BETA


2012/0340(COD) Accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead IMCO CHARANZOVÁ Dita (icon: ALDE ALDE) VERHEYEN Sabine (icon: PPE PPE), WEIDENHOLZER Josef (icon: S&D S&D), VAN BOSSUYT Anneleen (icon: ECR ECR), REDA Julia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ZULLO Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Former Responsible Committee IMCO CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion ECON
Former Committee Opinion EMPL Marian HARKIN (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion ITRE
Former Committee Opinion TRAN
Former Committee Opinion REGI
Former Committee Opinion CULT Marietje SCHAAKE (icon: ALDE ALDE), Isabelle THOMAS (icon: S&D S&D), Marie-Christine VERGIAT (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Committee Opinion LIBE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 114-p1

Events

2016/12/02
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to lay down common requirements to make public sector websites and mobile applications (apps) more accessible across the EU.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

CONTENT: this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the accessibility requirements of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies , thereby enabling those websites and mobile applications to be more accessible to users, in particular to persons with disabilities.

The directive sets out minimum conditions allowing member states to establish even stronger requirements. Those requirements shall not impose a disproportionate burden on the public sector bodies.

Member States may exclude from the application of this Directive websites and mobile applications of schools, kindergartens or nurseries , except for the content thereof relating to essential online administrative functions.

Presumption of conformity with the accessibility requirements : the Directive provides that the level of accessibility should be equivalent to that ensured by European standard EN 301 549 V1.1.2 (2015-04) . The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to amend the references to this standard so as to make reference to a more recent version of that standard, or to a European standard replacing it.

By 23 December 2018 at the latest, the Commission will be required to adopt implementing acts establishing technical specifications for mobile applications where no reference to a harmonised standard has been published.

Accessibility statement : Member States shall ensure that public sector bodies provide and regularly update a detailed, comprehensive and clear accessibility statement on the compliance of their websites and mobile applications with this Directive. The statement shall include the following:

an explanation concerning those parts of the content that are not accessible, and the reasons for that inaccessibility and, where appropriate, the accessible alternatives provided for; a link to a feedback mechanism enabling any person to notify the public sector body concerned of any failure of its website or mobile application to comply with the accessibility requirements ; a link to the enforcement procedure to guarantee compliance with this Directive to which recourse may be had in the event of an unsatisfactory response to the notification or the request.

Member States shall promote and facilitate training programmes, relating to the accessibility of websites and mobile applications and take the necessary measures to raise awareness of the accessibility requirements. They shall periodically monitor the compliance of websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies with the accessibility requirements.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 22.12.2016.

TRANSPOSITION: 23.9.2018.

Member States have different deadlines to apply the measures: (i) from 23.9.2019 for websites of public sector bodies; (ii) from 23.10.2020 for existing websites; (iii) from 23.6.2021 for mobile applications of public sector bodies.

Lastly, the Commission shall carry out a review of the application of this Directive by 23 June 2022 that shall include a review of technological advances that could make accessibility easier for some types of content excluded from the scope of this Directive.

DELEGATED ACTS: the power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from 23 June 2017. The European Parliament or the Council shall have the right to object to a delegated act within a period of two months (extendable for two months) from the date of notification.

2016/10/26
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2016/10/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

In line with the recommendation for second reading by its Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, Parliament approved the Council position at first reading without amendment.

The proposed Directive aims at the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of websites from public sector bodies, in order to improve the functioning of the internal market.

Documents
2016/10/26
   CSL - Final act signed
2016/10/26
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/10/25
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/09/29
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the recommendation for second reading contained in the report by Dita CHARANZOVÁ (ADLE, CZ) on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

The committee recommended the Parliament to approve the Council position at first reading .

The proposed Directive aims at the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of websites from public sector bodies, in order to improve the functioning of the internal market. It lays down the rules according to which Member States must ensure that the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies respect the accessibility requirements.

Documents
2016/09/26
   EP - Vote in committee, 2nd reading
2016/09/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/09/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading
2016/07/19
   EC - Commission communication on Council's position
Details

The Commission supported the results of the interinstitutional negotiations and therefore accepted the Council's position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

Overall, the Council accepted the need to legislate in this area and endorsed the core objectives of the Commission proposal, namely to improve the accessibility of public sector websites. However, the Council made some changes on how to achieve those objectives. In particular:

the scope of the proposal was extended to cover websites and mobile applications of all public sector bodies, with some limited exceptions on the types of body and content covered; new provisions allowing public sector bodies to apply the accessibility requirements to the extent that they do not impose a disproportionate burden; the definition of ‘public sector body’ clarifies that the extension to associations formed by one or several authorities or bodies governed by public law covers associations established for the specific purpose of meeting needs of general interest, not having an industrial or commercial character; Member States may maintain or introduce measures (in conformity with Union law) which go beyond the minimum requirements provided by the Directive; the provisions on standards have been adapted to take account of the adoption of the European standard in 2014 on “Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe” (EN 301 549), resulting from Mandate 376, and also to take account of the fact that there is ongoing standardisation work on mobile applications; the Commission will be required to adopt implementing acts within 24 months from the entry into force of the Directive providing technical specifications for mobile applications in cases where no reference to a harmonised standard covering them has been published; the text lays down requirements on transparency (public sector bodies will need to publish information on the accessibility of their websites and mobile applications) and for users to request certain content otherwise exempted from accessibility requirements; the amended text lays down requirements for an effective enforcement procedure, including the possibility to contact an ombudsman and monitoring and reporting by Member States; the Commission is further requested to establish through implementing acts the model statement on accessibility which public sector bodies will be required to publish; Member States must transpose the Directive into national law within 21 months after the date of its entry into force. They then have 12 months to apply the provisions to new public sector bodies’ websites, 24 months to existing websites and 33 months to mobile applications of public sector bodies.

The Commission supports this outcome.

2016/07/19
   CSL - Council position published
Details

The Council adopted its position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

The Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative practices of the Member States relating to the requirements for accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies , in order to improve the functioning of the internal market.

It is also in line with Article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities , to which the EU and Member States are parties.

This Directive is crucial to improve the internal market of services relating to the digital accessibility of information, and to ensure the complete inclusion of all citizens, in particular elderly people and persons with disabilities in the digital society.

The main elements of the Council position are as follows:

Subject matter and scope : this draft Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the accessibility requirements of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies, thereby enabling those websites and mobile applications to be more accessible to users, in particular to persons with disabilities.

The scope covers both the websites and the mobile applications of public sector bodies. This Directive lays down the rules requiring Member States to ensure that websites, independently of the device used for access thereto, and mobile applications of public sector bodies meet the accessibility requirements .

The Directive provides for a very limited set of content or website exclusions.

Furthermore, it offers the possibility to Member States to exclude the websites and mobile applications of schools, kindergartens and nurseries, as long as the content relating to essential online administrative functions of these bodies are made accessible.

Member States may maintain or introduce measures in conformity with Union law which go beyond the minimum requirements for accessibility of websites and mobile applications established by this Directive.

Requirements, presumption of conformity and disproportionate burden : the Council position:

lays down minimum requirements for the websites and mobile applications of the public sector bodies. A future-proof provision on the presumption of conformity foresees the minimum level of accessibility to be equivalent to the one defined in standard EN 301 549 v1.1.2 (2015-04). The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts to change the reference to this standard; ensures that these requirements do not impose a disproportionate burden on public sector bodies, while ensuring that appropriate and accessible explanations are provided to the public.

Additional measures and enforcement : the Council position:

requires Member States to: (i) facilitate the application of the accessibility requirements to websites and mobile applications other than those covered by the scope; (ii) promote and facilitate training programmes about accessibility of websites and mobile applications, and finally; (iii) take the necessary measures to raise awareness of the accessibility requirements; foresees that each public sector body would provide an accessible statement explaining the reasons for inaccessible content , potential alternatives where appropriate. The Commission is empowered to adopt implementing acts defining a model statement; foresees the possibility for persons to give feedback or request inaccessible content to the public sector bodies, and to escalate, if necessary, through an enforcement procedure.

Monitoring and reporting : Member States shall:

periodically monitor the compliance on the basis of the monitoring methodology which shall be established by implementing acts; present reports to the Commission every three years on the outcome of the monitoring including the measurement data and make their content available to the public in an accessible format. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts establishing the arrangements for reporting by Member States to the Commission.

Transposition and review : Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 21 months after the date of entry into force of this Directive. Different deadlines are set for the application of certain provisions: 12 months to apply the provisions to new public sector bodies’ websites, 24 months to existing websites and 33 months to mobile applications of public sector bodies.

The Council’s position provides that the Commission shall carry out a review of the application of this Directive by 66 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive. It shall include a review of technological advances that could make accessibility easier for some types of content excluded from the scope of this Directive.

Documents
2016/07/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
2016/07/08
   CSL - Council statement on its position
Documents
2016/05/24
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 2nd reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2016/01/14
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations at 2nd reading
2014/11/27
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

The Council took stock of progress on a proposal to make websites more accessible. Under the draft directive, EU-standardised accessibility features would become mandatory for certain types of public sector bodies' websites. A report prepared by the Italian presidency sets out the work accomplished thus far in the Council working party.

Better business conditions and easier web use : a harmonised set of accessibility rules will help website developers to offer their products and services across the EU without extra production costs and other difficulties resulting from different national approaches in the sector. This should improve the functioning of the internal market and contribute to growth and competitiveness.

Certain principles and techniques that make web content more usable are to be applied when creating websites. This will benefit all users, especially people with disabilities, older people and those with temporary disabilities such as a broken hand. Moreover, it is particularly important for the public sector to make its websites more accessible so that they can extend their reach and fulfil their public tasks.

Work in the Council : during the working party discussions, a number of changes were made to the proposal.

scope : the scope has been widened to cover all public sector websites in their entirety . This implies the deletion of a number of other parts of the proposal, including the Annex (although an illustrative list of websites covered could still prove useful), as well as minor consequential changes throughout the text. On the other hand, it i s not proposed to extend the scope to cover websites published by private entities. However, there is an issue regarding websites supported by public funds or published by public-private partnerships; less red-tape : the proposal requires Member States to take measures to promote and monitor the application of these rules. Mindful of red tape, the presidency text requires member states to monitor compliance with the rules periodically, instead of continuously as suggested by the Commission. Similarly, the annual reporting obligation proposed by the Commission is to be replaced by less frequent reporting; standards : Article 5 has been changed to reflect the existence of EN 301 549. This standard now exists and Article 5 provides that compliance with that standard in itself establishes a presumption of conformity with Article 3. EN 301 549 contains accessibility requirements intended for public procurement. However, the focus on public procurement would not appear to pose a problem for making the relevant parts of it applicable also for this Directive, as long as the content of the standard is suitable for that. However, the parts of the standard relevant for this Directive should be identified; deadlines : the current compromise text suggests that once the directive has entered into force, Member States will have two years in which to adopt national provisions so as to comply with the directive. The web accessibility requirements will be applicable three years from the entry into force of the directive; implementing acts : the implementing act in Article 7(4) has been replaced by Commission guidelines. All the Articles concerning the exercise of delegation and committee have been deleted.

Next steps : the Italian presidency intends to continue work on the proposal during the remainder of its term. Its aim is to enable the Council to start talks with the European Parliament, so that a deal could be struck under the next presidency.

Documents
2014/11/27
   CSL - Council Meeting
2014/07/17
   EP - CHARANZOVÁ Dita (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2014/05/26
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2014/02/26
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2014/02/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 593 votes to 40, with 13 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites.

Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission’s proposal as follows:

Subject and scope : this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States in relation to the accessibility to all users of the content of public sector bodies' websites and websites operated by entities performing public tasks to the public , in particular to persons with disabilities and elderly persons.

The new scope would reflect the binding obligations set out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the commitments in the Digital Agenda for Europe to promote digital inclusion and confidence in the market for barrier-free access.

A new Annex Ia has been introduced which lays down the functionality and content of websites operated by other entities performing the following types of public tasks: network services (gas, heat, electricity, postal services); transport-related services; basic banking and insurance services; education; statutory and complementary social security schemes; health-related services; childcare services; other essential services to facilitate social inclusion; cultural activities and tourist information.

Definitions : Members considered that the definitions proposed by the Commission do not reflect significant technological developments. Online information and services are increasingly obtained by handheld mobile devices as opposed to desktop computers. The definitions on ‘website concerned’, ‘website content’ and ‘user agents’ must explicitly acknowledge this fact.

Furthermore, the report suggested strengthening the definition of 'website content' and to include in particular functions provided through websites, which are external to the website of the public body or entity in question.

Requirements for web-accessibility : the amendments stipulated that the websites concerned should be accessible:

in a consistent and adequate way for users' autonomous perception, navigation, operation, interaction, readability and understanding, including adaptability of content presentation, when necessary, providing an accessible electronic alternative; in a way which ensures interoperability with a broad variety of user agents and assistive technologies at Union and international level through a universal design approach.

Accessibility training : Member States should promote and support web accessibility training programmes for relevant stakeholders, including staff of public sector bodies and entities performing public tasks, to create, manage and update web pages, including their content.

Member States should support appropriate mechanisms for consultations on web accessibility with relevant stakeholders and organisations representing the interests of people with disabilities and of the elderly , and make public any developments in web accessibility policy together with the experiences and findings from the implementation of conformity of web accessibility requirements. They should also take the necessary measures to ensure that the relevant social partners participate in the development and application of the training programmes and awareness-raising schemes.

Monitoring and reporting : Parliament proposed that the Commission should establish an expert group to meet at least every two years, upon the Commission's invitation, in order to discuss the results of the monitoring, to exchange best practices regarding the implementation of this Directive and to assess the need for any additional specifications of the web accessibility requirements.

Enforcement body : Member States should designate a competent authority (enforcement body) responsible for enforcing the compliance of the websites concerned with the requirements for web accessibility. The designated competent authority should have the necessary human and financial resources to fulfil its tasks and it should be responsible for following up any complaints lodged by website users or other interested parties about failures to comply with the requirements for web-accessibility of the websites concerned.

Member States should report to the Commission every two years on the outcome of the monitoring carried out. That report shall be made public in readily accessible formats.

Fines : Member States should take all measures to establish an effective enforcement mechanism laying down the rules on effective and proportionate sanctions applicable to infringements of the national provisions. Member States should notify those provisions to the Commission by 30 June 2014.

Delegated acts : the European Commission requests to be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify, where appropriate, the harmonised requirement for web-accessibility. The report recommended restricting the use of power to adopt delegated acts only to certain situations and purposes without modifying the requirements themselves.

Application: Member States should apply the measures concerning the requirements for web-accessibility for all new content of websites concerned by one year from the entry into force of the Directive and for all existing content of websites concerned by three years from the date of entry into force of this Directive.

The application deadlines set out shall be extended by two years as regards the requirements for web accessibility related to live audio content.

Documents
2014/02/25
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2013/12/12
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the report by Jorgo CHATZIMARKAKIS (ADLE, DE) on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites.

The parliamentary committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be to amend the Commission’s proposal as follows:

Subject and scope : this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States in relation to the accessibility to all users of the content of public sector bodies' websites and websites operated by entities performing public tasks to the public , in particular to persons with disabilities and elderly persons.

The new scope would reflect the binding obligations set out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the commitments in the Digital Agenda for Europe to promote digital inclusion and confidence in the market for barrier-free access.

Member States may extend the application of this Directive beyond the types of public tasks specified in Annex Ia .

Definitions : Members considered that the definitions proposed by the Commission do not reflect significant technological developments. Online information and services are increasingly obtained by handheld mobile devices as opposed to desktop computers. The definitions on ‘website concerned’, ‘website content’ and ‘user agents’ must explicitly acknowledge this fact.

Furthermore, the report suggested strengthening the definition of 'website content' and to include in particular functions provided through websites, which are external to the website of the public body or entity in question.

Requirements for web-accessibility : the amendments stipulated that the websites concerned should be accessible:

in a consistent and adequate way for users' autonomous perception, navigation, operation, interaction, readability and understanding, including adaptability of content presentation, when necessary, providing an accessible electronic alternative; in a way which ensures interoperability with a broad variety of user agents and assistive technologies at Union and international level through a universal design approach.

Member States shall promote and support web accessibility training programmes for relevant stakeholders, including staff of public sector bodies and entities performing public tasks, to create, manage and update web pages, including their content.

Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the relevant social partners participate in the development and application of the training programmes and awareness-raising schemes.

Monitoring and reporting : Members proposed that the Commission should establish an expert group to meet at least every two years, upon the Commission's invitation, in order to discuss the results of the monitoring, to exchange best practices regarding the implementation of this Directive and to assess the need for any additional specifications of the web accessibility requirements.

Moreover, Member States should designate a competent authority (enforcement body) responsible for enforcing the compliance of the websites concerned with the requirements for web accessibility. This authority should be responsible for following up any complaints lodged by website users or other interested parties about failures to comply with the requirements for web-accessibility of the websites concerned.

Member States should report to the Commission every two years on the outcome of the monitoring carried out. That report shall be made public in readily accessible formats.

Fines : Member States should take all measures to establish an effective enforcement mechanism laying down the rules on effective and proportionate sanctions applicable to infringements of the national provisions. Member States should notify those provisions to the Commission by 30 June 2014.

Delegated acts : the European Commission requests to be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify, where appropriate, the harmonised requirement for web-accessibility. The report recommended restricting the use of power to adopt delegated acts only to certain situations and purposes without modifying the requirements themselves.

Documents
2013/11/28
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2013/10/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/10/10
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/07/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/06/06
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2013/06/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/05/27
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/05/22
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2013/01/25
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2012/12/20
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2012/12/20
   CSL - Council Meeting
2012/12/18
   EP - CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2012/12/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2012/12/03
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2012/12/03
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2012/12/03
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to create a harmonised market for the accessibility of public sector bodies’ websites.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and the Council.

BACKGROUND: in 2009, the website-developer market consisted of some 175 000 enterprises in the 27 EU Member States. It employed some 1 million people and the generated turnover was EUR 144 billion. The European market for web-accessibility related products and services is estimated at EUR 2 billion. It could grow significantly, as less than 10% of websites are accessible.

The number of websites providing e-government services (about 380 500 in the EU) and public sector websites (over 761 000 in the EU) is growing rapidly. Most Member States have already either enacted legislation, or taken other measures on web accessibility. However, significant differences exist between these laws and measures.

The non-harmonised national approaches to web-accessibility create barriers in the Internal Market. Harmonisation of national measures for the public sector at EU level is being proposed as a necessary condition to put an end to this fragmentation and lack of confidence in the web accessibility market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by an impact assessment . An Impact Assessment Steering Group, led by the Directorate General for the Information Society and Media, was established with a wide representation of services and departments of the Commission.

The Commission believes that harmonisation will lead to better market conditions, more jobs, cheaper web-accessibility and more accessible websites : a triple win for governments, businesses, and citizens.

In addition, the Directive would support Member States in achieving their national commitments regarding web accessibility, as well as their commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities regarding websites of public sector bodies.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 114(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the Directive aims at approximating the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites, by defining harmonised requirements.

Purpose and scope: the proposal lays down the technical provisions whereby Member States shall make accessible the content of certain types of websites of public sector bodies which provide information and services that are essential for citizens' participation in economy and society (e.g. income tax, employment services, social security, personal documents, vehicle registration, police statements, university or higher education enrolment).

Requirements for web-accessibility: the requirements for web-accessibility are defined along two dimensions: (i) user orientation; and (ii) market orientation and interoperability.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify further, where appropriate, the harmonised requirements necessary to ensure the accessibility of the websites concerned.

In order to ensure that current political commitments are promptly achieved, the above provisions are to be implemented by 31 December 2015 .

Harmonised standards and presumption of conformity: this Directive is in line with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Standardisation which sets the legal basis for the Commission to request European standardisation organisations to develop harmonised standards to assist stakeholders in providing presumption of conformity.

In one of the Directive’s recitals, it is indicated that the Success Criteria and Requirements for Level AA conformance specified in the version 2.0 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0) issued by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), are expected to be taken into account in the European standard resulting from Mandate 376 and subsequently in the harmonised standard that should be built upon the outcome of this work.. These technology neutral specifications provide the basis for the requirements for web-accessibility.

European and international standards and presumption of conformity: in the absence of harmonised standards, the Directive provides a solution for presumption of conformity with the web-accessibility requirements to the websites concerned which meet European standards or parts thereof that have been determined by the Commission by delegated acts. Mandate 376 is preparing a European Standard that includes web accessibility.

In the absence of such European standard, the Directive also provides a solution for presumption of conformity with the web-accessibility requirements to the websites concerned which meet the parts of the ISO/IEC 40500:2012 covering the Success Criteria and Conformance Requirements for Level AA conformance.

Reports: the accessibility of a website should be continuously monitored, in the light of regular updates of web content. Member States are requested to monitor the public sector bodies' websites concerned, using the methodology established by Commission in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Directive.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: there are no implications for the budget of the Union.

DELEGATED ACTS: the proposal contains the provisions for the exercise of delegated acts in line with Article 290 of the TFEU.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A7-0460/2013 - Jorgo Chatzimarkakis - Résolution législative

2014/02/26 Outcome: +: 593, -: 40, 0: 13
DE ES IT FR PL GB RO HU BE BG SE EL AT PT NL FI IE SK LT HR SI DK CZ LV LU MT EE CY
Total
89
52
51
63
43
56
27
19
19
16
19
18
16
18
24
12
12
11
9
11
7
9
15
8
6
6
5
4
icon: PPE PPE
231

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

4

Czechia PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
162

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Greece ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
53

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
3

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
45

Hungary ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
24

France EFD

Against (1)

1

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Bulgaria EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

1
icon: NI NI
24

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

3
2

Hungary NI

2

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (2)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
287 2012/0340(COD)
2013/07/03 EMPL 66 amendments...
source: PE-514.818
2013/07/18 IMCO 186 amendments...
source: PE-514.740
2013/09/23 CULT 35 amendments...
source: PE-516.902

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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rapporteur
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      New
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      New
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf
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      • date: 2014-02-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20140225&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
      • date: 2014-02-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=23849&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0158 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0158/2014 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
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      • date: 2016-01-14T00:00:00 body: unknown type: Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations at 2nd reading
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      • date: 2016-07-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9389%2F16&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Council position published title: 09389/1/2016 body: CSL type: Council position published
      • date: 2016-09-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: VERHEYEN Sabine group: S&D name: WEIDENHOLZER Josef group: ECR name: VAN BOSSUYT Anneleen group: Verts/ALE name: REDA Julia group: EFD name: ZULLO Marco responsible: True committee: IMCO date: 2014-07-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection rapporteur: group: ALDE name: CHARANZOVÁ Dita body: EP responsible: True committee: IMCO date: 2012-12-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection rapporteur: group: ALDE name: CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo
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      • date: 2013-05-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE513.011 title: PE513.011 type: Committee draft report body: EP
      • date: 2013-07-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE514.740 title: PE514.740 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
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      • date: 2013-10-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE513.263&secondRef=02 title: PE513.263 committee: CULT type: Committee opinion body: EP
      • date: 2014-05-26T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=23849&j=0&l=en title: SP(2014)446 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
      • date: 2016-07-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=10790%2F16&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 10790/2016 type: Council statement on its position body: CSL
      • date: 2016-07-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2016/0484/COM_COM(2016)0484_EN.pdf title: COM(2016)0484 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=FR&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2016&nu_doc=0484 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission supported the results of the interinstitutional negotiations and therefore accepted the Council's position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. Overall, the Council accepted the need to legislate in this area and endorsed the core objectives of the Commission proposal, namely to improve the accessibility of public sector websites. However, the Council made some changes on how to achieve those objectives. In particular: the scope of the proposal was extended to cover websites and mobile applications of all public sector bodies, with some limited exceptions on the types of body and content covered; new provisions allowing public sector bodies to apply the accessibility requirements to the extent that they do not impose a disproportionate burden; the definition of ‘public sector body’ clarifies that the extension to associations formed by one or several authorities or bodies governed by public law covers associations established for the specific purpose of meeting needs of general interest, not having an industrial or commercial character; Member States may maintain or introduce measures (in conformity with Union law) which go beyond the minimum requirements provided by the Directive; the provisions on standards have been adapted to take account of the adoption of the European standard in 2014 on “Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe” (EN 301 549), resulting from Mandate 376, and also to take account of the fact that there is ongoing standardisation work on mobile applications; the Commission will be required to adopt implementing acts within 24 months from the entry into force of the Directive providing technical specifications for mobile applications in cases where no reference to a harmonised standard covering them has been published; the text lays down requirements on transparency (public sector bodies will need to publish information on the accessibility of their websites and mobile applications) and for users to request certain content otherwise exempted from accessibility requirements; the amended text lays down requirements for an effective enforcement procedure, including the possibility to contact an ombudsman and monitoring and reporting by Member States; the Commission is further requested to establish through implementing acts the model statement on accessibility which public sector bodies will be required to publish; Member States must transpose the Directive into national law within 21 months after the date of its entry into force. They then have 12 months to apply the provisions to new public sector bodies’ websites, 24 months to existing websites and 33 months to mobile applications of public sector bodies. The Commission supports this outcome. type: Commission communication on Council's position body: EC
      • date: 2016-09-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE589.314 title: PE589.314 type: Committee draft report body: EP
      • date: 2016-10-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F16&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 00038/2016/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
      • date: 2013-01-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2012)0721 title: COM(2012)0721 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
      events
      • date: 2012-12-03T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf title: COM(2012)0721 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2012&nu_doc=721 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to create a harmonised market for the accessibility of public sector bodies’ websites. PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and the Council. BACKGROUND: in 2009, the website-developer market consisted of some 175 000 enterprises in the 27 EU Member States. It employed some 1 million people and the generated turnover was EUR 144 billion. The European market for web-accessibility related products and services is estimated at EUR 2 billion. It could grow significantly, as less than 10% of websites are accessible. The number of websites providing e-government services (about 380 500 in the EU) and public sector websites (over 761 000 in the EU) is growing rapidly. Most Member States have already either enacted legislation, or taken other measures on web accessibility. However, significant differences exist between these laws and measures. The non-harmonised national approaches to web-accessibility create barriers in the Internal Market. Harmonisation of national measures for the public sector at EU level is being proposed as a necessary condition to put an end to this fragmentation and lack of confidence in the web accessibility market. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by an impact assessment . An Impact Assessment Steering Group, led by the Directorate General for the Information Society and Media, was established with a wide representation of services and departments of the Commission. The Commission believes that harmonisation will lead to better market conditions, more jobs, cheaper web-accessibility and more accessible websites : a triple win for governments, businesses, and citizens. In addition, the Directive would support Member States in achieving their national commitments regarding web accessibility, as well as their commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities regarding websites of public sector bodies. LEGAL BASIS: Article 114(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). CONTENT: the Directive aims at approximating the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites, by defining harmonised requirements. Purpose and scope: the proposal lays down the technical provisions whereby Member States shall make accessible the content of certain types of websites of public sector bodies which provide information and services that are essential for citizens' participation in economy and society (e.g. income tax, employment services, social security, personal documents, vehicle registration, police statements, university or higher education enrolment). Requirements for web-accessibility: the requirements for web-accessibility are defined along two dimensions: (i) user orientation; and (ii) market orientation and interoperability. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify further, where appropriate, the harmonised requirements necessary to ensure the accessibility of the websites concerned. In order to ensure that current political commitments are promptly achieved, the above provisions are to be implemented by 31 December 2015 . Harmonised standards and presumption of conformity: this Directive is in line with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Standardisation which sets the legal basis for the Commission to request European standardisation organisations to develop harmonised standards to assist stakeholders in providing presumption of conformity. In one of the Directive’s recitals, it is indicated that the Success Criteria and Requirements for Level AA conformance specified in the version 2.0 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0) issued by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), are expected to be taken into account in the European standard resulting from Mandate 376 and subsequently in the harmonised standard that should be built upon the outcome of this work.. These technology neutral specifications provide the basis for the requirements for web-accessibility. European and international standards and presumption of conformity: in the absence of harmonised standards, the Directive provides a solution for presumption of conformity with the web-accessibility requirements to the websites concerned which meet European standards or parts thereof that have been determined by the Commission by delegated acts. Mandate 376 is preparing a European Standard that includes web accessibility. In the absence of such European standard, the Directive also provides a solution for presumption of conformity with the web-accessibility requirements to the websites concerned which meet the parts of the ISO/IEC 40500:2012 covering the Success Criteria and Conformance Requirements for Level AA conformance. Reports: the accessibility of a website should be continuously monitored, in the light of regular updates of web content. Member States are requested to monitor the public sector bodies' websites concerned, using the methodology established by Commission in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Directive. BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: there are no implications for the budget of the Union. DELEGATED ACTS: the proposal contains the provisions for the exercise of delegated acts in line with Article 290 of the TFEU.
      • date: 2012-12-10T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
      • date: 2012-12-20T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3213*&MEET_DATE=20/12/2012 title: 3213
      • date: 2013-06-06T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3243*&MEET_DATE=06/06/2013 title: 3243
      • date: 2013-11-28T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
      • date: 2013-12-12T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2013-0460&language=EN title: A7-0460/2013 summary: The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the report by Jorgo CHATZIMARKAKIS (ADLE, DE) on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites. The parliamentary committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be to amend the Commission’s proposal as follows: Subject and scope : this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States in relation to the accessibility to all users of the content of public sector bodies' websites and websites operated by entities performing public tasks to the public , in particular to persons with disabilities and elderly persons. The new scope would reflect the binding obligations set out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the commitments in the Digital Agenda for Europe to promote digital inclusion and confidence in the market for barrier-free access. Member States may extend the application of this Directive beyond the types of public tasks specified in Annex Ia . Definitions : Members considered that the definitions proposed by the Commission do not reflect significant technological developments. Online information and services are increasingly obtained by handheld mobile devices as opposed to desktop computers. The definitions on ‘website concerned’, ‘website content’ and ‘user agents’ must explicitly acknowledge this fact. Furthermore, the report suggested strengthening the definition of 'website content' and to include in particular functions provided through websites, which are external to the website of the public body or entity in question. Requirements for web-accessibility : the amendments stipulated that the websites concerned should be accessible: in a consistent and adequate way for users' autonomous perception, navigation, operation, interaction, readability and understanding, including adaptability of content presentation, when necessary, providing an accessible electronic alternative; in a way which ensures interoperability with a broad variety of user agents and assistive technologies at Union and international level through a universal design approach. Member States shall promote and support web accessibility training programmes for relevant stakeholders, including staff of public sector bodies and entities performing public tasks, to create, manage and update web pages, including their content. Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the relevant social partners participate in the development and application of the training programmes and awareness-raising schemes. Monitoring and reporting : Members proposed that the Commission should establish an expert group to meet at least every two years, upon the Commission's invitation, in order to discuss the results of the monitoring, to exchange best practices regarding the implementation of this Directive and to assess the need for any additional specifications of the web accessibility requirements. Moreover, Member States should designate a competent authority (enforcement body) responsible for enforcing the compliance of the websites concerned with the requirements for web accessibility. This authority should be responsible for following up any complaints lodged by website users or other interested parties about failures to comply with the requirements for web-accessibility of the websites concerned. Member States should report to the Commission every two years on the outcome of the monitoring carried out. That report shall be made public in readily accessible formats. Fines : Member States should take all measures to establish an effective enforcement mechanism laying down the rules on effective and proportionate sanctions applicable to infringements of the national provisions. Member States should notify those provisions to the Commission by 30 June 2014. Delegated acts : the European Commission requests to be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify, where appropriate, the harmonised requirement for web-accessibility. The report recommended restricting the use of power to adopt delegated acts only to certain situations and purposes without modifying the requirements themselves.
      • date: 2014-02-25T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20140225&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
      • date: 2014-02-26T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=23849&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
      • date: 2014-02-26T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0158 title: T7-0158/2014 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 593 votes to 40, with 13 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of public sector bodies' websites. Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission’s proposal as follows: Subject and scope : this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States in relation to the accessibility to all users of the content of public sector bodies' websites and websites operated by entities performing public tasks to the public , in particular to persons with disabilities and elderly persons. The new scope would reflect the binding obligations set out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the commitments in the Digital Agenda for Europe to promote digital inclusion and confidence in the market for barrier-free access. A new Annex Ia has been introduced which lays down the functionality and content of websites operated by other entities performing the following types of public tasks: network services (gas, heat, electricity, postal services); transport-related services; basic banking and insurance services; education; statutory and complementary social security schemes; health-related services; childcare services; other essential services to facilitate social inclusion; cultural activities and tourist information. Definitions : Members considered that the definitions proposed by the Commission do not reflect significant technological developments. Online information and services are increasingly obtained by handheld mobile devices as opposed to desktop computers. The definitions on ‘website concerned’, ‘website content’ and ‘user agents’ must explicitly acknowledge this fact. Furthermore, the report suggested strengthening the definition of 'website content' and to include in particular functions provided through websites, which are external to the website of the public body or entity in question. Requirements for web-accessibility : the amendments stipulated that the websites concerned should be accessible: in a consistent and adequate way for users' autonomous perception, navigation, operation, interaction, readability and understanding, including adaptability of content presentation, when necessary, providing an accessible electronic alternative; in a way which ensures interoperability with a broad variety of user agents and assistive technologies at Union and international level through a universal design approach. Accessibility training : Member States should promote and support web accessibility training programmes for relevant stakeholders, including staff of public sector bodies and entities performing public tasks, to create, manage and update web pages, including their content. Member States should support appropriate mechanisms for consultations on web accessibility with relevant stakeholders and organisations representing the interests of people with disabilities and of the elderly , and make public any developments in web accessibility policy together with the experiences and findings from the implementation of conformity of web accessibility requirements. They should also take the necessary measures to ensure that the relevant social partners participate in the development and application of the training programmes and awareness-raising schemes. Monitoring and reporting : Parliament proposed that the Commission should establish an expert group to meet at least every two years, upon the Commission's invitation, in order to discuss the results of the monitoring, to exchange best practices regarding the implementation of this Directive and to assess the need for any additional specifications of the web accessibility requirements. Enforcement body : Member States should designate a competent authority (enforcement body) responsible for enforcing the compliance of the websites concerned with the requirements for web accessibility. The designated competent authority should have the necessary human and financial resources to fulfil its tasks and it should be responsible for following up any complaints lodged by website users or other interested parties about failures to comply with the requirements for web-accessibility of the websites concerned. Member States should report to the Commission every two years on the outcome of the monitoring carried out. That report shall be made public in readily accessible formats. Fines : Member States should take all measures to establish an effective enforcement mechanism laying down the rules on effective and proportionate sanctions applicable to infringements of the national provisions. Member States should notify those provisions to the Commission by 30 June 2014. Delegated acts : the European Commission requests to be empowered to adopt delegated acts to specify, where appropriate, the harmonised requirement for web-accessibility. The report recommended restricting the use of power to adopt delegated acts only to certain situations and purposes without modifying the requirements themselves. Application: Member States should apply the measures concerning the requirements for web-accessibility for all new content of websites concerned by one year from the entry into force of the Directive and for all existing content of websites concerned by three years from the date of entry into force of this Directive. The application deadlines set out shall be extended by two years as regards the requirements for web accessibility related to live audio content.
      • date: 2014-11-27T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3350*&MEET_DATE=27/11/2014 title: 3350 summary: The Council took stock of progress on a proposal to make websites more accessible. Under the draft directive, EU-standardised accessibility features would become mandatory for certain types of public sector bodies' websites. A report prepared by the Italian presidency sets out the work accomplished thus far in the Council working party. Better business conditions and easier web use : a harmonised set of accessibility rules will help website developers to offer their products and services across the EU without extra production costs and other difficulties resulting from different national approaches in the sector. This should improve the functioning of the internal market and contribute to growth and competitiveness. Certain principles and techniques that make web content more usable are to be applied when creating websites. This will benefit all users, especially people with disabilities, older people and those with temporary disabilities such as a broken hand. Moreover, it is particularly important for the public sector to make its websites more accessible so that they can extend their reach and fulfil their public tasks. Work in the Council : during the working party discussions, a number of changes were made to the proposal. scope : the scope has been widened to cover all public sector websites in their entirety . This implies the deletion of a number of other parts of the proposal, including the Annex (although an illustrative list of websites covered could still prove useful), as well as minor consequential changes throughout the text. On the other hand, it i s not proposed to extend the scope to cover websites published by private entities. However, there is an issue regarding websites supported by public funds or published by public-private partnerships; less red-tape : the proposal requires Member States to take measures to promote and monitor the application of these rules. Mindful of red tape, the presidency text requires member states to monitor compliance with the rules periodically, instead of continuously as suggested by the Commission. Similarly, the annual reporting obligation proposed by the Commission is to be replaced by less frequent reporting; standards : Article 5 has been changed to reflect the existence of EN 301 549. This standard now exists and Article 5 provides that compliance with that standard in itself establishes a presumption of conformity with Article 3. EN 301 549 contains accessibility requirements intended for public procurement. However, the focus on public procurement would not appear to pose a problem for making the relevant parts of it applicable also for this Directive, as long as the content of the standard is suitable for that. However, the parts of the standard relevant for this Directive should be identified; deadlines : the current compromise text suggests that once the directive has entered into force, Member States will have two years in which to adopt national provisions so as to comply with the directive. The web accessibility requirements will be applicable three years from the entry into force of the directive; implementing acts : the implementing act in Article 7(4) has been replaced by Commission guidelines. All the Articles concerning the exercise of delegation and committee have been deleted. Next steps : the Italian presidency intends to continue work on the proposal during the remainder of its term. Its aim is to enable the Council to start talks with the European Parliament, so that a deal could be struck under the next presidency.
      • date: 2016-01-14T00:00:00 type: Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations at 2nd reading body: EP
      • date: 2016-05-24T00:00:00 type: Approval in committee of the text agreed at 2nd reading interinstitutional negotiations body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/imco/inag/2017/10-04/IMCO_AG(2017)610874_EN.pdf title: PE610.874 url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/imco/lpag/2017/10-04/IMCO_LA(2017)610875_EN.pdf title: PE610.875
      • date: 2016-07-19T00:00:00 type: Council position published body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9389%2F16&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 09389/1/2016 summary: The Council adopted its position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. The Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative practices of the Member States relating to the requirements for accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies , in order to improve the functioning of the internal market. It is also in line with Article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities , to which the EU and Member States are parties. This Directive is crucial to improve the internal market of services relating to the digital accessibility of information, and to ensure the complete inclusion of all citizens, in particular elderly people and persons with disabilities in the digital society. The main elements of the Council position are as follows: Subject matter and scope : this draft Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the accessibility requirements of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies, thereby enabling those websites and mobile applications to be more accessible to users, in particular to persons with disabilities. The scope covers both the websites and the mobile applications of public sector bodies. This Directive lays down the rules requiring Member States to ensure that websites, independently of the device used for access thereto, and mobile applications of public sector bodies meet the accessibility requirements . The Directive provides for a very limited set of content or website exclusions. Furthermore, it offers the possibility to Member States to exclude the websites and mobile applications of schools, kindergartens and nurseries, as long as the content relating to essential online administrative functions of these bodies are made accessible. Member States may maintain or introduce measures in conformity with Union law which go beyond the minimum requirements for accessibility of websites and mobile applications established by this Directive. Requirements, presumption of conformity and disproportionate burden : the Council position: lays down minimum requirements for the websites and mobile applications of the public sector bodies. A future-proof provision on the presumption of conformity foresees the minimum level of accessibility to be equivalent to the one defined in standard EN 301 549 v1.1.2 (2015-04). The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts to change the reference to this standard; ensures that these requirements do not impose a disproportionate burden on public sector bodies, while ensuring that appropriate and accessible explanations are provided to the public. Additional measures and enforcement : the Council position: requires Member States to: (i) facilitate the application of the accessibility requirements to websites and mobile applications other than those covered by the scope; (ii) promote and facilitate training programmes about accessibility of websites and mobile applications, and finally; (iii) take the necessary measures to raise awareness of the accessibility requirements; foresees that each public sector body would provide an accessible statement explaining the reasons for inaccessible content , potential alternatives where appropriate. The Commission is empowered to adopt implementing acts defining a model statement; foresees the possibility for persons to give feedback or request inaccessible content to the public sector bodies, and to escalate, if necessary, through an enforcement procedure. Monitoring and reporting : Member States shall: periodically monitor the compliance on the basis of the monitoring methodology which shall be established by implementing acts; present reports to the Commission every three years on the outcome of the monitoring including the measurement data and make their content available to the public in an accessible format. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts establishing the arrangements for reporting by Member States to the Commission. Transposition and review : Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 21 months after the date of entry into force of this Directive. Different deadlines are set for the application of certain provisions: 12 months to apply the provisions to new public sector bodies’ websites, 24 months to existing websites and 33 months to mobile applications of public sector bodies. The Council’s position provides that the Commission shall carry out a review of the application of this Directive by 66 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive. It shall include a review of technological advances that could make accessibility easier for some types of content excluded from the scope of this Directive.
      • date: 2016-09-15T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP
      • date: 2016-09-26T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading body: EP
      • date: 2016-09-29T00:00:00 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0269&language=EN title: A8-0269/2016 summary: The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the recommendation for second reading contained in the report by Dita CHARANZOVÁ (ADLE, CZ) on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. The committee recommended the Parliament to approve the Council position at first reading . The proposed Directive aims at the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of websites from public sector bodies, in order to improve the functioning of the internal market. It lays down the rules according to which Member States must ensure that the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies respect the accessibility requirements.
      • date: 2016-10-25T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20161025&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
      • date: 2016-10-26T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0414 title: T8-0414/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. In line with the recommendation for second reading by its Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, Parliament approved the Council position at first reading without amendment. The proposed Directive aims at the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States on the accessibility of websites from public sector bodies, in order to improve the functioning of the internal market.
      • date: 2016-10-26T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
      • date: 2016-10-26T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
      • date: 2016-12-02T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to lay down common requirements to make public sector websites and mobile applications (apps) more accessible across the EU. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. CONTENT: this Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the accessibility requirements of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies , thereby enabling those websites and mobile applications to be more accessible to users, in particular to persons with disabilities. The directive sets out minimum conditions allowing member states to establish even stronger requirements. Those requirements shall not impose a disproportionate burden on the public sector bodies. Member States may exclude from the application of this Directive websites and mobile applications of schools, kindergartens or nurseries , except for the content thereof relating to essential online administrative functions. Presumption of conformity with the accessibility requirements : the Directive provides that the level of accessibility should be equivalent to that ensured by European standard EN 301 549 V1.1.2 (2015-04) . The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to amend the references to this standard so as to make reference to a more recent version of that standard, or to a European standard replacing it. By 23 December 2018 at the latest, the Commission will be required to adopt implementing acts establishing technical specifications for mobile applications where no reference to a harmonised standard has been published. Accessibility statement : Member States shall ensure that public sector bodies provide and regularly update a detailed, comprehensive and clear accessibility statement on the compliance of their websites and mobile applications with this Directive. The statement shall include the following: an explanation concerning those parts of the content that are not accessible, and the reasons for that inaccessibility and, where appropriate, the accessible alternatives provided for; a link to a feedback mechanism enabling any person to notify the public sector body concerned of any failure of its website or mobile application to comply with the accessibility requirements ; a link to the enforcement procedure to guarantee compliance with this Directive to which recourse may be had in the event of an unsatisfactory response to the notification or the request. Member States shall promote and facilitate training programmes, relating to the accessibility of websites and mobile applications and take the necessary measures to raise awareness of the accessibility requirements. They shall periodically monitor the compliance of websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies with the accessibility requirements. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 22.12.2016. TRANSPOSITION: 23.9.2018. Member States have different deadlines to apply the measures: (i) from 23.9.2019 for websites of public sector bodies; (ii) from 23.10.2020 for existing websites; (iii) from 23.6.2021 for mobile applications of public sector bodies. Lastly, the Commission shall carry out a review of the application of this Directive by 23 June 2022 that shall include a review of technological advances that could make accessibility easier for some types of content excluded from the scope of this Directive. DELEGATED ACTS: the power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from 23 June 2017. The European Parliament or the Council shall have the right to object to a delegated act within a period of two months (extendable for two months) from the date of notification. docs: title: Directive 2016/2102 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32016L2102 title: OJ L 327 02.12.2016, p. 0001 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2016:327:TOC
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      • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
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      • The Council adopted its position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies.

        The Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative practices of the Member States relating to the requirements for accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies, in order to improve the functioning of the internal market.

        It is also in line with Article 9 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, to which the EU and Member States are parties.

        This Directive is crucial to improve the internal market of services relating to the digital accessibility of information, and to ensure the complete inclusion of all citizens, in particular elderly people and persons with disabilities in the digital society.

        The main elements of the Council position are as follows:

        Subject matter and scope: this draft Directive aims to approximate the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the accessibility requirements of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies, thereby enabling those websites and mobile applications to be more accessible to users, in particular to persons with disabilities.

        The scope covers both the websites and the mobile applications of public sector bodies. This Directive lays down the rules requiring Member States to ensure that websites, independently of the device used for access thereto, and mobile applications of public sector bodies meet the accessibility requirements.

        The Directive provides for a very limited set of content or website exclusions.

        Furthermore, it offers the possibility to Member States to exclude the websites and mobile applications of schools, kindergartens and nurseries, as long as the content relating to essential online administrative functions of these bodies are made accessible.

        Member States may maintain or introduce measures in conformity with Union law which go beyond the minimum requirements for accessibility of websites and mobile applications established by this Directive.

        Requirements, presumption of conformity and disproportionate burden: the Council position:

        • lays down minimum requirements for the websites and mobile applications of the public sector bodies. A future-proof provision on the presumption of conformity foresees the minimum level of accessibility to be equivalent to the one defined in standard EN 301 549 v1.1.2 (2015-04). The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts to change the reference to this standard;
        • ensures that these requirements do not impose a disproportionate burden on public sector bodies, while ensuring that appropriate and accessible explanations are provided to the public.

        Additional measures and enforcement: the Council position:

        • requires Member States to: (i) facilitate the application of the accessibility requirements to websites and mobile applications other than those covered by the scope; (ii) promote and facilitate training programmes about accessibility of websites and mobile applications, and finally; (iii) take the necessary measures to raise awareness of the accessibility requirements;
        • foresees that each public sector body would provide an accessible statement explaining the reasons for inaccessible content, potential alternatives where appropriate. The Commission is empowered to adopt implementing acts defining a model statement;
        • foresees the possibility for persons to give feedback or request inaccessible content to the public sector bodies, and to escalate, if necessary, through an enforcement procedure.

        Monitoring and reporting: Member States shall:

        • periodically monitor the compliance on the basis of the monitoring methodology which shall be established by implementing acts;
        • present reports to the Commission every three years on the outcome of the monitoring including the measurement data and make their content available to the public in an accessible format. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts establishing the arrangements for reporting by Member States to the Commission.

        Transposition and review: Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 21 months after the date of entry into force of this Directive. Different deadlines are set for the application of certain provisions: 12 months to apply the provisions to new public sector bodies’ websites, 24 months to existing websites and 33 months to mobile applications of public sector bodies.

        The Council’s position provides that the Commission shall carry out a review of the application of this Directive by 66 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive. It shall include a review of technological advances that could make accessibility easier for some types of content excluded from the scope of this Directive.

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      CSL
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      procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
      Old
      IMCO/7/11427
      New
      IMCO/8/06747
      procedure/stage_reached
      Old
      Political agreement in Council on its 1st reading position
      New
      Awaiting Parliament 2nd reading
      activities/0/docs/0/url
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      committee
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      rapporteur
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      date
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      committee_full
      Internal Market and Consumer Protection
      rapporteur
      group: ALDE name: CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo
      procedure/stage_reached
      Old
      Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation
      New
      Political agreement in Council on its 1st reading position
      activities/0/docs/0/url
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      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf
      New
      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf
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      procedure/subject/1
      Old
      2.10.03 Standardisation, EC standards and trademark, certification, compliance
      New
      2.10.03 Standardisation, EC/EU standards and trade mark, certification, compliance
      activities/0/docs/0/url
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      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
      CELEX:52012PC0721:EN
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      activities/0/docs/0/url
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      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
      CELEX:52012PC0721:EN
      links/European Commission/title
      Old
      PreLex
      New
      EUR-Lex
      procedure/subject/9
      Old
      4.10.06 Disabled people
      New
      4.10.06 People with disabilities
      activities/8/docs/0/text
      • The Council took stock of progress on a proposal to make websites more accessible. Under the draft directive, EU-standardised accessibility features would become mandatory for certain types of public sector bodies' websites. A report prepared by the Italian presidency sets out the work accomplished thus far in the Council working party.

        Better business conditions and easier web use: a harmonised set of accessibility rules will help website developers to offer their products and services across the EU without extra production costs and other difficulties resulting from different national approaches in the sector. This should improve the functioning of the internal market and contribute to growth and competitiveness.

        Certain principles and techniques that make web content more usable are to be applied when creating websites. This will benefit all users, especially people with disabilities, older people and those with temporary disabilities such as a broken hand. Moreover, it is particularly important for the public sector to make its websites more accessible so that they can extend their reach and fulfil their public tasks.

        Work in the Council: during the working party discussions, a number of changes were made to the proposal.

        • scope: the scope has been widened to cover all public sector websites in their entirety. This implies the deletion of a number of other parts of the proposal, including the Annex (although an illustrative list of websites covered could still prove useful), as well as minor consequential changes throughout the text. On the other hand, it is not proposed to extend the scope to cover websites published by private entities. However, there is an issue regarding websites supported by public funds or published by public-private partnerships;
        • less red-tape: the proposal requires Member States to take measures to promote and monitor the application of these rules. Mindful of red tape, the presidency text requires member states to monitor compliance with the rules periodically, instead of continuously as suggested by the Commission. Similarly, the annual reporting obligation proposed by the Commission is to be replaced by less frequent reporting;
        • standards: Article 5 has been changed to reflect the existence of EN 301 549. This standard now exists and Article 5 provides that compliance with that standard in itself establishes a presumption of conformity with Article 3. EN 301 549 contains accessibility requirements intended for public procurement. However, the focus on public procurement would not appear to pose a problem for making the relevant parts of it applicable also for this Directive, as long as the content of the standard is suitable for that. However, the parts of the standard relevant for this Directive should be identified;
        • deadlines: the current compromise text suggests that once the directive has entered into force, Member States will have two years in which to adopt national provisions so as to comply with the directive. The web accessibility requirements will be applicable three years from the entry into force of the directive;
        • implementing acts: the implementing act in Article 7(4) has been replaced by Commission guidelines.  All the Articles concerning the exercise of delegation and committee have been deleted.

        Next steps: the Italian presidency intends to continue work on the proposal during the remainder of its term. Its aim is to enable the Council to start talks with the European Parliament, so that a deal could be struck under the next presidency.

      activities/8
      body
      CSL
      meeting_id
      3350
      docs
      url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3350*&MEET_DATE=27/11/2014 type: Debate in Council title: 3350
      council
      Transport, Telecommunications and Energy
      date
      2014-11-27T00:00:00
      type
      Council Meeting
      procedure/subject/7
      Old
      3.45.02 Small and medium-sized enterprises SMEs, craft industries
      New
      3.45.02 Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), craft industries
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/4
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      EFD
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      SALVINI Matteo
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      committees/3/shadows/4
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      name
      SALVINI Matteo
      activities/0/body
      Old
      EP
      New
      EC
      activities/0/commission
      • DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/connect/index_en.htm title: Communications Networks, Content and Technology Commissioner: KROES Neelie
      activities/0/committees
      • body: EP responsible: False committee: CULT date: 2013-01-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Culture and Education rapporteur: group: PPE name: BAGÓ Zoltán
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
      • body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2013-01-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: DEUTSCH Tamás
      • body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: VERHEYEN Sabine group: S&D name: GARCÉS RAMÓN Vicente Miguel group: Verts/ALE name: ENGSTRÖM Christian group: ECR name: BIELAN Adam group: EFD name: SALVINI Matteo responsible: True committee: IMCO date: 2012-12-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection rapporteur: group: ALDE name: CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
      activities/0/date
      Old
      2012-12-10T00:00:00
      New
      2012-12-03T00:00:00
      activities/0/docs
      • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52012PC0721:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2012)0721
      activities/0/type
      Old
      Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
      New
      Legislative proposal published
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      Old
      EC
      New
      EP
      activities/1/commission
      • DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/connect/index_en.htm title: Communications Networks, Content and Technology Commissioner: KROES Neelie
      activities/1/committees
      • body: EP responsible: False committee: CULT date: 2013-01-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Culture and Education rapporteur: group: PPE name: BAGÓ Zoltán
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
      • body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2013-01-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: DEUTSCH Tamás
      • body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: VERHEYEN Sabine group: S&D name: GARCÉS RAMÓN Vicente Miguel group: Verts/ALE name: ENGSTRÖM Christian group: ECR name: BIELAN Adam group: EFD name: SALVINI Matteo responsible: True committee: IMCO date: 2012-12-18T00:00:00 committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection rapporteur: group: ALDE name: CHATZIMARKAKIS Jorgo
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI
      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
      activities/1/date
      Old
      2012-12-03T00:00:00
      New
      2012-12-10T00:00:00
      activities/1/docs
      • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0721/COM_COM(2012)0721_EN.pdf title: COM(2012)0721 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52012PC0721:EN
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      Old
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      New
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      Old
      4de183290fb8127435bdbba8
      New
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      Old
      4de184620fb8127435bdbd78
      New
      4f1ac79cb819f25efd000099
      activities/4/committees/3/rapporteur/0/mepref
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      4de183e10fb8127435bdbcc1
      New
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      New
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      New
      4f1adafdb819f207b300009f
      procedure/subject/1
      Old
      2.10.03 Standardisation, EC standards and trade mark, certification, compliance
      New
      2.10.03 Standardisation, EC standards and trademark, certification, compliance
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/0/group
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      New
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      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      New
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      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/1/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/4/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old
      Verts/ALE
      New
      Verts/ALE
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/3/group
      Old
      ECR
      New
      ECR
      activities/5/committees/3/shadows/4/group
      Old
      EFD
      New
      EFD
      committees/3/shadows/0/group
      Old
      PPE
      New
      PPE
      committees/3/shadows/1/group
      Old
      S&D
      New
      S&D
      committees/3/shadows/2/group
      Old