BETA


2023/2119(INI) Implementation of the common security and defence policy – annual report 2023

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET MIKSER Sven (icon: S&D S&D) LÓPEZ-ISTÚRIZ WHITE Antonio (icon: EPP EPP), AUŠTREVIČIUS Petras (icon: Renew Renew), GREGOROVÁ Markéta (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), VONDRA Alexandr (icon: ECR ECR), DEMIREL Özlem (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion AFCO
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2024/02/28
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2024/02/28
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2024/02/28
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Documents
2023/12/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Sven MIKSER (S&D, EE) on the implementation of the common security and defence policy – annual report 2023.

Providing Ukraine with the defence capabilities it needs

Members expressed concern about the rapidly deteriorating global security situation and deplore the global consequences of Russia’s illegal war of aggression which is hitting countries and vulnerable societies around the world through increased energy prices and food shortages and which also grossly undermines European and global security and stability. They call for a further increase in and speeding up of financial and military assistance to Ukraine and for the immediate deployment of modern equipment, weapons and next-generation air defence and surface-to-surface systems.

The joint procurement of ammunition for Ukraine should also be sped up according to the report and the need to ramp up the manufacturing capacities of the European industry by ensuring rapid and effective implementation of the Act in Support of Ammunition Production (ASAP) is stressed.

The EEAS and the Commission are called on to come forward with a plan for a sustainable and long-term package of security commitments for Ukraine that is complementary to ensuring the increasing security requirements of the EU.

Moreover, Members also condemn, in the strongest possible terms, the despicable terrorist attacks committed by the terrorist group Hamas against Israel , including the taking of hostages, and express support for the State of Israel and its people. While emphasising Israel’s right to defend itself in line with international law and international humanitarian law, the report called for continued, rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access and aid to reach those in need through all necessary measures including humanitarian corridors and pauses for humanitarian needs.

Strengthening European defence in response to Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine

The report underlines and expresses its unwavering support for the commitment of the EU’s heads of state and government to provide all the necessary support needed by Ukraine and to take greater responsibility for European security by bolstering Member States’ and EU defence capabilities. It encourages greater coordination with transatlantic allies and NATO in this respect. Members consider it necessary to update the Strategic Compass in order to incorporate the lessons learned from Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine that began days before its adoption, as well as in the light of recent events in the Middle East.

Furthermore, Members reaffirm that, to become a credible geopolitical player, the EU should reform its decision-making system . They regret that the potential for fast, efficient and effective foreign, security and defence action, as provided for by the passerelle clauses of the TEU, has been used only in a very limited manner. The Council is called on to gradually switch to qualified majority voting for decisions on the CFSP and CSDP , at least in those areas that do not have military implications.

The report calls for the appointment of a Defence Union Commissioner (DUC), within the next Commission who is responsible for the finalisation of a true European Defence Union and all defence-related matters, including CSDP, following a clear division of tasks with the VP/HR. Members believe that, together with the to-be-established fully-fledged Security and Defence Committee in the Parliament, the DUC should jointly oversee a dedicated and substantial Defence Union budget.

Funding

The report calls on the Member States to increase and ensure sustainable levels of defence spending to adjust to the current geopolitical situation and address the significant threats towards the Union’s security. The EU NATO Member States are called on to increase their military budgets, based on an assessment of their own requirements, and to spend at least 2 % of GDP, in a well-coordinated and comprehensive manner, which achieves economies of scale and interoperability, also when recalling the strong increase in defence spending by other rivals, such as Russia and China, and in order to remedy shortfalls and meet the requirements across all domains arising from a more contested security order and considering the impact of historic under-investment and spiralling inflation on defence budgets.

Global cooperation

Members express concern over China’s aggressive military posturing in the South China Sea, including island-building, harassment and dangerous manoeuvres conducted by its navy, coast guard and maritime militia, as well as its continued military pressure, assault exercises, airspace violations and other grey-zone military actions, including cyber and disinformation campaigns against Taiwan.

In addition, the EU’s cooperation with certain African countries is being contested. Therefore, the EU and its Member States need to evaluate the effectiveness of EU CSDP missions and operations.

In this regard, the report underlines the importance of the partnership dimension of the Strategic Compass in reinforcing cooperation between the EU and its like-minded allies and partners around the world in order to counter foreign strategies aimed at undermining the EU and destabilising the rules-based international order.

The report also welcomes the accession of Finland to NATO but strongly deplores the delaying of the ratification of Sweden’s NATO accession. Members urge Hungary and Türkiye to ratify Sweden’s NATO membership without any further delay.

Members also underline the importance of developing security and defence dialogues with partners around the world, in particular in the Western Balkans and Eastern Partnership, but also with key partners in strategic maritime areas such as those stretching from the Southern Neighbourhood and the Indo-Pacific, from the east coast of Africa to the South Pacific and the Far East.

Moreover, the report recognises that the Arctic region carries significant strategic and geopolitical importance and underlines the importance of preserving security, stability and cooperation in the area.

Members strongly condemn the numerous missile tests conducted by North Korea in 2023 and underlines the particular responsibility of China and Russia when it comes to North Korea. They call on the two countries to use their influence to prevent any further escalation.

The role of the European Parliament

Members calls for the reinforcement of parliamentary democracy and improved scrutiny of non-EU partner countries through parliamentary dialogues on security and defence issues and by building parliamentary resilience against hybrid threats, including cyber and foreign information manipulation and interference.

Members reiterate their demand for delegated acts for work programmes of EU-budget funded defence industrial programmes and their call for the establishment of a fully-fledged European Parliament Committee on Security and Defence with full legislative and budgetary responsibilities on European defence matters.

Documents
2023/11/28
   EP - Vote in committee
2023/10/02
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/10/02
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/07/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/07/12
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2023/05/02
   EP - MIKSER Sven (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Votes

A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – After § 1 – Am 9 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: -: 388, +: 130, 0: 18
IE HU PL CZ HR EL CY MT ?? SK LV LU EE BG LT SI BE AT DK FI IT FR SE PT NL RO ES DE
Total
12
10
41
21
11
10
5
3
1
11
5
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7
11
9
7
15
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A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 11/1 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: -: 274, +: 229, 0: 35
ES IE FR IT PT MT SE CY HR DE FI SI LU SK NL EE ?? EL LV BE DK LT CZ AT BG HU RO PL
Total
44
12
57
47
17
4
20
5
12
76
13
7
4
12
24
7
1
11
4
16
11
9
21
15
10
10
26
43
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A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 11/2 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: -: 392, +: 114, 0: 34
IE MT EL CY LU ?? SI LV FI HR LT EE DK SK NL BE SE BG HU CZ PT IT AT ES FR RO PL DE
Total
12
4
12
5
4
1
8
5
13
12
9
7
12
12
23
15
20
10
10
21
17
47
16
45
55
25
44
76
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3

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3

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icon: S&D S&D
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A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 27/1 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: +: 372, -: 154, 0: 13
FR ES NL PT PL IE SE BE DK DE AT FI RO SK IT EL LU LT CZ CY HR LV EE MT ?? SI BG HU
Total
56
44
24
16
43
12
20
15
12
76
16
13
26
11
49
12
4
9
21
5
11
4
7
3
1
8
11
10
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104

Belgium S&D

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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3

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3

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1

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2
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icon: ECR ECR
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3

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2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2
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135

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5

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A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 27/2 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: +: 479, -: 40, 0: 21
DE ES FR PL NL PT SE IT BE FI CZ AT RO IE BG SK DK HR HU LT EL SI LV CY EE MT LU ??
Total
75
46
57
43
24
17
20
47
15
13
21
16
25
12
11
11
12
12
10
9
12
7
5
5
6
4
4
1
icon: PPE PPE
135

Slovenia PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

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1

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1

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108

Belgium S&D

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
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1
3

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2

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3

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2

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3

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3

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3

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3

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Lithuania ECR

1
icon: The Left The Left
28

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

2

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Ireland The Left

3

Denmark The Left

1

Greece The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
30

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

Romania NI

For (1)

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

1

Croatia NI

2

Latvia NI

1
icon: ID ID
42

Germany ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

6

Belgium ID

2

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 27/3 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: -: 250, +: 239, 0: 51
ES FR IE FI EL BE PT LU CY SE MT NL HR SI EE LV DK AT SK LT HU IT CZ BG DE RO PL
Total
44
56
12
13
12
16
16
4
5
20
4
24
12
8
7
5
11
16
12
9
10
49
21
11
75
26
42
icon: S&D S&D
106

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
27

Ireland The Left

3

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Greece The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
31

France NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Croatia NI

2

Latvia NI

1

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Romania NI

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
87

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

For (1)

3

Greece Renew

1

Belgium Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden Renew

Against (1)

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1
5

Austria Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

4

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

3

Poland Renew

1
icon: ID ID
40

Belgium ID

2

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Germany ID

Abstain (1)

4
icon: ECR ECR
46

France ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Belgium ECR

2

Sweden ECR

3

Netherlands ECR

3

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
136

Finland PPE

3

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

A9-0403/2023 – Sven Mikser – § 3 – Am 27/4 #

2024/02/28 Outcome: -: 261, +: 241, 0: 30
<
ES PT FR IE BE DK LU MT CY FI EL HR SI SE AT NL EE ?? LV LT SK HU DE CZ IT BG RO PL
Total
45
17
55
12
16
12
3
4
4
13
12