BETA


2007/2118(INI) Environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead PETI LIBICKI Marcin (icon: UEN UEN)
Committee Opinion AFET BEAZLEY Christopher (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion ITRE TARAND Andres (icon: PSE PSE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 227-p2

Events

2008/08/27
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/07/08
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/07/08
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2008/07/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 542 votes to 60, with 38 abstentions a resolution on the environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany: the Nord Stream project.

The initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Marcin LIBICKI (UEN, PL) on behalf of the Petitions committee responding to two petitions (0614/2007 and 0952/2007) by Polish and Lithuanian environmental associations who fear that the planned pipeline could harm marine eco-systems.

Parliament is of the opinion that Nord Stream is an infrastructure project with a wide political and strategic dimension for both the EU and Russia, particularly to ensure the European Union’s security of supply. It recalls that this project, together with other complementary pipelines, such as the Yamal II and Amber, should be planned in the spirit of a common European foreign policy on energy and should take fully into account their impact on the environment and on the security of the EU Member States. Parliament reiterates, in particular, that Member States must speak with one voice on energy issues .

Energy: Parliament reiterates its opinion that, taking into consideration the increasing dependence of the EU on a limited number of energy sources, suppliers and transport routes, it is essential to support initiatives aimed at their diversification, both geographically and by developing sustainable alternatives. It considers it necessary to assess the long-term impact on the environment of the new gas infrastructure, with regard to the importance of guaranteeing a stable gas supply.

Securing energy : Parliament e mphasises that energy security must be regarded as an essential component of the overall security of the European Union, whereby the definition of energy security should not merely be limited to the lack of internal EU production but should also take into account the geopolitical aspects of dependency on imports and the potential therein for politically motivated interruptions. For the Parliament, the challenge of securing energy supply while respecting the commitment to environmental protection and sustainable development makes it imperative to implement a coherent and coordinated European policy on supply of natural gas based on careful evaluation at European level of the environmental aspects of alternative solutions and on mutual solidarity between Member States.

Marginal role played by the EU in the Nord Stream project : Parliament regrets the marginal role played by the EU in this project and points out that greater EU involvement would reduce the uncertainty felt by many Member States about the Nord Stream project. It also takes note of the opposition expressed by certain Member States to the pipeline project planned for the Baltic Sea area, which is a common asset of the states bordering the Baltic Sea, not a matter of bilateral relations between states. It considers, therefore, that the project should be realised in cooperation with each of the states around the Baltic Sea.

Securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection: a real challenge : Parliament voices its opposition to the carrying-out of an investment on the proposed scale, without first having a positive environmental impact assessment. It therefore calls on the Commission and the Council to make a full commitment to analysing the environmental impact of the construction of the North European gas pipeline. Such an assessment should be undertaken by an independent body.

Nord Stream: a threat to biodiversity : Parliament expresses its concern at the project timetable adopted by Nord Stream, the implementation of which will prevent a thorough analysis of the results of the environmental impact assessment by interested states, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and HELCOM experts. It points out that a thorough analysis of the results of the environmental impact assessment needs an appropriate timetable. It points out that carrying out work in an area of up to 2 400 km² in the Baltic Sea, requiring the use of a large number of vessels and other equipment, could represent a serious threat to biodiversity and to the number of habitats, as well as to the safety and smooth operation of shipping, in the region.

Parliament calls on the developer to include in its draft environmental impact assessment report comprehensive terms of reference by providing a clear description of the current environmental conditions in the site and by providing data on the site geomorphology in three-dimensional form. It expresses profound concern at the reports that, before commissioning the gas pipeline, the investor intends to use a highly toxic compound known as glutaric aldehyde. It calls on the developer to protect the many species of fish and birds as well as the existence of a population of 600 porpoises which are a species unique to this geographical region.

Parliament also points out a further significant environmental risk factor which is the existence of approximately 80 000 tonnes of munitions dumped on the Baltic seabed after World War II. They contain toxic substances such as mustard gas, sulphur yperite, nitrogen yperite, lewisite…. which represent a hazard both to the Baltic marine environment and to human life and health.

Project failure : Pa rliament fears the absence of any strategy to address structural failure and external threats to the security of the pipeline. It is therefore necessary to clearly define all aspects related to security and emergency response, including financial resources, actors, roles and procedures. In addition, given the serious environmental risks and the high cost of the proposed project, Parliament emphasises that alternative gas pipeline routes should be analysed first, taking into account both environmental and economic aspects. The issue of economic compensation for any failures or damage must also be tackled (particularly in the case of threats for the states bordering the Baltic Sea).

Overall assessment of the project before its implementation : Parliament calls on the Commission and Member States to carry out a thorough assessment of the economic, budgetary and transparency-related aspects of the Nord Stream project and the firms involved in it. It points out the importance of conducting a transparent communication strategy on steps concerning the results of the environmental impact assessment. It also insists that the Council take action at international level to develop mandatory environmental impact assessments in relations between the EU and third countries. The Council, the Commission and the Member States are called upon to ensure that the construction of the Nord Stream gas pipeline fully complies with EU legislation on environmental impact assessments and with all international conventions.

As for Russia, it is called to show goodwill regarding cooperation in European energy policy and to ratify the Energy Charter Treaty and the Transit Protocol.

The Commission is called upon, within the scope of its competence, to evaluate the market competition situation caused by the possible completion of the Nord Stream pipeline, and if necessary to take measures to prevent Gazprom from assuming a dominant role on the EU gas markets without guaranteeing reciprocal rights for EU companies to enter the Russian energy market.

Common supervision of the pipeline : Parliament suggests the establishment of a system of common supervision of the pipeline, to include all countries in the Baltic Sea region. It further suggests that the obligation to pay compensation for environmental damage should lie solely with Nord Stream. It notes the lack of institutional structures capable of responding adequately to the environmental and geopolitical security issues associated with this project. Lastly, it suggests that the Commission should create an appropriate post to deal with current and future projects, functioning under the authority of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the Vice-President of the Commission.

Documents
2008/07/08
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/06/04
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2008/06/04
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2008/05/27
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on Petitions adopted the own initiative report by Marcin LIBICKI (UEN, PL) on the environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany (Petitions 0614/2007 and 0952/2007): the Nord Stream project.

MEPs are of the opinion that Nord Stream is an infrastructure project with a wide political and strategic dimension for both the EU and Russia, particularly to ensure the European Union’s security of supply. Recall that this project, together with other complementary pipelines, such as the Yamal II and Amber, should be planned in the spirit of a common European foreign policy on energy and should take fully into account their impact on the environment and on the security of the EU Member States. MEPs reiterate, in particular, that Member States must speak with one voice on energy issues and recall, in this regard, the resolution of 26 September 2007 on a common European foreign policy on energy (see INI/2007/2000 ).

According to MEPs, it is essential to support initiatives aimed at diversifying energy sources, both geographically and by developing sustainable alternatives. Likewise, energy security must be regarded as an essential component of the overall security of the European Union, whereby the definition of energy security should not merely be limited to the lack of internal EU production but should also take into account the geopolitical aspects of dependency on imports and the potential therein for politically motivated interruptions.

Nord Stream: the marginal role played by the EU in this project : MEPs point out that greater EU involvement would reduce the uncertainty felt by many Member States about the Nord Stream project. They take note of the opposition expressed by certain Member States to the pipeline project planned for the Baltic Sea area and ask that the project be carried out in cooperation with each of the states around the Baltic Sea in accordance with relevant legal instruments. Overall, MEPs are opposed to the carrying-out of an investment on the proposed scale without the consent of all the littoral states first being obtained. They emphasise that a long-term sustainable solution requires full transparency for all parties during both the construction and operating phases of the project.

Securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection: a real challenge : MEPs consider that the challenge of securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection and sustainable development makes it imperative to implement a coherent and coordinated European policy on supply of natural gas, based on careful evaluation at European level of the environmental aspects of alternative solutions and on mutual solidarity between Member States. MEPs therefore call on the Commission and the Council to make a full commitment to analysing the environmental impact of the construction of the North European gas pipeline. In this respect, MEPs regret the Commission’s failure to accept the proposal contained in Parliament’s resolution of 16 November 2006 concerning the preparation of objective environmental impact assessments of proposed projects by the Commission.

Nord Stream: a threat to biodiversity : MEPs call on the Council and the Commission to conduct a thorough assessment of the question whether the implementation of the project is in keeping with Community and international law as this project will cover an area of up to 2 400 km², requiring the use of a large number of vessels and representing a serious threat to biodiversity in the region. They call on the Commission and Member States to carry out a thorough assessment of the economic and budgetary aspects of the Nord Stream project and the firms involved in it. Furthermore, MEPs point out that the investor intends to use a highly toxic compound when building the gas pipeline. They therefore call on the Commission to conduct a reliable environmental study on the additional impact on the Baltic Sea caused by the Nord Stream project and call on the developer to ensure that the construction and operation of the pipeline does not endanger the many species of fish and birds in the area. MEPs also fear the absence of any strategy to address structural failure and external threats to the security of the pipeline. It is therefore necessary to clearly define all aspects related to security and emergency response, including financial resources, actors, roles and procedures. In addition, given the serious environmental risks and the high cost of the proposed project, MEPs emphasise that alternative gas pipeline routes should be analysed first, taking into account both environmental and economic aspects. The issue of economic compensation for any failures or damage must also be tackled (particularly in the case of threats for the states bordering the Baltic Sea).

Environmental impact assessment of the project : MEPs stress the need to assess all the potential impacts of this project and that this assessment must be at all levels (Community, Member States and international level through existing conventions). They regret, in particular, that in the legal instruments and communications concerning marine strategies initiated by it, the Commission usually passes over the problem of subsea pipelines. They also point out the importance of a transparent communication strategy on the results of the environmental impact assessment of this project. MEPs therefore call on the Council, the Commission and the Member States to use every legal means at their disposal to prevent the construction of the North European gas pipeline on the scale proposed by the investor, should it become apparent that there is a risk of an environmental disaster in the Baltic Sea area. In particular, they call on the Commission to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Helsinki Convention, the Espoo Convention, the Aarhus Convention and Directives 85/337/EEC, 97/11/EC, 92/43/EEC and 79/409/EEC, as well as Article 10 of the EC Treaty and the precautionary principle and the principle of sustainable development, and to initiate proceedings under Article 226 of the EC Treaty in the event of failure to comply with the above obligations. MEPs also call on the Commission to evaluate the market competition situation caused by the possible completion of the Nord Stream pipeline and, if necessary, to take measures to prevent Gazprom from assuming a dominant role on the EU gas markets. Lastly, they suggest the establishment of a system of common supervision of the pipeline, to include all countries in the Baltic Sea region and that the obligation to pay compensation for environmental damage should lie solely with Nord Stream.

2008/05/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/05/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/05/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/04/04
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2007/09/12
   EP - BEAZLEY Christopher (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2007/06/07
   EP - LIBICKI Marcin (UEN) appointed as rapporteur in PETI
2007/06/07
   EP - TARAND Andres (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2007/06/06
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Libicki A6-0225/2008 - résolution #

2008/07/08 Outcome: +: 542, -: 60, 0: 38
IT FR PL GB ES RO BE PT BG HU EL NL SE CZ AT SK LT DK IE LV SI EE DE FI MT LU CY
Total
62
64
49
54
43
31
17
17
16
16
22
23
14
19
15
12
11
12
10
8
6
6
85
13
4
5
6
icon: PSE PSE
180

Czechia PSE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Estonia PSE

3

Malta PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
242
2

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

Against (1)

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
83
2

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

2

Finland ALDE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
38

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Ireland UEN

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
31

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

1

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
12

France IND/DEM

For (1)

1

United Kingdom IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
23

Italy NI

For (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

5

Bulgaria NI

For (1)

1

Czechia NI

Abstain (1)

1

Austria NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
31

France GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
AmendmentsDossier
283 2007/2118(INI)
2008/04/07 ITRE 33 amendments...
source: PE-404.679
2008/04/18 AFET 61 amendments...
source: PE-404.786
2008/05/08 PETI 189 amendments...
source: PE-405.977

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2008-05-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE405.977 title: PE405.977 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-225&language=EN title: A6-0225/2008 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-08-27T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=15159&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)4891 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2007-06-06T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-27T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Petitions adopted the own initiative report by Marcin LIBICKI (UEN, PL) on the environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany (Petitions 0614/2007 and 0952/2007): the Nord Stream project. MEPs are of the opinion that Nord Stream is an infrastructure project with a wide political and strategic dimension for both the EU and Russia, particularly to ensure the European Union’s security of supply. Recall that this project, together with other complementary pipelines, such as the Yamal II and Amber, should be planned in the spirit of a common European foreign policy on energy and should take fully into account their impact on the environment and on the security of the EU Member States. MEPs reiterate, in particular, that Member States must speak with one voice on energy issues and recall, in this regard, the resolution of 26 September 2007 on a common European foreign policy on energy (see INI/2007/2000 ). According to MEPs, it is essential to support initiatives aimed at diversifying energy sources, both geographically and by developing sustainable alternatives. Likewise, energy security must be regarded as an essential component of the overall security of the European Union, whereby the definition of energy security should not merely be limited to the lack of internal EU production but should also take into account the geopolitical aspects of dependency on imports and the potential therein for politically motivated interruptions. Nord Stream: the marginal role played by the EU in this project : MEPs point out that greater EU involvement would reduce the uncertainty felt by many Member States about the Nord Stream project. They take note of the opposition expressed by certain Member States to the pipeline project planned for the Baltic Sea area and ask that the project be carried out in cooperation with each of the states around the Baltic Sea in accordance with relevant legal instruments. Overall, MEPs are opposed to the carrying-out of an investment on the proposed scale without the consent of all the littoral states first being obtained. They emphasise that a long-term sustainable solution requires full transparency for all parties during both the construction and operating phases of the project. Securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection: a real challenge : MEPs consider that the challenge of securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection and sustainable development makes it imperative to implement a coherent and coordinated European policy on supply of natural gas, based on careful evaluation at European level of the environmental aspects of alternative solutions and on mutual solidarity between Member States. MEPs therefore call on the Commission and the Council to make a full commitment to analysing the environmental impact of the construction of the North European gas pipeline. In this respect, MEPs regret the Commission’s failure to accept the proposal contained in Parliament’s resolution of 16 November 2006 concerning the preparation of objective environmental impact assessments of proposed projects by the Commission. Nord Stream: a threat to biodiversity : MEPs call on the Council and the Commission to conduct a thorough assessment of the question whether the implementation of the project is in keeping with Community and international law as this project will cover an area of up to 2 400 km², requiring the use of a large number of vessels and representing a serious threat to biodiversity in the region. They call on the Commission and Member States to carry out a thorough assessment of the economic and budgetary aspects of the Nord Stream project and the firms involved in it. Furthermore, MEPs point out that the investor intends to use a highly toxic compound when building the gas pipeline. They therefore call on the Commission to conduct a reliable environmental study on the additional impact on the Baltic Sea caused by the Nord Stream project and call on the developer to ensure that the construction and operation of the pipeline does not endanger the many species of fish and birds in the area. MEPs also fear the absence of any strategy to address structural failure and external threats to the security of the pipeline. It is therefore necessary to clearly define all aspects related to security and emergency response, including financial resources, actors, roles and procedures. In addition, given the serious environmental risks and the high cost of the proposed project, MEPs emphasise that alternative gas pipeline routes should be analysed first, taking into account both environmental and economic aspects. The issue of economic compensation for any failures or damage must also be tackled (particularly in the case of threats for the states bordering the Baltic Sea). Environmental impact assessment of the project : MEPs stress the need to assess all the potential impacts of this project and that this assessment must be at all levels (Community, Member States and international level through existing conventions). They regret, in particular, that in the legal instruments and communications concerning marine strategies initiated by it, the Commission usually passes over the problem of subsea pipelines. They also point out the importance of a transparent communication strategy on the results of the environmental impact assessment of this project. MEPs therefore call on the Council, the Commission and the Member States to use every legal means at their disposal to prevent the construction of the North European gas pipeline on the scale proposed by the investor, should it become apparent that there is a risk of an environmental disaster in the Baltic Sea area. In particular, they call on the Commission to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Helsinki Convention, the Espoo Convention, the Aarhus Convention and Directives 85/337/EEC, 97/11/EC, 92/43/EEC and 79/409/EEC, as well as Article 10 of the EC Treaty and the precautionary principle and the principle of sustainable development, and to initiate proceedings under Article 226 of the EC Treaty in the event of failure to comply with the above obligations. MEPs also call on the Commission to evaluate the market competition situation caused by the possible completion of the Nord Stream pipeline and, if necessary, to take measures to prevent Gazprom from assuming a dominant role on the EU gas markets. Lastly, they suggest the establishment of a system of common supervision of the pipeline, to include all countries in the Baltic Sea region and that the obligation to pay compensation for environmental damage should lie solely with Nord Stream.
  • date: 2008-06-04T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-225&language=EN title: A6-0225/2008
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15159&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080708&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-336 title: T6-0336/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 542 votes to 60, with 38 abstentions a resolution on the environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany: the Nord Stream project. The initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Marcin LIBICKI (UEN, PL) on behalf of the Petitions committee responding to two petitions (0614/2007 and 0952/2007) by Polish and Lithuanian environmental associations who fear that the planned pipeline could harm marine eco-systems. Parliament is of the opinion that Nord Stream is an infrastructure project with a wide political and strategic dimension for both the EU and Russia, particularly to ensure the European Union’s security of supply. It recalls that this project, together with other complementary pipelines, such as the Yamal II and Amber, should be planned in the spirit of a common European foreign policy on energy and should take fully into account their impact on the environment and on the security of the EU Member States. Parliament reiterates, in particular, that Member States must speak with one voice on energy issues . Energy: Parliament reiterates its opinion that, taking into consideration the increasing dependence of the EU on a limited number of energy sources, suppliers and transport routes, it is essential to support initiatives aimed at their diversification, both geographically and by developing sustainable alternatives. It considers it necessary to assess the long-term impact on the environment of the new gas infrastructure, with regard to the importance of guaranteeing a stable gas supply. Securing energy : Parliament e mphasises that energy security must be regarded as an essential component of the overall security of the European Union, whereby the definition of energy security should not merely be limited to the lack of internal EU production but should also take into account the geopolitical aspects of dependency on imports and the potential therein for politically motivated interruptions. For the Parliament, the challenge of securing energy supply while respecting the commitment to environmental protection and sustainable development makes it imperative to implement a coherent and coordinated European policy on supply of natural gas based on careful evaluation at European level of the environmental aspects of alternative solutions and on mutual solidarity between Member States. Marginal role played by the EU in the Nord Stream project : Parliament regrets the marginal role played by the EU in this project and points out that greater EU involvement would reduce the uncertainty felt by many Member States about the Nord Stream project. It also takes note of the opposition expressed by certain Member States to the pipeline project planned for the Baltic Sea area, which is a common asset of the states bordering the Baltic Sea, not a matter of bilateral relations between states. It considers, therefore, that the project should be realised in cooperation with each of the states around the Baltic Sea. Securing energy supply while respecting the EU's commitment to environmental protection: a real challenge : Parliament voices its opposition to the carrying-out of an investment on the proposed scale, without first having a positive environmental impact assessment. It therefore calls on the Commission and the Council to make a full commitment to analysing the environmental impact of the construction of the North European gas pipeline. Such an assessment should be undertaken by an independent body. Nord Stream: a threat to biodiversity : Parliament expresses its concern at the project timetable adopted by Nord Stream, the implementation of which will prevent a thorough analysis of the results of the environmental impact assessment by interested states, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and HELCOM experts. It points out that a thorough analysis of the results of the environmental impact assessment needs an appropriate timetable. It points out that carrying out work in an area of up to 2 400 km² in the Baltic Sea, requiring the use of a large number of vessels and other equipment, could represent a serious threat to biodiversity and to the number of habitats, as well as to the safety and smooth operation of shipping, in the region. Parliament calls on the developer to include in its draft environmental impact assessment report comprehensive terms of reference by providing a clear description of the current environmental conditions in the site and by providing data on the site geomorphology in three-dimensional form. It expresses profound concern at the reports that, before commissioning the gas pipeline, the investor intends to use a highly toxic compound known as glutaric aldehyde. It calls on the developer to protect the many species of fish and birds as well as the existence of a population of 600 porpoises which are a species unique to this geographical region. Parliament also points out a further significant environmental risk factor which is the existence of approximately 80 000 tonnes of munitions dumped on the Baltic seabed after World War II. They contain toxic substances such as mustard gas, sulphur yperite, nitrogen yperite, lewisite…. which represent a hazard both to the Baltic marine environment and to human life and health. Project failure : Pa rliament fears the absence of any strategy to address structural failure and external threats to the security of the pipeline. It is therefore necessary to clearly define all aspects related to security and emergency response, including financial resources, actors, roles and procedures. In addition, given the serious environmental risks and the high cost of the proposed project, Parliament emphasises that alternative gas pipeline routes should be analysed first, taking into account both environmental and economic aspects. The issue of economic compensation for any failures or damage must also be tackled (particularly in the case of threats for the states bordering the Baltic Sea). Overall assessment of the project before its implementation : Parliament calls on the Commission and Member States to carry out a thorough assessment of the economic, budgetary and transparency-related aspects of the Nord Stream project and the firms involved in it. It points out the importance of conducting a transparent communication strategy on steps concerning the results of the environmental impact assessment. It also insists that the Council take action at international level to develop mandatory environmental impact assessments in relations between the EU and third countries. The Council, the Commission and the Member States are called upon to ensure that the construction of the Nord Stream gas pipeline fully complies with EU legislation on environmental impact assessments and with all international conventions. As for Russia, it is called to show goodwill regarding cooperation in European energy policy and to ratify the Energy Charter Treaty and the Transit Protocol. The Commission is called upon, within the scope of its competence, to evaluate the market competition situation caused by the possible completion of the Nord Stream pipeline, and if necessary to take measures to prevent Gazprom from assuming a dominant role on the EU gas markets without guaranteeing reciprocal rights for EU companies to enter the Russian energy market. Common supervision of the pipeline : Parliament suggests the establishment of a system of common supervision of the pipeline, to include all countries in the Baltic Sea region. It further suggests that the obligation to pay compensation for environmental damage should lie solely with Nord Stream. It notes the lack of institutional structures capable of responding adequately to the environmental and geopolitical security issues associated with this project. Lastly, it suggests that the Commission should create an appropriate post to deal with current and future projects, functioning under the authority of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the Vice-President of the Commission.
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: External Relations commissioner: FERRERO-WALDNER Benita
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
PETI/6/49750
New
  • PETI/6/49750
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 216-p2
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 216-p2
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.60.03 Gas, electricity, natural gas, biogas
  • 3.60.06 Trans-European energy networks
  • 3.70.04 Water control and management, pollution of waterways, water pollution
New
3.60.03
Gas, electricity, natural gas, biogas
3.60.06
Trans-European energy networks
3.70.18
International and regional environment protection measures and agreements
procedure/geographical_area/1
Baltic Sea area
activities
  • date: 2007-06-06T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2007-09-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BEAZLEY Christopher body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: TARAND Andres body: EP responsible: True committee: PETI date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Petitions rapporteur: group: UEN name: LIBICKI Marcin
  • date: 2008-05-27T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2007-09-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BEAZLEY Christopher body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: TARAND Andres body: EP responsible: True committee: PETI date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Petitions rapporteur: group: UEN name: LIBICKI Marcin type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-06-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-225&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A6-0225/2008 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15159&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080708&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-336 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0336/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2007-09-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BEAZLEY Christopher
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: TARAND Andres
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: PETI date: 2007-06-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Petitions rapporteur: group: UEN name: LIBICKI Marcin
links
other
  • body: EC dg: External Relations commissioner: FERRERO-WALDNER Benita
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
PETI/6/49750
geographical_area
reference
2007/2118(INI)
title
Environmental impact of the planned gas pipeline in the Baltic Sea to link up Russia and Germany
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 216-p2
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject