BETA


2011/2180(INI) Contribution of the European institutions to the consolidation and progress of the Bologna process

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead CULT BERLINGUER Luigi (icon: S&D S&D) ZVER Milan (icon: PPE PPE), VATTIMO Gianni (icon: ALDE ALDE), BENARAB-ATTOU Malika (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), MIGALSKI Marek Henryk (icon: ECR ECR), VERGIAT Marie-Christine (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO MCCLARKIN Emma (icon: ECR ECR) Constance LE GRIP (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2012/07/18
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2012/03/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2012/03/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 572 votes to 89, with 8 abstentions, a resolution on the contribution of the European institutions to the consolidation and progress of the Bologna Process.

Parliament recalls that access to education – a fundamental Union value – is a public responsibility of the Member States, the EU institutions and other key actors and the European Union has a key role to play in the establishment of the European Higher Education Area by supporting the Member States' efforts and cooperation in this field. It notes furthermore that greater coordination of education and degrees – while respecting the principle of subsidiarity – is a precondition for the achievement of the goals of employability and growth in Europe. Accordingly, it calls for a strengthening at EU level of support for the Bologna Process, in particular as regards:

the mutual recognition of academic qualifications, the harmonisation of academic standards; the promotion of mobility, the social dimension and employability, active democratic participation, the analysis of implementation of the Bologna principles, and the elimination of administrative obstacles.

Parliament calls on Member States to reiterate their commitment to the Process, recalling the key role of the latter in European Higher Education Area (EHEA), by strengthening the system of funding in order to achieve the growth targets set in the Europe 2020 Strategy.

Governance : Parliament calls for the development of an effective, bottom-up approach, fully involving all key actors such as universities, trade unions, professional organisations, research institutions, the business sector and, first and foremost, teachers, students, student organisations and university staff. It calls for a commitment on the part of universities to new teaching and new professional and lifelong training strategies – making optimum use of new technologies and recognising the importance of complementary forms of learning such as non-formal education. Member States and the EU are called upon to financially support universities in their efforts to change and develop their education practices.

Parliament recommends other measures:

teacher training programmes should be strengthened and expanded; increased public investment in higher education, especially aimed at countering the economic crisis with growth based on enhanced skills and knowledge; improved quality of and access to education and services, particularly scholarships, since budget reductions have a negative impact on attempts to strengthen the social dimension of education; the development of new, targeted and flexible funding mechanisms – and to promote European-wide grants – with a view to supporting growth, excellence and the particular and diverse vocations of universities.

Consolidation : in general, Parliament considers that the Bologna Process and the Erasmus programme have boosted student mobility and have the potential to contribute to enhanced labour mobility, but it regrets that mobility rates still remain relatively low. Welcoming a new generation of educational programmes through enhanced funding, based on social criteria, and the opening of the programme to a larger number of students, it insists, nevertheless, that in no case must mobility create discrimination against students with limited financial resources . It calls on Member States to fulfil the commitment to full portability of loans and grants, and significantly improve financial support for mobile students that matches the increases in new EU programmes .

In turn, the EU is asked to:

consider how existing legislation on the rights to freedom of movement can be enhanced through guaranteeing portability of loans and grants; consolidate a system of quality assurance at both European and Member State level in order to guarantee mutual trust and facilitate recognition of academic qualifications .

Other, more specific measures, are also suggested, such as the following:

particular attention to be paid to the specific nature of humanities curricula, every programme in every subject should provide cross-cutting key competences such as critical thinking, communication, and entrepreneurial skills; further support for national and European measures to guarantee equitable inclusion, fair access to study, successful progression and a sustainable support system for all students; the process of creating careers advisory centres offering free services to students should be accelerated; the elimination of administrative obstacles ; more effective cooperation between universities, Member States and economic and social actors in order to enhance the prospects for future graduates; ensuring the availability of a sufficient number of traineeships for students.

Parliament emphasises that measures to promote employability , such as lifelong learning, and the development of a broader range of skills suitable for the labour market must be top priorities in order to achieve sustainable growth and prosperity goals; in that connection, strongly supports exchanges of university teachers and students , the university-business dialogue, apprenticeships and the skills passport.

Parliament calls on national governments and the Commission to develop a system of structured cooperation in order to deliver joint degrees, within clusters of disciplines, with recognition across the EU by improving the performance of, and financial support for, Erasmus Mundus and the future education and training programme. In parallel, Parliament points to the need for specific actions and for more effective cooperation between universities and the labour market with a view to developing more relevant curricula, bringing greater consistency to education , and enhancing employability.

With regard to research , Parliament believes that better cooperation between the EHEA and the European Research Area is a potential source for enhancing Europe’s innovativeness and development. It highlights the contribution of the 7th EU Framework Programme for Research, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme and the European Research Area to facilitating the mobility of EU researchers and unleashing the innovation and competitiveness potential of the EU.

It also calls for an effective strategy to be set up to support lifelong learning programmes , especially for company-based lifelong learning, so that workers have the opportunity to expand their training and skills. It calls on higher education institutions and universities to offer more flexibility in programs based on learning outcomes, the recognition of non-formal and informal learning, and services to support learning pathways.

European action : welcoming the Commission's proposal to increase significantly the funds devoted to European education and training programmes, Parliament calls on the Commission to devote a significant proportion of these funds to supporting the modernisation of higher education and the modernisation of university infrastructures. It encourages the Commission to find solutions that enable access to these programmes also for students experiencing financial difficulties .

Parliament also calls on Member States and the EU to determine whether courses of study could include a compulsory training period to be completed at a university in a Member State other than the student’s home country .

With regard to the recognition of qualifications, it calls, as part of the revision of the Professional Qualifications Directive, for a comparison of national minimum training requirements and for more regular exchanges between the Member States, competent authorities and professional bodies. It suggests in particular, hat the recognition of credits obtained under the Erasmus Programme by partner universities should be a compulsory element for all institutions participating in student exchanges supported by EU funding in order to strengthen the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System.

More generally, Parliament calls on the Commission, Member States and higher education institutions to develop a comparative table that would indicate the number of ECTS credits awarded for courses. It also calls for development of an effective strategy for the full harmonisation of academic titles throughout the European Union with possible reverse recognition (including older academic titles) since the establishment of the Bologna Process.

As well as the recognition of qualifications, Parliament calls for the following measures:

cooperation among universities to be organised more systematically and strengthened; universities in the signatory states recognise practical traineeships completed as part of the mobility programmes supported by the European Commission; enhanced transparency of the information provided to students before the beginning of a given exchange regarding the number of credits to be awarded; the development of common platforms in order to provide a core of knowledge and skills defined by professionals and higher education institutions; improved networking, coordination and communication between EU universities; encouraging cooperation, including through financial incentives, on transnational curricula, joint degrees and mutual recognition; increasing the number of ERASMUS placement partnerships in practice; providing updated and comparable data on the basis of which to monitor the implementation of the EHEA and, to that end, to remove the obstacles and resolve the problems associated with the implementation of the process, and not to penalise those institutions which have not yet implemented the planned reforms.

Parliament also proposes a series of measures regarding education cooperation with countries outside the EU: (i) strengthen cooperation and research programmes, and to develop new ones, based on mutual interests with third-country universities, particularly those in conflict zones; (ii) the establishment of a Euro-Mediterranean Higher Education Area ; (iii) the creation of unified university brands at regional level in order to strengthen university prestige at international level .

Parliament trusts that the stocktaking exercise at the 2012 ministerial meeting in Bucharest will result in a clear roadmap for establishing a fully functioning European Higher Education Area by the 2020 deadline. It insists that cross-sectoral proposals concerning ICT training, vocational and lifelong learning and work placements must be put forward.

It should be noted that the proposal for a replacement resolution tabled by the GUE/NGL was rejected in plenary with 38 votes for, 629 against and 10 abstentions.

Documents
2012/03/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2012/03/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2012/02/09
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Culture and Education adopted the own-initiative report by Luigi BERLINGUER (S&D, IT) on the contribution of the European institutions to the consolidation and progress of the Bologna Process.

Members begin by recalling that the Bologna Process is intended to enable compatible systems of higher education in Europe and to do away with the barriers which still prevent people from moving to another country in order to study or work. Accordingly, they call for a strengthening at EU level of support for the Bologna Process , in particular as regards:

· the mutual recognition of academic qualifications,

· the harmonisation of academic standards;

· the promotion of mobility, the social dimension and employability, and the elimination of administrative obstacles.

The report calls on Member States to reiterate their commitment to the Process, recalling the key role of the latter in European Higher Education Area (EHEA), by strengthening the system of funding in order to achieve the growth targets set in the Europe 2020 Strategy.

Governance : Members call for the development of an effective, bottom-up approach, fully involving all key actors such as universities, trade unions, professional organisations, research institutions, the business sector and, first and foremost, teachers, students, student organisations and university staff. They call for a commitment on the part of universities to new teaching and new professional and lifelong training strategies – making optimum use of new technologies and recognising the importance of complementary forms of learning such as non-formal education. Member States and the EU are called upon to financially support universities in their efforts to change and develop their education practices.

The report recommends other measures:

· teacher training programmes should be strengthened and expanded;

· increased public investment in higher education , especially aimed at countering the economic crisis with growth based on enhanced skills and knowledge;

· improved quality of and access to education and services, particularly scholarships, since budget reductions have a negative impact on attempts to strengthen the social dimension of education;

· the development of new, targeted and flexible funding mechanisms – and to promote European-wide grants – with a view to supporting growth, excellence and the particular and diverse vocations of universities.

Consolidation: in general, Members consider that the Bologna Process and the Erasmus programme have boosted student mobility and have the potential to contribute to enhanced labour mobility, but they regret that mobility rates still remain relatively low.

Welcoming a new generation of educational programmes through enhanced funding, based on social criteria, and the opening of the programme to a larger number of students, Members insist, nevertheless, that in no case must mobility create discrimination against students with limited financial resources. They call on Member States to fulfil the commitment to full portability of loans and grants, and significantly improve financial support for mobile students that matches the increases in new EU programmes.

In turn, the EU is asked:

· to consider how existing legislation on the rights to freedom of movement can be enhanced through guaranteeing portability of loans and grants;

· to consolidate a system of quality assurance at both European and Member State level in order to guarantee mutual trust and facilitate recognition of academic qualifications .

Other, more specific measures, are also suggested, such as the following:

· particular attention to be paid to the specific nature of humanities curricula,

· every programme in every subject should provide cross-cutting key competences such as critical thinking, communication, and entrepreneurial skills;

· further support for national and European measures to guarantee equitable inclusion, fair access to study, successful progression and a sustainable support system for all students;

· the process of creating careers advisory centres offering free services to students should be accelerated;

· the elimination of administrative obstacles ;

· more effective cooperation between universities, Member States and economic and social actors in order to enhance the prospects for future graduates;

· measures to promote employability , such as lifelong learning, and the development of a broader range of skills suitable for the labour market must be top priorities;

· ensuring the availability of a sufficient number of traineeships for students.

Members call on national governments and the Commission to develop a system of structured cooperation in order to deliver joint degrees, within clusters of disciplines, with recognition across the EU by improving the performance of, and financial support for, Erasmus Mundus and the future education and training programme.

With regard to research , Members believe that better cooperation between the EHEA and the European Research Area is a potential source for enhancing Europe’s innovativeness and development. They highlight the contribution of the 7th EU Framework Programme for Research, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme and the European Research Area to facilitating the mobility of EU researchers and unleashing the innovation and competitiveness potential of the EU.

The report also calls for an effective strategy to be set up to support lifelong learning programmes, especially for company-based lifelong learning, so that workers have the opportunity to expand their training and skills. It calls on higher education institutions and universities to offer more flexibility in programs based on learning outcomes, the recognition of non-formal and informal learning, and services to support learning pathways.

European action : welcoming the Commission's proposal to increase significantly the funds devoted to European education and training programmes, the committee calls on the Commission to devote a significant proportion of these funds to supporting the modernisation of higher education and the modernisation of university infrastructures. It encourages the Commission to find solutions that enable access to these programmes also for students experiencing financial difficulties.

Members also call on Member States and the EU to determine whether courses of study could include a compulsory training period to be completed at a university in a Member State other than the student’s home country.

With regard to the recognition of qualifications, Members call, as part of the revision of the Professional Qualifications Directive, for a comparison of national minimum training requirements and for more regular exchanges between the Member States, competent authorities and professional bodies. They suggest in particular, hat the recognition of credits obtained under the Erasmus Programme by partner universities should be a compulsory element for all institutions participating in student exchanges supported by EU funding in order to strengthen the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System.

More generally, Members call on the Commission, Member States and higher education institutions to develop a comparative table that would indicate the number of ECTS credits awarded for courses. They also call for development of an effective strategy for the full harmonisation of academic titles throughout the European Union with possible reverse recognition (including older academic titles) since the establishment of the Bologna Process.

As well as the recognition of qualifications, Members call for the following measures:

· cooperation among universities to be organised more systematically and strengthened;

· universities in the signatory states recognise practical traineeships completed as part of the mobility programmes supported by the European Commission;

· enhanced transparency of the information provided to students before the beginning of a given exchange regarding the number of credits to be awarded;

· the development of common platforms in order to provide a core of knowledge and skills defined by professionals and higher education institutions;

· improved networking, coordination and communication between EU universities;

· encouraging cooperation, including through financial incentives, on transnational curricula, joint degrees and mutual recognition;

· increasing the number of ERASMUS placement partnerships in practice;

· providing updated and comparable data on the basis of which to monitor the implementation of the EHEA and, to that end, to remove the obstacles and resolve the problems associated with the implementation of the process, and not to penalise those institutions which have not yet implemented the planned reforms.

Members also propose a series of measures regarding education cooperation with countries outside the EU: (i) strengthen cooperation and research programmes, and to develop new ones, based on mutual interests with third-country universities , particularly those in conflict zones; (ii) the establishment of a Euro-Mediterranean Higher Education Area ; (iii) the creation of unified university brands at regional level in order to strengthen university prestige at international level.

Members trust that the stocktaking exercise at the 2012 ministerial meeting in Bucharest will result in a clear roadmap for establishing a fully functioning European Higher Education Area by the 2020 deadline. They insist that cross-sectoral proposals concerning ICT training, vocational and lifelong learning and work placements must be put forward.

Documents
2012/01/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2011/12/09
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2011/11/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2011/10/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2011/09/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2011/07/12
   EP - MCCLARKIN Emma (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2011/04/11
   EP - BERLINGUER Luigi (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT

Documents

Votes

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - Am 1

2012/03/13 Outcome: -: 629, +: 38, 0: 10
CY LU MT LV EE DK IE SI FI PT LT SK CZ SE EL AT BG HU BE NL RO PL ES FR GB IT DE
Total
6
5
5
8
6
11
10
8
11
19
12
13
21
18
18
19
17
18
22
26
32
42
45
62
58
67
97
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

France GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
24

Bulgaria NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Romania NI

Against (1)

2

Spain NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

4
icon: EFD EFD
26

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

Against (1)

1

Greece EFD

Against (1)

1

Belgium EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFD

2
icon: ECR ECR
42

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Latvia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2
3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
174
2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
251

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (2)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Czechia PPE

2

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 2/3

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 522, -: 146, 0: 8
IT DE ES RO FR BG HU PL SK EL BE LT SE FI AT PT IE SI NL MT LV EE LU CY DK CZ GB
Total
67
97
45
32
62
17
18
41
13
19
22
12
18
11
19
18
10
8
26
5
8
6
5
6
11
21
58
icon: PPE PPE
249

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
173

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

France ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2
icon: EFD EFD
26

Poland EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Belgium EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Against (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
24

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

2

France NI

2

Bulgaria NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

France GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1
icon: ECR ECR
43

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

Spain Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

4

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 26

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 626, -: 32, 0: 18
DE IT FR GB ES PL RO BE BG AT HU SE EL CZ SK PT NL LT FI DK IE SI LV EE LU MT CY
Total
96
67
63
58
46
41
32
22
17
19
18
18
18
22
13
19
25
11
11
11
10
8
8
6
5
5
6
icon: PPE PPE
246

Czechia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
174

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
77

Greece ALDE

1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2
3

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
44

Belgium ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Denmark ECR

For (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
26
2

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

1
icon: NI NI
24

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

4

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29
3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

4

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 30

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 578, -: 84, 0: 11
DE IT FR ES RO BE PL AT BG HU SE EL NL SK FI LT PT IE SI LV EE LU MT CY DK GB CZ
Total
96
65
61
46
32
22
43
18
17
17
17
19
25
13
11
12
19
10
8
8
6
5
5
5
12
58
22
icon: PPE PPE
247

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
175

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
75

France ALDE

2

Greece ALDE

1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1
3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
54

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2
3

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: NI NI
24

France NI

2

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

4
icon: EFD EFD
26

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Poland EFD

2

Greece EFD

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Denmark EFD

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
27

France GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1
icon: ECR ECR
44

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 56/2

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 524, -: 146, 0: 5
IT DE ES RO FR PL HU BG SK EL SE AT LT PT BE FI IE SI MT LV EE NL LU DK CY CZ GB
Total
67
95
46
32
62
42
18
17
13
19
18
18
12
18
22
11
10
8
5
8
6
26
5
11
6
22
57
icon: PPE PPE
248

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
173

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
77

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1
3
icon: EFD EFD
26

Poland EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Belgium EFD

Against (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
24

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

2

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

France GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
43

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

3

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

4

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 61

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 521, -: 147, 0: 10
IT DE ES RO FR PL BG HU SK EL AT PT LT SE IE BE SI FI MT LV EE LU NL DK CY CZ GB
Total
66
95
46
32
63
43
17
17
13
19
19
19
12
17
10
22
8
11
5
8
6
5
26
12
6
22
58
icon: PPE PPE
248

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
173

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
78

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1
3
icon: EFD EFD
26

Poland EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Belgium EFD

Against (1)

1

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Against (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
24

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

2

France NI

2

Bulgaria NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
44

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
54

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

4

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0035/2012 - Luigi Berlinguer - § 66

2012/03/13 Outcome: +: 517, -: 145, 0: 11
IT DE ES RO FR PL BG HU SK EL AT LT SE PT FI BE SI IE MT NL LV EE DK LU CY CZ GB
Total
65
94
46
32
61
43
17
18
13
19
19
12
18
18
11
21
8
9
5
26
8
6
12
5
6
22
58
icon: PPE PPE
249