the transparency notice and the responsibility of providers of political advertising services, including publishers with regards to accuracy and completeness of information;

- the establishment of an EU library for hosting political advertisements ensuring the hosting of a database containing each online political advertisement;

- the adoption by the Commission to adopt common standards to establish common data structure and standards, and a common application programming interface;

- details of the procedures for natural and legal persons to easily flag up possibly unlawful political advertisements.

Targeting and delivery of political advertising

Targeting and ad delivery techniques that involve the processing of special categories of personal data in the context of political advertising would be prohibited. Targeting techniques involving the processing of personal data would be limited to personal data explicitly provided by the data subject with his or her consent .

The amendments aim to ensure that publishers of political advertising include in the transparency notice all the information necessary to enable the data subject to understand the logic involved and the main parameters of the technique used. In addition, the transparency notice should visibly link to an easily accessible interface in which users can withdraw their consent or modify the personal data they provided for the sole purpose of online political advertising.

Monitoring, enforcement and sanctions

The Commission should keep publicly available registers of legal representatives registered at national level under this Regulation. Service providers should give their legal representative the necessary powers and sufficient resources to ensure effective and timely cooperation with the Member States’ competent authorities and, where relevant, with the Commission, and to ensure the compliance with their decisions.

Competent authorities, when exercising their supervisory tasks in relation to the Regulation, would be empowered to: (i) request access to data, documents, or any necessary information from the providers of political advertising services; (ii) order an end to infringements and, where appropriate, impose remedies that are proportionate to the infringement and necessary to bring it effectively to an end; (iii) impose administrative fines and financial penalties, including periodic penalty payments; (iv) carry out order inspections of any premises that providers of political advertising services use for purposes related to their trade, business, craft or profession.

Documents
2023/01/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/12/08
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/12/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/11/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/10/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/09/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/09/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/07/13
   EP - DONÁTH Anna Júlia (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2022/06/20
   EP - FREUND Daniel (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2022/06/16
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2022/05/05
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2022/03/22
   EP - VERHEYEN Sabine (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2022/02/28
   EP - NIEBLER Angelika (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2022/02/23
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2022/01/20
   EDPS - Document attached to the procedure
2021/12/22
   EP - GOZI Sandro (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2021/12/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/11/25
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/11/25
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/11/25
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/11/25
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE : to lay down harmonised rules for a high level of transparency of political advertising and related services.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: political advertising is a tool in campaigning to convey political messages to voters. It aims to influence people’s views on political subjects and their voting decisions, and is often specifically regulated nationally, with a specific focus on transparency.

The traditional media for political ads used to be newspapers, posters, radio and television. However, these have increasingly been displaced by the digital sphere. The cross-border nature of online political advertising has challenged the relevance of national rules, which typically included restrictions to ensure democratic accountability and fairer processes and economic operators face difficulties to determine and adapt to applicable rules, limiting their ability to offer advertising services.

Several Member States have legislated or intend to legislate in the area of transparency in political advertising. As these rules diverge in scope, content and effect, new ad hoc national rules would only increase the fragmentation of the essential transparency elements.

This proposal also complements the proposed amendment to Regulation (EU) 1141/2014 on the statute and financing of European political parties and foundations.

CONTENT: the proposal addresses the fragmentation of the existing Regulatory framework in this area and seeks to promote high European standards of transparency in political campaigning and free and fair elections in the EU level, strengthen the resilience of democratic processes in the EU and combat disinformation, information manipulation and interference in elections.

The proposed Regulation lays down:

- harmonised transparency obligations for providers of political advertising and related services to retain, disclose and publish information connected to the provision of such services;

- harmonised rules on the use of targeting and amplification techniques in the context of the publication, dissemination or promotion of political advertising that involve the use of personal data.

The main measures set out in the proposed Regulation on transparency and targeting of political adverts include:

Scope

Political advertisements will cover ads by, for or on behalf of a political actor as well as so called issue-based ads which are liable to influence the outcome of an election or referendum, a legislative or regulatory process or voting behaviour.

Transparency obligations for paid political advertising

The proposal establishes measures applicable to all providers of political advertising services involved in the preparation, placement, promotion, publication or dissemination of political advertising. In particular, it provides for measures concerning (i) the transparency of political advertising, (ii) the obligation to identify political advertisements and (iii) the obligation to keep records and provide information to advertising publishers.

Advertising publishers would be required to:

- include a clear statement to the effect that it is of a political nature, indicate the name of the sponsor, and make available information to understand the wider context of political advertising and its aims;

- publish annually information on the amounts or value of other benefits received in part or full exchange for services they have provided in connection with political advertisements;

- establish user-friendly mechanisms for citizens to notify them of advertisements that do not comply with the obligations set out in the Regulation.

Political targeting and amplification

The proposal lays down strict conditions on the use of targeting or amplification techniques involving the processing of personal data for political advertising purposes. When sensitive data are at stake, a prohibition applies accompanied by specific exemptions. Further, controllers making use of these techniques for political advertising purposes shall adopt and implement an internal policy, keep records, and provide information to allow individuals to understand the logic involved and main parameters of the targeting used, and the involvement of third-party data and additional analytical techniques.

Supervision and enforcement

The proposal lays down an obligation for providers of political advertising services not established in the Union to appoint a legal representative in one of the Member States where they provide their services. It also lays down which authorities are entrusted with the supervision and enforcement of specific the measures.

Fines

Member States will be required to introduce effective, proportionate and dissuasive fines when the rules on transparency of political advertising are breached.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Transparence et ciblage de la publicité à caractère politique - Transparency and targeting of political advertising - Die Transparenz und das Targeting politischer Werbung - A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Article 2, alinéa 1, point 2, sous-point b - Am 278 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: -: 406, +: 185, 0: 6
PL HU CZ IE CY DK EE IT LV FI HR EL MT LU BE SE SK LT SI BG AT PT NL FR RO ES DE
Total
45
17
18
10
2
12
4
62
7
9
9
16
5
5
18
16
13
9
8
13
17
19
25
68
30
52
88
icon: ID ID
54

Czechia ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

1

Austria ID

2
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57

Czechia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

1

Sweden ECR

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3

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1

Lithuania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: The Left The Left
31

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

1

Denmark The Left

1

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1

Portugal The Left

4

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1
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31

Latvia NI

1

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2

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2

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1
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63

Czechia Verts/ALE

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128

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A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Article 5, après le § 1 - Am 279 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: -: 450, +: 137, 0: 16
PL CZ EE CY IT DK HR SE LV MT LU BE HU LT FI SI BG SK IE AT EL NL PT RO FR ES DE
Total
47
18
4
2
63
12
10
16
7
5
5
18
17
9
9
8
13
13
10
17
16
25
19
30
69
51
90
icon: ECR ECR
58

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

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1

Lithuania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

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1

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1

Germany ECR

1
icon: ID ID
53

Czechia ID

2

Denmark ID

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1

Finland ID

1

Austria ID

2
icon: NI NI
33

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

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1

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2

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1

France NI

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2
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30

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4

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3

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

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3

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4
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131

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A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Après l'article 5 bis - Am 145/2 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: +: 465, -: 129, 0: 7
DE ES FR RO AT NL PT EL DK CZ SK IE SE BG SI FI IT BE LV MT LU LT HR EE CY HU PL
Total
90
52
70
30
17
25
19
13
12
18
13
10
16
13
8
9
63
18
7
5
5
9
10
4
2
17
46
icon: PPE PPE
147

Ireland PPE

2

Finland PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Croatia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
131

Greece S&D

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

1

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

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1

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: Renew Renew
88

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1

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1

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3

Ireland Renew

2

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

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2

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

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3

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3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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3

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2

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2

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3

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30

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1

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4

Denmark The Left

1

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1

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1

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1
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31

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1

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2

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1

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54

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icon: ECR ECR
57

Germany ECR

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1

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A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Article 9, après le § 3 - Am 281 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: -: 448, +: 100, 0: 39
PL CZ EE CY IT HR LV HU MT LU SE DK LT FI SK SI BG IE EL BE AT NL PT RO ES FR DE
Total
45
17
4
2
63
10
7
16
5
5
16
12
9
9
13
8
13
10
16
18
15
25
18
30
52
60
89
icon: ECR ECR
56

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

For (1)

3

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

4

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: ID ID
49

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

1

Austria ID

2
icon: NI NI
32

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

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2

Netherlands NI

1

France NI

Abstain (1)

1

Germany NI

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2
icon: The Left The Left
29

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

France The Left

4
icon: Renew Renew
86

Poland Renew

1

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Italy Renew

3

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

4
icon: S&D S&D
129

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

3

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

1

Austria S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
143

Czechia PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Croatia PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Finland PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Slovenia PPE

4

Ireland PPE

Against (2)

2

A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Article 16, après le § 7 - Am 258 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: +: 446, -: 151, 0: 5
DE ES FR RO NL PT EL AT SE BG HR SI IT SK LT FI BE IE MT LU DK LV EE CY CZ HU PL
Total
89
52
70
30
25
19
14
17
16
13
10
8
63
13
9
9
18
10
5
5
12
7
4
2
18
17
47
icon: PPE PPE
146

Croatia PPE

2

Finland PPE

1

Ireland PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
131

Greece S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Belgium S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
88

Greece Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

For (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Finland Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: The Left The Left
31

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

Against (2)

4

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
31

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

Against (2)

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
54

Austria ID

2

Finland ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: ECR ECR
58

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

A9-0009/2023 - Sandro Gozi - Considérant 4 - Am 3/1 #

2023/02/02 Outcome: +: 567, -: 29, 0: 4
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL BE HU AT PT SE CZ BG SK EL DK HR LT SI FI LV MT LU IE EE CY
Total
90
70
63
52
46
29
25
18
17
17
19
16
18
13
12
14
12
10
9
8
9
7
5
5
10
4
2
icon: PPE PPE
146

Hungary PPE

1

Croatia PPE

2

Finland PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Ireland PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
131

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

5

Belgium S&D

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: Renew Renew
88

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

For (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

3

Greece Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (2)