BETA


Events

2021/11/24
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 543 votes to 52, with 94 abstentions, a resolution on a European strategy for critical raw materials.

Need for a comprehensive EU strategy

Technologies requiring critical raw materials (CRMs) will be key to ensuring the EU and the world's ability to meet their goals under the Paris Agreement. The EU currently supplies only 1% of the raw materials for wind energy, less than 1% of lithium batteries, less than 1% of fuel cells, only 2% of the raw materials for robotics and only 1% of silicon photovoltaic assemblies. Moreover, COVID-19 has damaged global supply chains and led to shortages of critical raw materials in Europe.

Members stressed the strategic importance for the EU to reduce its dependence and preserve its value and supply chains . A comprehensive EU strategy for CRMs should be based on high environmental, social and human rights standards, also taking into account the natural mineral scarcity.

Challenges and opportunities

Members believe that an integrated approach along the entire value chain, from waste collection and product design for recyclability to material recovery, is an essential strategy for increasing the supply of CRMs. However, they stressed that recycling alone will not be sufficient to meet the growing demand for CRM and that substitution of critical materials could help solve CRM sufficiency challenges.

The resolution emphasised the need to support research and innovation in recycling and substitution of CRMs as well as in product design.

Stressing that climate neutrality should not replace reliance on fossil fuels with dependence on raw materials, Members called for an active industrial policy with access to affordable clean energy sources.

Given the favourable circumstances in the EU for low-emission and sustainable extraction activities, Members called for further exploration of supply opportunities in CRM-rich Member States. They also stressed the role that optimising resource consumption and maintaining and reusing valuable raw materials within the EU can play in reducing dependence on CRM.

Project of common European interest

Members called on the Commission and the Member States to create, as soon as possible, an Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) on critical raw materials to strategically and sustainably plan for EU demand for the twin transition, covering requirements, sources of supply and (social, environmental and financial) costs.

The IPCEI should cover all the relevant topics in order to reduce criticality and dependence , such as recycling, reuse, substitution, reduction of material use and mining. These projects should unlock the unfulfilled potential in critical raw material-rich EU countries that have large untapped sources.

The Commission is called upon to ensure that national plans for recovery and resilience under NextGenerationEU address the challenges of economically, environmentally and socially sustainable CRM supply.

Members also called for EU support and funding for the technological development of CRMs and stressed, in particular, the need for specific financial instruments and targeted research and innovation (R&I) funds for recycling processes.

Strategic autonomy and resilience

Parliament called for further strengthening of the European Raw Materials Alliance (ERMA), mainly with regard to materials which are of great importance for the twin transition, like CRMs needed for energy storage and conversion.

Closing material loops

The resolution highlighted the need to develop well-functional markets for secondary critical raw material flows and thus strengthen the EU's industrial ecosystem and keep jobs in the manufacturing industry. The Commission is encouraged to promote the recycling and recovery of critical raw materials from mining, processing and commercial waste streams to ensure reliable, secure and sustainable access to them.

Supply from the EU

Parliament stressed the vital role of Member States in increasing the sustainable domestic supply of CRM from primary and secondary sources. It called on Member States to improve the timeliness, predictability and transparency of authorisation procedures for prospecting and sourcing projects without lowering environmental and social standards.

Diversification

The Commission is called on to diversify as much as possible the supply sources of critical raw materials and to reduce the current reliance on a few non-EU countries by supporting investments that involve European and global partners and SMEs as part of a long-term international sourcing strategy.

To achieve this goal, Parliament recommended strengthening existing partnerships and trade agreements and building new strategic agreements or EU joint ventures with resource-rich and other like-minded sourcing countries, in accordance with clearly defined priorities.

Members stressed the need to strengthen cooperation between the EU, the US and Japan and to cooperate more closely with key international suppliers in the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as with China and other developing countries in the global south.

Documents
2021/11/22
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/10/12
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted an own-initiative report by Hildegard BENTELE (EPP, DE) on a European strategy for critical raw materials.

Technologies requiring critical raw materials will be key to ensuring the EU and the world as a whole can achieve their goals under the Paris Agreement. The EU currently supplies only 1% of the raw materials for wind energy, less than 1% of lithium batteries, less than 1% of fuel cells, only 2% of the raw materials for robotics and only 1% of silicon photovoltaic assemblies. Moreover, COVID-19 has damaged global supply chains and led to shortages of critical raw materials in Europe.

According to Members, a comprehensive EU strategy for critical raw materials should be based on high environmental, social and human rights standards, also taking into account the natural scarcity of minerals.

Challenges and opportunities

Members considered that an integrated approach throughout the value chain, from waste collection and product design for recyclability to material recovery, is an essential strategy to increase the supply of critical raw materials. They stressed the need for an active industrial policy to support the sector in its transformation, with access to affordable sources of clean energy.

The report warned that the EU's transition to climate neutrality should not replace reliance on fossil fuels with reliance on raw materials, stressing that the transition should decrease the EU's dependence on imported critical raw materials.

Project of common European interest

Members called on the Commission and the Member States to create, as soon as possible, an Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) on critical raw materials to strategically and sustainably plan for EU demand for the twin transition, covering requirements, sources

of supply and (social, environmental and financial) costs. The IPCEI should cover all the relevant topics in order to reduce criticality and dependence , such as recycling, reuse, substitution, reduction of material use and mining. These projects should unlock the unfulfilled potential in critical raw material-rich EU countries that have large untapped sources.

The Commission is also invited to:

- pay attention not only to critical raw materials, but also to the potential criticality of other raw materials needed for strong supply chains;

- ensure that national plans for recovery and resilience under NextGenerationEU address the challenges of economically, environmentally and socially sustainable supply of critical raw materials;

- promote research and development on critical raw material skills and competences for SMEs, as part of a strategy for the growth of EU high-tech technologies such as lithium-ion batteries, fuel cells, wind turbines, electric traction motors, photovoltaics, robotics, drones, 3D printing and a wide range of digital technologies and medical devices.

Members called for EU support and funding for the technological development of critical raw materials and stressed, in particular, the need for specific financial instruments and targeted research and innovation (R&I) funds for recycling processes.

Strategic autonomy and resilience

The report welcomed the creation of the European Raw Materials Alliance (ERMA) as an ‘investment pipeline’ and encouraged it to become more involved in unlocking public and private investment for environmentally assessed and sustainable critical raw materials projects.

Members regretted that the establishment of strategic stockpiling is not yet part of the action plan. They called on the Commission to focus on securing the supply of critical raw materials in the EU by encouraging Member States to undertake strategic stockpiling in a coordinated approach, where necessary.

Closing material loops

The report highlighted the need to develop functional markets for secondary critical raw materials flows and thus strengthen the EU's industrial ecosystem and retain jobs in the manufacturing industry.

The Commission is encouraged to: (i) promote the recycling and recovery of critical raw materials from mining, processing and commercial waste streams to ensure reliable, secure and sustainable access to them; (ii) propose minimum recycled content targets and dedicated recycling targets for critical raw materials, with a robust monitoring framework.

Supply from the EU

Highlighting that primary and secondary sourcing in the EU is subject to the highest environmental and social standards worldwide, Members called on all actors to promote responsible and sustainable sourcing of critical raw materials within the EU and to raise awareness of the environmental footprint of critical raw material imports from third countries . Responsible sourcing in the EU should be based on an effective social dialogue promoting workers' health and safety, securing decent jobs and working conditions.

Diversification

The report called on the Commission to diversify as much as possible the supply sources of critical raw materials and to reduce the current reliance on a few non-EU countries by supporting investments that involve European and global partners and SMEs as part of a long-term international sourcing strategy.

To achieve this goal, it recommended strengthening existing partnerships and trade agreements and building new strategic agreements or EU joint ventures with resource-rich and other like-minded sourcing countries, in accordance with clearly defined priorities.

Members stressed the need to strengthen cooperation between the EU, the US and Japan and to cooperate more closely with key international suppliers in the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as with China and other developing countries in the global south.

Documents
2021/09/27
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/07/14
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/06/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/05/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/02/17
   EP - MATTHIEU Sara (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/02/11
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2021/02/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/01/28
   EP - HAIDER Roman (ID) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2020/12/17
   EP - BENTELE Hildegard (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE

Documents

Activities

AmendmentsDossier
530 2021/2011(INI)
2021/05/04 ENVI 210 amendments...
source: 692.608
2021/06/02 INTA 72 amendments...
source: 693.653
2021/06/23 ITRE 248 amendments...
source: 695.024

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/4
date
2021-11-24T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0468_EN.html title: T9-0468/2021
type
Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
body
EP
events/5/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 543 votes to 52, with 94 abstentions, a resolution on a European strategy for critical raw materials.
  • Need for a comprehensive EU strategy
  • Technologies requiring critical raw materials (CRMs) will be key to ensuring the EU and the world's ability to meet their goals under the Paris Agreement. The EU currently supplies only 1% of the raw materials for wind energy, less than 1% of lithium batteries, less than 1% of fuel cells, only 2% of the raw materials for robotics and only 1% of silicon photovoltaic assemblies. Moreover, COVID-19 has damaged global supply chains and led to shortages of critical raw materials in Europe.
  • Members stressed the strategic importance for the EU to reduce its dependence and preserve its value and supply chains . A comprehensive EU strategy for CRMs should be based on high environmental, social and human rights standards, also taking into account the natural mineral scarcity.
  • Challenges and opportunities
  • Members believe that an integrated approach along the entire value chain, from waste collection and product design for recyclability to material recovery, is an essential strategy for increasing the supply of CRMs. However, they stressed that recycling alone will not be sufficient to meet the growing demand for CRM and that substitution of critical materials could help solve CRM sufficiency challenges.
  • The resolution emphasised the need to support research and innovation in recycling and substitution of CRMs as well as in product design.
  • Stressing that climate neutrality should not replace reliance on fossil fuels with dependence on raw materials, Members called for an active industrial policy with access to affordable clean energy sources.
  • Given the favourable circumstances in the EU for low-emission and sustainable extraction activities, Members called for further exploration of supply opportunities in CRM-rich Member States. They also stressed the role that optimising resource consumption and maintaining and reusing valuable raw materials within the EU can play in reducing dependence on CRM.
  • Project of common European interest
  • Members called on the Commission and the Member States to create, as soon as possible, an Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) on critical raw materials to strategically and sustainably plan for EU demand for the twin transition, covering requirements, sources of supply and (social, environmental and financial) costs.
  • The IPCEI should cover all the relevant topics in order to reduce criticality and dependence , such as recycling, reuse, substitution, reduction of material use and mining. These projects should unlock the unfulfilled potential in critical raw material-rich EU countries that have large untapped sources.
  • The Commission is called upon to ensure that national plans for recovery and resilience under NextGenerationEU address the challenges of economically, environmentally and socially sustainable CRM supply.
  • Members also called for EU support and funding for the technological development of CRMs and stressed, in particular, the need for specific financial instruments and targeted research and innovation (R&I) funds for recycling processes.
  • Strategic autonomy and resilience
  • Parliament called for further strengthening of the European Raw Materials Alliance (ERMA), mainly with regard to materials which are of great importance for the twin transition, like CRMs needed for energy storage and conversion.
  • Closing material loops
  • The resolution highlighted the need to develop well-functional markets for secondary critical raw material flows and thus strengthen the EU's industrial ecosystem and keep jobs in the manufacturing industry. The Commission is encouraged to promote the recycling and recovery of critical raw materials from mining, processing and commercial waste streams to ensure reliable, secure and sustainable access to them.
  • Supply from the EU
  • Parliament stressed the vital role of Member States in increasing the sustainable domestic supply of CRM from primary and secondary sources. It called on Member States to improve the timeliness, predictability and transparency of authorisation procedures for prospecting and sourcing projects without lowering environmental and social standards.
  • Diversification
  • The Commission is called on to diversify as much as possible the supply sources of critical raw materials and to reduce the current reliance on a few non-EU countries by supporting investments that involve European and global partners and SMEs as part of a long-term international sourcing strategy.
  • To achieve this goal, Parliament recommended strengthening existing partnerships and trade agreements and building new strategic agreements or EU joint ventures with resource-rich and other like-minded sourcing countries, in accordance with clearly defined priorities.
  • Members stressed the need to strengthen cooperation between the EU, the US and Japan and to cooperate more closely with key international suppliers in the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as with China and other developing countries in the global south.
docs/4
date
2021-11-24T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0468_EN.html title: T9-0468/2021
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Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
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2021-11-24T00:00:00
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EP
docs
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EP
events/3/summary
  • The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted an own-initiative report by Hildegard BENTELE (EPP, DE) on a European strategy for critical raw materials.
  • Technologies requiring critical raw materials will be key to ensuring the EU and the world as a whole can achieve their goals under the Paris Agreement. The EU currently supplies only 1% of the raw materials for wind energy, less than 1% of lithium batteries, less than 1% of fuel cells, only 2% of the raw materials for robotics and only 1% of silicon photovoltaic assemblies. Moreover, COVID-19 has damaged global supply chains and led to shortages of critical raw materials in Europe.
  • According to Members, a comprehensive EU strategy for critical raw materials should be based on high environmental, social and human rights standards, also taking into account the natural scarcity of minerals.
  • Challenges and opportunities
  • Members considered that an integrated approach throughout the value chain, from waste collection and product design for recyclability to material recovery, is an essential strategy to increase the supply of critical raw materials. They stressed the need for an active industrial policy to support the sector in its transformation, with access to affordable sources of clean energy.
  • The report warned that the EU's transition to climate neutrality should not replace reliance on fossil fuels with reliance on raw materials, stressing that the transition should decrease the EU's dependence on imported critical raw materials.
  • Project of common European interest
  • Members called on the Commission and the Member States to create, as soon as possible, an Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) on critical raw materials to strategically and sustainably plan for EU demand for the twin transition, covering requirements, sources
  • of supply and (social, environmental and financial) costs. The IPCEI should cover all the relevant topics in order to reduce criticality and dependence , such as recycling, reuse, substitution, reduction of material use and mining. These projects should unlock the unfulfilled potential in critical raw material-rich EU countries that have large untapped sources.
  • The Commission is also invited to:
  • - pay attention not only to critical raw materials, but also to the potential criticality of other raw materials needed for strong supply chains;
  • - ensure that national plans for recovery and resilience under NextGenerationEU address the challenges of economically, environmentally and socially sustainable supply of critical raw materials;
  • - promote research and development on critical raw material skills and competences for SMEs, as part of a strategy for the growth of EU high-tech technologies such as lithium-ion batteries, fuel cells, wind turbines, electric traction motors, photovoltaics, robotics, drones, 3D printing and a wide range of digital technologies and medical devices.
  • Members called for EU support and funding for the technological development of critical raw materials and stressed, in particular, the need for specific financial instruments and targeted research and innovation (R&I) funds for recycling processes.
  • Strategic autonomy and resilience
  • The report welcomed the creation of the European Raw Materials Alliance (ERMA) as an ‘investment pipeline’ and encouraged it to become more involved in unlocking public and private investment for environmentally assessed and sustainable critical raw materials projects.
  • Members regretted that the establishment of strategic stockpiling is not yet part of the action plan. They called on the Commission to focus on securing the supply of critical raw materials in the EU by encouraging Member States to undertake strategic stockpiling in a coordinated approach, where necessary.
  • Closing material loops
  • The report highlighted the need to develop functional markets for secondary critical raw materials flows and thus strengthen the EU's industrial ecosystem and retain jobs in the manufacturing industry.
  • The Commission is encouraged to: (i) promote the recycling and recovery of critical raw materials from mining, processing and commercial waste streams to ensure reliable, secure and sustainable access to them; (ii) propose minimum recycled content targets and dedicated recycling targets for critical raw materials, with a robust monitoring framework.
  • Supply from the EU
  • Highlighting that primary and secondary sourcing in the EU is subject to the highest environmental and social standards worldwide, Members called on all actors to promote responsible and sustainable sourcing of critical raw materials within the EU and to raise awareness of the environmental footprint of critical raw material imports from third countries . Responsible sourcing in the EU should be based on an effective social dialogue promoting workers' health and safety, securing decent jobs and working conditions.
  • Diversification
  • The report called on the Commission to diversify as much as possible the supply sources of critical raw materials and to reduce the current reliance on a few non-EU countries by supporting investments that involve European and global partners and SMEs as part of a long-term international sourcing strategy.
  • To achieve this goal, it recommended strengthening existing partnerships and trade agreements and building new strategic agreements or EU joint ventures with resource-rich and other like-minded sourcing countries, in accordance with clearly defined priorities.
  • Members stressed the need to strengthen cooperation between the EU, the US and Japan and to cooperate more closely with key international suppliers in the Western Balkans, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as with China and other developing countries in the global south.
docs/4
date
2021-10-12T00:00:00
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