BETA


2021/2107(DEC) 2020 discharge: General budget of the EU - European Parliament

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead CONT FREUND Daniel (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) FERNANDES José Manuel (icon: EPP EPP), WOLTERS Lara (icon: S&D S&D), BOYER Gilles (icon: Renew Renew), ADINOLFI Matteo (icon: ID ID), CZARNECKI Ryszard (icon: ECR ECR), OMARJEE Younous (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion PETI
Committee Opinion REGI
Committee Opinion AFCO
Committee Opinion DEVE
Committee Opinion CULT
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion PECH
Committee Opinion AGRI
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion EMPL
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion JURI
Committee Opinion ECON
Committee Opinion LIBE
Committee Opinion INTA
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion TRAN
Committee Opinion FEMM
Lead committee dossier:

Events

2022/10/05
   Final act published in Official Journal
2022/05/04
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/05/04
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament decided to grant discharge to its President in respect of the implementation of the European Parliament's budget for the financial year 2020.

In its resolution, adopted by 533 votes to 87 with 14 abstentions, Parliament made the following observations:

Parliament's budgetary and financial management

Parliament's final appropriations for 2020 amounted to EUR 2 038 745 000 , i.e. 18.1% of the ceiling of heading V of the multiannual financial framework allocated in 2020 to the administrative expenditure of the Union institutions as a whole, which represents an increase of 2.1% compared to the 2019 budget (EUR 1 996 978 262), but also a decrease of 0.4% of its relative share in the overall budget.

The total amount of revenue recognised as at 31 December 2020 was EUR 203 449 523 (compared with EUR 207 521 070 in 2019), of which EUR 33 567 305 was assigned revenue (compared with EUR 36 566 236 in 2019).

Four chapters alone accounted for 67.6% of total commitments: Chapter 10 (Members of the Institution), Chapter 12 (Officials and Temporary staff), Chapter 20 (Buildings and associated costs) and Chapter 42 (Expenditure on parliamentary assistance).

95.7% of the appropriations entered in Parliament's budget, amounting to EUR 1 950 750 955, were committed, i.e. a cancellation rate of 0.8%. A very high level of budget implementation was achieved . Total payments amounted to EUR 1 590 035 012, which corresponds to an implementation rate of payment appropriations of 81.5%.

The cancelled appropriations in the financial year 2020, amounting to EUR 17 292 007, were mainly related to expenditure on buildings, production and broadcasting, as well as salaries, IT and telecommunications.

During the financial year 2020, twelve transfers were approved for an amount of EUR 183 933 785, i.e. 9% of the final appropriations. 76.4 % of the transfers were related to Parliament's building policy and mainly to the financing of the purchase of the Wiertz building and the annual fees for the Adenauer II building project.

Parliament found that the audit evidence overall indicates that expenditure on administration is not affected by a material level of error.

COVID-19

Parliament welcomed the fact that, from the outset of the pandemic and throughout the crisis, Parliament took often unprecedented decisions to mitigate the risks to Members and staff, while ensuring that it was able to continue its core business. It welcomed Parliament's ability to implement new working methods, in particular teleworking and remote participation.

Members welcomed the fact that computerised procedures included the organisation of remote meetings and remote voting systems in plenary sessions and parliamentary committees, enabling Parliament to continue its work, including during the Strasbourg part-sessions, which were suspended for most of 2020. The suspension of part-sessions in Strasbourg has contributed to a total saving of EUR 26 260 608, according to Parliament's secretariat, while significantly reducing Parliament's carbon footprint.

Members welcomed the fact that Parliament had distributed reusable fabric masks to staff at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. They also commended Parliament's efforts to provide daily solidarity meals and shelter for vulnerable women at Parliament's three workplaces.

With regard to interpretation services, Members pointed out that some committee sessions did not have all the required languages, which made it difficult for some members to participate and reduced their opportunities for interaction.

Environmental footprint of Parliament's operations

Members asked Parliament to reassess its EMAS (EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme) targets for 2023 in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Parliament reiterated its call for the modification of the current CO2 reduction plan to achieve carbon neutrality using an internationally recognised methodology, once it has been validated.

While noting that three of the Parliament's buildings in Brussels have recently received internationally recognised environmental certification for sustainability, Parliament welcomed the installation of heat pumps and cogeneration in the Strasbourg and Brussels buildings to produce renewable electricity and heat.

Recalling that almost two-thirds of Parliament's carbon footprint originates from the transport of people, Parliament called for priority to be given to low-carbon modes of transport for missions. It called for a sufficient increase in the number of electric vehicle chargers as well as additional bicycle parking spaces and the creation of suitable parking for cargo bikes.

Members welcomed Parliament's efforts to reduce food waste by collecting and delivering leftover food to ‘frontline’ organisations that distribute it to people in need.

Parliament recalled that the single seat has the support of a large majority of the Parliament to ensure efficient use of EU taxpayers' money and to fulfil the Parliament's responsibility as an institution to reduce its carbon footprint. Permanent changes would require a Treaty amendment.

Transparency and ethics

Parliament welcomed the fact that the ethical and transparency standards applicable to the Parliament are in many respects ahead of the equivalent standards applicable in the Member States. Parliament should strive to set an example in establishing Europe-wide standards of ethics and transparency.

Members noted that the quality of entries on the activities of interest representatives in the transparency register has improved in recent years. On the other hand, they deplored the fact that Members participate in unofficial election observation missions. They also considered that the Members’ Administration Unit should frequently remind Members of the obligation to notify the President of the receipt of a gift received in an official capacity. They also called on the Parliament's services to carry out an independent evaluation to check whether the activities of Members after the end of their mandate lead to conflicts of interest.

Parliament noted that there were no cases of whistleblowing in Parliament in 2020.

Staff, accredited parliamentary assistants (APAs) and local assistants

Parliament called for measures to be taken as soon as possible to remedy the fact that the rules governing the termination of APAs' contracts do not currently provide for the possibility of termination by ‘mutual consent’. It called for APAs to receive the same subsistence allowance as the statutory personnel for their missions to attend the part-sessions in Strasbourg.

Members welcomed Parliament's introduction of a series of measures to promote the work-life balance of staff when teleworking to ensure continuity of activities. They welcomed the possibility offered by the Secretary General's decision of 31 March 2021 to work away from the place of employment. However, they regretted that this was only possible through part-time work with a corresponding reduction in salary.

Parliament welcomed the results achieved through the Parliament's gender mainstreaming policy, such as the parity at director level or the fact that 41.9% of the head of unit posts are occupied by women. However, there is still significant room for improvement at directors-general. Members reiterated their request to the Secretary General to stress the importance of all recruitments being competence-based, while respecting the need to achieve geographical balance between all Member States at all staff levels.

Buildings policy

Parliament recalled that throughout 2020, the administration continued the implementation of Parliament’s ‘Building Strategy Beyond 2019’. This strategy endorses flexibility as a key principle for allocating offices to both Members and members of staff and allows the space available to be used in an adjustable manner while adapting to all possible situations in the post-COVID-19 period.

Members are in favour of discussing Parliament's accommodation needs in the light of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the current and future development of teleworking and, if necessary, adapting its long-term building strategy accordingly. They encouraged a review of the building policy to determine whether there is still a need for dedicated office space for each staff member. The administration should pool workstations as much as possible in accordance with members of staff’s teleworking, while continuing to guarantee office space for each staff member who so requests.

Cybersecurity

Members noted that the number of cyber-attacks is increasing significantly and that these attacks can cause considerable damage to Parliament's IT system and even the institution's ability to function. They welcomed the adoption of an information security policy by the Secretary General in June 2020 and encouraged Parliament to take all necessary measures to strengthen its IT structure and cybersecurity staff as soon as possible.

Voluntary pension scheme

Parliament recalled that as at 31 December 2020, the actuarial deficit of the voluntary pension fund amounted to EUR 371.3 million, compared to EUR 328.6 million as at 31 December 2019.

Members are concerned that the Court of Justice estimates that the fund will be insolvent by 2024, while the fund’s last payouts are estimated to be made in 2091. They called on the Bureau, the board and the members of the voluntary pension fund to support measures to limit the deficit of the voluntary pension fund and to consider any other measures that would contribute to this objective.

Public procurement

Parliament noted that, out of a total of 198 contracts awarded in 2020, 60 were awarded by open or restricted procedure, with a value of EUR 405.2 million, and 136 by negotiated procedure with a total value of EUR 179.1 million. The total number of contracts awarded by negotiated procedure increased as a percentage of the total value of contracts awarded from 26% in 2019 to 31% in 2020, but decreased in volume from EUR 208.53 million in 2019 to EUR 179.1 million in 2020.

Parliament is invited to follow the progress made in the field of social and sustainable procurement, such as the OECD work on public procurement and responsible business conduct, as well as the future EU legislative framework on corporate due diligence.

Documents
2022/03/16
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2022/03/16
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2022/03/03
   CSL - Supplementary non-legislative basic document
Documents
2022/02/28
   EP - Vote in committee
2022/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/03
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/12/17
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/10/25
   CofA - Court of Auditors: opinion, report
2021/09/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2021/07/29
   EP - FREUND Daniel (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2021/06/30
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE: presentation by the Commission of the consolidated annual accounts of the European Union for the financial year 2020, as part of the 2020 discharge procedure.

Analysis of the accounts of the EU Institutions: European Parliament

The consolidated annual accounts of the EU provide financial information on the activities of the institutions, agencies and other bodies of the EU from an accrual accounting and budgetary perspective. They are prepared according to the highest available international public sector standards.

The discharge is a Parliament decision that reflects its conclusions at the end of a process, the discharge procedure, on the way the Commission (and other institutions and bodies) has carried out its task of implementing the EU budget.

The decision is based in particular on the European Court of Auditors reports, in particular its annual report, in which the Court provides a Statement of Assurance (DAS) on the legality and regularity of transactions (payments and commitments).

Implementation of the European Parliament’s appropriations for the financial year 2020

The document comprises a series of detailed annexes, the most important concerning the implementation of the budget.

As regards the expenditure of the European Parliament, the table on the financial and budgetary management of this institution stated that the final appropriations amounted to EUR 2 038 745 000, or 18.1% of heading 5 of the Multiannual Financial Framework.

This represented a 2.1 % increase over the 2019 final budget (EUR 1 996 978 262).

Commitments totalled EUR 1 950 750 955, accounting for 95.7% of final appropriations (2019: 98.8%).

Payments totalled EUR 1 590 035 012, or 81.5% of commitments entered into (2019: 86.1%).

Automatic carryovers to financial year 2020 totalled EUR 356 517 981, accounting for 18.3% of the total appropriations committed (2019: 13.9%).

Total revenue entered in the accounts as at 31 December 2020 was EUR 203 449 523 (2019: EUR 207 521 070).

The sum of EUR 17 292 007 (2019: EUR 23 745 738), representing 0.8 % of final appropriations (2019: 1.2 %), was cancelled .

Parliament’s activities in 2020 were marked by:

- the final agreement reached by Parliament on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027. The MFF is equipped with a budget of EUR 1 074 billion in 2018 prices to address the EU's long-term priorities. It goes together with the Next Generation EU recovery package (NGEU) of EUR 750 billion in grants and loans over the period 2021-2024 to meet the unparalleled socio-economic challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, an overall of 30% of the total expenditure from MFF and NGEU is to target climate-related spending;

- the challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic which resulted in fundamental changes to Parliament’s way of working. As from mid-March 2020, Parliament’s administration went from an occasional teleworking scheme to teleworking being implemented between 70% and 100%, depending on the lockdown measure enforced and on the need of physical presence. New working methods also included the suspension of sessions, remote meetings and voting systems;

- substantial transfers within Parliament’s budget from travel expenses to increased ICT needs;

- the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU (Brexit). The number of Members was reduced from 751 to 705 as from 1 February 2020. For the Liaison Offices, Brexit necessarily changed the situation in the UK. The Bureau decided to maintain Parliament’s presence in the UK through the London Liaison Office, equipping it with a new mandate, while confirming the closure of the Edinburgh Office at the end of 2020;

- the decision to purchase the Wiertz building allowed to complete another step of Parliament’s building strategy. It will further consolidate the real estate of the Parliament, underpin the interconnectivity of the central buildings and further contribute to improved security.

Documents

  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament: T9-0145/2022
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading: A9-0044/2022
  • Committee report tabled for plenary: A9-0044/2022
  • Supplementary non-legislative basic document: 06001/2022
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE719.767
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE703.200
  • Committee draft report: PE699.017
  • Court of Auditors: opinion, report: OJ C 430 25.10.2021, p. 0007
  • Court of Auditors: opinion, report: N9-0043/2022
  • Non-legislative basic document published: COM(2021)0381
  • Non-legislative basic document published: EUR-Lex
  • Court of Auditors: opinion, report: OJ C 430 25.10.2021, p. 0007 N9-0043/2022
  • Committee draft report: PE699.017
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE703.200
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE719.767
  • Supplementary non-legislative basic document: 06001/2022
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading: A9-0044/2022

Activities

Votes

Décharge 2020: budget général de l’UE - Parlement européen - Discharge 2020: EU general budget - European Parliament - Entlastung 2020: Gesamthaushaltsplan der EU – Europäisches Parlament - A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - § 11 - Am 1 #

2022/05/04 Outcome: +: 420, -: 202, 0: 15
FR IT DE HU ES CZ NL DK IE EL BE FI PT SE AT SK MT EE CY LV HR BG RO LU SI LT PL
Total
66
72
88
19
58
19
27
13
13
18
19
13
21
20
16
12
5
5
6
8
12
13
27
5
7
9
46
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Italy Renew

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A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - Après le § 53 - Am 23 #

2022/05/04 Outcome: -: 506, 0: 74, +: 59
CY EL LV IE MT EE LU SK SI SE LT HR BE CZ DK FI IT PT BG AT HU NL RO ES FR PL DE
Total
6
18
7
13
5
6
6
12
7
20
10
11
20
19
13
13
69
21
14
17
19
27
27
58
67
46
88
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1

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A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - Après le § 65 - Am 6 #

2022/05/04 Outcome: +: 307, -: 264, 0: 69
NL BE ES IT IE DK FR SE FI AT MT EE LU SK LV LT SI CY EL HR PT BG CZ RO HU DE PL
Total
27
20
58
71
13
14
65
20
13
18
5
6
6
11
8
10
7
4
19
12
21
14
19
27
18
89
45
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

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3

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1

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For (1)

1

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1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: S&D S&D
131

Finland S&D

1

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2

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2
3

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3

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2

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1
icon: The Left The Left
36

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
37

France NI

2

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1

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1

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1

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icon: ID ID
61

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1

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1

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2
3

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1

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2
icon: ECR ECR
56

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4

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

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1

Germany ECR

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1
icon: PPE PPE
161

Denmark PPE

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1

Finland PPE

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3

Malta PPE

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1

Estonia PPE

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1

Luxembourg PPE

2

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2

Slovenia PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

2

Czechia PPE

Abstain (1)

3

A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - Après le § 65 - Am 7 #

2022/05/04 Outcome: +: 337, -: 204, 0: 97
ES NL BE IT FR IE DK FI SE AT PT EE HU MT CY LV EL HR SI LU SK BG LT CZ PL RO DE
Total
57
27
20
70
65
13
14
13
20
18
21
6
19
5
6
7
18
12
7
6
12
14
10
18
45
27
88
icon: Renew Renew
94

Italy Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: S&D S&D
133

Finland S&D

1

Estonia S&D

2

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2

Latvia S&D

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2

Greece S&D

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2

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2

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Slovakia S&D

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Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Lithuania S&D

2

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
35

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
37

France NI

2

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

3
icon: ECR ECR
53

Belgium ECR

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Germany ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
60

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: PPE PPE
162

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

For (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - Après le § 65 - Am 45 #

2022/05/04 Outcome: -: 440, +: 184, 0: 18
IT HU PL SE CY CZ LV SI MT SK EE LU IE HR LT FI BE DK EL PT BG AT NL FR RO ES DE
Total
71
19
47
20
6
19
7
7
5
12
6
6
13
11
10
13
20
14
18
21
14
18
27
66
27
57
88
icon: ID ID
61

Czechia ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
3

Netherlands ID

1
icon: ECR ECR
56

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Belgium ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
36

Latvia NI

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

1

Lithuania NI

Abstain (1)

1

France NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

3
icon: The Left The Left
36

Sweden The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (1)

4

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

France The Left

Against (1)

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
95

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Sweden Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
134

Cyprus S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2
4

Slovakia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Greece S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: PPE PPE
160

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Czechia PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

For (1)

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0044/2022 - Daniel Freund - § 69 - Am 15S #

2022/05/04 Outcome: -: 439, +: 187, 0: 17
HU LU LT SI EE EL RO AT SK MT IE BG CY HR LV BE FI SE PT CZ DK NL FR PL ES DE IT
Total
19
6
10
6
5
19
27
18
12
5
13
13
6
12
8
20
13
20
21
19
14
27
65
47
58
89
71
icon: PPE PPE
162

Hungary PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

2

Latvia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
38

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2
3
icon: ID ID
59

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ID

1
icon: The Left The Left
37

Ireland The Left

4

Cyprus The Left

2