BETA


2019/2028(BUD) 2020 general budget: all sections

Progress: Budgetary conciliation committee convened

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Former Responsible Committee BUDG HOHLMEIER Monika (icon: EPP EPP), GARDIAZABAL RUBIAL Eider (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion AFET GAHLER Michael (icon: EPP EPP) Anna FOTYGA (icon: ECR ECR), Neena GILL (icon: S&D S&D), Urmas PAET (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion DEVE GOERENS Charles (icon: Renew Renew)
Former Committee Opinion INTA LANGE Bernd (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion CONT CREȚU Corina (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion ECON Jonás FERNÁNDEZ (icon: S&D S&D), Sven GIEGOLD (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Former Committee Opinion EMPL ĎURIŠ NICHOLSONOVÁ Lucia (icon: ECR ECR) Brando BENIFEI (icon: S&D S&D), Yana TOOM (icon: ALDE ALDE), Tomáš ZDECHOVSKÝ (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI CANFIN Pascal (icon: Renew Renew) Monika BEŇOVÁ (icon: S&D S&D), Bas EICKHOUT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Kateřina KONEČNÁ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Adina-Ioana VĂLEAN (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion ITRE VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (icon: EPP EPP)
Former Committee Opinion IMCO HAHN Svenja (icon: Renew Renew) Jiří POSPÍŠIL (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion TRAN FREUND Daniel (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Maria GRAPINI (icon: S&D S&D), Marian-Jean MARINESCU (icon: PPE PPE), Roberts ZĪLE (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion REGI OMARJEE Younous (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Committee Opinion AGRI DE CASTRO Paolo (icon: S&D S&D) Anthea McINTYRE (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion PECH DAVIES Chris (icon: Renew Renew) Richard CORBETT (icon: S&D S&D), Ruža TOMAŠIĆ (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion CULT KAMMEREVERT Petra (icon: S&D S&D) Christian EHLER (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion JURI
Former Committee Opinion LIBE DELBOS-CORFIELD Gwendoline (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Cornelia ERNST (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Tomáš ZDECHOVSKÝ (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion AFCO TAJANI Antonio (icon: EPP EPP)
Former Committee Opinion FEMM FITZGERALD Frances (icon: EPP EPP) Maria NOICHL (icon: S&D S&D), Monika VANA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Jadwiga WIŚNIEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion PETI
Lead committee dossier:

Events

2019/10/23
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 529 votes to 130, with 43 abstentions, a resolution on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.

Parliament:

- set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 170 971 519 973 in commitment appropriations , an increase of EUR 2 699 813 994 over the draft budget;

- decided to make available EUR 280 700 000 in commitment appropriations further to de-commitments under Article 15(3) of the Financial Regulation;

- set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 159 146 168 195 in payment appropriations .

In its resolution, Parliament stressed that the 2020 budget should pave the way for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and is the last chance for the Union to come closer to meeting the political commitments set for that period, including towards reaching the EU climate target and implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights and the Union's target to reach a carbon-neutral economy by 2050.

Restoring appropriations

Parliament took note of the Council position on the draft budget, which reduced commitment appropriations by EUR 1.51 billion compared to the Commission's proposal. Considering that the Council’s cuts flatly contradict the Union’s priorities, they called for appropriations to be restored on all lines cut by the Council to the level of the DB, for both operational and administrative expenditure, and to take the DB as the starting point to build its position upon.

Enhanced climate budget

Parliament stressed the need to tackle climate change and protect the environment in a way that promotes employment, enhances competitiveness, promotes sustainable development and ensures social prosperity. It regretted that, under the current MFF, the Union budget has limited means to address the climate challenge on its own and points to the much higher needs for investment in this area, estimated by the Commission in the range of EUR 175 to 290 billion a year. The 2020 budget should also prepare the Union for an even more ambitious target for climate and biodiversity mainstreaming in the 2021-2027 MFF.

While calling for a concrete proposal on the European Green Deal, Parliament proposed to substantially increase by more than EUR 2 billion above the draft budget levels for budget lines across the different headings - in particular subheading 1a. of the MFF - to respond to environmental challenges and climate change.

Other additional financing

Parliament made a series of observations and recommendations for each subheading of the MFF. In particular, it:

- (i) significantly increased - EUR 737.8 million in commitment appropriations - the appropriations allocated to Horizon 2020 above the draft budget levels and (ii) allocated to the most relevant Horizon 2020 budget lines for climate-related research projects the full amount of EUR 280.7 million in commitment appropriations decommitted in 2018 as a result of the non-implementation of research projects;

- proposed to increase the funding for the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) (CEF-Transport and CEF-Energy) by a total amount of EUR 545 million in commitment appropriations above the draft budget levels;

- adopted an increase of EUR 50 million in commitment appropriations for the COSME programme in order to further stimulate the programme's capacity to promote entrepreneurship, especially among women, and to improve competitiveness and market access for EU companies;

- adopted an increase of EUR 123.4 million in commitment appropriations above the draft budget level to meet future demands for Erasmus+, the main programme for education and training, including vocational education and training, youth and sport in Europe.

Parliament also recommended:

- strengthening the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) beyond the amount proposed by the Commission, also to ensure a smooth transition to the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) in the next MFF;

- reinforcing budget lines relating to Parliament's priorities, in areas such as SMEs, digitalisation, artificial intelligence, cancer research, security and justice cooperation, customs, migration and external policy, including humanitarian and development aid.

Flexibility Instrument

In order to adequately financing the pressing priorities and considering the very tight or inexistent margins under certain Headings in 2020, Parliament stated that the Flexibility Instrument and the Global Margin for Commitments need to be fully mobilised, the Contingency Margin needs to be mobilised, while part of it also remains available for the financing of unforeseen events that may occur in the course of next year.

Payments

Members pointed to the unprecedented margin of EUR 20 067.6 million left under the payment ceiling in the DB, as a result of the very late take-off of the 2014-2020 programmes and a corresponding accumulation of unused payments, notably in Subheading 1b. They stressed the necessity to prevent a substantial accumulation of payment claims in the beginning of the next MFF that may lead to another payment crisis in the Union budget.

Parliament, therefore, increased payments for European Structural and Investment Funds by an overall EUR 3 billion based on the expectation that Member States will further accelerate the implementation of their operational programmes in the last year of the current MFF, and better adhere to their own forecasts.

Lastly as regards Parliament, Members proposed to restores the appropriations established in the estimates on the basis of a careful and responsible analysis of the needs of Parliament for 2020. However, they expressed concern about the Commission's cuts to Parliament's budget.

Documents
2019/10/23
   EP/CSL - Start of budgetary conciliation (Parliament and Council)
2019/10/22
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/10/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Details

The European Commission presents to the European Parliament and to the Council Amending Letter No 1 to the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.

Overall, the net impact of AL 1/2020 on expenditure in the draft budget 2020 is an increase of EUR 16.4 million in commitment appropriations and a decrease of EUR 5.4 million in payment appropriations.

European agricultural guarantee fund

AL 1/2020 updates estimates for agricultural expenditure based on the most up-to-date economic data and legislative framework. Apart from taking into account market factors, this AL 1/2020 also incorporates the impact of legislative decisions in the agricultural sector since the DB 2020 was drawn up in June 2019, as well as for some that are still under preparation, soon to be adopted.

Overall, 2020 EAGF needs (after taking into account EAGF provisions related to 'financial discipline') are now estimated at EUR 44 481.1 million, which is an increase by EUR 304.3 million compared to the DB 2020. This increase is mostly due to additional needs for:

- chapter 05 07 Audit of agricultural expenditure financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) (+EUR 174.3 million);

- chapter 05 03 Direct payments aimed at contributing to farm incomes, limiting farm incomes variability and meeting environment and climate objectives (+EUR 94 million);

- chapter 05 02 Improving the competitiveness of the agricultural sector through interventions in agricultural markets for +EUR 36 million.

The amount of assigned revenue estimated to be available in 2020 increases from EUR 645 million in DB 2020 to EUR 999 million (+EUR 354 million), more than compensating the additional needs.

As a result of these updates, the Commission proposes to reduce the expenditure estimates for agriculture by –EUR 49.7 million compared to DB 2020. Commitment appropriations of EUR 43 482.1 million, which include EUR 478 million for the Reserve for crises in the agricultural sector, are required to cover EAGF needs for 2020.

Adjustments related to the legislative proposals included in the Brexit preparedness package

European Union Solidarity Fund

The Commission proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 in order to provide financial assistance to Member States to cover serious financial burden inflicted on them following a withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union without an agreement introduces a new Article with a higher maximum amount of EUR 100 million for advances (compared to EUR 50 million in the initial regulation).

Therefore the Commission proposes to increase of the level of advance payments under the European Union Solidarity Fund by EUR 50 million, and to put that additional amount under reserve pending the adoption of the amendment to the legal base by the European Parliament and the Council.

Creation of a new budget line in the General Statement of Revenue

In order to allow the Commission to implement the proposal , in particular to enable it to enter the contribution of the United Kingdom in the general budget, the necessary budgetary structure needs to be created for the 2020 budget. The Commission therefore proposes to create a new budget line in part B of the General Statement of revenue: new Article 3 8 0 intended to receive the UK contribution in relation to the application of the contingency framework.

Adjustments concerning the administrative budgets of the European Parliament and the European External Action Service, and partnership agreements in the field of sustainable fisheries

European Parliament

The Commission proposes to include in the 2020 DB the following elements: (i) 89 additional posts for the 2020 establishment plan and (ii) EUR 13.3 million of appropriations for external staff, corresponding to 155 contract agent posts, as well as the increase in appropriations necessary to cover salary updates and career progression.

European External Action Service

Since the presentation of the DB 2020, two items in the section of the European External Action Service (EEAS) have evolved, and require updating, namely:

- the NEO building: the reprioritisation and planned redeployment, the additional amount requested for 2020 (EUR 5 million) can be reduced to EUR 2.8 million;

- adaptation of the staffing of the EU Office in Kosovo: additional budget to finance three further posts was made available to the EEAS as from January 2019, bringing the total number of posts for transition tasks to 15.

Update of the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements

The Commission proposes to move commitment appropriations for an amount of EUR 16.9 million and payment appropriations for an amount of EUR 14.9 million from the reserve (40 02 41) to the operational line (11 03 01 Establishing a governance framework for fishing activities carried out by Union fishing vessels in third country waters). This budgetary-neutral transfer relates to the Fisheries Agreements with the Republic of Cape Verde, the Republic of the Gambia and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

Technical adjustments and corrections

The Commission proposes:

- to put in place the necessary budgetary structure in the 2020 budget to enable the Commission to start implementing the Innovation Fund created by Directive (EU) 2018/410 of the European Parliament and of the Council, in particular with a view to launching, by mid-2020, a first call for project proposals;

- to reduce payment appropriations for the European Union Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) by EUR 21.8 million, giving a total of EUR 196 million, which represents the actual needs of the agency for 2020.

Documents
2019/10/15
   EP - Budgetary report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Budgets adopted the report by Monika HOHLMEIER (EPP, DE) and Eider GARDIAZABAL RUBIAL (S&D, ES) on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.

The committee proposed to set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 170 971 519 973 in commitment appropriations, an increase of EUR 2 699 813 994 over the draft budget, and to set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 159 146 168 195 in payment appropriations.

Members stressed that the 2020 budget should pave the way for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and provide a solid starting point for the launch of the new generation of Union programmes and policies; recalls, moreover, that 2020 is the last year of the current MFF and, therefore, the last chance for the Union to come closer to meeting the political commitments set for that period, including towards reaching the EU climate target and implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights.

Restoring appropriations

Members took note of the Council position on the draft budget, which reduced commitment appropriations by EUR 1.51 billion compared to the Commission's proposal. Considering that the Council’s cuts flatly contradict the Union’s priorities, they called for appropriations to be restored on all lines cut by the Council to the level of the DB, for both operational and administrative expenditure, and to take the DB as the starting point to build its position upon.

Enhanced climate budget

Members stressed the need to tackle climate change and protect the environment in a way that promotes employment, enhances competitiveness, promotes sustainable development and ensures social prosperity. They stressed the essential role of new and emerging technologies in achieving this objective. The 2020 budget should also prepare the Union for an even more ambitious target for climate and biodiversity mainstreaming in the 2021-2027 MFF.

Therefore, Members proposed to substantially increase by more than EUR 2 billion above the draft budget levels for budget lines across the different headings - in particular subheading 1a. of the MFF - to respond to environmental challenges and climate change.

Other additional financing

Members also recommended that:

- the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) be strengthened beyond the amount proposed by the Commission, also to ensure a smooth transition to the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) in the next MFF;

- financial resources need to be strengthened to meet future demands for Erasmus+, the key flagship programme for education and training, including vocational education and training, youth and sport in Europe;

- budget lines relating to Parliament's priorities, in areas such as SMEs, digitalisation, artificial intelligence, cancer research, security and justice cooperation, customs, migration and external policy, including humanitarian and development aid should be reinforced.

Flexibility Instrument

In order to adequately financing the pressing priorities and considering the very tight or inexistent margins under certain Headings in 2020, Members stated that the Flexibility Instrument and the Global Margin for Commitments need to be fully mobilised, the Contingency Margin needs to be mobilised, while part of it also remains available for the financing of unforeseen events that may occur in the course of next year.

They also stressed the need to fully re-use de-commitments for research as laid down in Article 15(3) of the Financial Regulation.

Members then made a series of observations and recommendations for each subheading of the MFF.

European Parliament

Members proposed to restores the appropriations established in the estimates on the basis of a careful and responsible analysis of the needs of Parliament for 2020. However, they expressed concern about the Commission's cuts to Parliament's budget.

Members want to increase two lines above the draft budget, due to the higher rate of non re-election following the European elections (63%, whilst an average of 50% served as the calculation basis) and the postponement of Brexit to 31 October 2019. They also want to increase the line on European political foundations.

Documents
2019/10/14
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/10/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/10/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/10/03
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2019/10/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/10/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/10/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/27
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/25
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2019/09/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/09/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/05
   CSL - Council position on draft budget published
Details

The Council adopted its position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.

For the budget for the next financial year, the Council plans in total:

- EUR 166 763.93 million in commitment appropriations (c/a) and

- EUR 153 111.91 million in payment appropriations (c/p).

Compared to 2019, commitment appropriations increase by +0.58 % and payment appropriations increase by +3.32 %.

The total amount of payment appropriations foreseen corresponds to 0.90 % of the EU's gross national income (GNI).

GUIDING PRINCIPLES

The Council's position on the BP 2020 has been defined according to the guiding principles of prudent and realistic budgeting and sufficient resources to support clearly defined priorities. The application of these principles should make it possible to leave sufficient margins under the ceilings to be able to deal with unforeseen circumstances:

- These guiding principles led the Budget Committee to undertake a detailed analysis of the commitment appropriations for each programme and action by budget line, based on two concepts: (i) a well-founded absorption capacity shown by the real implementation of the programmes in previous years; (ii) a realistic acceleration of the implementation of programmes by avoiding excessive increases compared to 2019.

- Payment appropriations were not targeted during this year's budgetary analysis, given the already high margin. Most of the reductions of payment appropriations are a consequence of reductions of non-differentiated appropriations.

- As regards administrative expenditure, a stringent approach was taken. Yet, all institutions benefit from an increase of their annual budget for 2020. An analysis by budget line conducted by the Budget Committee allowed adjustments, in particular, in view of stabilising the staffing levels.

- As regards decentralised agencies, it is suggested to reduce the overall level of contributions from the Union budget by -EUR 36.99 million in commitment and payment appropriations.

EXPENDITURE BY HEADING OF THE MULTIANNUAL FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK

HEADING 1: Smart and inclusive growth : EUR 82.439 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 72.011 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.37% and 6.59% respectively compared to 2019.

1a) Competitiveness for growth and jobs : EUR 23.969 billion in commitments appropriations and EUR 22.004 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.72% and 7.22% respectively compared to 2019.

The subheading focused on the following elements:

- establish the level of c/e by aiming for a total reduction of -EUR 747 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020;

- set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of - EUR 104.42 million.

The planned reductions mainly concern:

- the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation (- EUR 424.90 million, of which - EUR 413 million for Horizon 2020;

- the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) (- EUR 197 million, of which - EUR 169 million for transport and - EUR 28 million for information and communication technologies (ICT);

- the European Strategic Investment Fund (EFSI) (- EUR 90 million) and the Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME) (- EUR 20 million).

The amounts take into account the reductions in contributions granted to the decentralised agencies, totalling -EUR 2.5 million in commitment and payment appropriations under this subheading.

The margin available under heading 1a would amount to EUR 1 221 million.

1b) Economic, social and territorial cohesion : EUR 58.470 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 50.007 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.23% and 6.32% respectively compared to 2019.

The sub-heading is characterised by the following elements:

- establish the level of commitment appropriations by targeting a total reduction of EUR -141.89 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 for specific budget lines, namely for the Youth Employment Initiative (additional specific envelope) (-EUR 116.67 million) and for technical assistance and innovative actions (-EUR 25.22 million);

- set the level of payment appropriations by reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 for the Youth Employment Initiative (specific top-up allocation) by an amount of -EUR 35.00 million.

The global margin for commitments would no longer be used. The margin available under subheading 1b would be zero.

HEADING 2: Sustainable growth - natural resources : EUR 59.751 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 57.774 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 0.18% and 0.65% respectively compared to 2019.

The main features of this section include:

- to reduce the level of commitment appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by -EUR 243.90 million on operational lines, namely under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund -Market related expenditure and direct payments (-EUR 239.90 million) and the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPAs) (-EUR 4.00 million);

- to set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of -EUR 239.90 million as a consequence of the reduction in commitment appropriations on the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund where non-differentiated appropriations are concerned.

The margin available under this heading would be EUR 669.99 million.

HEADING 3: Security and citizenship : EUR 3.602 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 3.689 billion in payment appropriations, a reduction of -4.86% and an increase of 4.59% respectively compared to 2019.

The heading is characterised by the following elements:

- to establish the level of commitment appropriations, targeting a total reduction of -EUR 126.34 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 on a number of specific budget lines, namely related to Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, Internal Security Fund, Food and feed, communication actions, Creative Europe, Rights, Equality and Citizenship, Health, Europe for Citizens, Justice and Consumer;

- set the level of payment appropriations by reducing the appropriations requested in the 2020 DB by a total amount of EUR -34.49 million;

- place in reserve an amount of EUR 400 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 115.4 million in payment appropriations in respect of the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund.

The margin available under this heading would be zero. Given the absence of a margin, the flexibility instrument is in the amount of EUR 338.90 million and the Global Margin for Commitments is used in the amount of EUR 312.83 million.

HEADING 4: Global Europe : EUR 10.114 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 8.946 billion in payment appropriations, a reduction of -10.64% and -4.41% respectively compared to 2019.

The Council proposed:

- to establish the level of commitment appropriations, targeting a total reduction by -EUR 193.24 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 on a number of specific budget lines, including operational expenditure, namely related to the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), Humanitarian aid (HUMA), the Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA II), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), the Partnership instrument for cooperation with third countries (PI), the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), the EU Aid Volunteers initiative (EUAV);

- to set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of -EUR 40.00 million as a consequence of the reductions in commitment appropriations where non-differentiated appropriations are concerned, of which -EUR 20.00 million in the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), -EUR 10.00 million in the Instrument for Preaccession assistance (IPA II) and -EUR 10.00 million in the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).

The margin available under heading 4 would be EUR 395.67 million.

HEADING 5: Administration : Administrative expenditure would amount to EUR 10.269 billion, an increase of 3.28% compared to 2019.

The margin available under this heading would amount to EUR 732.94 million.

Special instruments

The Council suggested maintaining the appropriations entered in the DB 2020 for the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund and the European Union Solidarity Fund. It proposed to mobilise the Global Margin for Commitments in the amount of EUR 312.83 million in commitment appropriations and the Flexibility Instrument in the amount of EUR 338.90 million in commitment appropriations.

Documents
2019/09/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/04
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/09/03
   EP - TAJANI Antonio (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2019/07/24
   EP - ĎURIŠ NICHOLSONOVÁ Lucia (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2019/07/24
   EP - DELBOS-CORFIELD Gwendoline (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2019/07/23
   EP - GOERENS Charles (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2019/07/23
   EP - OMARJEE Younous (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2019/07/18
   EP - LANGE Bernd (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2019/07/18
   EP - CANFIN Pascal (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2019/07/18
   EP - HAHN Svenja (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2019/07/18
   EP - FREUND Daniel (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2019/07/17
   EP - CREȚU Corina (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CONT
2019/07/16
   EP - VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2019/07/16
   EP - DE CASTRO Paolo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2019/07/15
   EP - GAHLER Michael (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2019/07/15
   EP - KAMMEREVERT Petra (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2019/07/11
   EP - HOHLMEIER Monika (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2019/07/11
   EP - GARDIAZABAL RUBIAL Eider (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2019/07/10
   EP - DAVIES Chris (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in PECH
2019/07/09
   EP - FITZGERALD Frances (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2019/07/05
   EC - Commission draft budget published
Details

PURPOSE: presentation of the Commission’s draft general budget for 2020 (all sections).

BACKGROUND: the EU budget for 2020 is the latest budget under the EU's Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2014 to 2020 and falls within the limits set by that framework. The proposal is based on the principle that the United Kingdom will participate fully in the implementation and financing of the EU 2020 budget as if it were a Member State.

The 2020 budget will be implemented during the first year of the mandate of a newly elected European Parliament and a new European Commission. In order to ensure the required stability and continuity from one programming period to the next, the Commission considers it essential that an agreement within the European Council on the new MFF be reached in autumn 2019, in accordance with the conclusions of the European Council of December 2018, followed by a comprehensive agreement by the end of 2019.

PROPOSED APPROPRIATIONS

The draft budget for 2020 (including special instruments) is as follows:

- total commitment appropriations (including special instruments) would amount to EUR 168 271.7 million , corresponding to 0.99% of GNI, an increase of EUR 2 082.5 million compared to the 2019 budget (+1.3%). The resulting total margin under the MFF commitment ceiling is EUR 1 781.0 million;

- payment appropriations would amount to EUR 153 620.7 million , corresponding to 0.90 % of GNI and representing an increase of 3.5 % compared to payment appropriations in the 2019 budget. The margin that remains below the MFF payment ceiling for 2020 is EUR 20 067.6 million.

KEY PRIORITIES FOR 2020

The 2020 EU budget is therefore a budget of continuity and transition. It will continue to support the achievements of the EU in the past years and the priorities of the current programmes, but will also offer the best possible starting point for the new generation of programmes starting in 2021.

As far as the Commission's proposal is concerned, the appropriations allocated under the 2020 budget are mainly intended for the following priority areas:

(1) Sustainable and inclusive investment, growth and jobs

More than EUR 83 billion in commitments are intended to stimulate economic growth and European regions and support youth.

For growth to benefit all Europeans, and in particular those that are hit the hardest, the EU and its Member States will have to invest in the jobs of the future and create opportunity from the digital and low-carbon transition. The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) will further support the deployment and operation of digital service infrastructures, fast and ultrafast broadband networks and free local wireless access points through the WiFi4EU initiative

The 2020 budget will also contribute to the European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking, aiming to develop and support ultra-fast (exascale) supercomputing by 2022/2023 and will fund new components of Horizon 2020, such as the enhanced European Innovation Council pilot initiative, paving the way to the successor programme, Horizon Europe.

The Commission plans to allocate EUR 13.2 billion for research and innovation across Europe in the context of Horizon 2020 and EUR 1.2 billion (+75% compared to 2019) for Galileo, Europe's own satellite radionavigation system.

The draft budget also proposes EUR 255 million for the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) in 2020 to encourage companies to cooperate in the joint development of defence products and technology until a genuine European Defence Fund is established in 2021.

In the fields of education, training, youth and sport, EUR 2.8 billion will be available for the Erasmus+ programme. With a budget of EUR 166 million, the European Solidarity Corps will enable young people to gain experience in volunteering with many types of organisations across Europe. The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) has so far received just over EUR 4.4 billion in the current MFF, and an additional EUR 116.7 million is proposed for 2020.

(2) Migration, solidarity and security in an increasingly multipolar world

The EU budget will continue in 2020 to implement all measures taken at European level that allow for better management of migration flows, less irregular migration and more attention to the root causes of migration: the new Entry-Exit System to strengthen border management, the European Travel Information and Authorisation System, the upgraded Schengen Information System, the Facility for Refugees in Turkey and the European Fund for Sustainable Development to name but a few. The EU budget will continue to deliver all these measures in 2020, and will support more sustainable long-term measures if these are agreed in the meantime.

Similarly, awaiting the adoption of the Commission’s proposal to review the Dublin Regulation, the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) for 2020 should continue to support Member States under pressure, with a particular focus on Greece, and assist solidarity and resettlement efforts.

The draft budget provides in particular for:

- EUR 420.6 million (+34.6% compared to 2019) for the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), following the agreement reached in March 2019 by the European Parliament and the Council to set up a standing corps of 10 000 border guards by 2027;

- EUR 56.2 million for the new rescEU programme (modernisation of the Union's civil protection mechanism) to increase response capacity to earthquakes, forest fires and other disasters;

- EUR 560 million for people in need in Syria and for refugees and their host communities in the region, as well as a EUR 60 million reinforcement for the European Neighbourhood Instrument for the North Africa window of the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa to prevent irregular migration and improve the situation of migrants and refugees.

(3) The fight against climate change

The Commission's proposal foresees spending 21% of the overall budget for 2020 on climate change, which is part of the ambitious objective of spending 20% of the EU's long-term budget on climate change activities. An even more ambitious target is proposed for the next MFF, to support the EU's commitment under the Paris Agreement to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 with a view to a climate-neutral economy.

MAIN ASPECTS BY HEADING OF THE FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK 2014-2020

In the MFF, the overall ceiling for commitment appropriations for 2020 is EUR 168 797 million, which represents 0.99% of the Union's gross national income (GNI). The ceiling for payment appropriations is EUR 172 420 million, or 1,01 % of GNI.

- Heading 1a - Competitiveness for growth and employment : commitment appropriations amount to EUR 24 716.4 million. This amount is up by 5.5% compared to the 2019 budget, mainly due to increase under the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation, the Connecting Europe Facility, major infrastructure projects and Erasmus+. This leaves a margin of EUR 474.6 million. Payment appropriations increase by 7.7 % to EUR 22 108.5 million.

- Heading 1b - Economic, social and territorial cohesion : commitment appropriations increased by 2.5% to EUR 58 611.9 million, leaving no margin. Payment appropriations for the heading increase by 6.4 % compared to the 2019 budget to EUR 50 042.4 million. There is no need for payment appropriations for the closure of the 2007-2013 programmes as they are all expected to be closed in 2019. The implementation of the 2014-2020 programmes should continue at cruising speed.

- Heading 2 - Sustainable growth: natural resources : commitment appropriations for agriculture, fisheries and environment policies amount to EUR 59 994.9 million, an increase of 0.6% compared to the 2019 budget. The level of expenditure leaves a margin of EUR 426.1 million under the ceiling. Payment appropriations amounted to EUR 58 014.3 million, an increase of 1.1% compared to 2019. The financing of market-related expenditure and direct payments under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund amounts to EUR 43 531.8 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 43 501.7 million in payment appropriations.

- Heading 3 - Security and citizenship : the level of commitment appropriations for heading 3 is set at EUR 3 729.1 million, which is 2.5% lower than the 2019 budget but still EUR 778.1 million above the ceiling, which requires the mobilisation of the flexibility instrument for the same amount. Payment appropriations amount to EUR 3 723.9 million, which represents an increase of 5.6 % compared to the 2019 budget.

- Heading 4 - Global Europe : the Commission proposes commitment appropriations amounting to EUR 10 307.6 million (- 8.9% compared to the 2019 budget). For 2020, it is proposed to use EUR 240 million of the unallocated margin under this heading to reinforce the humanitarian aid and European Neighbourhood Instrument lines by EUR 120 million each in order to meet the commitment made at the 2019 Syria conference. Payment appropriations amount to EUR 8 986.1 million, which corresponds to a decrease of 4.0 %.

- Heading 5 - Administration : all institutions combined, including pensions and the European Schools, increased by 3.8 %, (payment appropriations also increased by 3.8 %), commitments amounting to EUR 10 324.1 million. The margin still available amounts to EUR 677.9 million for 2020.

One of the Commission's key priorities is to ensure that the EU budget creates added value for EU citizens. The draft budget for 2020 has been drawn up taking into account information on the performance of all EU spending programmes, which shows that the EU budget produces concrete results for citizens in the EU and beyond.

Documents

Activities

AmendmentsDossier
452 2019/2028(BUD)
2019/01/28 CULT 56 amendments...
source: 641.115
2019/07/24 ENVI 27 amendments...
source: 639.804
2019/07/25 IMCO 29 amendments...
source: 639.809
2019/07/29 AGRI 53 amendments...
source: 639.812
2019/08/14 AFCO 7 amendments...
source: 639.934
2019/08/28 PECH 62 amendments...
source: 639.923
2019/09/06 EMPL 60 amendments...
source: 641.080
2019/09/09 CONT 22 amendments...
source: 641.113
2019/10/08 BUDG 136 amendments...
source: 641.401

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • The Committee on Budgets adopted the report by Monika HOHLMEIER (EPP, DE) and Eider GARDIAZABAL RUBIAL (S&D, ES) on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.
  • The committee proposed to set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 170 971 519 973 in commitment appropriations, an increase of EUR 2 699 813 994 over the draft budget, and to set the overall level of budget appropriations for 2020 (all sections) at EUR 159 146 168 195 in payment appropriations.
  • Members stressed that the 2020 budget should pave the way for the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) and provide a solid starting point for the launch of the new generation of Union programmes and policies; recalls, moreover, that 2020 is the last year of the current MFF and, therefore, the last chance for the Union to come closer to meeting the political commitments set for that period, including towards reaching the EU climate target and implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights.
  • Restoring appropriations
  • Members took note of the Council position on the draft budget, which reduced commitment appropriations by EUR 1.51 billion compared to the Commission's proposal. Considering that the Council’s cuts flatly contradict the Union’s priorities, they called for appropriations to be restored on all lines cut by the Council to the level of the DB, for both operational and administrative expenditure, and to take the DB as the starting point to build its position upon.
  • Enhanced climate budget
  • Members stressed the need to tackle climate change and protect the environment in a way that promotes employment, enhances competitiveness, promotes sustainable development and ensures social prosperity. They stressed the essential role of new and emerging technologies in achieving this objective. The 2020 budget should also prepare the Union for an even more ambitious target for climate and biodiversity mainstreaming in the 2021-2027 MFF.
  • Therefore, Members proposed to substantially increase by more than EUR 2 billion above the draft budget levels for budget lines across the different headings - in particular subheading 1a. of the MFF - to respond to environmental challenges and climate change.
  • Other additional financing
  • Members also recommended that:
  • - the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) be strengthened beyond the amount proposed by the Commission, also to ensure a smooth transition to the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+) in the next MFF;
  • - financial resources need to be strengthened to meet future demands for Erasmus+, the key flagship programme for education and training, including vocational education and training, youth and sport in Europe;
  • - budget lines relating to Parliament's priorities, in areas such as SMEs, digitalisation, artificial intelligence, cancer research, security and justice cooperation, customs, migration and external policy, including humanitarian and development aid should be reinforced.
  • Flexibility Instrument
  • In order to adequately financing the pressing priorities and considering the very tight or inexistent margins under certain Headings in 2020, Members stated that the Flexibility Instrument and the Global Margin for Commitments need to be fully mobilised, the Contingency Margin needs to be mobilised, while part of it also remains available for the financing of unforeseen events that may occur in the course of next year.
  • They also stressed the need to fully re-use de-commitments for research as laid down in Article 15(3) of the Financial Regulation.
  • Members then made a series of observations and recommendations for each subheading of the MFF.
  • European Parliament
  • Members proposed to restores the appropriations established in the estimates on the basis of a careful and responsible analysis of the needs of Parliament for 2020. However, they expressed concern about the Commission's cuts to Parliament's budget.
  • Members want to increase two lines above the draft budget, due to the higher rate of non re-election following the European elections (63%, whilst an average of 50% served as the calculation basis) and the postponement of Brexit to 31 October 2019. They also want to increase the line on European political foundations.
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  • The Council adopted its position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2020.
  • For the budget for the next financial year, the Council plans in total:
  • - EUR 166 763.93 million in commitment appropriations (c/a) and
  • - EUR 153 111.91 million in payment appropriations (c/p).
  • Compared to 2019, commitment appropriations increase by +0.58 % and payment appropriations increase by +3.32 %.
  • The total amount of payment appropriations foreseen corresponds to 0.90 % of the EU's gross national income (GNI).
  • GUIDING PRINCIPLES
  • The Council's position on the BP 2020 has been defined according to the guiding principles of prudent and realistic budgeting and sufficient resources to support clearly defined priorities. The application of these principles should make it possible to leave sufficient margins under the ceilings to be able to deal with unforeseen circumstances:
  • - These guiding principles led the Budget Committee to undertake a detailed analysis of the commitment appropriations for each programme and action by budget line, based on two concepts: (i) a well-founded absorption capacity shown by the real implementation of the programmes in previous years; (ii) a realistic acceleration of the implementation of programmes by avoiding excessive increases compared to 2019.
  • - Payment appropriations were not targeted during this year's budgetary analysis, given the already high margin. Most of the reductions of payment appropriations are a consequence of reductions of non-differentiated appropriations.
  • - As regards administrative expenditure, a stringent approach was taken. Yet, all institutions benefit from an increase of their annual budget for 2020. An analysis by budget line conducted by the Budget Committee allowed adjustments, in particular, in view of stabilising the staffing levels.
  • - As regards decentralised agencies, it is suggested to reduce the overall level of contributions from the Union budget by -EUR 36.99 million in commitment and payment appropriations.
  • EXPENDITURE BY HEADING OF THE MULTIANNUAL FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK
  • HEADING 1: Smart and inclusive growth : EUR 82.439 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 72.011 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.37% and 6.59% respectively compared to 2019.
  • 1a) Competitiveness for growth and jobs : EUR 23.969 billion in commitments appropriations and EUR 22.004 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.72% and 7.22% respectively compared to 2019.
  • The subheading focused on the following elements:
  • - establish the level of c/e by aiming for a total reduction of -EUR 747 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020;
  • - set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of - EUR 104.42 million.
  • The planned reductions mainly concern:
  • - the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation (- EUR 424.90 million, of which - EUR 413 million for Horizon 2020;
  • - the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) (- EUR 197 million, of which - EUR 169 million for transport and - EUR 28 million for information and communication technologies (ICT);
  • - the European Strategic Investment Fund (EFSI) (- EUR 90 million) and the Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME) (- EUR 20 million).
  • The amounts take into account the reductions in contributions granted to the decentralised agencies, totalling -EUR 2.5 million in commitment and payment appropriations under this subheading.
  • The margin available under heading 1a would amount to EUR 1 221 million.
  • 1b) Economic, social and territorial cohesion : EUR 58.470 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 50.007 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 2.23% and 6.32% respectively compared to 2019.
  • The sub-heading is characterised by the following elements:
  • - establish the level of commitment appropriations by targeting a total reduction of EUR -141.89 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 for specific budget lines, namely for the Youth Employment Initiative (additional specific envelope) (-EUR 116.67 million) and for technical assistance and innovative actions (-EUR 25.22 million);
  • - set the level of payment appropriations by reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 for the Youth Employment Initiative (specific top-up allocation) by an amount of -EUR 35.00 million.
  • The global margin for commitments would no longer be used. The margin available under subheading 1b would be zero.
  • HEADING 2: Sustainable growth - natural resources : EUR 59.751 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 57.774 billion in payment appropriations, an increase of 0.18% and 0.65% respectively compared to 2019.
  • The main features of this section include:
  • - to reduce the level of commitment appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by -EUR 243.90 million on operational lines, namely under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund -Market related expenditure and direct payments (-EUR 239.90 million) and the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPAs) (-EUR 4.00 million);
  • - to set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of -EUR 239.90 million as a consequence of the reduction in commitment appropriations on the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund where non-differentiated appropriations are concerned.
  • The margin available under this heading would be EUR 669.99 million.
  • HEADING 3: Security and citizenship : EUR 3.602 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 3.689 billion in payment appropriations, a reduction of -4.86% and an increase of 4.59% respectively compared to 2019.
  • The heading is characterised by the following elements:
  • - to establish the level of commitment appropriations, targeting a total reduction of -EUR 126.34 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 on a number of specific budget lines, namely related to Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, Internal Security Fund, Food and feed, communication actions, Creative Europe, Rights, Equality and Citizenship, Health, Europe for Citizens, Justice and Consumer;
  • - set the level of payment appropriations by reducing the appropriations requested in the 2020 DB by a total amount of EUR -34.49 million;
  • - place in reserve an amount of EUR 400 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 115.4 million in payment appropriations in respect of the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund.
  • The margin available under this heading would be zero. Given the absence of a margin, the flexibility instrument is in the amount of EUR 338.90 million and the Global Margin for Commitments is used in the amount of EUR 312.83 million.
  • HEADING 4: Global Europe : EUR 10.114 billion in commitment appropriations and EUR 8.946 billion in payment appropriations, a reduction of -10.64% and -4.41% respectively compared to 2019.
  • The Council proposed:
  • - to establish the level of commitment appropriations, targeting a total reduction by -EUR 193.24 million in the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 on a number of specific budget lines, including operational expenditure, namely related to the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), Humanitarian aid (HUMA), the Instrument for Pre-accession assistance (IPA II), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), the Partnership instrument for cooperation with third countries (PI), the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), the EU Aid Volunteers initiative (EUAV);
  • - to set the level of payment appropriations, reducing the appropriations requested in the DB 2020 by a total amount of -EUR 40.00 million as a consequence of the reductions in commitment appropriations where non-differentiated appropriations are concerned, of which -EUR 20.00 million in the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI), -EUR 10.00 million in the Instrument for Preaccession assistance (IPA II) and -EUR 10.00 million in the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).
  • The margin available under heading 4 would be EUR 395.67 million.
  • HEADING 5: Administration : Administrative expenditure would amount to EUR 10.269 billion, an increase of 3.28% compared to 2019.
  • The margin available under this heading would amount to EUR 732.94 million.
  • Special instruments
  • The Council suggested maintaining the appropriations entered in the DB 2020 for the Emergency Aid Reserve, the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund and the European Union Solidarity Fund. It proposed to mobilise the Global Margin for Commitments in the amount of EUR 312.83 million in commitment appropriations and the Flexibility Instrument in the amount of EUR 338.90 million in commitment appropriations.
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  • PURPOSE: presentation of the Commission’s draft general budget for 2020 (all sections).
  • BACKGROUND: the EU budget for 2020 is the latest budget under the EU's Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2014 to 2020 and falls within the limits set by that framework. The proposal is based on the principle that the United Kingdom will participate fully in the implementation and financing of the EU 2020 budget as if it were a Member State.
  • The 2020 budget will be implemented during the first year of the mandate of a newly elected European Parliament and a new European Commission. In order to ensure the required stability and continuity from one programming period to the next, the Commission considers it essential that an agreement within the European Council on the new MFF be reached in autumn 2019, in accordance with the conclusions of the European Council of December 2018, followed by a comprehensive agreement by the end of 2019.
  • PROPOSED APPROPRIATIONS
  • The draft budget for 2020 (including special instruments) is as follows:
  • - total commitment appropriations (including special instruments) would amount to EUR 168 271.7 million , corresponding to 0.99% of GNI, an increase of EUR 2 082.5 million compared to the 2019 budget (+1.3%). The resulting total margin under the MFF commitment ceiling is EUR 1 781.0 million;
  • - payment appropriations would amount to EUR 153 620.7 million , corresponding to 0.90 % of GNI and representing an increase of 3.5 % compared to payment appropriations in the 2019 budget. The margin that remains below the MFF payment ceiling for 2020 is EUR 20 067.6 million.
  • KEY PRIORITIES FOR 2020
  • The 2020 EU budget is therefore a budget of continuity and transition. It will continue to support the achievements of the EU in the past years and the priorities of the current programmes, but will also offer the best possible starting point for the new generation of programmes starting in 2021.
  • As far as the Commission's proposal is concerned, the appropriations allocated under the 2020 budget are mainly intended for the following priority areas:
  • (1) Sustainable and inclusive investment, growth and jobs
  • More than EUR 83 billion in commitments are intended to stimulate economic growth and European regions and support youth.
  • For growth to benefit all Europeans, and in particular those that are hit the hardest, the EU and its Member States will have to invest in the jobs of the future and create opportunity from the digital and low-carbon transition. The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) will further support the deployment and operation of digital service infrastructures, fast and ultrafast broadband networks and free local wireless access points through the WiFi4EU initiative
  • The 2020 budget will also contribute to the European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking, aiming to develop and support ultra-fast (exascale) supercomputing by 2022/2023 and will fund new components of Horizon 2020, such as the enhanced European Innovation Council pilot initiative, paving the way to the successor programme, Horizon Europe.
  • The Commission plans to allocate EUR 13.2 billion for research and innovation across Europe in the context of Horizon 2020 and EUR 1.2 billion (+75% compared to 2019) for Galileo, Europe's own satellite radionavigation system.
  • The draft budget also proposes EUR 255 million for the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) in 2020 to encourage companies to cooperate in the joint development of defence products and technology until a genuine European Defence Fund is established in 2021.
  • In the fields of education, training, youth and sport, EUR 2.8 billion will be available for the Erasmus+ programme. With a budget of EUR 166 million, the European Solidarity Corps will enable young people to gain experience in volunteering with many types of organisations across Europe. The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) has so far received just over EUR 4.4 billion in the current MFF, and an additional EUR 116.7 million is proposed for 2020.
  • (2) Migration, solidarity and security in an increasingly multipolar world
  • The EU budget will continue in 2020 to implement all measures taken at European level that allow for better management of migration flows, less irregular migration and more attention to the root causes of migration: the new Entry-Exit System to strengthen border management, the European Travel Information and Authorisation System, the upgraded Schengen Information System, the Facility for Refugees in Turkey and the European Fund for Sustainable Development to name but a few. The EU budget will continue to deliver all these measures in 2020, and will support more sustainable long-term measures if these are agreed in the meantime.
  • Similarly, awaiting the adoption of the Commission’s proposal to review the Dublin Regulation, the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) for 2020 should continue to support Member States under pressure, with a particular focus on Greece, and assist solidarity and resettlement efforts.
  • The draft budget provides in particular for:
  • - EUR 420.6 million (+34.6% compared to 2019) for the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), following the agreement reached in March 2019 by the European Parliament and the Council to set up a standing corps of 10 000 border guards by 2027;
  • - EUR 56.2 million for the new rescEU programme (modernisation of the Union's civil protection mechanism) to increase response capacity to earthquakes, forest fires and other disasters;
  • - EUR 560 million for people in need in Syria and for refugees and their host communities in the region, as well as a EUR 60 million reinforcement for the European Neighbourhood Instrument for the North Africa window of the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa to prevent irregular migration and improve the situation of migrants and refugees.
  • (3) The fight against climate change
  • The Commission's proposal foresees spending 21% of the overall budget for 2020 on climate change, which is part of the ambitious objective of spending 20% of the EU's long-term budget on climate change activities. An even more ambitious target is proposed for the next MFF, to support the EU's commitment under the Paris Agreement to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 with a view to a climate-neutral economy.
  • MAIN ASPECTS BY HEADING OF THE FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK 2014-2020
  • In the MFF, the overall ceiling for commitment appropriations for 2020 is EUR 168 797 million, which represents 0.99% of the Union's gross national income (GNI). The ceiling for payment appropriations is EUR 172 420 million, or 1,01 % of GNI.
  • - Heading 1a - Competitiveness for growth and employment : commitment appropriations amount to EUR 24 716.4 million. This amount is up by 5.5% compared to the 2019 budget, mainly due to increase under the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation, the Connecting Europe Facility, major infrastructure projects and Erasmus+. This leaves a margin of EUR 474.6 million. Payment appropriations increase by 7.7 % to EUR 22 108.5 million.
  • - Heading 1b - Economic, social and territorial cohesion : commitment appropriations increased by 2.5% to EUR 58 611.9 million, leaving no margin. Payment appropriations for the heading increase by 6.4 % compared to the 2019 budget to EUR 50 042.4 million. There is no need for payment appropriations for the closure of the 2007-2013 programmes as they are all expected to be closed in 2019. The implementation of the 2014-2020 programmes should continue at cruising speed.
  • - Heading 2 - Sustainable growth: natural resources : commitment appropriations for agriculture, fisheries and environment policies amount to EUR 59 994.9 million, an increase of 0.6% compared to the 2019 budget. The level of expenditure leaves a margin of EUR 426.1 million under the ceiling. Payment appropriations amounted to EUR 58 014.3 million, an increase of 1.1% compared to 2019. The financing of market-related expenditure and direct payments under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund amounts to EUR 43 531.8 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 43 501.7 million in payment appropriations.
  • - Heading 3 - Security and citizenship : the level of commitment appropriations for heading 3 is set at EUR 3 729.1 million, which is 2.5% lower than the 2019 budget but still EUR 778.1 million above the ceiling, which requires the mobilisation of the flexibility instrument for the same amount. Payment appropriations amount to EUR 3 723.9 million, which represents an increase of 5.6 % compared to the 2019 budget.
  • - Heading 4 - Global Europe : the Commission proposes commitment appropriations amounting to EUR 10 307.6 million (- 8.9% compared to the 2019 budget). For 2020, it is proposed to use EUR 240 million of the unallocated margin under this heading to reinforce the humanitarian aid and European Neighbourhood Instrument lines by EUR 120 million each in order to meet the commitment made at the 2019 Syria conference. Payment appropriations amount to EUR 8 986.1 million, which corresponds to a decrease of 4.0 %.
  • - Heading 5 - Administration : all institutions combined, including pensions and the European Schools, increased by 3.8 %, (payment appropriations also increased by 3.8 %), commitments amounting to EUR 10 324.1 million. The margin still available amounts to EUR 677.9 million for 2020.
  • One of the Commission's key priorities is to ensure that the EU budget creates added value for EU citizens. The draft budget for 2020 has been drawn up taking into account information on the performance of all EU spending programmes, which shows that the EU budget produces concrete results for citizens in the EU and beyond.
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    docs/0/docs/1
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    • date: 2019-07-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2019/0400/COM_COM(2019)0400_EN.pdf title: COM(2019)0400 type: Commission draft budget body: EC
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    • date: 2019-07-05T00:00:00 type: Commission draft budget published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2019/0400/COM_COM(2019)0400_EN.pdf title: COM(2019)0400
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    procedure
    reference
    2019/2028(BUD)
    title
    2020 general budget: all sections
    subject
    type
    BUD - Budgetary procedure
    subtype
    Budget
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament