BETA


2018/2110(INI) Implementation report as regards Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport within and outside the EU

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI DOHRMANN Jørn (icon: ECR ECR) RIBEIRO Sofia (icon: PPE PPE), NOICHL Maria (icon: S&D S&D), FEDERLEY Fredrick (icon: ALDE ALDE), HAZEKAMP Anja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), WAITZ Thomas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ZULLO Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ENVI KADENBACH Karin (icon: S&D S&D) Mark DEMESMAEKER (icon: ECR ECR), Stefan ECK (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Keith TAYLOR (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion TRAN TAYLOR Keith (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Tania GONZÁLEZ PEÑAS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Janusz ZEMKE (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion PETI VALLINA Ángela (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL) Beatriz BECERRA BASTERRECHEA (icon: ALDE ALDE), Notis MARIAS (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2019/07/17
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/02/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/02/14
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/02/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 411 votes to 43, with 110 abstentions, a resolution on the implementation of Council Regulation No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport within and outside the EU.

Implementation and enforcement

Members regretted the fact that the degree of progress in implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 by Member States has been insufficient to meet the Regulation’s main objective, which is to improve animal welfare during transport, particularly in relation to the verification of journey logs and the application of penalties.

Several policy recommendations were made, aimed at improving its implementation.

The Commission is called on to:

- ensure an effective and uniform enforcement of existing EU legislation on animal transport across all Member States;

- develop a harmonised EU sanction system;

- draw up a list of operators who have perpetrated repeated and serious breaches of the Regulation;

- develop harmonised procedures to grant approval to vessels and trucks and to take action to prevent the spreading of infectious animal diseases through transport, both within the EU and from third countries;

- develop geolocation systems to enable tracking of the animals' location and the duration of journeys in transport vehicles.

Member States were invited to make greater efforts to comply with the Regulation and in particular to:

- prosecute breaches of the Regulation, in particular repeated infringements, through vehicle confiscation and mandatory training for those responsible for animal welfare and transport;

- set up systems to prevent the repetition of infringements and to use their power to suspend or withdraw a carrier's authorisation;

- inform all other Member States concerned when they discover breaches.

Animal welfare strategy 2020-2024

Parliament also supported the new 2020-2024 animal welfare strategy and a clear definition of what constitutes fitness for transport and guidelines on how to assess it. It also want a science-based update of EU rules on transport vehicles to ensure:

- sufficient ventilation and temperature control,

- appropriate drinking systems and liquid feed,

- reduced stocking densities and specified sufficient minimum headroom, and

- vehicles adapted to the needs of each species.

Data collection, inspections and monitoring

Parliament called on the Commission to establish common minimum standards for traceability systems applicable to all journeys made in order to better harmonise data collection and the assessment of the parameters monitored.

In addition, the number of risk-based unannounced checks should be increased. Inspections should be carried out uniformly throughout the Union and on an adequate proportion of the animals transported each year within each Member State, in order to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market.

The Commission should provide guidance to Member States on how the Trade Control and Expert System (TRACES) can be used to support the preparation of risk analyses for inspections regarding the transport of live animals.

Long journey times

Parliament insisted that the journey time for all animals being transported should be only as long as necessary and should be limited as far as possible. It suggested alternative strategies, such as local or mobile slaughter and meat processing facilities close to the place of rearing or on-farm slaughter, short distribution circuits and direct sales, replacing, when possible, the transport of breeding animals by using semen or embryos, and transporting carcasses and meat products.

Emergency slaughtering directly on the livestock and fattening farms should be allowed in the event that an animal is found to be unfit to be transported.

Control and training

Parliament called on the competent authorities of the Member States to ensure the presence of official veterinarians at EU exit points to verify that the animals are fit to continue their journey. Member States should also provide for awareness-raising and information activities, including solid, regular and mandatory training, educational content and certificates for all operators involved in animal transport.

Third countries

Members stated that unless transport standards in non-EU countries are aligned with the EU ones and properly enforced, the EU should seek to mitigate the differences through bilateral agreements or, if not possible, ban transport of live animals to these countries.

They also called for EU states bordering non-EU countries to provide rest areas where animals could be unloaded and given food and water while waiting to leave the EU.

Documents
2019/02/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/01/31
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report by Jørn DOHRMANN (ECR, DK) on the implementation of Council Regulation No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport within and outside the EU.

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the Committee on Transport and Tourism, exercising their prerogatives as associated committees in accordance with Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure, also gave their opinions on the report.

Key policy recommendations

Implementation and enforcement

Members regretted the fact that the degree of progress in implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 by Member States has been insufficient to meet the Regulation’s main objective, which is to improve animal welfare during transport, particularly in relation to the verification of journey logs and the application of penalties. They called on Member States to substantially improve compliance with the Regulation.

Several policy recommendations were made, aimed at improving its implementation.

The Commission is called on to:

- ensure an effective and uniform enforcement of existing EU legislation on animal transport across all Member States;

- develop a harmonised EU sanction system;

- draw up a list of operators who have perpetrated repeated and serious breaches of the Regulation;

- develop harmonised procedures to grant approval to vessels and trucks and to take action to prevent the spreading of infectious animal diseases through transport, both within the EU and from third countries;

- develop geolocation systems to enable tracking of the animals' location and the duration of journeys in transport vehicles.

Animal welfare strategy 2020-2024

Members also supported the new 2020-2024 animal welfare strategy and a clear definition of what constitutes fitness for transport and guidelines on how to assess it. They also want a science-based update of EU rules on transport vehicles to ensure:

- sufficient ventilation and temperature control,

- appropriate drinking systems and liquid feed,

- reduced stocking densities and specified sufficient minimum headroom, and

- vehicles adapted to the needs of each species.

Data collection, inspections and monitoring

Members regretted the difficulty of carrying out a coherent analysis of the implementation of the Regulation that exists owing to differing approaches to data collection between Member States.

They called on the Commission to set common minimum standards for tracing systems regarding all journeys in order to allow more harmonised data collection and assessment of the parameters monitored. The number of unannounced spot inspections should be increased.

Long journey times

Members insisted that the journey time for all animals being transported should be only as long as necessary and should be limited as far as possible. They suggested alternative strategies, such as local or mobile slaughter and meat processing facilities close to the place of rearing or on-farm slaughter, short distribution circuits and direct sales. Emergency slaughtering directly on the livestock and fattening farms should be allowed in the event that an animal is found to be unfit to be transported.

Members asked the Commission to carry out research on appropriate journey times for different species and to develop a strategy to shift from live animal transport mainly to transport of meat-and-carcass and germinal products, when possible.

Third countries and rest areas

Members stated that unless transport standards in non-EU countries are aligned with the EU ones and properly enforced, the EU should seek to mitigate the differences through bilateral agreements or, if not possible, ban transport of live animals to these countries.

They also called for EU states bordering non-EU countries to provide rest areas where animals could be unloaded and given food and water while waiting to leave the EU.

Documents
2019/01/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2018/12/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/12
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/11/12
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/06/14
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/06/14
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2018/06/06
   EP - VALLINA Ángela (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in PETI
2018/05/24
   EP - TAYLOR Keith (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2018/05/22
   EP - KADENBACH Karin (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2018/05/18
   EP - DOHRMANN Jørn (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - Am 17 14/02/2019 12:25:00.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 316, -: 251, 0: 25
IT BE AT NL FI DE SE EL LU MT CZ DK PT BG LT GB EE CY LV FR HR IE HU SI SK ES RO PL
Total
55
15
18
25
12
80
13
10
5
5
18
11
18
14
8
54
4
2
7
62
10
7
9
8
11
41
24
44
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3

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A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - Am 4/1 14/02/2019 12:25:34.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 523, -: 45, 0: 24
DE FR IT PL GB ES RO NL BE AT BG SE SK HU FI HR LT SI LV CZ DK PT LU IE EE MT EL CY
Total
79
63
54
45
54
42
24
25
16
18
13
13
11
11
12
10
8
8
7
18
11
16
5
7
4
5
9
2
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170

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A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - Am 4/2 14/02/2019 12:25:45.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 349, -: 212, 0: 32
PL FR ES RO BG CZ SK FI NL IE DE HR HU LT BE SI LV DK PT AT EE LU MT CY GB SE EL IT
Total
44
66
41
24
14
17
11
10
25
7
81
9
11
8
16
8
7
11
18
18
4
5
5
2
52
13
9
55
icon: PPE PPE
171

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2

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A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - Am 18rev 14/02/2019 12:25:56.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 321, -: 256, 0: 17
IT DE BE GB DK SE FI PT BG AT NL EL HR CY LV FR LT CZ EE IE HU LU SI SK MT ES RO PL
Total
55
80
16
54
11
13
11
17
14
18
24
7
10
2
7
66
8
17
4
7
11
5
8
11
5
42
24
45
icon: S&D S&D
142

Finland S&D

1

Bulgaria S&D

2

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3

Greece S&D

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2

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2

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1

Latvia S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Czechia S&D

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3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

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1

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1

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2

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

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Germany ALDE

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4

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1

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1

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1

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58
2

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A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - § 24 14/02/2019 12:26:26.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 575, -: 8, 0: 2
DE FR IT GB ES PL RO NL PT AT CZ BE BG SE FI DK HU HR SK LT SI EL LV IE LU MT EE CY
Total
80
64
53
53
41
44
23
25
18
18
17
15
13
13
11
11
11
10
10
8
8
8
7
6
5
5
4
2
icon: PPE PPE
166

United Kingdom PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Ireland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
140

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

2

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

2

France NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark NI

1

Hungary NI

2

A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann - § 41 14/02/2019 12:26:59.000

2019/02/14 Outcome: +: 337, -: 224, 0: 33
IT GB DK BE AT CZ FI PT ES NL MT PL BG FR LT SE CY EL IE DE HR EE LU LV SK SI HU RO
Total
55
54
11
16
18
18
12
16
41
25
5
45
14
65
8
12
2
8
7
81
10
4
5
7
11
8
11
23
icon: S&D S&D
141

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Malta S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

Abstain (1)

4

Portugal ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Czechia ECR

2
2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Italy GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Italy NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Denmark NI

1

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Germany NI

2

Hungary NI

2
icon: ENF ENF
33

United Kingdom ENF

3

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
45

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

For (1)

4

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

France Verts/ALE

5

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2
icon: PPE PPE
171

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria PPE

For