BETA


2014/2153(INI) European energy security strategy

Progress: Procedure rejected

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE SAUDARGAS Algirdas (icon: PPE PPE) POCHE Miroslav (icon: S&D S&D), FOX Ashley (icon: ECR ECR), PETERSEN Morten (icon: ALDE ALDE), JÁVOR Benedek (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), TAMBURRANO Dario (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion AFET LIETZ Arne (icon: S&D S&D) Sofia SAKORAFA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion INTA David BORRELLI (icon: EFDD EFDD), Adam SZEJNFELD (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion IMCO HYUSMENOVA Filiz (icon: ALDE ALDE) Jiří MAŠTÁLKA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Jens NILSSON (icon: S&D S&D), Anneleen VAN BOSSUYT (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2015/06/10
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/06/10
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament rejected in plenary , by 277 votes to 315, with 111 abstentions, the motion for a resolution on the European Energy Security Strategy, in response to the Commission communication on the same subject. A simple majority was required.

2015/06/10
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/06/09
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/05/18
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted an own-initiative report by Algirdas SAUDARGAS (EPP, LT) on the European Energy Security Strategy, in response to the Commission communication on the same subject.

Towards a European Energy Union : whilst welcoming the Commission communication, Members considered that equal energy security, competitiveness and sustainability in a fully integrated energy market constitute the main pillars for the creation of an Energy Union, which can be achieved by:

moderating and reducing energy demand, developing and integrating sustainable energy sources, pooling resources, connecting networks, reducing distance between interdependent production chains, developing smart grids, ensuring unified energy market regulation, favouring access to a sufficient amount of energy for every citizen, establishing unified negotiating positions vis-à-vis third countries through strengthened measures at EU level and more cohesive and better coordinated national policies and action.

The Energy Union, in addition to ensuring security of supply, should adopt a comprehensive approach focusing on key dimensions such as: (i) achievement of a fully integrated internal energy market, (ii) moderation of energy demand, (iii) decarbonisation of the energy mix (essentially based on renewable energy sources), and (iv) research and innovation aimed at leadership in energy technologies. European citizens should be at the core of the Energy Union and should be provided with secure, sustainable and affordable energy sources.

The concept of an Energy Union should be truly pan-European , encompassing both the EU and at least the Contracting Parties of the Energy Community. The creation of an Energy Union must be accompanied by a comprehensive industrial strategy , in the area of energy efficiency and renewable energies in particular, that is capable of contributing to the EU’s reindustrialisation.

Moderating energy demand : given that the EU is not yet on track to meet its target of saving 20% of energy (371 Mtoe) by 2020, Members called on the Commission to strictly enforce the already adopted energy efficiency legislation and to remove the remaining barriers to energy efficiency measures, and to develop a genuine market in energy efficiency in order to foster transfer of best practices and ensure availability of products and solutions throughout the EU with aim of building a true single market in energy efficiency products and services.

Members stated that it is necessary to increase both the depth and the rate of building renovation and the use of sustainable energy sources in heating and cooling, through the right incentives in order to reduce energy demand; recommends the continuation of increasing energy efficiency standards for buildings taking account of and encouraging technical innovation.

Local authorities of European cities could significantly contribute to energy efficiency through cogeneration, modernisation of district heating systems, increasing the use of cleaner public transport, encouraging more active travel models and renovation of buildings.

The Commission is urged to:

propose new legislation including a framework of targeted financial incentives and legal obligations to ensure a minimum, cost-optimal annual deep renovation rate for all eligible existing buildings of at least 3%; launch an awareness-raising campaign for European citizens on how to reduce energy consumption in households by easy and cost-efficient methods; develop a comprehensive strategy for transport electrification within the Energy Union; submit proposals for a strong 2030 energy efficiency governance.

Increasing indigenous energy production : the report stressed that the EU should develop an action plan and further promote a long-term strategy for increasing security of supply, which must include the development of sustainable indigenous energy sources, notably renewables, within the EU. The EU should consider the development of any energy source that might contribute to EU’s energy security.

Members stressed that the effective use of research and technological innovations fosters the leadership of European industry and strengthens the competitive advantage and commercial viability of European business and industry, creates jobs while contributing to the main EU energy and climate policy goals. European technologies in the energy sector are of the utmost importance for energy security as they reduce energy dependence, diversify and consolidate supply options through full exploitation of indigenous energy sources, and optimise energy network infrastructure and increase energy efficiency in the medium and long term and combat energy poverty.

Towards a fully integrated internal energy market : the report demanded that the Commission act decisively and transparently against all instances of protectionism, anti-competitive behaviour and barriers to market entry and exit. It underlined the positive impact that market integration has had on wholesale prices, and ultimately on retail prices, in the electricity sector, allowing more affordable energy to be made available to citizens.

The Commission is called upon to actively support the Member States in achieving the network and system interconnectivity objectives and to ensure that appropriate EU financing is available in this regard. The report noted that the level of gas infrastructure development is not spread evenly across the EU. It stressed that Member States in the Baltic and in central-eastern, south-eastern and western Europe require investments to ensure full integration of infrastructure and reduce their vulnerability to disruption from single or dominant energy suppliers.

Members welcomed the European Council’s proposal that electricity system interconnectivity must be ensured by integrating all the Member States into the European Continental Networks, as well as its proposal for a minimum level of electricity interconnection between Member States of 10% by 2020 and 15% by 2030. They asked for the establishment of gas interconnection targets too and called on the Commission to propose a concrete action plan to meet these targets. Moreover, there is an urgent need for effective and consistent implementation and application of the provisions set out in the Third Energy Package .

Diversifying external supply : the report stressed that dependence on one single supplier of energy resources, with the resulting vulnerability and lack of competition, can impede economic growth and endanger security at national and EU level.

In this regard, Members believe that Russia can no longer be considered a reliable partner as it explicitly questions EU law and uses energy supply for political purposes. The diversification of routes must be directed towards reliable suppliers, and that supply agreements should in any case foresee clear, effective and easily applicable obligations and penalty clauses. They also stated that more attention should be given to the development of the gas supply infrastructure and new LNG terminals as well as to a more efficient use of existing infrastructure.

The report affirmed the overarching principle of solidarity between all Member States, stressing that security of energy supply is a matter of collective action and concerns all Member States, despite differing scales of vulnerability to supply shocks. The Commission is invited to analyse the potential structure and appropriateness of a collective purchasing mechanism .

Lastly, Members stressed the need to enhance the EU’s ability to speak with one voice in order to deliver a more coherent energy diplomacy in partner countries and in multilateral forums.

Documents
2015/05/07
   EP - Vote in committee
2015/04/20
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2015/04/20
   CSL - Council Meeting
2015/04/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/03/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/03/24
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/03/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/02/03
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/02/03
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/02/03
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2014/12/11
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2014/11/24
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2014/10/21
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2014/10/16
   PL_SEJM - Contribution
Documents
2014/09/24
   EP - HYUSMENOVA Filiz (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2014/09/22
   EP - LIETZ Arne (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2014/09/16
   EP - SAUDARGAS Algirdas (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2014/05/28
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE: to present a European strategy in order to address energy security issues.

BACKGROUND: the European Union's prosperity and security hinges on a stable and abundant supply of energy. However, too often energy security issues are addressed only at a national level without taking fully into account the interdependence of Member States. In the winters of 2006 and 2009, temporary disruptions of gas supplies strongly hit EU citizens in some of the eastern Member States, pointing to the need for a common European energy policy.

The EU remains vulnerable to external energy shocks . Estimates show that :

· the EU imports 53% of the energy it consumes. Energy import dependency relates to crude oil (almost 90%), to natural gas (66%), and to a lesser extent to solid fuels (42%) as well as nuclear fuel (40%);

· energy security of supply concerns every Member State, even if some are more vulnerable than others, such as the Baltic and Eastern Europe ;

· six Member States depend from Russia as single external supplier for their entire gas imports. For electricity, three Member States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) are dependent on one external operator for the operation and balancing of their electricity network;

· the EU external energy bill represents more than EUR 1 billion per day and more than a fifth of total EU imports. The EU imports more than EUR 300 billion of crude oil and oil products, of which one third comes from Russia ;

· EU energy security has also to be seen in the context of growing energy demand worldwide, which is expected to increase by 27% by 2030.

The Commission considers that the EU needs, therefore, a hard-headed strategy for energy security which promotes: (i) in the short-term, resilience to these shocks and disruptions to energy supplies and (ii) in the long term, reduced dependency on particular fuels, energy suppliers and routes.

CONTENT: the Strategy is an integral part of the 2030 policy framework on climate and energy and also fully consistent with our competitiveness and industrial policy objectives .

It sets out areas where decisions need to be taken or concrete actions implemented in the short, medium and longer term to respond to energy security concerns.

It is based on eight key pillars underpinned by the principle of solidarity that together promote closer cooperation beneficial for all Member States while respecting national energy choices.

1) Immediate actions aimed at increasing the EU's capacity to overcome a major disruption during the winter 2014/2015.

· In view of current events in Ukraine and the potential for disruption to energy supplies, short term action must focus on those countries that are dependent on one single gas supplier. For the winter ahead, the Commission will work together with Member States, regulators, transmission systems operators and operators to improve the Union's immediate preparedness in respect of possible disruptions.

2) Strengthening emergency/solidarity mechanisms including coordination of risk assessments and contingency plans and protecting strategic infrastructure.

· The Commission proposes to strengthen mechanisms intended to ensure security of supply and see that strategic infrastructures are protected. It will propose to Member States and industry new contingency coordination mechanisms and plans to deliver energy to countries in times of need, based on risk assessments (energy security stress tests). The immediate focus should be on all Member States on the eastern border of the EU.

3) Moderating energy demand.

· Member States should speed up measures to achieve the 2020 energy efficiency target, focusing on heating and insulation in particular in buildings and industry, notably through: (i) reinforced regulatory and public financial support to accelerate the renovation rate of buildings; (ii) promotion of energy services and demand response with new technologies, for which EU financial support, in particular ESI Funds, can complement national financing schemes. For its part, the Commission will review the Energy Efficiency Directive and identify clear priority sectors (in housing, transport and industry) in which energy efficiency gains can be achieved in the medium to long term.

4) Build a well-functioning and completely integrated internal market.

· Member States should complete the transposition of internal energy market legislation as foreseen by the end of 2014, notably as regards, unbundling rules, reverse flows and access to gas storage facilities. It would also be appropriate to intensify discussions on the Energy Taxation Directive to reduce the tax incentives for diesel and consider a favourable taxation for alternative fuels. Transmission System Operators must speed up the implementation of the network codes for gas and electricity.

5) Increasing energy production in the European Union.

· Member States should: (i) continue the deployment of renewable energy sources in order to achieve the 2020 target in the context of a market-based approach; (ii) initiate the Europeanization of renewable energy support systems through improved coordination of national support schemes; (iii) accelerate fuel switch in the heating sector to renewable heating technologies; (iv) facilitate access to finance for renewable projects on all levels ; (v) exploit, where this option is chosen, hydrocarbons and clean coal taking into account the decarbonisation priorities.

6) Developing energy technologies.

· New technologies are needed to further reduce primary energy demand, diversify and consolidate supply options (both external and indigenous), and to optimise energy network infrastructure. The Commission will mainstream energy security in the implementation of the priorities of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020).

7) Diversifying external supplies and related infrastrucutre.

· Accessing more diversified natural gas resources is a priority whilst maintaining significant import volumes from reliable suppliers. The Commission will pursue an active trade agenda ensuring access to natural gas/LNG exports and limiting trade distortive practices. The Commission and Member States should jointly support the development and further expansion of gas supply infrastructure with Norway, the Southern Gas Corridor as well as the Mediterranean gas hub. They must also cooperate to diversify supply of nuclear fuel when needed.

8) Improving coordination of national energy policies and speaking with one voice in external energy policy.

· The Commission welcomes the calls made by certain Member States in favour of an Energy Union. It supports the creation of a mechanism that would enable Member States to inform each other of important decisions related to their energy mix prior to their adoption. Within the EU’s closer neighbourhood, the goal must remain to engage all partners at all levels in order to enable their close integration into the EU energy market. Lastly, the Commission recommends a systematic use of foreign policy instruments, such as the consistent inclusion of energy issues in political dialogues particularly summits, with strategic partners.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0164/2015 - Algirdas Saudargas - § 7/2 #

2015/06/10 Outcome: +: 526, -: 130, 0: 38
DE FR IT ES PT RO SE NL EL AT HU CZ BE IE BG LT HR DK FI SI SK EE LV CY MT LU GB PL
Total
90
71
64
49
19
31
20
21
19
17
20
20
20
10
13
10
11
11
11
7
13
6
6
6
6
5
73
44
icon: S&D S&D
177

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

3

Lithuania S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
206
2

Denmark PPE

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1

Estonia PPE

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1

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Romania ALDE

3

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1

Ireland ALDE

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1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

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2

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3

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3

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For (1)

1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

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2

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2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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3

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43

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A8-0164/2015 - Algirdas Saudargas - § 32 #

2015/06/10 Outcome: +: 354, -: 337, 0: 8
IT ES BE NL SE DK LT RO EL PT EE DE FI IE CY LU BG HR AT LV MT SI SK HU CZ FR GB PL
Total
65
49
21
22
20
10
10
31
20
19
6
91
11
10
6
5
14
11
17
7
6
7
13
19
21
71
72
44
icon: S&D S&D
181

Netherlands S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Bulgaria S&D

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4

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2

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1

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3

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1
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61

Denmark ALDE

2

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1
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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

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1

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6
icon: EFDD EFDD
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1

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A8-0164/2015 - Algirdas Saudargas - § 34 #

2015/06/10 Outcome: +: 354, -: 337, 0: 11
IT ES SE DK DE EL BE RO PT EE LT FI NL CY LU IE AT MT BG HR HU SI LV SK CZ FR GB PL
Total
65
49
20
11
93
20
21
31
19
6
9
11
22
6
5
9
17
6
14
11
20
7
7
13
21
71
73
44
icon: S&D S&D
181

Denmark S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

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1

Latvia S&D

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Denmark Verts/ALE

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1

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2

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

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2

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2

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3

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Denmark ALDE

3

Germany ALDE

For (1)

3

Romania ALDE

3

Estonia ALDE

3

Lithuania ALDE

2

Finland ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Ireland ALDE

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1

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1

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3

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2

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
43

Sweden EFDD

2

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
47

Germany NI

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2

Belgium NI

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1

Netherlands NI

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2

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4

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1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Italy ECR

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1

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1

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2

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icon: PPE PPE
209

Denmark PPE

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3

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2

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2

A8-0164/2015 - Algirdas Saudargas - Am 6 #

2015/06/10 Outcome: -: 388, +: 289, 0: 25
IT FR EL PT AT SE ES DE IE CY FI LU HU EE SI LV BG SK DK HR NL CZ LT MT BE RO PL GB
Total
65
71
20
19
17
20
49
93
10
6
10
5
20
5
7
7
14
13
11
11
22
21
10
6
21
31
44
73
icon: S&D S&D
180

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

4

Denmark S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

Against (1)

2

Malta S&D

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
48

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2
icon: NI NI
47

Germany NI

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2

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2

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
43

France EFDD

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Austria ALDE

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1

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3

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1

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2

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Estonia ALDE

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3

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3

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3

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2

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3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
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Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

3

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Czechia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
208

Cyprus PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

Against (2)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

A8-0164/2015 - Algirdas Saudargas - Am 1 #

2015/06/10 Outcome: +: 338, -: 319, 0: 42
IT FR AT NL BE SE ES EL DE PT FI EE LU CY BG IE DK MT HR LV LT HU SI SK CZ GB RO PL
Total
65
70
17
22
20
20
49
20
93
19
11
6
5
5
14
10
11
6
11
7
9
20
7
13
21
72
31
44
icon: S&D S&D
180

Netherlands S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Denmark S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
46

Netherlands NI

Against (2)

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
60

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Germany ALDE

For (1)

3

Finland ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
43

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ECR ECR
65

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

3

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
209

Netherlands PPE

4

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

Finland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

Against (2)

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2