BETA


2014/2248(INI) Possible evolutions and adjustments of the current institutional set up of the European Union

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFCO VERHOFSTADT Guy (icon: ALDE ALDE) RANGEL Paulo (icon: PPE PPE), LEINEN Jo (icon: S&D S&D), FOX Ashley (icon: ECR ECR), SPINELLI Barbara (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), DURAND Pascal (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), CASTALDO Fabio Massimo (icon: EFDD EFDD), ANNEMANS Gerolf (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion BUDG FERNANDES José Manuel (icon: PPE PPE) Richard ASHWORTH (icon: ECR ECR), Daniele VIOTTI (icon: S&D S&D), Auke ZIJLSTRA (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion CONT SARVAMAA Petri (icon: PPE PPE) Michael THEURER (icon: ALDE ALDE), Marco VALLI (icon: EFDD EFDD), Derek VAUGHAN (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2017/02/16
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/02/16
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 283 to 269 with 83 abstentions, a resolution on possible evolutions of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up of the European Union.

Responding to European challenges through reforming the Treaties : the inability of the EU institutions to cope with the deep and multiple crises currently faced by the Union and the rise of populist parties and nationalist movements have all led to increased dissatisfaction among a growing section of the population regarding the functioning of the current European Union.

However, these significant European challenges cannot be handled by single Member States, but only by a joint response from the European Union . Parliament considered that a comprehensive democratic reform of the Treaties must be achieved through a reflection on the future of the EU and an agreement on a vision for present and future generations of European citizens. This resolution is aimed at providing solutions which cannot be reached using the tools currently provided for in the Treaties and which are therefore only feasible through a future Treaty change.

Ending “Europe à la carte” : Parliament deplored the fact that every time the European Council decides to apply intergovernmental methods and to bypass the “Community or Union method” as defined in the Treaties, this not only leads to less effective policy-making but also contributes to a growing lack of transparency, democratic accountability and control.

It considered that a differentiated path is conceivable only as a temporary step on the way towards more effective and integrated EU policy making.

The resolution stressed that the “Union method” – the legislative procedure in which the Commission initiates legislation, Parliament and the Council decide in codecision by majority voting (unanimity obligations in the latter become the absolute exceptions) and the Court of Justice provides ultimate judicial control - is the only democratic method in which the common European interest is taken into account .

Considering it essential to reaffirm the mission of an “ever-closer union among the peoples of Europe” (Article 1 of the TEU), Members suggested:

making less restrictive the requirements for establishing enhanced and structured cooperation ; limiting, at the next revision of the Treaties, the practice of opt-outs, opt-ins and exceptions for individual Member States at EU primary-law level; defining a partnership in order to set up a ring of partners around the EU for states, which cannot or will not join the Union, but nevertheless want a close relationship with the EU. This new form of partnership could be one of the possible outcomes to respect the will of the majority of the citizens of the United Kingdom to leave the EU.

New economic governance : greatly concerned by growing economic and social divergences and the lack of economic reform and financial stability in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), as well as the loss of competitiveness of the economies of many of its Member States, Members suggested that the common fiscal and economic policy should become a shared competence of the Union and the Member States. Furthermore, t he euro area needs a fiscal capacity based on genuine own resources and a European treasury equipped with the ability to borrow.

Parliament proposed, in addition to the Stability and Growth Pact, the adoption of a “ convergence code ”, as a legal act under the ordinary legislative procedure, setting converging targets (for example for taxation, labour mobility, investment, social cohesion, pensions, public finances and administrative and good governance capacities). Euro-area members will only be able to participate when they act in accordance with the convergence code.

In addition, social rights and economic freedoms should be equally ranked in order to give EMU a strong social dimension.

The resolution also called for:

the integration of the Fiscal Compact into the EU legal framework as well as the incorporation of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and the Single Resolution Fund into EU law; stronger governmental functions than those currently provided by the Commission and/or the Eurogroup, as well as full democratic checks and balances through the involvement of the European Parliament on all EMU aspects. executive authority to be concentrated in the Commission in the role of an EU Finance Minister. The Finance Minister should be responsible for the operation of the ESM and other mutualised instruments, including the budgetary capacity, and be the single external representative of the euro area in international organisations. speeding up the completion of the banking union and the capital markets union and lifting the requirement of unanimity for certain tax practices.

New challenges : Members stressed the importance of:

creating a genuine European energy union, stressing the need for the full ratification and implementation of the Paris Agreement and the adaptation of binding EU climate targets and actions; incorporating the development of new and renewable energy resources into the Treaties as a prime objective for both the Union and the Member States; establishing a genuine European legal migration system and unify national criteria for granting asylum and access to the labour market; upgrading the EU’s capacities in the fight against terrorism and international organised crime.

On foreign policy, more progress could and should be made including use of the provisions to act by qualified majority voting.

Members stressed the need for the swift establishment of a European defence union to strengthen the defence of the EU’s territory, which, in strategic partnership with NATO, would enable the Union to act autonomously in operations abroad, mainly with a view to stabilising its neighbourhood and thus improve the EU’s role as guarantor of its own defence and security provider.

As regards safeguarding fundamental rights , Parliament proposed amending Article 258 TFEU in order to explicitly allow the Commission to take “ systemic infringement action ” against Member States that violate fundamental values.

More democracy, transparency and accountability : the resolution recommended, inter alia :

transforming the Commission into the principle executive authority or government of the Union; reducing the size of the renewed Commission as well as the number of vice-presidents to two: the Finance Minister and the Foreign Minister; extending the electoral rights of citizens residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals; deciding on a single seat for the European Parliament; replacing the practice of the rotating six-month presidency with a system of permanent chairs chosen from the Council , with Council decisions taken by one single legislative Council; considering Eurogroup as a formal specialised configuration of the Council with legislative and control functions; reducing the voting procedures in the Council from unanimity to qualified majority and for the full replacement of the consultation procedure by codecision between Parliament and Council; enhancing the powers of national parliaments by introducing a “green card” procedure whereby national parliaments could submit legislative proposals to the Council for its consideration; reinforcing Parliament’s right of inquiry ; shifting decision-making procedures for both own resources and the MFF from unanimity to qualified majority voting, guaranteeing Parliament’s right and duty to scrutinise the whole of the EU budget and not only the part managed by the Commission.

Constituent process : Parliament expressed its willingness to commit itself to playing a leading part in these important constitutional developments, and is determined to make its own proposals for Treaty amendments.

Documents
2017/02/16
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/02/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/12/20
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Constitutional Affairs adopted an own-initiative report by Guy VERHOFSTADT (ADLE, BE) on possible evolutions of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up of the European Union.

Responding to European challenges through reforming the Treaties : the inability of the EU institutions to cope with the deep and multiple crises currently faced by the Union and the rise of populist parties and nationalist movements have all led to increased dissatisfaction among a growing section of the population regarding the functioning of the current European Union.

These significant European challenges cannot be handled by single Member States, but only by a joint response from the European Union . According to Members, a comprehensive democratic reform of the Treaties must be achieved through a reflection on the future of the EU and an agreement on a vision for present and future generations of European citizens. This report is aimed at providing solutions which cannot be reached using the tools currently provided for in the Treaties and which are therefore only feasible through a future Treaty change.

Ending ‘Europe à la carte’ : Members deplored the fact that every time the European Council decides to apply intergovernmental methods and to bypass the ‘Community or Union method’ as defined in the Treaties, this not only leads to less effective policy-making but also contributes to a growing lack of transparency, democratic accountability and control.

They considered that a differentiated path is conceivable only as a temporary step on the way towards more effective and integrated EU policy making.

The report stressed that the ‘Union method’ – the legislative procedure in which the Commission initiates legislation, Parliament and the Council decide in codecision by majority voting (unanimity obligations in the latter become the absolute exceptions) and the Court of Justice provides ultimate judicial control - is the only democratic method in which the common European interest is taken into account .

Considering it essential to reaffirm the mission of an ‘ever-closer union among the peoples of Europe’ (Article 1 of the TEU), Members suggested:

making less restrictive the requirements for establishing enhanced and structured cooperation ; limiting, at the next revision of the Treaties, the practice of opt-outs, opt-ins and exceptions for individual Member States at EU primary-law level; defining a partnership in order to set up a ring of partners around the EU for states which cannot or will not join the Union, but nevertheless want a close relationship with the EU. This new form of partnership could be one of the possible outcomes to respect the will of the majority of the citizens of the United Kingdom to leave the EU.

New economic governance : greatly concerned by growing economic and social divergences and the lack of economic reform and financial stability in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), as well as the loss of competitiveness of the economies of many of its Member States, Members suggested that the common fiscal and economic policy should become a shared competence of the Union and the Member States.

The report proposed the adoption of a ‘ convergence code ’, as a legal act under the ordinary legislative procedure, setting converging targets (for example for taxation, labour mobility, investment, social cohesion, pensions, public finances and administrative and good governance capacities). Euro-area members will only be able to participate when they act in accordance with the convergence code.

Members also called for:

the integration of the Fiscal Compact into the EU legal framework as well as the incorporation of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and the Single Resolution Fund into EU law; stronger governmental functions than those currently provided by the Commission and/or the Eurogroup, as well as full democratic checks and balances through the involvement of the European Parliament on all EMU aspects.

The report called for the executive authority to be concentrated in the Commission in the role of an EU Finance Minister . The Finance Minister should be responsible for the operation of the ESM and other mutualised instruments, including the budgetary capacity, and be the single external representative of the euro area in international organisations.

New challenges : Members stressed the importance of:

creating a genuine European energy union, stressing the need for the full ratification and implementation of the Paris Agreement and the adaptation of binding EU climate targets and actions; incorporating the development of new and renewable energy resources into the Treaties as a prime objective for both the Union and the Member States; establishing a genuine European legal migration system and unify national criteria for granting asylum and access to the labour market; upgrading the EU’s capacities in the fight against terrorism and international organised crime.

On foreign policy, more progress could and should be made including use of the provisions to act by qualified majority voting.

Members stressed the need for the swift establishment of a European defence union to strengthen the defence of the EU’s territory, which, in strategic partnership with NATO, would enable the Union to act autonomously in operations abroad, mainly with a view to stabilising its neighbourhood and thus improve the EU’s role as guarantor of its own defence and security provider.

As regards safeguarding fundamental rights , the report proposed amending Article 258 TFEU in order to explicitly allow the Commission to take ‘ systemic infringement action ’ against Member States that violate fundamental values.

More democracy, transparency and accountability : the report recommended, inter alia :

transforming the Commission into the principle executive authority or government of the Union; reducing the size of the renewed Commission as well as the number of vice-presidents to two: the Finance Minister and the Foreign Minister; extending the electoral rights of citizens residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals; deciding on a single seat for the European Parliament; considering Eurogroup as a formal specialised configuration of the Council with legislative and control functions; reducing the voting procedures in the Council from unanimity to qualified majority and for the full replacement of the consultation procedure by codecision between Parliament and Council; enhancing the powers of national parliaments by introducing a ‘green card’ procedure whereby national parliaments could submit legislative proposals to the Council for its consideration; reinforcing Parliament’s right of inquiry ; shifting decision-making procedures for both own resources and the MFF from unanimity to qualified majority voting, guaranteeing Parliament’s right and duty to scrutinise the whole of the EU budget and not only the part managed by the Commission.

Constituent process : Parliament expressed its willingness to commit itself to playing a leading part in these important constitutional developments, and is determined to make its own proposals for Treaty amendments.

Documents
2016/12/08
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/11/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/11/09
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/11/09
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/10/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2016/09/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2016/07/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/02/03
   EP - FERNANDES José Manuel (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2015/05/21
   EP - SARVAMAA Petri (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2015/01/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2014/11/06
   EP - VERHOFSTADT Guy (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO

Documents

Votes

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - Am 3

2017/02/16 Outcome: -: 524, +: 58, 0: 56
IE CY LU EE MT LV DK SK FI LT SI NL AT HR EL HU BE CZ BG SE PT PL GB FR RO IT ES DE
Total
9
6
6
6
6
7
11
9
12
10
8
21
17
10
16
15
18
18
16
18
20
50
45
66
30
58
47
82
icon: ENF ENF
36

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
2

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Romania ENF

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
12

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

3

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Italy NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

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1

Slovakia ECR

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3

Finland ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

Croatia ECR

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1

Greece ECR

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1

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2

Bulgaria ECR

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1

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
19

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

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2

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1

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1

France EFDD

1
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Ireland GUE/NGL

3

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2

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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3

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1

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

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2

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2

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4

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1
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2

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1

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172

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1
3

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2

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3
icon: PPE PPE
189

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4

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1

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2
3

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - § 18

2017/02/16 Outcome: -: 449, +: 187, 0: 6
AT LU EE LT HR PT BG CZ FI SI LV RO SK MT GB BE CY IE DK HU ES SE EL NL DE FR PL IT
Total
17
6
6
10
10
21
16
18
12
8
7
30
9
6
45
19
6
9
11
15
47
18
18
21
82
66
50
58
icon: S&D S&D
172

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

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3

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3

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2

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1
3

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

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1

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3

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2

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: NI NI
14

United Kingdom NI

3

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2

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2

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
19

Lithuania EFDD

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
36

Romania ENF

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1

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1

Belgium ENF

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1

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4

Germany ENF

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1

Poland ENF

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

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1

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Austria Verts/ALE

2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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4

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2

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1

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2

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3

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2

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1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Lithuania ECR

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1

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1

Bulgaria ECR

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1

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

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1

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1

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2

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1
icon: PPE PPE
189

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3

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1

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2

Belgium PPE

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3

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

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1

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - Am 10

2017/02/16 Outcome: +: 346, -: 264, 0: 28
DE ES PT CZ HR BE EE AT IT LT LU SI RO NL HU SK FR PL MT CY LV FI IE BG GB EL DK SE
Total
81
46
21
18
10
19
6
17
57
10
6
8
30
21
15
9
66
50
6
6
7
12
9
16
44
18
11
18
icon: S&D S&D
169

Czechia S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1
4

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2

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3

Cyprus S&D

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2

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
3
icon: PPE PPE
189

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
5

Cyprus PPE

1

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4

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Germany ALDE

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3

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1

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3

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1

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1

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3
icon: NI NI
14

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

France NI

2

Poland NI

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1

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3
icon: EFDD EFDD
19

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

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1

Poland EFDD

1

United Kingdom EFDD

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1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: ENF ENF
36

Germany ENF

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1

Belgium ENF

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1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

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1

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3
icon: ECR ECR
61

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - Am 5

2017/02/16 Outcome: +: 310, -: 308, 0: 20
IT BG HR CY GB DE EL ES LU BE RO HU EE SE PT LV IE LT FI AT SI MT DK SK CZ PL NL FR
Total
58
16
10
6
45
82
18
47
6
19
30
15
6
18
20
7
9
10
12
17
7
6
11
9
18
49
21
65
icon: S&D S&D
171

Croatia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3
3

Slovakia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
19

United Kingdom EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

3

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Bulgaria ALDE

Against (1)

4

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Czechia ALDE

4
icon: ENF ENF
36

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
187

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

4

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

Against (1)

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - Am 8

2017/02/16 Outcome: +: 441, -: 143, 0: 56
FR DE IT ES AT HU CZ PT BG FI BE RO LT SI GB LU HR EE EL LV PL SK SE NL DK CY MT IE
Total
66
82
58
47
17
15
18
20
16
12
19
30
10
8
45
6
10
6
18
7
50
9
17
21
11
6
6
9
icon: S&D S&D
172

Czechia S&D

3

Belgium S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Malta S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
187

Finland PPE

2
5

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
19

France EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: NI NI
14

France NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

3

Poland NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
36

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1

A8-0390/2016 - Guy Verhofstadt - § 53

2017/02/16 Outcome: +: 459, -: 142, 0: 34
IT GB DE ES NL BE PL CZ SE AT EL BG FI DK LT IE SK HU PT LV MT HR EE SI CY LU RO FR
Total
57
45
79
45
21
19
49
18
18
17
18
16
12
11
10
9
9
15
21
7
6
10
6
8
6
6
30
66
icon: S&D S&D
169

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2
4

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Lithuania ECR

1