BETA


2021/2062(INI) Employment and social policies of the euro area 2021

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ Lina (icon: S&D S&D) KYMPOUROPOULOS Stelios (icon: EPP EPP), VEDRENNE Marie-Pierre (icon: Renew Renew), ŽDANOKA Tatjana (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), REIL Guido (icon: ID ID), SZYDŁO Beata (icon: ECR ECR), ARVANITIS Konstantinos (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2021/10/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 347 votes to 162, with 191 abstentions, a resolution on employment and social policies of the euro area 2021.

The COVID-19 crisis has had and will most likely continue to have a significant but disproportionate impact on different Member States, social groups, sectors and regions, and is leading to an increase in poverty levels across the EU. The pandemic represented a shock of historic proportions for Europe’s economies, with an economic contraction of 6.1 % in 2020.

According to estimates, the EU economy will expand by 4.2 % in 2021 and by 4.4 % in 2022. However, the unemployment rate is forecast at 7.6 % in 2021 and 7 % in 2022 with young people have experienced the sharpest decline in employment, as well as a loss of opportunity due to a lack of training or internship opportunities.

Members called on the Commission to draw lessons from this crisis and work towards the implementation of an improved sustainable governance architecture in the EU based on solidarity, social justice and integration, fair distribution of wealth, gender equality, high-quality public services, including a public, universal and high-quality education system, quality employment and sustainable growth.

Making sustainable well-being for all a reality for Europeans

According to the Treaties, the EU should work for the sustainable development of Europe based on balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive social market economy, healthy and safe working, social progress, environmental protection, etc. Members insisted that these goals must be the overarching priorities for the EU’s long-term sustainable growth strategy in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the European Pillar of Social Rights and the Green Deal and underpin Member States’ recovery and resilience plans.

Parliament stressed that economic policy cannot only be analysed from a purely macroeconomic point of view and that it should also address the root causes of long-term economic and social imbalances. It stressed that the European Semester should be based on an integrated approach, giving equal importance to economic, social and environmental policies.

Member States are invited to make full use of the potential offered by the general derogation clause to the Stability Pact, the new Multiannual Financial Framework and the ‘Next Generation EU’ recovery instrument to support businesses in difficulty, in particular by improving SMEs' access to finance, safeguarding jobs and supporting businesses and workers in the green and digital transitions . A review of the EU's economic governance framework should preferably take place before the general opt-out is deactivated.

Improved fiscal policies

Members recalled that certain political choices and fiscal policies made in the wake of the 2008 financial and economic crisis may have led to health and social systems in some Member States not being adequately prepared to face the pandemic. Therefore, Parliament reiterated the importance of the adequacy and sustainability of social protection systems in Member States . It highlighted that well-designed labour taxation systems are essential to ensuring high standards of worker protection against risks and illness, and the provision of old age pensions.

Access to essential services, such as water and energy, are critical to ensuring social inclusion and basic sanitary standards.

Members also stressed that public revenue could be used to fund key priorities and help address Member States’ fiscal challenges, and contribute to the long-term sustainability of public finances, including by strengthening the coverage and adequacy of health and social protection systems for all, and ensuring their long-term funding. The Commission and the Member States are called on to take real measures to combat tax avoidance and tax fraud as an important means of reducing economic inequalities and improving the collection of tax revenue in the Member States.

European governance framework 2022 for sustainability, social inclusion and people’s well-being

Members consider that, in the context of the Recovery and Resilience Plans, skyrocketing public debt levels and the upcoming reform of the Stability and Growth Pact and the Semester process, Parliament’s proposal for the adoption of a sustainable well-being and social progress pact making social and sustainable targets mandatory in order to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has become more relevant than ever.

According to Parliament, the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights would contribute to strengthening the social dimension of all EU policies, as well as the EU's action for a digital, green and fair transition, and would contribute to achieving upward social and economic convergence and addressing demographic challenges.

Better economic and social governance between Member States, including moving towards greater convergence of tax rules, would be a driver for recovery. In this respect, Members stressed the need for regular assessment of progress towards the 2030 headline targets and for upward convergence at the highest political level.

Need for an ambitious European social agenda

Members urged the Commission and Member States to:

- focus resources and policy efforts on equal access to quality services, entrepreneurship, skills upgrading and retraining, and on reducing poverty and exclusion;

- strengthen collective bargaining structures at all levels to create quality and sustainable jobs;

- ensure that every young European has access to education, training and the labour market and give priority to tackling youth unemployment;

- strengthen the application of the principle of equal pay for equal work for men and women through pay transparency mechanisms;

- ensure that workers in the EU are protected by adequate minimum wages defined by law or collective agreements;

- developing a common EU approach to health .

The resolution insisted that country-specific recommendations that contribute to the social objective set out in the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) regulation be taken into account in national recovery and resilience plans.

Documents
2021/10/18
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/10/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Lina GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ (S&D, PT) on employment and social policies of the euro area 2021.

General context

The COVID-19 crisis has had and will most likely continue to have a significant but disproportionate impact on different Member States, social groups, sectors and regions, and is leading to an increase in poverty levels across the EU. The pandemic represented a shock of historic proportions for Europe’s economies, with an economic contraction of 6.1 % in 2020.

On the contrary, according to estimates, the EU economy will expand by 4.2 % in 2021 and by 4.4 % in 2022. However, the unemployment rate is forecast at 7.6 % in 2021 and 7 % in 2022 with young people have experienced the sharpest decline in employment, as well as a loss of opportunity due to a lack of training or internship opportunities.

The report stressed that inappropriate post-crisis macroeconomic governance could easily trap European economies in persistently low growth and high unemployment, with a new risk of secular stagnation or even decline, together with increasing inequalities and democratic disaffection, affecting the future of the EU.

The COVID-19 crisis has exposed gaps in access to social protection, highlighting the importance of fostering greater resilience by, for example, improving the adequacy and coverage of minimum income schemes and pensions, and easing eligibility conditions. Members called on the Commission to draw lessons from this crisis and work towards the implementation of an improved sustainable governance architecture in the EU based on solidarity, social justice and integration, fair distribution of wealth, gender equality, high-quality public services, including a public, universal and high-quality education system, quality employment and sustainable growth.

According to the Treaties, the EU should work for the sustainable development of Europe based on balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive social market economy, healthy and safe working, social progress, environmental protection, etc. Members insist that these goals must be the overarching priorities for the EU’s long-term sustainable growth strategy in line with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the European Pillar of Social Rights and the Green Deal and underpin Member States’ recovery and resilience plans. The European Semester should be aligned with these goals and strategies, thereby making the European Semester a truly comprehensive tool .

Improved fiscal policies

The report recalled that certain political choices and fiscal policies made in the wake of the 2008 financial and economic crisis may have led to health and social systems in some Member States not being adequately prepared to face the pandemic. Therefore, Members reiterated the importance of the adequacy and sustainability of social protection systems in Member States. They highlighted that well-designed labour taxation systems are essential to ensuring high standards of worker protection against risks and illness, and the provision of old age pensions.

Members also stressed that public revenue could be used to fund key priorities and help address Member States’ fiscal challenges, and contribute to the long-term sustainability of public finances, including by strengthening the coverage and adequacy of health and social protection systems for all, and ensuring their long-term funding. The Commission and the Member States are called on to take real measures to combat tax avoidance and tax fraud as an important means of reducing economic inequalities and improving the collection of tax revenue in the Member States.

European governance framework 2022 for sustainability, social inclusion and people’s well-being

Members consider that, in the context of the Recovery and Resilience Plans, skyrocketing public debt levels and the upcoming reform of the Stability and Growth Pact and the Semester process, Parliament’s proposal for the adoption of a sustainable well-being and social progress pact making social and sustainable targets mandatory in order to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has become more relevant than ever. Sustainable, smart and inclusive growth needs to ensure sustainable fiscal policy in the medium term, and that EU economic and social policies work towards a long-lasting recovery, making our economies and societies more sustainable, inclusive, resilient and better prepared for the green and digital transitions. The implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights (EPSR) Action Plan will help to strengthen the social dimension of all Union policies and ensure an inclusive recovery.

Greater economic and social governance among the Member States, particularly by moving towards greater convergence of tax rules , would be a driving force for recovery. Regarding economic and social governance of the EU, Members stressed the need for a regular assessment of progress towards the 2030 headline targets and upward convergence at the highest political level.

The need for an ambitious European social agenda

Members urged the Commission and the Member States to ensure that trade unions have access to the workplace and the workers themselves, including where work is carried out digitally. They stressed that strengthening collective bargaining structures at all levels is essential to create quality and sustainable employment. Moreover, it is essential that quality jobs are also created for medium- and low-skilled workers and for women and young people in particular, while evenly distributed across Europe to prevent imbalances between the regions in order for recovery to be sustainable. Quality education and the chance to reskill and upskill are prerequisites for sustainable recovery and social cohesion, according to the report.

Member States and the Commission are called on to prioritise the fight against youth unemployment by making full use of financial instruments such as the Youth Guarantee and European programmes such as Erasmus+. They suggested that the new European Globalisation Adjustment Fund for Displaced Workers could be mobilised in response to the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis for employment.

As regards health, the report underlined that the COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated the need to develop a common EU approach on health, including at work. Therefore, Members called for the creation of a European Health Union . They also called for the creation of a European care strategy .

Documents
2021/09/27
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/07/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/06/22
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2021/05/17
   EP - GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ Lina (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL

Documents

Activities

Votes

L'emploi et les politiques sociales de la zone euro en 2021 - Employment and social policies of the euro area 2021 - Beschäftigungs- und Sozialpolitik des Euro-Währungsgebiets 2021 - A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - Proposition de résolution de remplacement - Am 8 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: -: 560, +: 129, 0: 7
PL EE LV MT CY LU HR SI IT LT CZ FI SK BG EL AT IE DK BE NL SE PT HU RO FR ES DE
Total
51
7
8
6
6
6
12
8
73
11
21
13
14
17
19
19
13
14
21
29
20
20
21
33
79
59
96
icon: ID ID
70

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

2

Finland ID

2
3

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ID

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
35

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Denmark The Left

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1

Belgium The Left

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1

Netherlands The Left

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1

Sweden The Left

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
98

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: S&D S&D
145

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Slovenia S&D

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2

Lithuania S&D

2

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1

Finland S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Greece S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3
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173

Estonia PPE

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1

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2

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2

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4

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2

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1

Hungary PPE

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1

A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - § 1/1 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: +: 659, -: 22, 0: 17
IT FR DE ES PL RO NL HU BE CZ AT BG PT EL DK SE SK IE LT HR FI LV SI MT LU EE CY
Total
73
79
96
59
51
33
29
21
21
21
19
17
20
21
14
20
14
13
11
12
13
8
8
6
6
7
6
icon: PPE PPE
173

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2
icon: S&D S&D
145

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

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1

Czechia ID

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2
3

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1

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2

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1
icon: NI NI
37

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

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1

Belgium The Left

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1

Czechia The Left

1

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4

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Cyprus The Left

2

A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - § 1/2 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: +: 379, -: 227, 0: 92
ES IT FR IE DE BE DK PT NL SE EE RO LT LU LV FI MT CY CZ SK BG HR SI AT EL HU PL
Total
59
73
79
13
96
21
14
20
29
20
7
33
11
6
8
13
6
6
21
14
17
12
8
19
21
21
51
icon: S&D S&D
145

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2
3

Estonia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

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1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

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1

Sweden The Left

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1

Finland The Left

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1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
37

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

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2

Croatia NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4
3

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1

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1

Latvia ECR

2

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: ID ID
70

Denmark ID

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1

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1

Estonia ID

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1

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2

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3
icon: PPE PPE
173

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4

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1

A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - § 1/3 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: +: 346, -: 325, 0: 27
ES FR BE DK PT EE RO LU SE MT DE LT SK LV HR SI NL FI BG AT EL CY HU IE CZ IT PL
Total
59
79
21
14
20
7
33
6
20
6
96
11
14
8
12
8
29
13
17
19
21
6
21
13
21
73
51
icon: S&D S&D
145

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

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2

Greece S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

Abstain (1)

3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Italy Renew

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
37

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

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Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Denmark ID

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1

Estonia ID

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1

Netherlands ID

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1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

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2
icon: PPE PPE
173

Denmark PPE

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1

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1

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2

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2

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2

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4

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2

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2

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1

A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - Après le § 1 - Am 5 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: -: 517, 0: 148, +: 33
CY IE LU MT EL LV EE FI SI HR LT DK SK PT CZ AT BE BG SE NL HU FR RO IT ES DE PL
Total
6
13
6
6
21
8
7
13
8
12
11
14
14
20
21
19
21
17
20
29
21
79
33
73
59
96
51
icon: The Left The Left
39

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4

Finland The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Czechia The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1
6
icon: ID ID
70

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

2

Austria ID

3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
37

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

4

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
98

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Sweden Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2
icon: S&D S&D
145

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
173

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0274/2021 - Lina Gálvez Muñoz - Après le § 1 - Am 6 #

2021/10/19 Outcome: -: 524, 0: 89, +: 85
EL CY IE SI MT LU FI EE HR LV SK LT PT DK BE BG AT CZ SE FR HU PL NL IT RO ES DE
Total
21
6
13
8
6
6
13
7
12
8
14
11
20
14
21
17
19
21
20
79
21
51
29
73
33
59
96
icon: ID ID
70

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Belgium ID

For (1)

3

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ID

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
37

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Netherlands ECR

4

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3