BETA


2023/0228(COD) Production and marketing of forest reproductive material

Progress: Awaiting Council's 1st reading position

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI DORFMANN Herbert (icon: EPP EPP) CARVALHAIS Isabel (icon: S&D S&D), TOLLERET Irène (icon: Renew Renew), HÄUSLING Martin (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), RUISSEN Bert-Jan (icon: ECR ECR), DAVID Ivan (icon: ID ID), FLANAGAN Luke Ming (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion ENVI CLERGEAU Christophe (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 57_o, TFEU 043-p2

Events

2024/04/24
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 416 votes to 61, with 136 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the production and marketing of forest reproductive material, amending Regulations (EU) 2016/2031 and 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 1999/105/EC (Regulation on forest reproductive material).

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:

Subject matter

The proposed Regulation sets out rules concerning the production and marketing of forest reproductive material (‘FRM’) and in particular requirements for the approval of basic material intended for the production of FRM, the origin and traceability of that basic material, FRM categories, requirements for FRM identity and quality, certification, labelling, packaging, imports, professional operators, the registration of basic material, official controls and the national contingency plans.

This Regulation applies to FRM of the tree species and artificial hybrids, listed in Annex I, with a view to being marketed. It should aim to:

- ensure the production and marketing of high-quality FRM in the Union and the correct functioning of the internal market in FRM;

- help create resilient and productive forests , conserve biodiversity, prevent the use of invasive species and restore forest ecosystems and their functioning, inter alia, by promoting interspecific and intraspecific genetic variation.

Requirements applicable to the marketing of FRM derived from approved basic material

FRMs of forest tree species and their artificial hybrids listed in Annex I, which are or contain genetically modified organisms, could only be marketed under the following conditions: (i) the material is approved by the competent authority; (ii) it bears a label stating "New genomic techniques".

Production from basic material

Traceability should be ensured from the collection of FRM up to the marketing to the end user.

Professional operators should notify the competent authority of their intention to harvest forest reproductive material prior to harvesting in order to allow the competent authority to organise controls. They should submit to the competent authority records documenting the harvest of the FRM. Removal from the place of harvest is only permitted with a master certificate .

Each Member State should establish and update a national list of issued master certificates and make that list available to the Commission and competent authorities.

Packaging

Professional operators should be authorised by the competent authority to issue and print the official label under official supervision for certain species and categories of FRM, if all requirements defined by the competent authority are fulfilled, and after an audit of the competent authority determines they have the necessary competence, infrastructure and resources. That authorisation is necessary due to the official character of the official label and to guarantee the highest possible quality standards for the users of FRM. This will give more flexibility to the professional operators in relation to the subsequent marketing of that FRM. Rules should be set out for the withdrawal or modification of that authorisation.

To maintain the quality of seeds, the packages should be designed to become unserviceable once opened, thus ensuring that users are aware of any tampering with the seeds and encouraging them to use the entire content properly, thereby avoiding the seeds being stored incorrectly or used when they are likely to have become spoiled.

Imports from third countries

FRM may be imported from third countries to the Union only if it is established, that it fulfils requirements equivalent to those applicable to FRM produced and marketed in the Union. This is necessary in order to ensure that such imported FRM affords the same level of quality as the FRM produced in the Union. That approach will ensure that FRM imports not only meet Union standards but also that they contribute to plant genetic diversity and sustainability.

Documents
2024/04/23
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2024/03/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2024/03/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2024/03/19
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2024/03/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/12/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/12/13
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2023/12/13
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2023/12/05
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/12/01
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2023/11/10
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/10/24
   EP - CLERGEAU Christophe (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2023/10/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2023/10/19
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2023/08/29
   EP - DORFMANN Herbert (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2023/07/06
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/07/06
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/07/06
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/07/05
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure a harmonised approach with regard to the production and marketing of forest reproductive material (FRM).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: forests cover some 45% of the land area in the Union and fulfil a multifunctional role that comprises social, economic, environmental, ecological and cultural functions. Forests have a key function as a carbon sink in the climate mitigation policy. High-quality, climate-adapted and diverse FRM is essential to cover these needs.

Council Directive 1999/105/EC sets out rules on the production and marketing of forest reproductive material (FRM Directive). That Directive regulates forest reproductive material which is important for forestry purposes.

FRM refers to seeds, parts of plants and plants and is used for the creation of new forests (‘afforestation’), the replanting of areas with trees (‘reforestation’) and other types of tree planting for different purposes: (i) wood and biomaterials production, (ii) biodiversity conservation, (iii) restoration of forest ecosystems, (iv) climate adaptation, (v) climate mitigation and (vi) conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources.

In the years since its adoption, several important developments have taken place, such as the adoption of the European Green Deal, the new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change, the New EU Forest Strategy for 2030 and the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030; and the update of the Rules and Regulations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Scheme for the Certification of Forest Reproductive Material Moving in International Trade (‘OECD Forest Seed and Plant Scheme’).

In the light of those developments, the new policy priorities of the EU in relation to sustainability, climate change adaptation and biodiversity, as well as the experience gained during the implementation of Directive 1999/105/EC, it is appropriate to revise this part of the EU legislation on the production and marketing of forest reproductive material .

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation lays down rules on the production and marketing of forest reproductive material (FRM) and, in particular, requirements relating to the approval of basic material intended for the production of FRM, the origin and traceability of such basic material, categories of FRM, requirements relating to the identity and quality of FRM, certification, labelling, packaging, imports, professional operators, registration of basic material and national contingency plans.

The proposed regulation replaces Directive 1999/105/EC, clarifying its scope and updating its provisions.

The proposed regulation revises the legislation applicable to the production and marketing of forest reproductive material (FRM) by replacing a marketing directive with a regulation. It is based on two pillars: (i) the harvesting of forest reproductive material from registered parent trees (i.e. basic material) to ensure traceability and (ii) the certification of FRM to guarantee the high quality of the seed.

Scope

The proposed Regulation applies to FRM of species and artificial hybrids, which is used in afforestation, reforestation and other types of tree planting for the purposes of wood and biomaterials production, biodiversity conservation, restoration of forest ecosystems, climate adaptation, climate mitigation, and conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources.

Its general objectives aim to: (i) ensure a level playing field for operators across the EU; (ii) support innovation and competitiveness of the EU FRM industry; (iii) contribute to addressing sustainability, biodiversity and climate-related challenges .

It has the following specific objectives :

- to increase clarity and coherence of the legal framework through simplified, clarified and harmonised basic rules on fundamental principles presented in a modern legal form;

- to enable the uptake of new scientific and technical developments (in particular, innovative production processes, bio-molecular techniques and digital solutions);

- to ensure availability of FRM suitable for future challenges;

- to support the conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources.

- to harmonise the framework for official controls on FRM;

- to improve coherence of FRM legislation with the Plant health legislation.

Basic material and categories

Only basic material approved by the competent authorities may be used to produce and market FRM. For the same reason, only FRM derived from such basic material may be placed on the market.

The competent authorities will assess the sustainability characteristics of basic material during the procedure for approving that basic material. The characteristics concern the adaptation of the basic material to the local climatic and ecological conditions and the freedom of trees from pests and their symptoms.

The procedure for approving basic material will include the use of bio-molecular techniques as a complementary method, and innovative clonal FRM production techniques.

After FRM is harvested, a master certificate will be issued by the competent authorities for all FRM derived from approved basic material. The master certificate may also be issued in electronic form.

Registers of FRM and contingency plans

Each Member State will establish, publish and keep updated, in electronic format, (i) a national register of the basic material for the various species and artificial hybrids approved on its territory, and (ii) a national list , which should be presented as a summary of the national register. In addition, each Member State must draw up and keep up to date a contingency plan to ensure a sufficient supply of FRM to reforest areas affected by extreme weather events, wildfires, disease and pest outbreaks, or other disasters.

Documents

Votes

A9-0142/2024 – Herbert Dorfmann – Article 7 – Am 105D= 125D= #

2024/04/24 Outcome: -: 325, +: 239, 0: 51
FR DE HU DK IE FI LU AT SK BE EL EE MT LV LT SI NL SE HR BG CZ RO ES PT IT PL
Total
75
87
15
12
12
14
6
17
12
19
14
7
4
8
10
8
28
21
12
14
20
26
57
21
52
44
icon: Renew Renew
96

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Greece Renew

1

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2
3

Croatia Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Poland Renew

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

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1
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A9-0142/2024 – Herbert Dorfmann – After Article 22 – Am 112= 137= #

2024/04/24 Outcome: -: 290, +: 289, 0: 30
FR DE NL HU PL FI IE IT SK BE AT SI LU EL LT MT CZ LV BG DK HR EE PT SE RO ES
Total
75
86
28
16
44
14
12
52
11
18
16
7
6
14
9
4
20
8
14
12
11
7
21
21
26
57
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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1

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3

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1

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1

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3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: ECR ECR
60

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1

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48

Austria ID

3

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119

Belgium S&D

2

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icon: Renew Renew
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Hungary Renew

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3

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3

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A9-0142/2024 – Herbert Dorfmann – Commission proposal #

2024/04/24 Outcome: +: 416, 0: 136, -: 61
ES DE IT RO FR NL PT SE BG HU BE DK FI HR AT LV EL SI CZ IE LT EE LU MT PL SK
Total
57
85
53
26
75
27
21
21
14
16
20
12
14
12
17
8
13
8
20
12
10
7
6
4
43
12
icon: PPE PPE
153

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

Abstain (1)

4

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1

Luxembourg PPE

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3
icon: S&D S&D
120

Netherlands S&D

5

Belgium S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

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1

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2

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2

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1

Slovakia S&D

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1
icon: Renew Renew
96
3

Bulgaria Renew

2

Hungary Renew

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1

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

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1

Austria Renew

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1

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1

Slovenia Renew

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2

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1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

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1
icon: NI NI
36

Germany NI

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2

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3

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icon: ECR ECR
60

Germany ECR

1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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32

Sweden The Left

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1

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1

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1

Finland The Left

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1

Greece The Left

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia The Left

1

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

Romania Verts/ALE

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Poland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
48

Austria ID

3

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1

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1
AmendmentsDossier
770 2023/0228(COD)
2023/12/05 AGRI 2 amendments...
source: 757.148
2023/12/21 AGRI 606 amendments...