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2018/0218(COD) Common agricultural policy (CAP) 2021–2027

Progress: Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI ANDRIEU Eric (icon: S&D S&D) SANDER Anne (icon: EPP EPP), DECERLE Jérémy (icon: Renew Renew), BITEAU Benoît (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BIZZOTTO Mara (icon: ID ID), TOMAŠIĆ Ruža (icon: ECR ECR), KOKKALIS Petros (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Responsible Committee AGRI ANDRIEU Eric (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion DEVE
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion CONT
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion REGI
Committee Opinion PECH
Former Committee Opinion DEVE HEUBUCH Maria (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Eleni THEOCHAROUS (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion BUDG
Former Committee Opinion CONT ZDECHOVSKÝ Tomáš (icon: PPE PPE) Karin KADENBACH (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI DORFMANN Herbert (icon: PPE PPE) Nicola CAPUTO (icon: S&D S&D), Jørn DOHRMANN (icon: ECR ECR), Stefan ECK (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Anneli JÄÄTTEENMÄKI (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion REGI OMARJEE Younous (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL) Ivan JAKOVČIĆ (icon: ALDE ALDE), Laurenţiu REBEGA (icon: ENF ENF), Joachim ZELLER (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion PECH
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 043-p2, TFEU 114, TFEU 118-p1, TFEU 349-p1sub1-as1

Events

2019/09/18
   EP - ANDRIEU Eric (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2019/05/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the report by Eric ANDRIEU (ALDE, FR) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EU) No 1308/2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products, (EU) No 1151/2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs, (EU) No 251/2014 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of aromatised wine products, (EU) No 228/2013 laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and (EU) No 229/2013 laying down specific measures for agriculture in favour of the smaller Aegean islands.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Scope

This Regulation shall define the public standards, market transparency rules and crisis management tools that will allow public authorities, in particular the Commission, to ensure the surveillance, management and regulation of agricultural markets.

Specific objectives

The common organisation of the markets in agricultural products shall contribute to the achievement of the following specific objectives:

- participate in the stabilisation of agricultural markets and enhance their transparency;

- promote the proper functioning of the agri-food supply chain and ensure a fair income for agricultural producers;

- improve the position of producers in the value chain and promote the concentration of agricultural supply;

- contribute to the improvement of economic conditions for the production and marketing of agricultural products and strengthen the quality of European agricultural production.

Extending supply management and volume reduction scheme to all sectors

The current scheme, which grants aid to dairy farmers who voluntarily produce less in times of severe market imbalances in an effort to stabilise prices, should be extended to all sectors. If the situation does not improve, the Commission shall be tasked with imposing a levy on all producers who increase their deliveries.

Members also propose extending current rules, which allow time-limited regulation of supply of geographically protected cheeses, hams and wines, to all other products that benefit from protected geographical indication (PGI) or protected designation of origin (PDO).

More specifically, the list of products that can be protected as PDO or PGI shall be expanded with products that are finding an increasing demand from Union consumers, such as beeswax, which is finding an ever wider application in the food and cosmetics industry.

EU Observatory of agricultural markets

In order to improve transparency within the agri-food supply chain, to illuminate the choices of economic operators and all public authorities and to facilitate the identification and recording of market developments, the Commission shall establish an EU observatory of agricultural markets.

It shall cover, as a minimum, the following agricultural sectors: (i) cereals; (ii) sugar, sugar beet and sugar cane; (iii) olive oil; (iv) fruit and vegetables; (v) wine; (vi) milk and milk products; (vii) beef and veal; (viii) pigmeat; (ix) sheepmeat and goatmeat; (x) poultrymeat.

The Observatory shall collect statistical data on production, supply, prices, profits, imports and exports, and issue early market disturbance warnings.

Early warning mechanism for market disturbances and alert thresholds

The Observatory shall set up an early warning mechanism and alert thresholds and shall notify the European Parliament and the Council where the relevant alert threshold is exceeded, of threats of market disturbances caused, in particular, by significant price rises or falls on internal or external markets or by other events or circumstances having similar effects.

Members also want to widen the market safety net by allowing public intervention (a market management tool used when prices drop beyond a certain level) for new products, such as white sugar, sheep meat, pig meat and chicken.

Vine planting

The scheme of authorisations for vine plantings established in this Chapter shall apply from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2050, with a review to be undertaken by the Commission every ten years and for the first time on 1 January 2023 to evaluate the operation of the scheme and, if appropriate, make proposals to improve its effectiveness.

Documents
2019/04/01
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/01/31
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/01/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/12/05
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/11/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/06
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/26
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/25
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/25
   CofA - Court of Auditors: opinion, report
Details

OPINION No 7/2018 of the Court of Auditors concerning Commission's proposals for regulations relating to the common agricultural policy (CAP) for the post-2020 period.

The legislative proposal for the CAP after 2020 examined by the Court of Auditors includes three regulations accompanied by an impact assessment, as well as an explanatory memorandum on the three regulations.

- The ‘ CAP strategic plan regulation ’ covers the CAP objectives, types of interventions financed under the policy and general requirements for preparing CAP strategic plans.

- The ‘ horizontal regulation ’ includes financial rules and the monitoring and evaluation framework and the ‘ amending regulation ’ mainly transfers a large part of the rules from the ‘common market organisation regulation’ to the CAP strategic plan regulation.

The Court’s observations relate to the main proposed changes to the CAP for the post-2020 period which are as follows:

- one CAP strategic plan per Member State for all CAP expenditure (direct payments, rural development and market measures),

- an attempt to move towards a performance-based system,

- an attempt to redefine the eligibility of spending (reported outputs and a new concept of legality and regularity),

- changes in control systems (a changed role for the certification bodies).

2018/10/23
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/17
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/10/09
   IE_HOUSES-OF-OIREACHTAS - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/08
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/27
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/24
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/19
   PL_SEJM - Contribution
Documents
2018/09/10
   EP - ZDECHOVSKÝ Tomáš (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2018/07/13
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2018/07/11
   EP - HEUBUCH Maria (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2018/07/10
   EP - DORFMANN Herbert (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2018/06/28
   EP - ANDRIEU Eric (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2018/06/20
   EP - OMARJEE Younous (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2018/06/11
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/01
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/06/01
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to modernise and simplify the common agricultural policy (CAP) beyond 2020 (regulation on the common organisation of the markets in agricultural products).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the context in which the last CAP reform was decided in 2013 has shifted considerably. More specifically: (i) agricultural prices have fallen sharply as a result of macroeconomic factors and geopolitical tensions; (ii) the EU has become more open to global markets; (iii) the EU has made new commitments at international level, for example on climate change mitigation (through COP 21).

On the basis of the Commission proposal for the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2021-2027, the Commission is presenting a set of regulations which define the legislative framework of the CAP for the period 2021-2027, namely:

a regulation defining the objectives of the CAP as well as rules on support for strategic plans to be developed by Member States in the framework of the CAP; a horizontal regulation on the financing, management and monitoring of the CAP; and a common organisation of the markets (CMO) Regulation .

These proposals give shape to the reflections on the future of the CAP presented in the Commission Communication on the future of food and agriculture in November 2017, which highlighted the challenges, objectives and possible avenues for a 'future-proof' CAP, that needs to be simpler, smarter and more modern, leading to the transition to a more sustainable agriculture .

The CAP general objectives shall focus on the economic viability, the resilience and income of farms, on an enhanced environmental and climate performance, and on the strengthened socio-economic fabric of rural areas. Moreover, fostering knowledge, innovation and digitalisation in agriculture and rural areas is a cross-cutting objective.

CONTENT: this proposal for a Regulation seeks to maintain the architecture and main features of Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 on the common organisation of the market in agricultural products while amending a limited number of provisions in view of the new challenges relating to environmental sustainability and climate change and to citizens' expectations regarding food .

The proposal seeks, inter alia :

to delete provisions related to sectorial interventions as these interventions of the future CAP will be regulated under the CAP strategic plan Regulation and be part of Member States' strategic plans, to ensure a better coherence of CAP interventions; to amend current rules on geographical indications (GIs) aiming at a simpler GI system, faster registration of geographical indications and more efficient approval of amendments to product specifications. The objective is to make the GI system more understandable for consumers, easier to promote, and to reduce the administrative costs associated with managing the system; to simplify some specific procedures with regard to the rules on GIs for wine to make the approval process more efficient;

· to clarify the definition of 'Protected Designation of Origin' for wines to enable producer groups to use new varietals, also needed in response to climate change;

· to strengthen the protection of GIs against counterfeiting of GIs on the interned and on goods in transit;

· to apply the proposed simplification for wine GIs has to be applied also to agricultural products and foodstuffs ;

· to include provisions that merely translate into internal legislation commitments taken by the EU and its Member States in the context of recent World Trade Organization Ministerial Decisions, notably on export subsidies;

· to delete a number of obsolete provisions, inter alia the system of production regulation and requirements applying to the sugar sector that expired at the end of the 2016/2017 marketing year.

AVAILABLE BUDGET: the Commission proposal on the multiannual financial framework for 2021-2027 provides that a significant part of the EU budget should continue to be dedicated to agriculture, which is a common policy of strategic importance. Thus, in current prices, it is proposed that the CAP should focus on its core activities with EUR 286.2 billion allocated to the EAGF and EUR 78.8 billion for the EAFRD.

These agricultural funds are complemented by additional funding from Horizon Europe, as the proposed envelope for this programme includes EUR 10 billion to support research and innovation in food, agriculture, rural development and the bioeconomy.

Documents

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
844 2018/0218(COD)
2018/11/06 CONT 7 amendments...
source: 629.440
2018/12/12 DEVE 706 amendments...
source: 632.088
2018/12/18 REGI 19 amendments...
source: 632.680
2019/01/10 ENVI 112 amendments...