BETA


2015/2272(INI) EU in a changing global environment - a more connected, contested and complex world

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET KALNIETE Sandra (icon: PPE PPE) GOMES Ana (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion DEVE HAYES Brian (icon: PPE PPE) Nirj DEVA (icon: ECR ECR), Doru-Claudian FRUNZULICĂ (icon: S&D S&D), Paavo VÄYRYNEN (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion INTA
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2016/04/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2016/04/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 427 votes to 232 with 43 abstentions a resolution on the EU in a changing global environment – a more connected, contested and complex world.

Members noted that the EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy must define a political level of ambition for the EU as an international actor. They stressed that the EU must recognise the full extent of the deterioration in its immediate strategic environment , and the long-term consequences thereof. The fact that multiple crises were occurring simultaneously within the Union meant that no Member State could respond alone and that Europeans should exercise their responsibilities collectively to ensure their security.

Defend the European Union’s people, and its states, societies and values: Parliament felt that the EU has a key role in upholding the principles enshrined in international human rights law, and that therefore, human rights must be meaningfully integrated into the new Global Strategy. EU foreign policy must adopt a strategic approach to human rights, emphasising concrete actions and outcomes and demonstrating coherence in the EU’s engagement on human rights across different countries and regions, regardless of security, foreign policy, trade, energy, aid or other concerns.

Parliament considered that the EU and its Member States should rely less on the United States, and be prepared to take greater responsibility for their collective security and territorial defence, especially in Europe’s neighbourhood, They must step up their defence capabilities , in order to be prepared to respond to the broad spectrum of civilian, military and hybrid threats and risks. The Union was urged to:

· enhance cooperation on defence research, the industrial base and cyber defence through pooling and sharing and other cooperative projects;

· achieve the collective target of 2 % of defence spending on research;

· launch an EU-funded defence research and technology programme in the next multiannual financial framework (MFF);

· strengthen the role of the European Defence Agency (EDA) and increase its resources;

· strengthen EU-Nato cooperation.

On the latter point, Parliament supported the establishment of European capabilities, which strengthen NATO in territorial defence and are able to conduct intervention operations autonomously beyond the EU’s borders. European members of NATO must actually live up to their NATO commitments.

Member States should:

· commit to using at least 2 % of their GDP for defence expenditure by 2024 in order to attain the necessary and adequate civilian and military capabilities to implement the objectives of the CFSP/CSDP;

· take more responsibility for building urgently needed European capabilities, increase their military research expenditure through the EDA and strengthen the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base and the European Defence Market.

· ensure European intelligence exchanges are improved and a true European intelligence and forecasting capacity developed.

Parliament called on the VP/HR to address the lack of clarity regarding the mutual defence clause contained in Article 42(7) TEU and to define the guidelines and procedures for its implementation. With regard to the European Defence Agency , Parliament reiterated that the EDA should be strengthened by financing its staffing and running costs from the Union budget. A principal objective should be to move towards permanently pooled multinational military units, joint defence forces and the framing of a common defence policy which should ultimately lead to a European Defence Union.

Stabilise Europe’s wider neighbourhood: Parliament felt that the EU should take greater responsibility on filling the security vacuum in its wider neighbourhood, and should be more engaged in de-escalatory diplomacy, especially in the Southern Neighbourhood. It also felt that the current refugee crisis demanded urgent concerted action, and called for a long-term strategy on asylum, migration and readmission policies involving the reinforcement of the Schengen system, the European Border and Coast Guard and FRONTEX.

Strengthen multilateral global governance: the EU should aspire to be a ‘rule-maker’, contributing to efficient multilateral global governance with the aim of strengthening democracy, good governance, the rule of law and human rights. Parliament stressed that the EU should:

· develop synergies between security, development, trade, human rights, democracy promotion activities and EU external action;

· establish closer relationships with non-state actors, local and regional governments and civil society, ensuring a comprehensive approach to global challenges;

· promote free and fair trade and investment, secure trade channels and increased market access throughout the world, and safeguard the stability of the global financial system by promoting high standards of regulation and governance;

· ensure that EU development policy is an essential part of the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy.

Members called for a clear link between the EU Global Strategy and the structure and priorities of the EU budget, including enhanced own resources, in order to allocate the necessary resources for its implementation.

Engage – the EU, national parliaments and European citizens: Members felt that Parliament should play a key role in the regular, detailed monitoring of the external action of the EU institutions and considered that the national parliaments could be more closely involved in this monitoring exercise. European policy-makers should also engage with citizens, civil society, industry, and local and regional authorities. Parliament stressed that the Global Strategy should be revised every five years, with the new European Parliament and the new Commission.

Documents
2016/04/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2016/04/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2016/03/29
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Sandra Kalniete (EPP, LV) on the EU in a changing global environment – a more connected, contested and complex world.

Members noted that the EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy must define a political level of ambition for the EU as an international actor. They stressed that the EU must recognise the full extent of the deterioration in its immediate strategic environment , and the long-term consequences thereof. The fact that multiple crises were occurring simultaneously within the Union meant that no Member State could respond alone and that Europeans should exercise their responsibilities collectively to ensure their security.

Defend the European Union’s people, and its states, societies and values: the committee considered that the EU and its Member States should rely less on the United States, especially in Europe’s neighbourhood, and step up their defence capabilities , in order to be prepared to respond to the broad spectrum of civilian, military and hybrid threats and risks. The Union was urged to:

enhance cooperation on defence research, the industrial base and cyber defence through pooling and sharing and other cooperative projects; launch an EU-funded defence research and technology programme in the next multiannual financial framework (MFF); strengthen the role of the European Defence Agency (EDA) and increase its resources; strengthen EU-Nato cooperation.

Member States should:

commit to using at least 2 % of their GDP for defence expenditure by 2024 in order to attain the necessary and adequate civilian and military capabilities to implement the objectives of the CFSP/CSDP; take more responsibility for building urgently needed European capabilities, increase their military research expenditure through the EDA and strengthen the European Defence Technological and Industrial Base and the European Defence Market. ensure European intelligence exchanges are improved and a true European intelligence and forecasting capacity developed.

Stabilise Europe’s wider neighbourhood : Members felt that the EU should take greater responsibility on filling the security vacuum in its wider neighbourhood, and should be more engaged in de-escalatory diplomacy, especially in the Southern Neighbourhood. They also felt that the current refugee crisis demanded urgent concerted action, and called for a long-term strategy on asylum, migration and readmission policies involving the reinforcement of the Schengen system, the European Border and Coast Guard and FRONTEX.

Strengthen multilateral global governance : the EU should aspire to be a ‘rule-maker’, contributing to efficient multilateral global governance with the aim of strengthening democracy, good governance, the rule of law and human rights. The report stressed that the EU should:

develop synergies between security, development, trade, human rights, democracy promotion activities and EU external action; establish closer relationships with non-state actors, local and regional governments and civil society, ensuring a comprehensive approach to global challenges; promote free and fair trade and investment, secure trade channels and increased market access throughout the world, and safeguard the stability of the global financial system by promoting high standards of regulation and governance; ensure that EU development policy is an essential part of the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy;

Members called for a clear link between the EU Global Strategy and the structure and priorities of the EU budget, including enhanced own resources, in order to allocate the necessary resources for its implementation.

Engage – the EU, national parliaments and European citizens : Members felt that Parliament should play a key role in the regular, detailed monitoring of the external action of the EU institutions and considered that the national parliaments could be more closely involved in this monitoring exercise. European policy-makers should also engage with citizens, civil society, industry, and local and regional authorities. The report stressed that the Global Strategy should be revised every five years, with the new European Parliament and the new Commission.

Documents
2016/03/22
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2016/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2016/02/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/12/21
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/10/29
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/10/29
   EP - HAYES Brian (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2015/06/29
   EP - KALNIETE Sandra (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 5/1

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 538, -: 138, 0: 16
DE PL ES RO FR GB IT BE NL BG CZ PT SK HU FI LT HR SI AT SE LU LV EE DK MT CY IE EL
Total
86
50
48
27
72
62
68
19
25
16
19
21
13
19
13
10
11
8
17
19
5
7
4
12
5
5
10
20
icon: PPE PPE
197

Belgium PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Ireland PPE

For (1)

4
icon: S&D S&D
177

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

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1

Malta S&D

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2

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1

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1
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67

Romania ALDE

2

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1

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46

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1
3
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4

A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 5/2

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 503, -: 171, 0: 24
DE PL IT RO ES GB CZ BG BE HU PT SK HR FR NL LT SI LV EE DK EL MT LU CY FI AT IE SE
Total
87
50
68
28
49
64
20
16
20
20
21
13
11
70
24
10
8
7
4
12
20
5
5
6
13
17
10
19
icon: PPE PPE
200
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1

Ireland PPE

For (1)

4
icon: S&D S&D
181

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

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1

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1

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1

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35

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2

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1

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1

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45
3

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5

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3
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icon: EFDD EFDD
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A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 6/1

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 407, -: 266, 0: 28
DE RO IT ES BE PT BG CZ HU FR HR SK SI LT PL LV MT LU EE NL AT EL CY FI SE IE DK GB
Total
88
28
68
47
21
21
16
20
20
73
11
13
8
10
49
7
5
5
5
24
17
20
6
13
19
10
12
64
icon: PPE PPE
199
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Ireland PPE

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4

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1
icon: S&D S&D
181

Belgium S&D

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4

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4

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2

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1

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1

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1
3
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2

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1
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14

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2

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1
3

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2

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1

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1
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36

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1

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2

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4

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3

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Germany EFDD

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47
3

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2

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2

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1
4

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5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Italy GUE/NGL

2

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2

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3

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2

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1

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1
4

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
70

Romania ECR

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1

Italy ECR

2

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2

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2

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1

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1

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2

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1

Cyprus ECR

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1

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2

A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 6/2

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 444, -: 222, 0: 30
PL DE RO ES IT BG CZ BE PT SK FR HR HU LT NL SI LV LU EE CY MT AT FI EL DK IE SE GB
Total
48
86
28
47
67
15
20
21
21
13
72
11
19
10
25
8
7
6
5
6
5
17
13
20
11
10
19
65
icon: PPE PPE
196
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

3

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

3
icon: S&D S&D
176

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

4

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2
3

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
71

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

1
2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
67

Romania ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

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2

Austria ALDE

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1

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3

Ireland ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

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1
icon: NI NI
14

Poland NI

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1

Germany NI

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2

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1

France NI

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2
3

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1
icon: ENF ENF
36

Poland ENF

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Austria ENF

3

United Kingdom ENF

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47
3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

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1

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

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1
4

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1
4

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1

A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 6/3

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 488, -: 191, 0: 14
DE IT ES RO FR BE CZ HU BG PT SE HR SI LT SK LU LV AT PL MT EE NL IE FI CY DK EL GB
Total
85
67
48
27
73
20
20
20
15
21
19
11
8
10
13
6
7
15
49
5
4
25
10
13
6
12
20
63
icon: PPE PPE
197
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
180

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
3
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

France Verts/ALE

Against (1)

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2
3

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
36

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

3

Poland ENF

2

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
48

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3
4

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
69

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0069/2016 - Sandra Kalniete - § 9

2016/04/13 Outcome: +: 454, -: 227, 0: 19
IT DE RO ES FR PT BG PL CZ BE AT HU HR SK SI LT MT LV NL LU EE IE FI EL DK SE CY GB
Total
66
87
27
49
73
21
16
50
20
20
16
19
11
13
8
10
5
7
25
6
5
10
13
20
12
19
6
65
icon: PPE PPE
201