BETA


2018/0143(COD) New heavy-duty vehicles: CO2 emission performance standards

Progress: Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI EICKHOUT Bas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) FJELLNER Christofer (icon: PPE PPE), ZOFFOLI Damiano (icon: S&D S&D), PROCTER John (icon: ECR ECR), TORVALDS Nils (icon: ALDE ALDE), ECK Stefan (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), EVI Eleonora (icon: EFDD EFDD), MÉLIN Joëlle (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion TRAN VIRKKUNEN Henna (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 59-p4, TFEU 192-p1

Events

2019/06/20
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/06/20
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/06/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/06/13
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/06/13
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/04/18
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 474 votes to 47, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles.

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure has amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Emission reduction targets

This draft Regulation is part of the third ‘Europe on the Move’ package. Its aim being to make European mobility safer and more accessible, European industry more competitive, European jobs more secure, and the sector to be firmly on the path towards zero emission by mid-century and fully in line with the Paris Agreement.

To this end, it provides for a binding CO2 reduction target of 30% by 2030 for new heavy-duty vehicles, such as trucks and lorries, with an intermediate target of 15% by 2025.

The European Commission shall also propose new post-2030 targets by 31 December 2022 at the latest, in accordance with the Paris Agreement.

Assessment of reference CO2 emissions

In order to ensure the robustness and representativeness of the reference CO2 emissions as a basis for determining the Union fleet-wide CO2 emissions targets, the Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, establish the methodology for assessing the application of the conditions under which the reference CO2 emissions have been determined and establish the criteria to determine whether those emissions have been unduly increased and, if so, how they are to be corrected.

Real-world CO2 emissions and energy consumption

The Commission shall monitor and assess the real-world representativeness of the CO2 emissions and energy consumption values determined within the framework of Regulation (EC) No 595/2009. Furthermore, the Commission shall regularly collect data on the real-world CO2 emissions and energy consumption of heavy-duty vehicles using on-board fuel and/or energy consumption monitoring devices.

In order to prevent the real-world emissions gap from growing, the Commission shall assess how fuel and energy consumption data may be used to ensure that the vehicle CO2 emission and energy consumption values determined pursuant to that Regulation remain representative of real-world emissions over time for each manufacturer.

Verification of the CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles in service

Manufacturers shall ensure that the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption values recorded in the customer information file referred to in Regulation (EU) No 2017/2400 correspond to the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles in service as determined in accordance with that Regulation.

Just transition

A new recital underlined the need for a socially acceptable and fair transition to zero emission mobility as well as the importance of taking into account the social effects of the transition throughout the whole automotive value chain and anticipating the implications on employment.

Targeted programmes at Union, national and regional levels are therefore to be considered for the re-skilling, up-skilling and redeployment of workers, as well as education and job-seeking initiatives in adversely affected communities and regions, in close dialogue with the social partners and competent authorities.

Evaluation and reporting

By 31 December 2022 at the latest, the Commission shall present a report on (i) the effectiveness of the Regulation, (ii) the CO2 emission reduction target and the level of the incentive mechanism for low- and zero-emission heavy duty vehicles applicable from 2030, (iii) on the setting of CO2 emission reduction targets for other types of heavy-duty vehicles, including trailers, buses and coaches and professional vehicles, and (iv) on the introduction of binding CO2 emission reduction targets for heavy-duty vehicles for 2035 and 2040 and beyond.

The report shall include, among other things, an evaluation of the VECTO calculation tool to ensure its continuous and timely update.

Documents
2019/04/17
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/02/27
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/02/22
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2018/12/20
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/23
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/11/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/11/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 373 votes to 285, with 16 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles.

The European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission's proposal as follows.

Emission reduction targets : this draft Regulation is part of the third ‘Europe on the Move’ package. Its aim being to make European mobility safer and more accessible, European industry more competitive, European jobs more secure, and the sector to be firmly on the path towards zero emission by mid-century and fully in line with the Paris Agreement .

To this end, Parliament considered that the specific CO2 emissions of the EU fleet of new heavy vehicles should be reduced compared to the reference CO2 emissions as follows:

from 1 January 2025 to 31 December 2029, by 20% (15% in the Commission proposal); from 1 January 2030, by at least 35 % (instead of 30 %), subject to review in 2022.

The Commission shall adopt, by 1 July 2019 at the latest, delegated acts specifying the technical criteria for determining the professional destination of a vehicle and defining the urban buses covered by the Regulation.

Zero and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles : in order to ensure the smooth transition towards zero-emission mobility and to provide incentives for the development and deployment on the Union market of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles, the Regulation should set a reference value for the proportion of zero and low-emission vehicles in all manufacturers' fleets by 2025 and 2030.

Members proposed that starting from 1 January 2025 , the specific share of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles (whose specific CO2 emissions are less than 50% of the value of the reference CO2 emissions for each subgroup determined) in the manufacturer’s fleet in a calendar year shall be benchmarked against the following values:

as of 2025: at least 5 % ; as of 2030: 20 %, subject to the review .

Related manufacturers may form a pool to meet their obligations

Excess emissions : if a manufacturer or group of manufacturers has excess emissions, the Commission may impose a financial penalty in the form of an excess emissions premium at a level of EUR 5 000 per g/tkm during the period 2025-2029 and at EUR 6 800 per g/tkm from 2030 .

Premiums on excess emissions shall be included in the revenue of the general budget of the Union. Members proposed that those amounts shall be used to complement Union or national measures which, in close cooperation with the social partners and competent authorities, promote the development of skills or the reallocation of workers in the automotive sector in all affected Member States, in particular in the regions and the communities most affected by the transition, in order to contribute to a just transition towards zero- and low-emission mobility.

Actual CO2 emissions and energy consumption : the Commission shall adopt, by 31 December 2019 at the latest, delegated acts in order to supplement this Regulation by introducing an on-road in-service conformity test which ensures that on-road CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles do not exceed the monitoring data reported pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 and to Regulation (EU) 2018/956 by more than 10%.

The Commission shall ensure that the public is informed of how the real world representativeness.

Life-cycle emissions : in its report to be published in 2022, the Commission shall assess the feasibility of developing a method for assessing CO2 emissions throughout the life cycle of heavy vehicles. On the basis of this assessment, the Commission shall propose, where appropriate, to establish reporting obligations for manufacturers and specify the rules and procedures necessary for such reporting.

The report shall also include an assessment of the effectiveness of the modalities for the roll-out of the necessary recharging and refuelling infrastructure.

The 2022 review should take full account of the evolution of the VECTO simulation tool , which should be continuously and timely updated by the Commission.

Documents
2018/11/14
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2018/10/25
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Bas EICKHOUT (Greens/EFA, NL) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Emission reduction targets : Members considered that the specific CO2 emissions of the EU fleet of new heavy vehicles should be reduced compared to the reference CO2 emissions as follows:

from 1 January 2025 to 31 December 2029, by 20% (15% in the Commission proposal); from 1 January 2030, by at least 35 % (instead of 30 %), subject to review in 2022.

In addition, the minimum binding share of zero-emission buses in a manufacturer's fleet of new city buses should be:

50% from 1 January 2025 to 31 December 2029; 75% from 1 January 2030.

The Commission shall adopt, by 1 July 2019 at the latest, delegated acts specifying the technical criteria for determining the professional destination of a vehicle and defining the urban buses covered by the Regulation.

Zero and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles : starting from 1 January 2025 , the specific share of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles in the manufacturer’s fleet in a calendar year shall be benchmarked against the following values:

as of 2025: at least 5 % ; as of 2030: 20 %, subject to the review .

Related manufacturers may form a pool to meet their obligations

Excess emissions : if a manufacturer or group of manufacturers has excess emissions, the Commission may impose a financial penalty in the form of an excess emissions premium at a level of EUR 6 800 per g/tkm.

Premiums on excess emissions shall be included in the revenue of the general budget of the Union. Members proposed that those amounts shall be used to complement Union or national measures which, in close cooperation with the social partners and competent authorities, promote the development of skills or the reallocation of workers in the automotive sector in all affected Member States, in particular in the regions and the communities most affected by the transition, in order to contribute to a just transition towards zero- and low-emission mobility.

Actual CO2 emissions and energy consumption : the Commission shall adopt, by 31 December 2019 at the latest, delegated acts in order to supplement this Regulation by introducing an on-road in-service conformity test which ensures that on-road CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles do not exceed the monitoring data reported pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 and to Regulation (EU) 2018/956 by more than 10%.

Life-cycle emissions : in its report to be published in 2022, the Commission shall assess the feasibility of developing a method for assessing CO2 emissions throughout the life cycle of heavy vehicles. On the basis of this assessment, the Commission shall propose, where appropriate, to establish reporting obligations for manufacturers and specify the rules and procedures necessary for such reporting.

The report shall also include an assessment of the effectiveness of the modalities for the roll-out of the necessary recharging and refuelling infrastructure.

The 2022 review should take full account of the evolution of the VECTO simulation tool , which should be continuously and timely updated by the Commission.

Documents
2018/10/18
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/10/10
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/10/09
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2018/10/09
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/09/28
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/13
   CZ_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/09/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/08/17
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/18
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/07/05
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/07/03
   EP - Committee Opinion
2018/05/24
   EP - Responsible Committee
2018/05/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/05/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/05/17
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to set mission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the European strategy for low-emission mobility sets a clear ambition: by mid-century, greenhouse gas emissions from transport will need to be at least 60% lower than in 1990 and be firmly on the path towards zero .

Emissions of air pollutants from transport that harm our health need also to be drastically reduced without delay.

Light-duty vehicles (LDV) – passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans) - are already delivering their share of emission reductions and legislation has been proposed in 2017 so that they continue doing so after 2020.

Lorries carry around 70% of freight transported over land, delivering also essential public services. While CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDV), i.e. lorries, buses and coaches, account for about 6% of total EU emissions and 25% of road transport CO2 emissions in the EU , they are currently not regulated at EU level. This poses three main problems:

without any further action, CO2 emissions from HDV are projected to grow by 9% over the period 2010– 2030 due to increasing transport activities ;

transport operators, mainly SMEs or micro enterprises, and their clients currently miss out on possible fuel savings and reduced fuel bills;

EU HDV manufacturers face increasing global competitive pressures as the United States, Canada, Japan and China have already implemented regulatory measures to reduce HDV CO2 emissions. However, it is necessary for the EU car industry to keep up with the technological improvements introduced in these markets.

This proposal is part of the third ‘ Europe on the move ’ package which delivers the new industrial policy strategy of September 2017. The aim of the package is to make European mobility safer and more accessible, European industry more competitive, European jobs more secure and the mobility system cleaner and better adapted to the imperative of tackling climate change.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the policy options considered in the impact assessment are grouped into five key elements , aimed to address the identified problems and achieve the policy objectives: (i) EU fleet-wide CO2 emission targets; (ii) distribution of EU fleet-wide target across vehicle groups and manufacturers; (iii) incentives for zero and low-emission vehicles; (iv) elements for cost-effective implementation; and (v) governance related issues.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation sets CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles whereby the specific CO2 emissions from the EU fleet of new heavy-duty vehicles are reduced compared to the reference CO2 emissions as follows:

from 1 January 2025 to 31 December 2029 by 15 % ; from 1 January 2030 by at least 30 % , subject to review in 2022.

The targets are set as a relative reduction of the average specific emissions of the vehicles registered in the reference year 2019 which is the first year for which official monitored CO2 emissions data will be available. The targets are attributed to each vehicle sub-group as defined in Section 1 of Annex I.

In addition, the proposal:

· defines the vehicles that fall within the scope of this Regulation by reference to the relevant categories defined in type approval legislation and to the four vehicle groups for which certified CO2 emissions data will be available from 2019 onwards;

· provides that the Commission shall determine and publish annually the average specific CO2 emissions of each manufacturer starting from 2019 on the database provided by the relevant manufacturers;

incentivises the deployment of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles , those vehicles shall be counted multiple times for the purpose of determining a manufacturer’s average specific emissions starting from 2019. A specific incentive is also provided for zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles of the categories M2 (buses) and M3 (coaches) as well as certain category N vehicles (small lorries), including zero-emission vocational vehicles; provides for the calculation of annual manufacturer specific emission targets for the preceding calendar year, starting in 2026. The first annual targets will therefore be determined for the calendar year 2025; sets out a ‘ banking and borrowing’ mechanism , allowing a manufacturer to balance an underachievement of its specific emission target in one year by the overachievement in another year. For that purpose, the manufacturer may ‘bank’ emission credits, if its emissions are lower than a reduction trajectory determined as a linear trajectory from the 2019 reference CO2 emissions to the 2025 targets and from the 2025 targets; imposes financial penalties in case of non-compliance with the specific CO2 emission targets.

The level of the premium is set at EUR 6 800 per g/tkm, equivalent to EUR 570 per g/km based on an average payload of 12 tonnes, of excess emissions which reflect the marginal cost of CO2 reducing technologies.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the budgetary impact resulting from the implementation of the proposed Regulation is very limited. It is estimated at EUR 1.888 million for the years 2019-2020.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 78 14/11/2018 13:17:09.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: -: 597, +: 74, 0: 1
?? EE CY LU LV MT SI FI AT IE LT HR EL DK SK CZ BG HU BE NL SE PT FR GB RO PL IT ES DE
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6
6
7
11
17
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10
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19
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21
16
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26
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A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 3 14/11/2018 13:17:54.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: +: 372, -: 286, 0: 12
FR IT NL ES DK EL SE PT BE MT LT FI DE RO IE HR CY ?? EE LU CZ SI AT BG LV HU SK GB PL
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A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 5 14/11/2018 13:18:06.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: +: 350, -: 312, 0: 11
IT NL ES DK EL SE PT BE LT FR FI CY DE IE ?? EE LU HR MT RO SI AT BG LV GB HU SK CZ PL
Total
62
25
47
13
18
20
20
20
10
68
11
5
90
9
1
3
6
10
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27
7
17
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18
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United Kingdom NI

3

Hungary NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
32

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: ECR ECR
67

Italy ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
187

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Greece PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
4

Latvia PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

For (1)

1

A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 23 14/11/2018 13:18:48.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: +: 349, -: 303, 0: 15
IT NL ES BE DK PT IE SE LT EL EE FI CY ?? LU HR DE MT RO SI AT BG LV HU GB FR CZ SK PL
Total
62
25
45
20
13
19
9
19
10
18
3
11
5
1
6
10
90
6
28
7
17
16
6
16
60
68
21
13
42
icon: S&D S&D
174

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

4

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Portugal ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Germany ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Czechia ALDE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
19

Denmark NI

1

NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ENF ENF
32

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: ECR ECR
67

Italy ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
181

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Greece PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
4

Latvia PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 26 14/11/2018 13:19:35.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: +: 354, -: 311, 0: 8
IT NL ES DK PT SE LT BE EL DE FI FR IE CY ?? EE BG LU HR MT SI AT RO LV CZ SK GB HU PL
Total
62
25
47
13
20
20
10
20
18
90
11
68
9
5
1
3
16
6
10
6
7
17
26
6
21
13
61
18
43
icon: S&D S&D
173

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

4

Slovakia S&D

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
45

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Portugal ALDE

1

Germany ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Czechia ALDE

4

United Kingdom ALDE

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
38

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
19

Denmark NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

France NI

2

NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

3

Hungary NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
32

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2
icon: ECR ECR
68

Italy ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
187

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Greece PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
4

Latvia PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout - Am 27 14/11/2018 13:19:50.000

2018/11/14 Outcome: -: 358, +: 303, 0: 13
IT NL PT ES DK EL CY ?? EE MT IE AT FR BE LT DE LU LV RO FI SI HR GB SE BG HU SK CZ PL
Total
62
25
20
47
13
18
5
1
3
6
9
17
68
20
10
90
6
6
27
11
7
10
61
20
16
18
13
21
43
icon: S&D S&D
174

Netherlands S&D

3