BETA


Events

2021/03/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/03/10
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/03/10
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 444 votes to 70, with 181 abstentions, a resolution towards a WTO-compatible EU border carbon adjustment mechanism.

Members noted that while greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU have fallen by 24%, GHG emissions embedded in imports into the EU have continued to rise, undermining the EU's efforts to reduce its global carbon footprint.

Net imports of goods and services into the EU account for over 20% of the EU's CO2 emissions. GHG emissions from imports should therefore be better monitored to identify possible measures to reduce the EU's global carbon footprint.

A WTO-compatible European Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)

Parliament supported the establishment of a European carbon border adjustment mechanism, provided it is compatible with World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules and the EU's free trade agreements (FTAs) and is exclusively designed to advance climate objectives and not be misused as a tool to enhance protectionism.

According to Members, the introduction of a carbon border adjustment mechanism should be:

- part of a package of legislative measures to ensure the rapid reduction of GHG emissions from EU production and consumption, notably by boosting energy efficiency and the deployment of renewable energies;

- combined with policies to promote investment in low-carbon industrial processes, including through innovative financing tools and an environmentally ambitious and socially fair European industrial policy to steer Europe's decarbonised reindustrialisation.

As a complement to the introduction of such a mechanism, the Commission should propose a more ambitious and binding norms and standards on products placed on the EU market in terms of GHG emission reduction and savings on resources and energy.

Connection with the revision of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)

The resolution called for consideration of the modalities for the design of a border carbon adjustment mechanism coupled with the revision of the EU ETS, so as to ensure complementarity and consistency. To prevent possible distortions in the internal market and along the value chain, the mechanism should cover all products imported under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), including when embedded in intermediate or final products.

As a starting point (from 2023) and following an impact assessment, the mechanism should cover the power sector and energy-intensive industrial sectors such as cement, steel, aluminium, oil refinery, paper, glass, chemicals and fertilisers, which continue to benefit from significant amounts of free allocations and still account for 94% of the EU's industrial emissions.

Members considered that to address the potential risk of carbon leakage while complying with WTO rules, the mechanism needs to charge the carbon content of imports in a way that mirrors the carbon costs paid by EU producers. Carbon pricing under the mechanism should mirror the dynamic evolution of the price of EU allowances under the EU ETS while ensuring predictability and less volatility in the price of carbon.

The environmental criteria should therefore play an essential role in the choice of instrument, ensuring a predictable and sufficiently high carbon price that incentivises decarbonisation investments.

Trade-related aspects of a carbon border adjustment mechanism

Members called for the Paris Agreement to become one of the main guiding principles of trade policy, to which all trade initiatives and their policy tools must be adjusted, by including it in, inter alia , free-trade agreements (FTAs) as an essential element.

Stressing that the EU has played a leading role in global climate action, the resolution encouraged the Commission and Member States to step up their climate diplomacy ahead of and after the adoption of the legislative proposal for a carbon border adjustment mechanism, and to ensure continued dialogue between trading partners to incentivise global climate action.

Any mechanism must create an incentive for industries in the EU and abroad to produce clean and competitive products and avoid carbon leakage, without endangering trade opportunities.

Fuelling the EU budget as a new own resource

Parliament supported the Commission's intention to use the revenue generated by the border carbon adjustment mechanism as new own resources for the EU budget. The new revenue should further support climate action and the objectives of the Green Deal, such as the just transition and the decarbonisation of Europe’s economy, and for an increase in the EU’s contribution to international climate finance in favour of Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States, which are most vulnerable to climate change.

Documents
2021/03/08
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/02/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted an own-initiative report by Yannick JADOT (Greens/EFA, FR) entitled "Towards a WTO-compatible EU carbon border adjustment mechanism".

Members considered that ensuring effective and meaningful carbon pricing, as part of a broader regulatory environment, could provide an incentive to develop production methods with a lower carbon footprint and could stimulate investment in innovation and new technologies.

The report shows that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions embedded in imports to the EU have been steadily increasing, undermining the EU's efforts to reduce its global carbon footprint. Net imports of goods and services into the EU account for more than 20% of the EU's CO2 emissions.

A WTO-compatible European Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)

Members supported the establishment of a European carbon border adjustment mechanism, provided it is compatible with World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules and the EU's free trade agreements (FTAs) and is not misused to enhance protectionism.

By supporting EU and global climate policies towards greenhouse gas neutrality, in line with the Paris Agreement objectives, such a mechanism would reduce global CO2 emissions and prevent carbon leakage. It would also encourage European industries and the EU's trading partners to decarbonise their industries.

According to Members, the introduction of a carbon border adjustment mechanism should be:

- part of a package of legislative measures to ensure the rapid reduction of GHG emissions from EU production and consumption, notably by boosting energy efficiency and the deployment of renewable energies;

- combined with policies to promote investment in low-carbon industrial processes, including through innovative financing tools and an environmentally ambitious and socially fair European industrial policy to steer Europe's decarbonised reindustrialisation.

Connection with the revision of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS)

The report called for consideration of the modalities for the design of a border carbon adjustment mechanism coupled with the revision of the EU ETS, so as to ensure complementarity and consistency. To prevent possible distortions in the internal market and along the value chain, the mechanism should cover all products imported under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), including when embedded in intermediate or final products.

The report stressed that, as a starting point (from 2023) and following an impact assessment, the mechanism should cover the power sector and energy-intensive industrial sectors such as cement, steel, aluminium, oil refinery, paper, glass, chemicals and fertilisers, which continue to benefit from significant amounts of free allocations and still account for 94% of the EU's industrial emissions.

Members considered that to address the potential risk of carbon leakage while complying with WTO rules, the mechanism needs to charge the carbon content of imports in a way that mirrors the carbon costs paid by EU producers. Carbon pricing under the mechanism should mirror the dynamic evolution of the price of EU allowances under the EU ETS while ensuring predictability and less volatility in the price of carbon.

Trade-related aspects of a carbon border adjustment mechanism

Members called for the Paris Agreement and its 1.5 ℃ goal to become one of the main guiding principles of trade policy, to which all trade initiatives and their policy tools must be adjusted, by including it in, inter alia, free-trade agreements (FTAs) as an essential element.

Stressing that the EU has played a leading role in global climate action, the report encouraged the Commission and Member States to step up their climate diplomacy ahead of and after the adoption of the legislative proposal for a carbon border adjustment mechanism, and to ensure continued dialogue between trading partners to incentivise global climate action.

Fuelling the EU budget as a new own resource

Members backed the Commission's intention to use the revenue generated by the carbon border adjustment mechanism as new own resources for the EU budget. They defended the objective that this resource should be mainly channelled towards the Green Deal and the just transition, with a significant share earmarked for the transition in the poorest countries and those most affected by climate change.

Documents
2021/02/05
   EP - Vote in committee
2020/12/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/12/14
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/12/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/12/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/11/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/10/07
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/06/25
   EP - GUALMINI Elisabetta (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2020/04/23
   EP - GARICANO Luis (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2020/04/21
   EP - GEIER Jens (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2020/04/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2020/04/16
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2020/04/16
   EP - JADOT Yannick (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2020/02/19
   EP - KARLSBRO Karin (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in INTA

Documents

Activities

Votes

Mécanisme européen d’ajustement des émissions de carbone aux frontières compatible avec l’OMC - A WTO-compatible EU carbon border adjustment mechanism - Ein mit den WTO-Regeln zu vereinbarendes CO2-Grenzausgleichssystem - A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - § 5/1 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: +: 585, -: 69, 0: 42
DE ES PL IT FR RO HU PT NL EL DK SE SK BG AT IE BE FI LT LV SI HR CZ MT CY LU EE ??
Total
95
59
52
74
77
31
21
21
29
21
14
20
13
17
19
13
21
14
11
8
8
12
20
6
6
6
7
1
icon: PPE PPE
172

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
95

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2
3

Slovakia Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

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1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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icon: NI NI
39

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2

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1

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1
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62

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4

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3

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icon: ID ID
73

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A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - § 5/2 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: +: 374, -: 307, 0: 15
ES FR IE DK DE FI PT BE LV SE EE LU MT CY EL LT AT CZ RO SK HR SI ?? BG NL HU IT PL
Total
59
77
13
14
95
14
21
21
8
20
7
6
6
6
21
11
19
20
31
13
12
8
1
17
29
21
74
52
icon: S&D S&D
144

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Slovenia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
95

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1
3

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Denmark The Left

1

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
39

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

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1

Croatia NI

2

NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

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1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Latvia ECR

2
3

Greece ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Romania ECR

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1

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2

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

4
icon: ID ID
73

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

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2

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1

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3

Czechia ID

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2

Netherlands ID

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1
icon: PPE PPE
172

Denmark PPE

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1

Finland PPE

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3

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2

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1

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2

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

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1

A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - Am 2 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: -: 367, +: 287, 0: 43
RO CZ HU EL AT FI PT BG LV HR SI NL LT DE ?? MT CY LU EE SK IE BE SE DK ES FR IT PL
Total
31
20
21
21
19
14
21
17
8
12
8
29
11
95
1
6
6
6
7
13
13
21
20
14
59
78
74
52
icon: PPE PPE
172

Hungary PPE

1

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
74

Czechia ID

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2
3

Finland ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Romania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

2
3
icon: NI NI
39

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2

NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Czechia The Left

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1

Finland The Left

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1

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

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1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden The Left

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1

Denmark The Left

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1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

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2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

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2

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1

Estonia S&D

2

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3

Belgium S&D

3

A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - § 12/1 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: +: 593, -: 56, 0: 48
DE FR IT PL ES RO HU PT SE EL AT DK SK NL LT IE LV BE SI HR CZ BG MT LU FI EE CY ??
Total
95
78
74
52
59
31
21
21
20
21
19
14
13
29
11
13
8
21
8
12
20
17
6
6
14
7
6
1
icon: PPE PPE
172

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
95

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3
icon: ID ID
74

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
39

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2
1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Greece ECR

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1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

4

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - § 12/2 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: +: 367, -: 314, 0: 16
PL ES FR DK PT SE IE EE RO SK LU MT CY DE ?? LT BE LV FI HR SI BG EL NL AT HU CZ IT
Total
52
59
78
14
21
20
13
7
31
13
6
6
6
95
1
11
21
8
14
12
8
17
21
29
19
21
20
74
icon: S&D S&D
144

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Greece S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

2
icon: Renew Renew
95
3

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Belgium Renew

Against (1)

4

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Denmark The Left

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: ECR ECR
62
3

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

4
icon: NI NI
39

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
1

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
74

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: PPE PPE
172

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Latvia PPE

2

Finland PPE

3

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4

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Against (1)

1

A9-0019/2021 - Yannick Jadot - § 13/1 #

2021/03/09 Outcome: +: 631, 0: 39, -: 27
DE IT FR ES PL RO HU PT NL AT EL BE SE BG IE DK SK FI LT LV SI HR CZ MT CY LU EE ??
Total
95
74
78
59
52
31
21
21
29
19
21
21
20
17
13
14
13
14
11
8
8
12
20
6
6
6
7
1
icon: PPE PPE
172

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

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