BETA


2016/2327(INI) European strategy for low-emission mobility

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TRAN EICKHOUT Bas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) SALINI Massimiliano (icon: PPE PPE), GRASWANDER-HAINZ Karoline (icon: S&D S&D), ZĪLE Roberts (icon: ECR ECR), VAN MILTENBURG Matthijs (icon: ALDE ALDE), AIUTO Daniela (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ENVI ZOFFOLI Damiano (icon: S&D S&D) Mark DEMESMAEKER (icon: ECR ECR), Mireille D'ORNANO (icon: ENF ENF), Merja KYLLÖNEN (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Keith TAYLOR (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2018/11/23
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/06/28
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/04/11
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2017/12/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/12/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2017/12/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 301 votes to 249, with 25 abstentions, a resolution on a European strategy for low-emission mobility in response to the Commission communication on the subject.

While welcoming the Commission’s communication, Parliament stressed the fact that to abide by the Paris Agreement, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport will need to be near zero by mid-century, and that air pollutant emissions from transport will need to be drastically reduced .

Road transport is responsible for more than 70% of GHG emissions and much of the air pollution. Action should be focused predominantly in this area, while efforts to reduce emissions should be intensified in all transport sectors.

Fair and efficient pricing : Members considered that clearer price signals across all transport modes which better reflect the polluter-pays and user-pays principles are essential. A modal shift in transport requires investment in multimodality and public transport.

Parliament welcomed the Commission’s efforts at developing standards for interoperable electronic tolling systems in the EU, as well as the forthcoming revision of the Eurovignette Directive (Directive 1999/62/EC). They believed that the extension of distance-based charging should cover all passenger cars and vans, while allowing for some form of flexibility for remote and sparsely populated areas.

As regards the aviation sector , the Commission is called on to explore the possibilities for harmonised international measures for kerosene taxation for aviation and the removal of the VAT exemption on air passenger tickets.

Logistics and digitalisation : Parliament stressed the role of digitalisation in sustainable mobility. It considered that intelligent transport systems, platooning and autonomous and connected vehicles could constitute an important asset in improving the efficiency of both individual and commercial transport.

It called for a coherent legislative framework and standards that will allow innovative logistical and transport solutions to be deployed throughout Europe.

Members called on the Commission to encourage the use of zero-emissions light-duty commercial vehicles, zero-emissions buses, waste trucks, taxis and freight bicycles in last mile logistics.

Low-emission alternative energy : Parliament called on the Commission to adopt an ambitious action plan for the market uptake of electric vehicles and to issue Member States with guiding recommendations to encourage them to implement fiscal incentives for zero- and low-emission vehicles. The availability of charging and refuelling infrastructure , and the competitiveness of electric vehicles, are essential for increasing consumer acceptance. Members wanted to see a long-term European initiative on next-generation batteries as well as for the development of the necessary infrastructure.

Parliament called for a more ambitious approach for renewables in transport than that proposed in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive. It called for specific incentives be put in place for the deployment of sustainable alternative fuels for those transport modes that currently have no alternatives to liquid fuel.

The Commission should:

propose the phasing-out of direct and indirect subsidies for fossil fuels by 2020 at the latest; support the potential of LNG to render mobility, the economy and employment sustainable; develop objective criteria for the recognition of advanced biofuels in order to stimulate innovation and market uptake; commit to a feasibility study on the role and possibilities of hydrogen in the European transport system;

Transport infrastructure and investment : Parliament urged the intensification of EU cofinancing of transport projects that contribute to climate action and the minimisation of other external costs, in the framework of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the TEN-T.

The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) projects are key for the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility. Members asked for the CEF budget to be restored , with EFSI II financed from other sources. Members also urged the Commission to make more funds available for cities to bid jointly for infrastructure or technologies that would contribute to reducing air pollution from road vehicles, including public recharging stations for electric vehicles.

Empowering citizens and decision-makers towards behavioural change : taking into account the failure of European standards for light-duty vehicles to reflect real-world emissions, Parliament suggested to examine the benefits of introducing a label or standard for Ultra Low-Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) that would meet emission limit values in real driving conditions.

It also called on the Commission to:

pay greater attention to the increased integration of non-motorised modes of transport and their increased attractiveness; prioritise EU cofinancing of urban mobility projects which contribute to achieving GHG reduction targets; incentivise the purchase of cleaner, less polluting vehicles by both public authorities and private fleets; include the transport needs of citizens in rural and remote areas in its strategies for low-emission mobility; invest more in the integration of the EuroVelo Cycling Network with the TEN-T rail networks.

The resolution analysed specific sectoral trends for different transport modes. It looked at cars, heavy-duty vehicles, railways, aviation, maritime transport and inland waterways.

The Commission has been invited, inter alia , to:

submit a proposal on CO2 emission standards for cars and vans by 2025; come up with a proposal on the certification, monitoring and reporting of HDVs by the end of 2017, as well as with ambitious 2025 CO2 standards by 2018; submit ambitious proposals for the Combined Transport Directive to better promote efficient freight transport and encourage a modal shift to rail and inland waterways; improve the efficiency of aviation by ensuring the rapid application of the single European sky and by participating actively in the work of ICAO to achieve ambitious international CO2 standards.

Documents
2017/12/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/11/14
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted the own-initiative report by Bas EICKHOUT (Greens/EFA, NL) on a European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility in response to the Commission communication on the subject.

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, exercising its prerogatives as an associated committee under Rule 54 of Parliament’s Rules of Procedure , also gave its opinion on the report.

The committee welcomed the Commission’s communication and stressed the fact that to abide by the Paris Agreement, GHG emissions from transport will need to be near zero by mid-century, and that air pollutant emissions from transport will need to be drastically reduced if the WHO public health guidelines, at the very least, are to be met without delay.

Fair and efficient pricing : Members considered that clearer price signals across all transport modes which better reflect the polluter-pays and user-pays principles are essential. A modal shift in transport requires investment in multimodality and public transport.

The report welcomed the Commission’s efforts at developing standards for interoperable electronic tolling systems in the EU, as well as the forthcoming revision of the Eurovignette Directive (Directive 1999/62/EC). They believed that the extension of distance-based charging should cover all passenger cars and vans, while allowing for some form of flexibility for remote and sparsely populated areas.

Logistics and digitalisation : the report stressed the role of digitalisation in sustainable mobility. It considered that intelligent transport systems, platooning and autonomous and connected vehicles could constitute an important asset in improving the efficiency of both individual and commercial transport. Members called on the Commission to encourage the use of zero-emissions light-duty commercial vehicles, zero-emissions buses, waste trucks, taxis and freight bicycles in last mile logistics.

Low-emission alternative energy : the report called on the Commission to adopt an ambitious action plan for the market uptake of electric vehicles and to issue Member States with guiding recommendations to encourage them to implement fiscal incentives for zero- and low-emission vehicles. The availability of charging and refuelling infrastructure , and the competitiveness of electric vehicles, are essential for increasing consumer acceptance. Members wanted to see a long-term European initiative on next-generation batteries as well as for the development of the necessary infrastructure.

They asked the Commission to propose the phasing-out of direct and indirect subsidies for fossil fuels by 2020 at the latest. Whilst taking note of the limits proposed in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive with a view to phasing down first generation biofuels by 2030, the report called on the Commission, to distinguish between first-generation biofuels with high GHG efficiency and a low risk of indirect land use change and those which do not meet those criteria, and to take measures to phase out the use of feedstocks , including palm oil, that drive deforestation or the use of peat land, as a component of biofuels.

Transport infrastructure and investment : Members urged the intensification of EU cofinancing of transport projects that contribute to climate action and the minimisation of other external costs , in the framework of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and the TEN-T. They felt that Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) projects are key for the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility, and asked for the CEF budget to be restored, with EFSI II financed from other sources. Members urged the Commission to make more funds available for cities to bid jointly for infrastructure or technologies that would contribute to reducing air pollution from road vehicles, including public recharging stations for electric vehicles.

Empowering citizens and decision-makers towards behavioural change : the committee asked the Commission and the Member States, taking into account the failure of European standards for light-duty vehicles to reflect real-world emissions, to examine the benefits of introducing a label or standard for Ultra Low-Emission Vehicles (ULEVs) that would meet emission limit values in real driving conditions.

It also called on the Commission to:

prioritise EU cofinancing of urban mobility projects which contribute to achieving GHG reduction targets; incentivise the purchase of cleaner, less polluting vehicles by both public authorities and private fleets; include the transport needs of citizens in rural and remote areas in its strategies for low-emission mobility; invest more in the integration of the EuroVelo Cycling Network with the TEN-T rail networks.

The report analysed specific sectoral trends for different transport modes. It looked at cars, heavy-duty vehicles, railways, aviation, maritime transport and inland waterways.

Documents
2017/10/12
   EP - Vote in committee
2017/06/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2017/05/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/05/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/04/07
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2017/01/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2017/01/19
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2016/12/15
   EP - ZOFFOLI Damiano (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2016/12/13
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2016/10/21
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2016/09/14
   EP - EICKHOUT Bas (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2016/07/20
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE: to present a European strategy for low-emission mobility.

BACKGROUND: transport represents almost a quarter of Europe's greenhouse gas emissions and is the main cause of air pollution in cities. Europe's answer to these challenges is an irreversible shift to low-emission mobility in terms of carbon and air pollutants.

The shift towards low-emission mobility has already started globally and its pace is accelerating. This shift, which has already started building on existing EU policies, should be accelerated through this strategy for low-emission mobility.

CONTENT: the Commission’s strategy aims to reduce emissions from the transport sector while meeting the EU's commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change.

Regions and cities too will be major actors in delivering low-emission mobility solutions. Urban transport is responsible for 23% of EU's greenhouse gas emissions. Behavioural choices made by mobility users will determine how successful we will be.

The strategy’s objective is three-fold:

1) Improving the efficiency of the transport system : the Commission considered that in order to facilitate the transition to low-emission mobility and provide certainty for investors, the EU regulatory framework needs to change:

by making the best use of digital technologies : to this end, the Commission is working on a framework for the swift and coordinated deployment of such systems across the EU; by guaranteeing efficient pricing : across the EU, charging should move towards distance-based road charging systems based on actual kilometres driven, to reflect better the polluter-pays and user-pays principles. To that end, the Commission is developing standards for inter-operable electronic tolling systems in the EU, to facilitate access to markets for new tolling service providers and to reduce overall system costs. Moreover, the Commission will revise the Directive on the charging for lorries to enable charging also on the basis of carbon dioxide differentiation, and extend some of its principles to buses and coaches as well as passenger cars and vans; by promoting multi-modality by incentivising a shift towards lower emission transport modes such as inland waterways, short-sea shipping and rail and providing measures to develop domestic bus and coach services.

2) Scaling up the use of low-emission alternative energy for transport : transport in the EU still depends on oil for about 94% of its energy needs:

as part of the revision of the current legislation related to fuels and renewable energy , the Commission is examining how to provide a strong incentive to innovate in energies needed for the long-term decarbonisation. This could be done for example as an obligation for fuel suppliers to provide a certain share of renewable alternative energy, i.a. advanced biofuels and synthetic fuels; the EU supports the deployment of infrastructure for alternative fuels financially and through its stakeholder platforms. Based on the alternative fuels infrastructure Directive , by November 2016, Member States will design policy frameworks for rolling-out publicly available electric recharging points and natural gas filling stations, and optionally hydrogen filling stations. In order to achieve mass acceptance and deployment of electric vehicles, charging and maintenance infrastructure needs to become widely available throughout Europe; further effort should be made to foster the creation of an EU-wide electro-mobility services market , such as the cross-border interoperability of payments and the provision of real-time information on charging points. A common plug standard already exists for cars and standards for induction charging, batteries, and charging plugs for electric buses and motorbikes are next.

3) Moving forward towards zero-emission vehicles : the transformational change towards low- and zero-emission vehicles will need to be supported by a wide range of measures at all levels of policy-making to engage both manufacturers and users:

the Commission has made fundamental changes to how vehicle emissions are measured and verified . New 'real driving' emissions tests will now be implemented swiftly so that limit values for air pollutant emissions have a stronger impact on the ground and consumers can trust them again. A new global test procedure, the World Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure, will be implemented to deliver more realistic and accurate carbon dioxide and fuel consumption values; it is necessary to further reduce emissions from conventional combustion engines after 2020 . Zero- and low-emission vehicles will need to be deployed and gain significant market share by 2030. The Commission is working on post-2020 carbon dioxide standards for cars and vans; in order to encourage customer uptake, the Commission aims to improve information through car labelling and on support through public procurement rules. Tax instruments are very effective to incentivise consumer behaviour; the EU will also need to introduce measures to actively curb carbon dioxide emissions from lorries, buses and coaches . Other parts of the world, such as the United States, China, Japan and Canada, have already introduced standards, and some European manufacturers participate in these schemes.

Global action : the EU is fully committed to reaching agreement on a Global Market-Based Mechanism to address international aviation emissions and achieve carbon neutral growth from 2020. It is also committed to securing a robust and mandatory global agreement for the collection and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping in the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) by the end of 2016.

Documents

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 20/1 14/12/2017 12:18:47.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: +: 482, -: 112, 0: 23
DE IT ES FR RO BE CZ PT NL HU AT SE IE HR SK BG SI LT LU LV EE PL MT CY EL DK FI GB
Total
84
56
41
62
24
20
17
17
23
12
18
16
9
11
10
11
8
7
6
8
6
45
6
5
16
9
8
60
icon: PPE PPE
177

Lithuania PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Greece PPE

1

Finland PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
156

Netherlands S&D

3

Hungary S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3

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For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

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1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
52
3

Romania ALDE

2

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1

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2

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3

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5
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A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 20/2 14/12/2017 12:19:06.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: +: 423, -: 161, 0: 33
ES IT FR DE RO BE CZ PT NL IE BG EE MT LT LU SI CY LV EL HR DK SK FI SE AT HU PL GB
Total
43
56
62
84
24
20
17
16
23
9
12
6
6
7
6
8
5
8
14
11
9
10
8
16
18
11
45
61
icon: S&D S&D
155

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3

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3

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1

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3

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178

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53
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Finland ECR

2

A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 85/1 14/12/2017 12:20:05.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: +: 305, -: 299, 0: 10
IT ES BE NL SE LT FI EE PT RO CY DK LU AT EL MT HR IE SI HU SK BG LV DE CZ GB FR PL
Total
54
42
20
23
16
7
8
6
17
23
5
9
6
18
13
6
11
9
8
12
10
12
8
84
17
61
62
45
icon: S&D S&D
155

Netherlands S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

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2

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For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

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2

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2

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3

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1

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

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2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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1

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1

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3

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For (1)

1

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1

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1

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1

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5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

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3

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1

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53

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Sweden EFDD

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
14

Hungary NI

2

Germany NI

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2

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1

France NI

2

Poland NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
30

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Romania ENF

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1

Germany ENF

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1

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1

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2
icon: ECR ECR
60

Netherlands ECR

2

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2

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1

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2

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1

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icon: PPE PPE
178

Belgium PPE

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4

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1

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1

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3

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1
4

A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 85/2 14/12/2017 12:20:18.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: -: 293, +: 286, 0: 23
IT ES NL BE LT FI PT SE EE RO DK CY IE EL MT AT HR SK LU SI BG LV DE CZ HU GB FR PL
Total
53
42
22
20
7
8
16
16
5
24
9
5
9
13
5
18
11
9
5
7
12
8
79
17
12
61
62
45
icon: S&D S&D
154

Netherlands S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia S&D

1

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Hungary S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
43

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
51

Finland ALDE

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

2

Estonia ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Germany ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Sweden EFDD

Against (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

4
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Poland NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
30

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
171

Netherlands PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

1

Finland PPE

Against (1)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Greece PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Slovakia PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

3

A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 86 14/12/2017 12:20:33.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: +: 300, -: 299, 0: 12
IT ES EL PT SE RO LT BE FI EE DK CY NL IE LU AT MT BG HR SI SK CZ LV DE HU GB FR PL
Total
53
43
12
16
16
24
7
19
8
6
9
4
23
9
6
18
6
12
11
8
10
17
8
84
12
61
62
45
icon: S&D S&D
155

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Denmark S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
53

Portugal ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Finland ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Germany ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Poland NI

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Sweden EFDD

Against (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: ECR ECR
60

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Czechia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
176

Lithuania PPE

1
3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
4

A8-0356/2017 - Bas Eickhout - § 93 14/12/2017 12:21:09.000 #

2017/12/14 Outcome: -: 339, +: 232, 0: 30
SE BG NL LV SI IE BE FI EE LT HR PT CY MT CZ LU RO SK ES DK EL DE HU PL AT IT FR GB
Total
16
12
23
8
8
9
20
6
6
7
11
16
3
6
17
6
24
10
43
8
13
83
11
42
18
53
61
60
icon: PPE PPE
175

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Finland PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

3

Slovakia PPE

Against (1)

4

Greece PPE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
52

Sweden ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

1
3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3
4

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Italy GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Sweden EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
30

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1