BETA


2022/2170(INI) Job creation: just transition and impact investment

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL MATTHIEU Sara (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) FALCĂ Gheorghe (icon: EPP EPP), LALUCQ Aurore (icon: S&D S&D), JOVEVA Irena (icon: Renew Renew), REIL Guido (icon: ID ID), SZYDŁO Beata (icon: ECR ECR), RODRÍGUEZ PALOP Eugenia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion REGI ECKE Matthias (icon: S&D S&D) Franc BOGOVIČ (icon: PPE PPE), Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Jana TOOM (icon: RE RE), Denis NESCI (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2023/11/23
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2023/11/23
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Documents
2023/11/21
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/11/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Sara MATTHIEU (Greens/EFA, BE) on job creation - the just transition and impact investments.

The report noted that the green transition, if well managed and sufficiently supported, will greatly expand economic activities related to renewable energy, energy efficiency and the circular economy, while transforming other economic activities and their potential for sustainable growth. The just transition means greening the economy in a way that is as fair and inclusive as possible to everyone concerned, creating decent work opportunities and leaving no one behind.

The report focuses on the following areas:

Green economy and employment opportunities for the labour market

Members emphasised that a transition towards sustainable, renewable and circular economies and societies generates the potential both to create significant numbers of new jobs and to transform existing employment into green and sustainable jobs in most sectors. The report highlighted the importance of the necessary investments and streamlined procedures, as well as the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Member States are called on to develop regional strategies to prevent structural unemployment and the deterioration of social cohesion. EU regions should be supported to retain and attract people through investments in local and regional infrastructure and education, training and adult learning. In this context, the importance of the efficient and targeted deployment of EU funds, in particular Cohesion programmes, the ESF+, the Just Transition Fund and the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) is stressed.

Conceptual guidelines should be developed with a view to establishing a common EU definition of what constitutes a quality green job.

Decent work for a just transition

The report stressed that the transition must benefit both current workers, who are undergoing significant changes in their work tasks, and displaced workers, who are transitioning to new jobs, by ensuring decent working conditions for all. The green transition of the job market should go hand in hand with upward social convergence towards better working conditions, more stable employment and attractive career paths and quality jobs, including stronger collective bargaining, decent wages and good physical and mental health, not least through health and safety at work.

The Commission should propose an EU framework on maximum working temperatures, including the interruption, reduction or reorganisation of working time and longer breaks above certain temperatures, the obligation to set up effective ventilation systems for indoor working, mandatory protective equipment and compensation for working hours lost due to extreme weather events, with the support of national social security systems.

Public policy coherence to fully develop the job potential of the green transition

Members stressed that environmental, social and employment legislation must be approached in a holistic manner to ensure a just transition.

The Commission is called on to:

- ensure diligent and comprehensive impact assessments for all proposed legislation;

- reinforce the European instrument for temporary Support to mitigate Unemployment Risks in an Emergency (SURE) to support short-time work schemes, workers’ income and workers who would be temporarily laid off in the context of the green transition;

- issue country-specific recommendations that contribute to job creation, higher employment and smaller ecological footprints, including the phasing out of counterproductive subsidies competing with green and social investments.

Both the Commission and the Member States are called on to lay the foundations for the development of green social protection schemes at national level with EU funding support, in order to strengthen social resilience against the impacts of climate change and environmental degradation by addressing the side effects of green policies on jobs and living conditions.

Investing in sustainable job creation: the role of investment

The report recognises the importance of facilitating access to funding for public and private companies and organisations addressing social, environmental and educational needs in order to address skills gaps with the explicit expectation of a measurable social and environmental return, including on employment and quality job creation. In this regard, the Commission and the Member States are called on to promote an enabling environment and support the role of cooperatives and the social economy in the just transition, in order to generate decent work, productive employment and improved living conditions for all.

Members called for the swift creation of a European sovereignty fund with newly allocated EU money to mobilise large-scale investments in green technology.

Documents
2023/10/25
   EP - Vote in committee
2023/07/24
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/06/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/05/05
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/01/26
   EP - MATTHIEU Sara (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2022/12/05
   EP - ECKE Matthias (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2022/11/24
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Votes

Job creation – the just transition and impact investments – A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 3 – Am 3 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: -: 321, +: 223, 0: 19
PT ES FR CY MT ?? SI DK AT IE LV LT LU BE HR FI EE EL SE SK HU BG DE CZ IT NL RO PL
Total
19
51
69
4
3
1
8
11
14
12
7
10
6
17
10
13
7
16
19
10
11
11
75
18
54
14
26
47
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2

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A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 9/1 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: +: 443, 0: 65, -: 47
DE ES FR IT RO PL BE PT SE IE DK HU LT BG HR FI SK EE EL NL CZ LV AT SI LU MT CY ??
Total
75
51
68
55
26
45
18
19
19
12
11
11
10
10
10
12
9
7
14
14
17
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3
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A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 9/2 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: -: 267, +: 238, 0: 53
FR PT ES EL CY IE AT BE HU MT ?? HR SI LV DK LT LU SK FI EE SE CZ BG NL IT DE RO PL
Total
69
19
48
16
4
11
14
18
11
3
1
10
8
7
11
10
6
10
13
7
19
18
10
13
54
75
26
47
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A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 9/3 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: +: 306, -: 200, 0: 52
ES PT FR IE BE DE DK FI CY EE LV LU LT NL BG SE HR MT ?? SK RO SI AT IT CZ EL PL HU
Total
49
19
67
12
18
73
11
13
4
7
7
6
10
14
11
19
10
3
1
10
26
8
14
54
18
16
47
11
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101

Belgium S&D

2

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86

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

Abstain (1)

3

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

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1

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2

Lithuania Renew

1
3

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1

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A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 9/4 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: -: 265, +: 237, 0: 56
ES PT BE IE FR CY FI LU DK MT ?? LV EE AT EL LT HR SI HU CZ SK BG DE SE RO IT NL PL
Total
50
19
17
12
69
4
13
6
11
3
1
7
7
14
16
10
10
8
11
18
10
11
73
19
26
54
12
47
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104

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2

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3
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3

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A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 13 – Am 4 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: -: 283, +: 268, 0: 11
FR PT ES BE CY DK AT MT ?? SK SI IE LV HR LT LU FI EE EL BG SE CZ HU DE IT RO NL PL
Total
69
19
50
18
4
11
14
3
1
10
8
12
7
10
10
6
13
7
16
11
19
18
11
74
54
26
14
47
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104

Belgium S&D

2

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Against (1)

1

Hungary S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
57

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
31

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Greece The Left

2

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
37

France NI

Abstain (1)

3

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

3
icon: ID ID
48

Belgium ID

Against (1)

3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
85

Belgium Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Estonia Renew

3

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Sweden Renew

3

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Belgium ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Sweden ECR

3

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4
icon: PPE PPE
140

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia PPE

4

Latvia PPE

2

Croatia PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Czechia PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Netherlands PPE

4

A9-0342/2023 – Sara Matthieu – § 15/1 #

2023/11/23 Outcome: +: 484, -: 59, 0: 19
DE IT PL ES FR RO PT EL FI BE IE BG HU AT LT HR SK LV SI SE DK LU EE CY MT CZ ?? NL
Total
75
55
47
51
68
25
19
16
13
18
12
11
11
14
10
10
10
7
7
19
11
6
7
4