BETA


2015/0135(NLE) International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters; Protocol of 2010: ratification and accession by Member States

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead JURI SVOBODA Pavel (icon: PPE PPE) ROZIÈRE Virginie (icon: S&D S&D), DZHAMBAZKI Angel (icon: ECR ECR), CAVADA Jean-Marie (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Responsible Committee JURI SVOBODA Pavel (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI
Former Committee Opinion TRAN
Former Committee Opinion PECH
Former Committee Legal Basis Opinion JURI VOSS Axel (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 192-p1, TFEU 218-p6a

Events

2017/05/04
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to authorise Member States to ratify the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

NON LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision (EU) 2017/769 on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

CONTENT: the Decision authorises Member States, for the parts falling under the exclusive competence of the Union, to ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 International Convention on liability and compensation for damage in connection with the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea ('1996 HNS Convention'), with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters, in the interest of the Union, and subject to the conditions laid down in the Decision.

The 2010 HNS Convention aims to make it possible for compensation to be paid to victims of accidents involving hazardous and noxious substances , such as chemicals, including in the context of environmental damage, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The 1996 HNS Convention has not entered into force due to an insufficient number of ratifications.

As parts of the Protocol fall under the EU's exclusive competence in the area of maritime transport, member States need to be authorised to be able to ratify or accede to it.

A text consolidating the 1996 HNS Convention and the Protocol of 2010 ( ‘2010 HNS Convention’ ) was prepared by the International Maritime Organization (‘IMO’) Secretariat and approved by the IMO Legal Committee at its 98th meeting.

Ratification instruments: the Decision provides that Member States shall endeavour to take the necessary steps to deposit the instruments of ratification of, or accession to, the Protocol of 2010 within a reasonable time and, if possible, by 6 May 2021 .

Data on contributing cargo: in order for States to become Contracting Parties to the Protocol of 2010, and thereby to the 2010 HNS Convention, they have to submit to the Secretary-General of the IMO, at the same time as their instrument of consent, relevant data on the total quantities of contributing cargo under the 2010 HNS Convention during the preceding calendar year. For that purpose, States are required to set up a system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo prior to expressing their consent to be bound by the Protocol of 2010.

The Council Decision provides that Member States shall:

· inform each other and the Council and the Commission in an appropriate manner when the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo becomes operational;

· seek to exchange best practices , in particular on the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo.

It should be noted that the provisions of the 2010 HNS Convention relating to the Union’s competence in civil matters is covered in a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 5.5.2017.

2017/04/25
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2017/04/25
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/04/25
   CSL - Council Meeting
2017/04/05
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/04/05
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 598 votes to 35, with 59 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

In line with its Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament gave its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

Documents
2017/03/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

The committee recommended the European Parliament to give its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

In a short justification accompanying the draft recommendation, it was recalled that in view of the substantial discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the original proposal, the European Parliament adopted, on 8 June 2016, an interim resolution with recommendations for modification of the said draft Council Decision. The aim being to work towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission that would ensure the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of Union law as well as the fundamental principle of conferral of EU competences.

The main discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the Commission proposal concerned in particular:

the extent of exclusive Union competence pursuant to Article 3(2) TFEU; the appropriate legal basis for the Council Decision excluding civil justice cooperation matters, namely either Article 192 TFEU, the main provision on environmental liability, or Article 100(2), a transport provision, in conjunction with Article 218(6) TFEU; the overlap between the 2010 HNS Convention on the one hand and the Environmental Liability Directive (“ELD”) on the other hand; the lack, in the draft Council decision, of binding timeframes and clear obligations for Member States to ratify or accede to the Convention.

The Committee on Legal Affairs considered of its own motion the change in the legal basis of the draft Council Decision excluding matters of civil justice cooperation and concluded that a triple legal basis (Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) of the TFEU) was the most appropriate solution.

The Commission welcomed the adoption by Parliament of this resolution and confirmed that it would have been ready to accept a compromise solution on the legal basis of the proposal and an extended reasonable timeframe for ratification of the 2010 HNS Convention. The Council took note of Parliament’s resolution but found that there was no scope to reopen the discussion on the text of the draft Council Decision, since it fell under the consent and not the co-decision procedure.

In view of the need to promote an international regime to ensure the uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU, the rapporteur recommended that Parliament consent to the ratification and accession by Member States to the Protocol of 2010 to the HNS Convention.

Documents
2017/03/23
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2017/02/03
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/06/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 640 votes to 8, with 33 abstentions, a resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

To recall, the aim of the 2010 HNS Convention is to ensure accountability and the payment of adequate, prompt and effective compensation for loss or damage to persons, property and the environment arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea through the specialised International HNS compensation Fund.

Based on the interim report presented by the Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament called on the Council and the Commission to take into consideration the following recommendations:

guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice which provides that ‘the choice of legal basis for a Community measure must rest on objective factors amenable to judicial review, including in particular the aim and the content of the measure’; embrace the opinion in letter form of 19 February 2016 adopted by the Committee on Legal Affairs according to which Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) TFEU constitute the appropriate legal bases for the proposal; ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention; pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned; reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention; ensure that the possibility for a conflict between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention is minimised; ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one; ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision.

Parliament concluded that this resolution would be a further possibility for the Council and the Commission to address the recommendations set out above.

Documents
2016/05/30
   EP - Committee interim report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the interim report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

Parliament received a letter requesting it to give its consent to the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States on behalf of the Union to the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention on 17 December 2015.

With this interim report, Members seek to ensure that the Parliament works towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission on this issue.

The committee asked the Council and the Commission to take into account the following recommendations:

guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice; ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention; pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned; reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention; ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one; ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision.

Documents
2016/05/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/04/29
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/04/05
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/02/19
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2016/01/28
   EP - VOSS Axel (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2016/01/18
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/12/14
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2015/12/14
   CSL - Council Meeting
2015/12/01
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to authorise Member States to ratify the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 ('1996 HNS Convention') aims to ensure adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

The 1996 HNS Convention has been amended by the Protocol of 2010. A text consolidating the 1996 HNS Convention and the Protocol of 2010 ('2010 HNS Convention') was prepared by the International Maritime Organization ('IMO') Secretariat and approved by the IMO Legal Committee. The 2010 HNS Convention will take effect once the Protocol of 2010 enters into force in Member States.

The 2010 HNS Convention provides for improved protection of the victims of damage in connection with the carriage of HNS by sea , including in the context of environmental damage, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

In order for States to become Contracting Parties to the Protocol of 2010, and thereby to the 2010 HNS Convention, they have to submit to the Secretary-General of the IMO, at the same time as their instrument of consent, relevant data on the total quantities of contributing cargo under the 2010 HNS Convention during the preceding calendar year.

At its 100th meeting in 2013, the IMO Legal Committee endorsed Guidelines on the reporting of HNS contributing cargo.

CONTENT: by this draft Decision, Member States would be authorised, for the parts falling under the exclusive competence of the Union, to ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Protocol of 2010 in the interest of the Union, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters, and subject to the conditions laid down in the Decision.

Member States should:

endeavour to take the necessary steps to deposit the instruments of ratification of, or accession to, the Protocol of 2010 within a reasonable time and, if possible, within four years after the date of entry into force of the Decision; inform each other and the Council and the Commission in an appropriate manner when the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo becomes operational; seek to exchange best practices , in particular on the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo under the Protocol of 2010.

It should be noted that the provisions of the 2010 HNS Convention relating to the Union’s competence in civil matters is covered in a decision adopted in parallel to this decision.

Documents
2015/07/13
   EP - SVOBODA Pavel (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2015/07/13
   EP - SVOBODA Pavel (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2015/06/22
   EP - Preparatory document
Details

PURPOSE: i) ratification by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea ii) accession by Member States to the said Protocol with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: the adoption and entry into force of international rules on liability for non-contractual damages arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) by sea is crucial in view of the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport worldwide.

The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, ('1996 HNS Convention') was aimed at ensuring adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

The Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention contained necessary amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention. The 2010 Protocol and the provisions of the Convention, are to be read, interpreted and applied together as one single instrument.

Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention has entered into force. The latter has no contracting parties to it to this day.

The 2010 Protocol, and thereby the consolidated 2010 HNS Convention, will enter into force 18 months after the date on which at least 12 States, 4 of which with no less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each, have ratified it, and the relevant data on contributing cargo have been submitted to the IMO Secretary-General showing no less than 40 million tonnes of cargo contributing to the general HNS account received in total in those States during the preceding calendar year.

The main changes from the 1996 HNS Convention to the 2010 HNS Convention are:

excluding packaged HNS from the definition of contributing cargo to the HNS Fund, while damage caused by packaged HNS remains covered by the two-tier system of compensation established in the Convention; increasing the liability limits of the ship owner for ships carrying packaged HNS in order to accommodate better the exclusion of packaged HNS as contributing cargo to the HNS Fund; making the physical receiver of LNG the responsible party for payment of the relevant contributions to the HNS Fund, unless there is a different agreement between the titleholder and the receiver; making payment of compensation by the HNS Fund in case of a covered incident conditional upon the fulfilment by the State concerned of its obligation to submit reports on contributing cargoes for all years prior to the incident

Given that issues related to judicial to judicial cooperation in civil matters do not apply to Denmark, the Council must adopt two separate decisions.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: whilst no formal impact assessment was required, several options have been examined and weighed. The Commission considers that the conclusion of the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention will ensure:

uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU; availability of sufficient funds for compensation of victims of such accidents.

Using an international regime rather than regional solutions for these purposes better suits the nature of shipping as a global business.

CONTENT: under the draft Council Decision, Member States would:

be authorised to ratify the Protocol of 2010 with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The provisions of the Convention falling within the competence conferred upon the Union under judicial cooperation in civil matters will be subject to a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision; agree to be bound by the 2010 Protocol within two-year period from the entry into force of the Decision . Early adherence to the 2010 Protocol by all EU Member States will allow the threshold for entry into force concerning both the number of IMO Member States and aggregate fleet required (12 States including 4 with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each) to be attained.

State signature, ratification or acceptance of the 2010 Protocol nullifies any prior signature or ratification by that State of the 1996 HNS Convention. States ratifying the Protocol express their consent to be bound by the consolidated text of the 2010 HNS Convention, as a single, consolidated instrument for the Convention, which will take effect once the 2010 Protocol enters into force.

When ratifying or acceding to the Protocol of 2010, Member States must inform the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation in writing that such ratification or accession has taken place in accordance with this Decision and the Decision adopted parallel to this Decision with regard to aspects falling within the competence conferred upon the Union in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0191/2016 - Pavel Svoboda - Vote unique

2016/06/08 Outcome: +: 640, 0: 33, -: 8
DE FR IT ES GB RO PL PT CZ BE HU AT BG NL SE EL DK SK FI HR LT IE SI LV LU MT EE CY
Total
92
70
66
49
48
28
48
21
21
19
19
18
17
25
18
18
13
12
11
11
10
10
8
7
6
6
5
5
icon: PPE PPE
199

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
51

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
38

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ENF

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4
icon: EFDD EFDD
32

Germany EFDD

1

France EFDD

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

A8-0076/2017 - Pavel Svoboda - Approbation

2017/04/05 Outcome: +: 598, 0: 59, -: 35
DE FR IT ES RO PL PT BE SE AT HU NL BG CZ EL FI SK IE HR LT GB DK SI LU LV EE CY MT
Total
89
68
63
49
30
50
21
19
19
18
18
25
15
18
20
13
13
10
11
9
66
11
7
6
7
6
6
5
icon: PPE PPE
205

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Malta PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
169

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Denmark S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2
2

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
48

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
37

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

1

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
68

Germany ECR

For (1)

4

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia ECR

3

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France NI

Abstain (1)

3

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
16 2015/0135(NLE)
2016/04/29 JURI 16 amendments...
source: 582.120

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Legal Affairs
committee
JURI
associated
False
rapporteur
name: SVOBODA Pavel date: 2015-07-13T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
shadows
committees/0
type
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date
2015-07-13T00:00:00
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name: SVOBODA Pavel group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
shadows
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name: SVOBODA Pavel date: 2015-07-13T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
committees/1
type
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committee_full
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JURI
date
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rapporteur
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committees/5
type
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body
EP
associated
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committee_full
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committee
JURI
rapporteur
name: VOSS Axel date: 2016-01-28T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
committees/5
type
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body
EP
associated
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committee_full
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JURI
date
2016-01-28T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: VOSS Axel group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
docs/0
date
2015-06-22T00:00:00
docs
summary
type
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docs/1
date
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  • date: 2016-04-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE580.550 title: PE580.550 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2017-02-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE597.651 title: PE597.651 type: Committee draft report body: EP
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  • date: 2015-06-22T00:00:00 type: Initial legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0304/COM_COM(2015)0304_EN.pdf title: COM(2015)0304 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2015&nu_doc=0304 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: i) ratification by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea ii) accession by Member States to the said Protocol with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. BACKGROUND: the adoption and entry into force of international rules on liability for non-contractual damages arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) by sea is crucial in view of the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport worldwide. The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, ('1996 HNS Convention') was aimed at ensuring adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea. The Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention contained necessary amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention. The 2010 Protocol and the provisions of the Convention, are to be read, interpreted and applied together as one single instrument. Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention has entered into force. The latter has no contracting parties to it to this day. The 2010 Protocol, and thereby the consolidated 2010 HNS Convention, will enter into force 18 months after the date on which at least 12 States, 4 of which with no less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each, have ratified it, and the relevant data on contributing cargo have been submitted to the IMO Secretary-General showing no less than 40 million tonnes of cargo contributing to the general HNS account received in total in those States during the preceding calendar year. The main changes from the 1996 HNS Convention to the 2010 HNS Convention are: excluding packaged HNS from the definition of contributing cargo to the HNS Fund, while damage caused by packaged HNS remains covered by the two-tier system of compensation established in the Convention; increasing the liability limits of the ship owner for ships carrying packaged HNS in order to accommodate better the exclusion of packaged HNS as contributing cargo to the HNS Fund; making the physical receiver of LNG the responsible party for payment of the relevant contributions to the HNS Fund, unless there is a different agreement between the titleholder and the receiver; making payment of compensation by the HNS Fund in case of a covered incident conditional upon the fulfilment by the State concerned of its obligation to submit reports on contributing cargoes for all years prior to the incident Given that issues related to judicial to judicial cooperation in civil matters do not apply to Denmark, the Council must adopt two separate decisions. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: whilst no formal impact assessment was required, several options have been examined and weighed. The Commission considers that the conclusion of the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention will ensure: uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU; availability of sufficient funds for compensation of victims of such accidents. Using an international regime rather than regional solutions for these purposes better suits the nature of shipping as a global business. CONTENT: under the draft Council Decision, Member States would: be authorised to ratify the Protocol of 2010 with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The provisions of the Convention falling within the competence conferred upon the Union under judicial cooperation in civil matters will be subject to a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision; agree to be bound by the 2010 Protocol within two-year period from the entry into force of the Decision . Early adherence to the 2010 Protocol by all EU Member States will allow the threshold for entry into force concerning both the number of IMO Member States and aggregate fleet required (12 States including 4 with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each) to be attained. State signature, ratification or acceptance of the 2010 Protocol nullifies any prior signature or ratification by that State of the 1996 HNS Convention. States ratifying the Protocol express their consent to be bound by the consolidated text of the 2010 HNS Convention, as a single, consolidated instrument for the Convention, which will take effect once the 2010 Protocol enters into force. When ratifying or acceding to the Protocol of 2010, Member States must inform the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation in writing that such ratification or accession has taken place in accordance with this Decision and the Decision adopted parallel to this Decision with regard to aspects falling within the competence conferred upon the Union in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters.
  • date: 2015-12-01T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=13806%2F15&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 13806/2015 summary: PURPOSE: to authorise Member States to ratify the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. BACKGROUND: the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 ('1996 HNS Convention') aims to ensure adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea. The 1996 HNS Convention has been amended by the Protocol of 2010. A text consolidating the 1996 HNS Convention and the Protocol of 2010 ('2010 HNS Convention') was prepared by the International Maritime Organization ('IMO') Secretariat and approved by the IMO Legal Committee. The 2010 HNS Convention will take effect once the Protocol of 2010 enters into force in Member States. The 2010 HNS Convention provides for improved protection of the victims of damage in connection with the carriage of HNS by sea , including in the context of environmental damage, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. In order for States to become Contracting Parties to the Protocol of 2010, and thereby to the 2010 HNS Convention, they have to submit to the Secretary-General of the IMO, at the same time as their instrument of consent, relevant data on the total quantities of contributing cargo under the 2010 HNS Convention during the preceding calendar year. At its 100th meeting in 2013, the IMO Legal Committee endorsed Guidelines on the reporting of HNS contributing cargo. CONTENT: by this draft Decision, Member States would be authorised, for the parts falling under the exclusive competence of the Union, to ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Protocol of 2010 in the interest of the Union, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters, and subject to the conditions laid down in the Decision. Member States should: endeavour to take the necessary steps to deposit the instruments of ratification of, or accession to, the Protocol of 2010 within a reasonable time and, if possible, within four years after the date of entry into force of the Decision; inform each other and the Council and the Commission in an appropriate manner when the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo becomes operational; seek to exchange best practices , in particular on the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo under the Protocol of 2010. It should be noted that the provisions of the 2010 HNS Convention relating to the Union’s competence in civil matters is covered in a decision adopted in parallel to this decision.
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  • date: 2016-01-18T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-05-24T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-05-30T00:00:00 type: Committee interim report tabled for plenary body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0191&language=EN title: A8-0191/2016 summary: The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the interim report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. Parliament received a letter requesting it to give its consent to the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States on behalf of the Union to the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention on 17 December 2015. With this interim report, Members seek to ensure that the Parliament works towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission on this issue. The committee asked the Council and the Commission to take into account the following recommendations: guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice; ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention; pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned; reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention; ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one; ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision.
  • date: 2016-06-08T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2016-0259 title: T8-0259/2016 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 640 votes to 8, with 33 abstentions, a resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. To recall, the aim of the 2010 HNS Convention is to ensure accountability and the payment of adequate, prompt and effective compensation for loss or damage to persons, property and the environment arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea through the specialised International HNS compensation Fund. Based on the interim report presented by the Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament called on the Council and the Commission to take into consideration the following recommendations: guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice which provides that ‘the choice of legal basis for a Community measure must rest on objective factors amenable to judicial review, including in particular the aim and the content of the measure’; embrace the opinion in letter form of 19 February 2016 adopted by the Committee on Legal Affairs according to which Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) TFEU constitute the appropriate legal bases for the proposal; ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention; pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned; reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention; ensure that the possibility for a conflict between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention is minimised; ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one; ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision. Parliament concluded that this resolution would be a further possibility for the Council and the Commission to address the recommendations set out above.
  • date: 2017-03-23T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2017-03-27T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2017-0076&language=EN title: A8-0076/2017 summary: The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The committee recommended the European Parliament to give its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. In a short justification accompanying the draft recommendation, it was recalled that in view of the substantial discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the original proposal, the European Parliament adopted, on 8 June 2016, an interim resolution with recommendations for modification of the said draft Council Decision. The aim being to work towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission that would ensure the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of Union law as well as the fundamental principle of conferral of EU competences. The main discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the Commission proposal concerned in particular: the extent of exclusive Union competence pursuant to Article 3(2) TFEU; the appropriate legal basis for the Council Decision excluding civil justice cooperation matters, namely either Article 192 TFEU, the main provision on environmental liability, or Article 100(2), a transport provision, in conjunction with Article 218(6) TFEU; the overlap between the 2010 HNS Convention on the one hand and the Environmental Liability Directive (“ELD”) on the other hand; the lack, in the draft Council decision, of binding timeframes and clear obligations for Member States to ratify or accede to the Convention. The Committee on Legal Affairs considered of its own motion the change in the legal basis of the draft Council Decision excluding matters of civil justice cooperation and concluded that a triple legal basis (Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) of the TFEU) was the most appropriate solution. The Commission welcomed the adoption by Parliament of this resolution and confirmed that it would have been ready to accept a compromise solution on the legal basis of the proposal and an extended reasonable timeframe for ratification of the 2010 HNS Convention. The Council took note of Parliament’s resolution but found that there was no scope to reopen the discussion on the text of the draft Council Decision, since it fell under the consent and not the co-decision procedure. In view of the need to promote an international regime to ensure the uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU, the rapporteur recommended that Parliament consent to the ratification and accession by Member States to the Protocol of 2010 to the HNS Convention.
  • date: 2017-04-05T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=29295&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2017-04-05T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0104 title: T8-0104/2017 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 598 votes to 35, with 59 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. In line with its Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament gave its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.
  • date: 2017-04-25T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2017-04-25T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2017-05-04T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to authorise Member States to ratify the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. NON LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision (EU) 2017/769 on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. CONTENT: the Decision authorises Member States, for the parts falling under the exclusive competence of the Union, to ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 International Convention on liability and compensation for damage in connection with the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea ('1996 HNS Convention'), with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters, in the interest of the Union, and subject to the conditions laid down in the Decision. The 2010 HNS Convention aims to make it possible for compensation to be paid to victims of accidents involving hazardous and noxious substances , such as chemicals, including in the context of environmental damage, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The 1996 HNS Convention has not entered into force due to an insufficient number of ratifications. As parts of the Protocol fall under the EU's exclusive competence in the area of maritime transport, member States need to be authorised to be able to ratify or accede to it. A text consolidating the 1996 HNS Convention and the Protocol of 2010 ( ‘2010 HNS Convention’ ) was prepared by the International Maritime Organization (‘IMO’) Secretariat and approved by the IMO Legal Committee at its 98th meeting. Ratification instruments: the Decision provides that Member States shall endeavour to take the necessary steps to deposit the instruments of ratification of, or accession to, the Protocol of 2010 within a reasonable time and, if possible, by 6 May 2021 . Data on contributing cargo: in order for States to become Contracting Parties to the Protocol of 2010, and thereby to the 2010 HNS Convention, they have to submit to the Secretary-General of the IMO, at the same time as their instrument of consent, relevant data on the total quantities of contributing cargo under the 2010 HNS Convention during the preceding calendar year. For that purpose, States are required to set up a system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo prior to expressing their consent to be bound by the Protocol of 2010. The Council Decision provides that Member States shall: · inform each other and the Council and the Commission in an appropriate manner when the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo becomes operational; · seek to exchange best practices , in particular on the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo. It should be noted that the provisions of the 2010 HNS Convention relating to the Union’s competence in civil matters is covered in a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 5.5.2017. docs: title: Decision 2017/769 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32017D0769 title: OJ L 115 04.05.2017, p. 0015 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2017:115:TOC
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 598 votes to 35, with 59 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    In line with its Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament gave its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

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  • The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    The committee recommended the European Parliament to give its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    In a short justification accompanying the draft recommendation, it was recalled that in view of the substantial discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the original proposal, the European Parliament adopted, on 8 June 2016, an interim resolution with recommendations for modification of the said draft Council Decision. The aim being to work towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission that would ensure the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of Union law as well as the fundamental principle of conferral of EU competences.

    The main discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the Commission proposal concerned in particular:

    • the extent of exclusive Union competence pursuant to Article 3(2) TFEU;
    • the appropriate legal basis for the Council Decision excluding civil justice cooperation matters, namely either Article 192 TFEU, the main provision on environmental liability, or Article 100(2), a transport provision, in conjunction with Article 218(6) TFEU;
    • the overlap between the 2010 HNS Convention on the one hand and the Environmental Liability Directive (“ELD”) on the other hand;
    • the lack, in the draft Council decision, of binding timeframes and clear obligations for Member States to ratify or accede to the Convention.

    The Committee on Legal Affairs considered of its own motion the change in the legal basis of the draft Council Decision excluding matters of civil justice cooperation and concluded that a triple legal basis (Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) of the TFEU) was the most appropriate solution.

    The Commission welcomed the adoption by Parliament of this resolution and confirmed that it would have been ready to accept a compromise solution on the legal basis of the proposal and an extended reasonable timeframe for ratification of the 2010 HNS Convention. The Council took note of Parliament’s resolution but found that there was no scope to reopen the discussion on the text of the draft Council Decision, since it fell under the consent and not the co-decision procedure.

    In view of the need to promote an international regime to ensure the uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU, the rapporteur recommended that Parliament consent to the ratification and accession by Member States to the Protocol of 2010 to the HNS Convention.

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  • The Committee on Legal Affairs adopted the interim report by Pavel SVOBODA (EPP, CZ) on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    Parliament received a letter requesting it to give its consent to the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States on behalf of the Union to the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention on 17 December 2015.

    With this interim report, Members seek to ensure that the Parliament works towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission on this issue.

    The committee asked the Council and the Commission to take into account the following recommendations:

    • guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice;
    • ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention;
    • pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned;
    • reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention;
    • ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one;
    • ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision.
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 640 votes to 8, with 33 abstentions, a resolution on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    To recall, the aim of the 2010 HNS Convention is to ensure accountability and the payment of adequate, prompt and effective compensation for loss or damage to persons, property and the environment arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea through the specialised International HNS compensation Fund.

    Based on the interim report presented by the Committee on Legal Affairs, Parliament called on the Council and the Commission to take into consideration the following recommendations:

    • guarantee respect for the principle of conferral of Union competences under Article 5(1) TEU and the settled case law of the Court of Justice which provides that ‘the choice of legal basis for a Community measure must rest on objective factors amenable to judicial review, including in particular the aim and the content of the measure’;
    • embrace the opinion in letter form of 19 February 2016 adopted by the Committee on Legal Affairs according to which Articles 100(2), 192(1) and 218(6)(a)(v) TFEU constitute the appropriate legal bases for the proposal;
    • ensure that the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of common Union rules will not be adversely affected by the international commitments undertaken by the ratification of or accession to the 2010 HNS Convention;
    • pay increased attention in this regard to the overlap between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention in so far as environmental damage caused to the territory and marine waters under the jurisdiction of a state party, damage by contamination of the environment caused in the EEZ or equivalent area (up to 200 nautical miles from baselines) of a state party and preventive measures to prevent or minimise such damage (preventive measures, primary remediation, and complementary remediation) are concerned;
    • reduce the risk of creating and consolidating a competitive disadvantage for the states that are ready to accede to the 2010 HNS Convention;
    • ensure that the possibility for a conflict between the Environmental Liability Directive and the 2010 HNS Convention is minimised;
    • ensure the removal of the permanent co-existence of two maritime liability regimes - a Union-based one and an international one;
    • ensure that a clear obligation is imposed on Member States to take all necessary steps to achieve a concrete result, namely to ratify or accede to the 2010 HNS Convention within a reasonable timeframe, which should be no longer than two years from the date of entry into force of the Council decision.

    Parliament concluded that this resolution would be a further possibility for the Council and the Commission to address the recommendations set out above.

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Awaiting committee decision
activities/1/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: to authorise Member States to ratify the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

    BACKGROUND: the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 ('1996 HNS Convention') aims to ensure adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

    The 1996 HNS Convention has been amended by the Protocol of 2010. A text consolidating the 1996 HNS Convention and the Protocol of 2010 ('2010 HNS Convention') was prepared by the International Maritime Organization ('IMO') Secretariat and approved by the IMO Legal Committee. The 2010 HNS Convention will take effect once the Protocol of 2010 enters into force in Member States.

    The 2010 HNS Convention provides for improved protection of the victims of damage in connection with the carriage of HNS by sea, including in the context of environmental damage, in line with the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

    In order for States to become Contracting Parties to the Protocol of 2010, and thereby to the 2010 HNS Convention, they have to submit to the Secretary-General of the IMO, at the same time as their instrument of consent, relevant data on the total quantities of contributing cargo under the 2010 HNS Convention during the preceding calendar year.

    At its 100th meeting in 2013, the IMO Legal Committee endorsed Guidelines on the reporting of HNS contributing cargo.

    CONTENT: by this draft Decision, Member States would be authorised, for the parts falling under the exclusive competence of the Union, to ratify or accede to, as appropriate, the Protocol of 2010 in the interest of the Union, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters, and subject to the conditions laid down in the Decision.

    Member States should:

    • endeavour to take the necessary steps to deposit the instruments of ratification of, or accession to, the Protocol of 2010 within a reasonable time and, if possible, within four years after the date of entry into force of the Decision;
    • inform each other and the Council and the Commission in an appropriate manner when the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo becomes operational;
    • seek to exchange best practices, in particular on the system for the reporting of HNS contributing cargo under the Protocol of 2010.

    It should be noted that the provisions of the 2010 HNS Convention relating to the Union’s competence in civil matters is covered in a decision adopted in parallel to this decision.

activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: i) ratification by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea ii) accession by Member States to the said Protocol with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

    BACKGROUND: the adoption and entry into force of international rules on liability for non-contractual damages arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) by sea is crucial in view of the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport worldwide.

    The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, ('1996 HNS Convention') was aimed at ensuring adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

    The Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention contained necessary amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention. The 2010 Protocol and the provisions of the Convention, are to be read, interpreted and applied together as one single instrument.

    Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention has entered into force. The latter has no contracting parties to it to this day.

    The 2010 Protocol, and thereby the consolidated 2010 HNS Convention, will enter into force 18 months after the date on which at least 12 States, 4 of which with no less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each, have ratified it, and the relevant data on contributing cargo have been submitted to the IMO Secretary-General showing no less than 40 million tonnes of cargo contributing to the general HNS account received in total in those States during the preceding calendar year.

    The main changes from the 1996 HNS Convention to the 2010 HNS Convention are:

    • excluding packaged HNS from the definition of contributing cargo to the HNS Fund, while damage caused by packaged HNS remains covered by the two-tier system of compensation established in the Convention;
    • increasing the liability limits of the ship owner for ships carrying packaged HNS in order to accommodate better the exclusion of packaged HNS as contributing cargo to the HNS Fund;
    • making the physical receiver of LNG the responsible party for payment of the relevant contributions to the HNS Fund, unless there is a different agreement between the titleholder and the receiver;
    • making payment of compensation by the HNS Fund in case of a covered incident conditional upon the fulfilment by the State concerned of its obligation to submit reports on contributing cargoes for all years prior to the incident

    Given that issues related to judicial to judicial cooperation in civil matters do not apply to Denmark, the Council must adopt two separate decisions.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: whilst no formal impact assessment was required, several options have been examined and weighed. The Commission considers that the conclusion of the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention will ensure:

    • uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU;
    • availability of sufficient funds for compensation of victims of such accidents.

    Using an international regime rather than regional solutions for these purposes better suits the nature of shipping as a global business.

    CONTENT: under the draft Council Decision, Member States would:

    • be authorised to ratify the Protocol of 2010 with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The provisions of the Convention falling within the competence conferred upon the Union under judicial cooperation in civil matters will be subject to a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision;
    • agree to be bound by the 2010 Protocol within two-year period from the entry into force of the Decision. Early adherence to the 2010 Protocol by all EU Member States will allow the threshold for entry into force concerning both the number of IMO Member States and aggregate fleet required (12 States including 4 with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each) to be attained.

    State signature, ratification or acceptance of the 2010 Protocol nullifies any prior signature or ratification by that State of the 1996 HNS Convention. States ratifying the Protocol express their consent to be bound by the consolidated text of the 2010 HNS Convention, as a single, consolidated instrument for the Convention, which will take effect once the 2010 Protocol enters into force.

    When ratifying or acceding to the Protocol of 2010, Member States must inform the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation in writing that such ratification or accession has taken place in accordance with this Decision and the Decision adopted parallel to this Decision with regard to aspects falling within the competence conferred upon the Union in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters.

activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: i) ratification by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea ii) accession by Member States to the said Protocol with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

    BACKGROUND: the adoption and entry into force of international rules on liability for non-contractual damages arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) by sea is crucial in view of the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport worldwide.

    The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, ('1996 HNS Convention') was aimed at ensuring adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

    The Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention contained necessary amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention. The 2010 Protocol and the provisions of the Convention, are to be read, interpreted and applied together as one single instrument.

    Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention has entered into force. The latter has no contracting parties to it to this day.

    The 2010 Protocol, and thereby the consolidated 2010 HNS Convention, will enter into force 18 months after the date on which at least 12 States, 4 of which with no less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each, have ratified it, and the relevant data on contributing cargo have been submitted to the IMO Secretary-General showing no less than 40 million tonnes of cargo contributing to the general HNS account received in total in those States during the preceding calendar year.

    The main changes from the 1996 HNS Convention to the 2010 HNS Convention are:

    • excluding packaged HNS from the definition of contributing cargo to the HNS Fund, while damage caused by packaged HNS remains covered by the two-tier system of compensation established in the Convention;
    • increasing the liability limits of the ship owner for ships carrying packaged HNS in order to accommodate better the exclusion of packaged HNS as contributing cargo to the HNS Fund;
    • making the physical receiver of LNG the responsible party for payment of the relevant contributions to the HNS Fund, unless there is a different agreement between the titleholder and the receiver;
    • making payment of compensation by the HNS Fund in case of a covered incident conditional upon the fulfilment by the State concerned of its obligation to submit reports on contributing cargoes for all years prior to the incident

    Given that issues related to judicial to judicial cooperation in civil matters do not apply to Denmark, the Council must adopt two separate decisions.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: whilst no formal impact assessment was required, several options have been examined and weighed. The Commission considers that the conclusion of the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention will ensure:

    • uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU;
    • availability of sufficient funds for compensation of victims of such accidents.

    Using an international regime rather than regional solutions for these purposes better suits the nature of shipping as a global business.

    CONTENT: under the draft Council Decision, Member States would:

    • be authorised to ratify the Protocol of 2010 with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The provisions of the Convention falling within the competence conferred upon the Union under judicial cooperation in civil matters will be subject to a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision;
    • agree to be bound by the 2010 Protocol within two-year period from the entry into force of the Decision. Early adherence to the 2010 Protocol by all EU Member States will allow the threshold for entry into force concerning both the number of IMO Member States and aggregate fleet required (12 States including 4 with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each) to be attained.

    State signature, ratification or acceptance of the 2010 Protocol nullifies any prior signature or ratification by that State of the 1996 HNS Convention. States ratifying the Protocol express their consent to be bound by the consolidated text of the 2010 HNS Convention, as a single, consolidated instrument for the Convention, which will take effect once the 2010 Protocol enters into force.

    When ratifying or acceding to the Protocol of 2010, Member States must inform the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation in writing that such ratification or accession has taken place in accordance with this Decision and the Decision adopted parallel to this Decision with regard to aspects falling within the competence conferred upon the Union in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters.

activities/0/docs/0/type
Old
Legislative proposal published
New
Initial legislative proposal published
activities/0/type
Old
Legislative proposal published
New
Initial legislative proposal published
activities/1
date
2015-12-01T00:00:00
docs
url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=13806%2F15&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Legislative proposal published title: 13806/2015
type
Legislative proposal published
body
EC
commission
DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/transport/index_en.htm title: Mobility and Transport Commissioner: BULC Violeta
activities/1
date
2015-12-14T00:00:00
body
CSL
type
Council Meeting
council
Transport, Telecommunications and Energy
meeting_id
3436
activities/2
date
2015-12-14T00:00:00
body
EP/CSL
type
Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
committees/1/shadows/2
group
ALDE
name
CAVADA Jean-Marie
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52015PC0304:EN
committees/1/shadows/1
group
ECR
name
DZHAMBAZKI Angel
committees/1/shadows
  • group: S&D name: ROZIÈRE Virginie
activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: i) ratification by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea ii) accession by Member States to the said Protocol with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

    BACKGROUND: the adoption and entry into force of international rules on liability for non-contractual damages arising from the carriage of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) by sea is crucial in view of the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport worldwide.

    The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, ('1996 HNS Convention') was aimed at ensuring adequate, prompt and effective compensation of persons who suffer damage caused by spills of hazardous and noxious substances, when carried by sea.

    The Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention contained necessary amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention. The 2010 Protocol and the provisions of the Convention, are to be read, interpreted and applied together as one single instrument.

    Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention has entered into force. The latter has no contracting parties to it to this day.

    The 2010 Protocol, and thereby the consolidated 2010 HNS Convention, will enter into force 18 months after the date on which at least 12 States, 4 of which with no less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each, have ratified it, and the relevant data on contributing cargo have been submitted to the IMO Secretary-General showing no less than 40 million tonnes of cargo contributing to the general HNS account received in total in those States during the preceding calendar year.

    The main changes from the 1996 HNS Convention to the 2010 HNS Convention are:

    • excluding packaged HNS from the definition of contributing cargo to the HNS Fund, while damage caused by packaged HNS remains covered by the two-tier system of compensation established in the Convention;
    • increasing the liability limits of the ship owner for ships carrying packaged HNS in order to accommodate better the exclusion of packaged HNS as contributing cargo to the HNS Fund;
    • making the physical receiver of LNG the responsible party for payment of the relevant contributions to the HNS Fund, unless there is a different agreement between the titleholder and the receiver;
    • making payment of compensation by the HNS Fund in case of a covered incident conditional upon the fulfilment by the State concerned of its obligation to submit reports on contributing cargoes for all years prior to the incident

    Given that issues related to judicial to judicial cooperation in civil matters do not apply to Denmark, the Council must adopt two separate decisions.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: whilst no formal impact assessment was required, several options have been examined and weighed. The Commission considers that the conclusion of the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention will ensure:

    • uniform application of rules on liability and compensation in connection with accidents caused by ships carrying HNS at sea across the EU;
    • availability of sufficient funds for compensation of victims of such accidents.

    Using an international regime rather than regional solutions for these purposes better suits the nature of shipping as a global business.

    CONTENT: under the draft Council Decision, Member States would:

    • be authorised to ratify the Protocol of 2010 with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters. The provisions of the Convention falling within the competence conferred upon the Union under judicial cooperation in civil matters will be subject to a Decision adopted in parallel to this Decision;
    • agree to be bound by the 2010 Protocol within two-year period from the entry into force of the Decision. Early adherence to the 2010 Protocol by all EU Member States will allow the threshold for entry into force concerning both the number of IMO Member States and aggregate fleet required (12 States including 4 with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage each) to be attained.

    State signature, ratification or acceptance of the 2010 Protocol nullifies any prior signature or ratification by that State of the 1996 HNS Convention. States ratifying the Protocol express their consent to be bound by the consolidated text of the 2010 HNS Convention, as a single, consolidated instrument for the Convention, which will take effect once the 2010 Protocol enters into force.

    When ratifying or acceding to the Protocol of 2010, Member States must inform the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation in writing that such ratification or accession has taken place in accordance with this Decision and the Decision adopted parallel to this Decision with regard to aspects falling within the competence conferred upon the Union in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters.

committees/1/date
2015-07-13T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: EPP name: SVOBODA Pavel
activities
  • date: 2015-06-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0304/COM_COM(2015)0304_EN.pdf type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2015)0304 body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/transport/index_en.htm title: Mobility and Transport Commissioner: BULC Violeta
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Fisheries committee: PECH
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/transport/index_en.htm title: Mobility and Transport commissioner: BULC Violeta
procedure
reference
2015/0135(NLE)
title
International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters; Protocol of 2010: ratification and accession by Member States
legal_basis
stage_reached
Preparatory phase in Parliament
summary
subtype
Consent by Parliament
type
NLE - Non-legislative enactments
subject