BETA


2024/0028(COD) Temporary trade-liberalisation measures supplementing trade concessions applicable to Ukrainian products under the EU/Euratom/Ukraine Association Agreement

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA KALNIETE Sandra (icon: EPP EPP) BELKA Marek (icon: S&D S&D), PAET Urmas (icon: Renew Renew), GREGOROVÁ Markéta (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KRAH Maximilian (icon: ID ID), WASZCZYKOWSKI Witold Jan (icon: ECR ECR), SCHOLZ Helmut (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion AGRI OLEKAS Juozas (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 207-p2

Events

2024/05/29
   Final act published in Official Journal
2024/05/14
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2024/05/14
   CSL - Final act signed
2024/05/13
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2024/04/23
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 428 votes to 131, with 44 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on temporary trade-liberalisation measures supplementing trade concessions applicable to Ukrainian products under the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part.

The European Parliament adopted its position at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure.

Parliament supports the proposal for a regulation extending the suspension of import duties and quotas on Ukrainian agricultural products for a further year, until 5 June 2025, in order to support the country in the context of Russia's war of aggression.

The preferential arrangements established by this Regulation should also be conditional upon Ukraine abstaining from introducing new duties or charges having equivalent effect and new quantitative restrictions or measures having equivalent effect, from increasing existing levels of duties or charges, or from introducing any other restrictions on trade with the Union, unless clearly justified in the context of Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine.

Ukraine's respect for democratic principles, human rights and fundamental freedoms and respect for the principle of the rule of law as well as continued and sustained efforts with regard to the fight against corruption, and illegal activities.

Under the new regulation, the Commission should take swift action and impose any measures it deems necessary in the event of major disruption to the European market or to one or more EU Member States as a result of Ukrainian imports (in the case of wheat, for example).

As part of the enhanced protection measures designed to protect European farmers, the Commission should activate emergency measures for particularly sensitive agricultural products, such as poultry, eggs, sugar, oats, oatmeal, maize and honey . If, during the period 6 June to 31 December 2024, cumulative import volumes of eggs, poultry, sugar, oats, maize, groats or honey since 1 January 2024 reach the respective arithmetic mean of import volumes recorded in the period from 1 July to 31 December 2021, in 2022 and in 2023, the Commission should, within 14 days and after informing the Committee on Safeguards:

- reintroduce for that product the corresponding tariff-rate quota suspended under this Regulation until 31 December 2024; and

- introduce from 1 January 2025 either a tariff-rate quota equal to five twelfths of that arithmetic mean or the corresponding tariff-rate quota suspended by this Regulation whichever is higher.

Statements

The Commission is committed to supporting Ukraine while also preserving the interest of the EU grain producers and ensuring a proper functioning of the grain market in the EU. Given the importance of grain production and grain markets, the Commission will pay particular attention to the monitoring of imports of grain, in particular wheat, and notably to the concentration of such imports in Member States neighbouring Ukraine.

For products covered by autonomous trade measures, the Commission recalls that the Regulation also provides for a reinforced safeguard mechanism. For the first time, the Commission has introduced the possibility and is ready to activate this mechanism in the event of adverse effects on the market of one or several Member States and not only for the EU market as a whole. In this regard, the Commission will use to the full extent its powers to initiate ex officio the reinforced safeguard mechanism for imports of wheat from Ukraine.

The Commission also confirms that, as soon as the new autonomous trade measures have been adopted by the co-legislators, it will take the necessary steps under the Association Agreement to continue, through consultations with Ukraine, the process of reciprocal tariff liberalisation. The Commission will closely involve the European Parliament and keep it informed of the progress of the negotiations.

Documents
2024/04/09
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2024/04/08
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2024/04/08
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2024/03/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 347 votes to 117, with 99 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on temporary trade-liberalisation measures supplementing trade concessions applicable to Ukrainian products under the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

As a reminder, the proposal for a Regulation extends for a further year from their current expiry date (5 June 2024) the EU trade liberalisation measures in force for products from Ukraine, which were initially adopted in May 2022 and extended (a first time) in May 2023.

The proposal provides for the temporary suspension of all outstanding customs duties under Title IV of the Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine establishing a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). This concerns two categories of products: fruits and vegetables subject to the entry-price system, and agricultural products and processed agricultural products which are subject to tariff-rate quotas.

The proposal introduces strengthened safeguard mechanisms to prevent and counteract adverse market effects in the EU Member States. For particularly sensitive products, namely poultry, eggs and sugar, the regulation introduces an automatic safeguard, which ensures that duty free imports of those products will be capped at 2022-2023 levels.

With these amendments, Parliament wishes to introduce an automatic safeguard for wheat, barley, oats, maize, eggs, poultry, sugar and honey products that is activated if quantities imported pursuant to this Regulation exceed the arithmetic mean of quantities in 2021, 2022 and 2023.

The Commission, within 14 days (instead of 21) and after informing the Committee on Safeguards set up by Regulation (EU) 2015/478, could reintroduce the corresponding tariff quota for these products, suspended until 31 December 2024.

Documents
2024/03/13
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2024/03/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2024/03/07
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2024/03/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2024/02/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2024/02/26
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2024/02/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2024/02/13
   EP - OLEKAS Juozas (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2024/02/09
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2024/01/31
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to increase the trade flows concerning all imports from Ukraine by suspending all outstanding tariffs and import duties applied to Ukrainian products.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: Russia’s unprovoked and unjustified war of aggression against Ukraine since 24 February 2022 has had a profound negative impact on Ukraine’s ability to trade with the rest of the world, because of the toll imposed on human lives, the need to focus on the defence of the territory, vast populations being displaced, the destruction of production capacity and the unavailability of a significant share of transport means due to the restriction of the access to the Black Sea. In this difficult context, it is necessary to continue stimulating trade flows and granting concessions in the form of trade-liberalisation measures for all products, in line with the acceleration of the elimination of customs duties on trade between the Union and Ukraine.

Regulation (EU) 2023/1077 will be in force until 5 June 2024. These measures have proven to add flexibility and certainty for Ukrainian producers.

CONTENT: in view of Russia’s continuing war of aggression against Ukraine, the resulting need to continue to support Ukraine economically, and considering that Ukraine was granted EU candidate status in June 2022 and Accession Negotiations were opened in December 2023, the Commission is proposing a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council renewing these trade-liberalisation measures, which should apply for a period of one year as of the date the current measures expire (i.e. as of 6 June 2024).

This proposal provides for:

- the temporary suspension of all outstanding customs duties under Title IV of the Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine establishing a deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA). This concerns two categories of products: (i) fruits and vegetables subject to the entry-price system; (ii) agricultural products and processed agricultural products subject to tariff-rate quotas;

- temporary suspension of the application of Chapter V and Article 24 of the common rules for imports (safeguards) with respect of imports originating in Ukraine.

These temporary and exceptional measures will contribute to continuously supporting and fostering the existing trade flows from Ukraine to the Union.

The trade-liberalising measures provided for under the present proposal for a Regulation are taken in observance of the commitment in Article 2 of the Association Agreement which enshrines as an essential element of the Agreement the promotion of respect for the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity, inviolability of borders and independence. In the same vein, the trade-liberalising measures themselves would be conditional upon respect for the same basic principles set out in Article 2, including those providing that the respect for democratic principles, human rights and fundamental freedoms and respect for the principle of the rule of law constitute essential elements of that Agreement.

Furthermore, the trade-liberalising measures contained in this proposal aim at ensuring that the Union’s common commercial policy is conducted in the context of the principles and objectives of the Union’s external action.

According to the proposal, a safeguard mechanism will apply on the basis of regular monitoring, allowing for any measure which is necessary to be imposed. The safeguard mechanism also includes an obligation for the Commission to take measures if imports of poultry, eggs, and sugar exceed the arithmetic mean of quantities imported in 2022 and 2023.

Budgetary implications

Based on an estimation according to the level of import volumes of products covered by the proposed Regulation in excess of the annual duty-free quota from Ukraine in 2021, the European Union would see a loss of EUR 33.4 million of customs revenue annually. The total estimated amount is thus EUR 33.4 million and therefore the impact on the EU’s own resources will be very limited.

2024/01/24
   EP - KALNIETE Sandra (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in INTA

Documents

  • Draft final act: 00059/2024/LEX
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0304/2024
  • Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations: PE761.015
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2024)001979
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE761.015
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0154/2024
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A9-0077/2024
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading: A9-0077/2024
  • Committee opinion: PE759.061
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE759.640
  • Committee draft report: PE758.861
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2024)0050
  • Committee draft report: PE758.861
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE759.640
  • Committee opinion: PE759.061
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A9-0077/2024
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2024)001979
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE761.015
  • Draft final act: 00059/2024/LEX

Votes

A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Rejection – Am 25 #

2024/03/13 Outcome: -: 438, +: 113, 0: 19
PL SK HU CY HR MT EL LV LU SI EE BG CZ LT AT DK IE BE FI PT NL RO SE FR ES IT DE
Total
44
10
12
2
11
3
8
7
5
8
7
13
20
9
15
11
13
18
11
16
26
24
19
71
51
57
79
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52

Slovakia ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
4

Finland ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Sweden ECR

3

France ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
50

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

1
3

Denmark ID

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1
icon: NI NI
30

Croatia NI

1

Latvia NI

1

Czechia NI

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1

Belgium NI

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1

Romania NI

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1

France NI

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1

Germany NI

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2
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27

Czechia The Left

1

Denmark The Left

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1

Ireland The Left

4

Belgium The Left

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2

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1

A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Article 1, after § 2 – Am 19 #

2024/03/13 Outcome: -: 383, +: 149, 0: 44
PL HU BG SK CZ SI BE CY EE MT IT HR LU LV EL LT FI RO AT DK IE SE NL PT FR ES DE
Total
44
12
13
10
20
8
18
2
7
3
58
11
5
6
10
9
11
25
15
11
13
19
26
18
71
52
79
icon: ECR ECR
52

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

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1

Belgium ECR

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3

Croatia ECR

1

Finland ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

France ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
49

Czechia ID

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1

Estonia ID

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1
3

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1
icon: NI NI
29

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1

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1

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1

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1

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5
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3
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62

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A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Article 4, § 1, sub§ 1 – Am 27 #

2024/03/13 Outcome: -: 287, +: 267, 0: 19
PL IT RO BG CZ HU SI HR SK MT EL IE CY LU BE FI EE LV DE AT PT LT DK SE NL ES FR
Total
44
57
26
13
20
12
8
11
10
3
10
13
2
5
18
10
7
6
80
15
17
9
11
19
26
50
71
icon: PPE PPE
148

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

1

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1

Latvia PPE

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3

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1

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5
icon: ECR ECR
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1

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2

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1

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1

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5

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1
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50

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1

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1

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3

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1
icon: NI NI
29

Romania NI

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1

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1

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5

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1

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1

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3
icon: S&D S&D
118

Bulgaria S&D

2

Czechia S&D

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1

Hungary S&D

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4

Slovenia S&D

2

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1

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Greece S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

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1

Belgium S&D

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2

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2

A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Article 4, § 1, sub§ 1 – Am 3 #

2024/03/13 Outcome: -: 428, +: 137, 0: 8
PL HU SI CY SK MT EE LU IT LV BE LT HR CZ EL BG AT FI DK IE SE NL FR PT RO ES DE
Total
44
12
8
2
10
3
7
5
58
6
17
8
11
20
8
13
15
10
10
13
19
26
71
19
26
52
80
icon: ID ID
49

Estonia ID

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1

Czechia ID

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1
3
icon: ECR ECR
50

Slovakia ECR

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1

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1

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2

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3

France ECR

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1

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
27

Belgium NI

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1

Croatia NI

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1

Czechia NI

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1

France NI

For (1)

1

Romania NI

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1

Germany NI

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icon: The Left The Left
31

Belgium The Left

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1

Czechia The Left

1

Greece The Left

2

Denmark The Left

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1

Ireland The Left

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4

Sweden The Left

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Safeguard Measures – Am 12, 14, 15 #

2024/03/13 Outcome: -: 438, +: 124, 0: 16
PL HU CY HR EL SI MT BG EE LU SK IE LV BE LT AT DK FI PT SE NL CZ FR RO ES IT DE
Total
44
13
2
11
10
8
3
13
7
5
10
13
6
18
9
15
11
10
19
19
26
20
71
26
51
58
80
icon: The Left The Left
31

Greece The Left

2

Ireland The Left

Abstain (1)

4

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Germany The Left

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5
icon: ECR ECR
51

Croatia ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

For (1)

3

Sweden ECR

For (1)

3

France ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
29

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

Czechia NI

For (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

1

Romania NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ID ID
49

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
83

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Belgium Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
122

Cyprus S&D

2

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Malta S&D

Against (2)

2

Bulgaria S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
150

Hungary PPE

1

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

3

Latvia PPE

3

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0077/2024 – Sandra Kalniete – Safeguard Measures – Am 23,24= 26,28= #

2024/03/13 Outcome: +: 296, -: 270, 0: 12
PL RO IT HU BG IE BE EL HR SK SI AT EE PT MT CZ CY LU LV NL FI DK ES LT FR SE DE
Total
43
26
58
13
13
13
18
10
11
10
8
15
7
19
3
20
2
5
6
26
10
11
52
9
71
19
80
icon: PPE PPE
150

Hungary PPE

1

Croatia PPE

Against (1)

4

Slovakia PPE

Abstain (1)

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

For (1)

3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
51

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

France ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
50
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
30

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Germany The Left

4
icon: NI NI
29

Romania NI

For (1)

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: Renew Renew
83

Italy Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Hungary Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Belgium Renew

2

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2