BETA


2021/0431(COD) Derogations from certain obligations concerning certain medicinal products for human use made available in the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland, as well as in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI CANFIN Pascal (icon: Renew Renew) CLUNE Deirdre (icon: EPP EPP), ENGERER Cyrus (icon: S&D S&D), EICKHOUT Bas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), VILLANUEVA RUIZ Idoia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 163, TFEU 114

Events

2022/04/20
   Final act published in Official Journal
2022/04/12
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2022/04/12
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2022/04/12
   CSL - Final act signed
2022/04/07
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 547 votes to 0 with 4 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC as regards derogations from certain obligations concerning certain medicinal products for human use made available in the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland, as well as in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.

Parliament adopted its position at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure by taking over the Commission proposal.

The proposal aims to ensure the long-term security of supply of medicines to Northern Ireland from Great Britain and to address the remaining supply problems in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta. Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland are markets historically dependent on the supply of medicinal products from or through parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland, and the supply chains of these markets have not yet been fully adapted to comply with EU law.

The proposed amending directive aims to safeguard the uninterrupted supply of medicinal products for human use in Northern Ireland after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom under the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. It will also allow, on an exceptional basis and for a transitional period of three years, the placing on the market in Ireland, Malta and Cyprus of medicinal products originating from the United Kingdom under derogations from the requirement that authorisation holders be established in the European Union.

The changes to the medicines legislation authorise, by way of exception, that:

- the marketing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the holder of the manufacturing authorisation may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- batch testing may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the qualified person for batch testing and pharmacovigilance may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland or Malta may, until 31 December 2024, purchase and obtain medicinal products from a third country (parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing and import authorisation and without carrying out new product testing.

The text will enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the EU. The measures will apply retroactively from 1 January 2022.

The Commission has stated that it will continuously monitor developments in the Member States concerned and will closely accompany the competent authorities of Cyprus, Ireland and Malta in their efforts to reduce the dependence of their national markets on the supply of medicinal products from or through parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.

The Commission will invite the competent authorities of Cyprus, Ireland and Malta to provide regular information on these efforts. On the basis of this information, the Commission will report to the European Parliament and the Council within 18 months of the date of entry into force of the amending Directive on the progress made in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta towards the complete abolition of the derogations and on the measures taken by the Commission to closely accompany the competent authorities of these Member States in this respect.

The Commission will present proposals by the end of 2022 to revise the EU pharmaceutical legislation . These proposals will seek to provide longer-term structural solutions, in particular on the issue of access to medicines, and more specifically on enhancing security of supply and addressing the risks of shortages in smaller markets in the EU.

Documents
2022/03/28
   EP - Decision by committee, without report
2022/02/23
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2022/02/02
   EP - CANFIN Pascal (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2022/01/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/12/17
   EC - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure the continuity of supply of certain medicinal products for human use to Northern Ireland, as well as to Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: pursuant to the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol, which is an integral part of the UK Withdrawal Agreement, medicines placed on the market in Northern Ireland must be covered by a valid marketing authorisation issued by the Commission (EU-wide authorisations) or the United Kingdom (UK) in respect of Northern Ireland. These national authorisations should be in compliance with the obligations of the EU acquis for medicinal products.

Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland have always relied on the supply of medicines, including investigational medicines, from or through parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland.

On 25 January 2021, the Commission issued a notice on the application of the EU pharmaceutical acquis in markets historically dependent on the supply of medicines from or via Great Britain (i.e. Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland) after the end of the transitional period. This notice provides for a one-year grace period (until the end of December 2021) for maintaining batch testing and manufacturing / logistics in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland to ensure undisrupted supply of medicines to Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.

Despite the transition period, it still proves very difficult for certain operators currently based in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland to adapt and move relevant regulatory compliance functions (namely, the marketing authorisation holder, quality control (batch) testing, the qualified persons responsible for batch testing pharmacovigilance) to Northern Ireland or the EU in respect of nationally authorised products, as required by the Protocol.

Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council lay down rules concerning medicinal products for human use and investigational medicinal products intended to be placed on the market in the Member States. In order to avoid shortages of medicinal products and to ensure a high level of public health protection, these Directives need to be amended to provide for derogations for medicinal products supplied to Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland from parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland.

CONTENT: the proposal provides for derogations from Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC in order to ensure the long-term continuity of supply of generic and innovative medicines to Northern Ireland from the UK and to address the remaining supply problems in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta .

The proposal exceptionally allows the following:

- the marketing authorisation holder and the manufacturing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- batch checks may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the qualified person for batch controls and pharmacovigilance may be located in parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland;

- an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland or Malta will be able to purchase and obtain medicinal products from a third country (parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing authorisation and without the need to repeat batch checks;

This proposal allows exceptionally that:

- a marketing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the manufacturing authorisation holder may be located in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the batch testing may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- the qualified person for batch testing and pharmacovigilance may be located in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;

- an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland, or Malta may purchase and obtain medicines from a third country (parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing import authorisation and without re-testing the products;

- the competent authorities of the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland may temporarily authorise the supply to patients in Northern Ireland of a medicinal product provided that (i) the medicinal product concerned has obtained a marketing authorisation issued by the competent authority of the United Kingdom for parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland; and (ii) the medicinal product concerned is made available to patients or end-users only within the territory of Northern Ireland and is not made available in any Member State;

- the UK should comply with EU legislation on the quality, safety and efficacy of medicinal products for human use when issuing marketing authorisations for Northern Ireland.

Malta, Cyprus and Ireland will have certain derogations for a period of three years (until 31 December 2024). In these three countries, during this period, importers of medicinal products from the UK will not be required to hold manufacturing authorisations, nor will such medicinal products be required to undergo batch testing if such testing has already been carried out in the UK.

This proposal should be read in conjunction with the proposal to amend Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 as regards a derogation from certain obligations concerning investigational medicinal products made available in the United Kingdom with respect to Northern Ireland as well as in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.

Documents

  • Draft final act: 00006/2022/LEX
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0116/2022
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES0378/2022
  • Legislative proposal: COM(2021)0997
  • Legislative proposal: EUR-Lex
  • Legislative proposal: COM(2021)0997 EUR-Lex
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES0378/2022
  • Draft final act: 00006/2022/LEX

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/0
date
2021-12-17T00:00:00
docs
summary
type
Legislative proposal
body
EC
docs/0
date
2021-12-17T00:00:00
docs
summary
type
Legislative proposal
body
EC
docs/1
date
2022-02-23T00:00:00
docs
title: CES0378/2022
type
Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
body
ESC
docs/2
date
2022-04-12T00:00:00
docs
title: 00006/2022/LEX
type
Draft final act
body
CSL
events/3
date
2022-04-12T00:00:00
type
Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
body
EP/CSL
events/5
date
2022-04-20T00:00:00
type
Final act published in Official Journal
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
  • ENVI/9/08050
procedure/legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure EP 163
  • Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 114
procedure/other_consulted_institutions
European Economic and Social Committee
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting Council's 1st reading position
New
Procedure completed
docs/1
date
2022-04-07T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2022-0116_EN.html title: T9-0116/2022
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/2/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 547 votes to 0 with 4 abstentions a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC as regards derogations from certain obligations concerning certain medicinal products for human use made available in the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland, as well as in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.
  • Parliament adopted its position at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure by taking over the Commission proposal.
  • The proposal aims to ensure the long-term security of supply of medicines to Northern Ireland from Great Britain and to address the remaining supply problems in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta. Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland are markets historically dependent on the supply of medicinal products from or through parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland, and the supply chains of these markets have not yet been fully adapted to comply with EU law.
  • The proposed amending directive aims to safeguard the uninterrupted supply of medicinal products for human use in Northern Ireland after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom under the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. It will also allow, on an exceptional basis and for a transitional period of three years, the placing on the market in Ireland, Malta and Cyprus of medicinal products originating from the United Kingdom under derogations from the requirement that authorisation holders be established in the European Union.
  • The changes to the medicines legislation authorise, by way of exception, that:
  • - the marketing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the holder of the manufacturing authorisation may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - batch testing may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the qualified person for batch testing and pharmacovigilance may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland or Malta may, until 31 December 2024, purchase and obtain medicinal products from a third country (parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing and import authorisation and without carrying out new product testing.
  • The text will enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the EU. The measures will apply retroactively from 1 January 2022.
  • The Commission has stated that it will continuously monitor developments in the Member States concerned and will closely accompany the competent authorities of Cyprus, Ireland and Malta in their efforts to reduce the dependence of their national markets on the supply of medicinal products from or through parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland.
  • The Commission will invite the competent authorities of Cyprus, Ireland and Malta to provide regular information on these efforts. On the basis of this information, the Commission will report to the European Parliament and the Council within 18 months of the date of entry into force of the amending Directive on the progress made in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta towards the complete abolition of the derogations and on the measures taken by the Commission to closely accompany the competent authorities of these Member States in this respect.
  • The Commission will present proposals by the end of 2022 to revise the EU pharmaceutical legislation . These proposals will seek to provide longer-term structural solutions, in particular on the issue of access to medicines, and more specifically on enhancing security of supply and addressing the risks of shortages in smaller markets in the EU.
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
  • ENVI/9/08050
procedure/legal_basis
  • Rules of Procedure EP 163
  • Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 114
procedure/other_consulted_institutions
European Economic and Social Committee
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2022-04-12T00:00:00
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Final act signed
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CSL
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2022-04-07T00:00:00
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url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2022-0116_EN.html title: T9-0116/2022
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2022-04-07T00:00:00
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url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2022-0116_EN.html title: T9-0116/2022
forecasts
  • date: 2022-04-05T00:00:00 title: Vote in plenary scheduled
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  • date: 2022-04-04T00:00:00 title: Indicative plenary sitting date
forecasts
  • date: 2022-03-23T00:00:00 title: Indicative plenary sitting date
forecasts
  • date: 2022-03-23T00:00:00 title: Indicative plenary sitting date
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Responsible Committee
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Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
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name: CANFIN Pascal date: 2022-02-02T00:00:00 group: Renew Europe group abbr: Renew
shadows
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Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
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  • body: EC dg: Health and Food Safety commissioner: KYRIAKIDES Stella
docs/0/summary
  • PURPOSE: to ensure the continuity of supply of certain medicinal products for human use to Northern Ireland, as well as to Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.
  • BACKGROUND: pursuant to the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol, which is an integral part of the UK Withdrawal Agreement, medicines placed on the market in Northern Ireland must be covered by a valid marketing authorisation issued by the Commission (EU-wide authorisations) or the United Kingdom (UK) in respect of Northern Ireland. These national authorisations should be in compliance with the obligations of the EU acquis for medicinal products.
  • Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland have always relied on the supply of medicines, including investigational medicines, from or through parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland.
  • On 25 January 2021, the Commission issued a notice on the application of the EU pharmaceutical acquis in markets historically dependent on the supply of medicines from or via Great Britain (i.e. Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland) after the end of the transitional period. This notice provides for a one-year grace period (until the end of December 2021) for maintaining batch testing and manufacturing / logistics in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland to ensure undisrupted supply of medicines to Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.
  • Despite the transition period, it still proves very difficult for certain operators currently based in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland to adapt and move relevant regulatory compliance functions (namely, the marketing authorisation holder, quality control (batch) testing, the qualified persons responsible for batch testing pharmacovigilance) to Northern Ireland or the EU in respect of nationally authorised products, as required by the Protocol.
  • Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council lay down rules concerning medicinal products for human use and investigational medicinal products intended to be placed on the market in the Member States. In order to avoid shortages of medicinal products and to ensure a high level of public health protection, these Directives need to be amended to provide for derogations for medicinal products supplied to Cyprus, Ireland, Malta and Northern Ireland from parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland.
  • CONTENT: the proposal provides for derogations from Directives 2001/20/EC and 2001/83/EC in order to ensure the long-term continuity of supply of generic and innovative medicines to Northern Ireland from the UK and to address the remaining supply problems in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta .
  • The proposal exceptionally allows the following:
  • - the marketing authorisation holder and the manufacturing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - batch checks may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the qualified person for batch controls and pharmacovigilance may be located in parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland;
  • - an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland or Malta will be able to purchase and obtain medicinal products from a third country (parts of the UK other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing authorisation and without the need to repeat batch checks;
  • This proposal allows exceptionally that:
  • - a marketing authorisation holder may be established in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the manufacturing authorisation holder may be located in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the batch testing may be carried out in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - the qualified person for batch testing and pharmacovigilance may be located in parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland;
  • - an EU wholesaler located in Northern Ireland, Cyprus, Ireland, or Malta may purchase and obtain medicines from a third country (parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland) without holding a manufacturing import authorisation and without re-testing the products;
  • - the competent authorities of the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland may temporarily authorise the supply to patients in Northern Ireland of a medicinal product provided that (i) the medicinal product concerned has obtained a marketing authorisation issued by the competent authority of the United Kingdom for parts of the United Kingdom other than Northern Ireland; and (ii) the medicinal product concerned is made available to patients or end-users only within the territory of Northern Ireland and is not made available in any Member State;
  • - the UK should comply with EU legislation on the quality, safety and efficacy of medicinal products for human use when issuing marketing authorisations for Northern Ireland.
  • Malta, Cyprus and Ireland will have certain derogations for a period of three years (until 31 December 2024). In these three countries, during this period, importers of medicinal products from the UK will not be required to hold manufacturing authorisations, nor will such medicinal products be required to undergo batch testing if such testing has already been carried out in the UK.
  • This proposal should be read in conjunction with the proposal to amend Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 as regards a derogation from certain obligations concerning investigational medicinal products made available in the United Kingdom with respect to Northern Ireland as well as in Cyprus, Ireland and Malta.
forecasts
  • date: 2022-02-14T00:00:00 title: Indicative plenary sitting date
forecasts
  • date: 2022-02-14T00:00:00 title: Indicative plenary sitting date