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2020/09/17
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
Documents
2020/09/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2020/09/17
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2020/07/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted an own-initiative report by Nathalie COLIN-OESTERLÉ (EPP, FR) on the shortage of medicines - how to address an emerging problem.

The long-standing problem of shortages of medicine in the EU has worsened during the COVID-19 health crisis, with direct negative consequences on the health and safety of patients and their continued treatment.

The report called for the establishment of a genuine pharmaceutical industrial strategy to enable the European Union to regain its health sovereignty and called for better coordination among EU countries to address the shortage of medicines.

Members believe that the European response to the shortage of medicines should be based on four pillars:

1) Restoring the EU's independence in health matters by securing supply

Recalling that 40% of medicinal end products marketed in the EU originate in third countries and 80% of active pharmaceutical ingredients are produced in China and India, Members called on the Commission and Member States to:

- take the necessary measures to guarantee the security of supply of medical products, reduce the EU's dependence on third countries and support the local manufacture of medicines of major therapeutic interest, giving priority to medicines of health and strategic interest;

- establish a precise mapping of potential production sites within the European Union in order to be able to preserve, modernise and strengthen their capacity where necessary;

- make the shortage of medicines one of the pillars of the Commission's forthcoming pharmaceutical strategy and create a Pharmaceutical Forum, overseen by the European Medicines Agency, bringing together relevant stakeholders in the healthcare supply chain to prevent shortages;

- introduce financial measures and incentives in line with state aid rules to protect the EU pharmaceutical industrial base and encourage the industry to locate its activities in Europe, from the production of active ingredients to the manufacturing, packaging and distribution of medicines;

- consider setting up harmonised shortage prevention and management plans that require manufacturers to identify drugs of major therapeutic interest that require the introduction of measures to avoid supply disruptions;

- make security of supply a priority criterion in drug-related tendering procedures;

- create one or more non-profit European pharmaceutical undertakings capable of producing certain medicines of strategic importance for health care in emergencies, in the absence of existing industrial production, in order to prevent possible shortages of medicines in case of emergency;

- create an environment to ensure that Europe remains an attractive location for R&D investment and maintain a strong European intellectual property system in the context of the forthcoming pharmaceutical strategy, in order to encourage research, development and manufacturing in Europe, to ensure that Europe remains a world-class innovator and ultimately to protect and strengthen Europe's strategic autonomy in the field of public health.

Members called for joint action to prevent drug shortages, to be funded by the future health programme.

2) Strengthen European action to better coordinate and complement Member States' health policies

The committee recommended:

- greater transparency in the production and distribution chain of medicines and the creation of a European unit for the prevention and management of shortages;

- the development of health strategies at European level with a common basket of drugs against cancer, infectious diseases, rare diseases and in other areas particularly affected by shortages, as well as examining the possibility of setting harmonised criteria for pricing to make these medicines affordable;

- the creation of a European contingency reserve for medicinal products of health and strategic importance (MISSs) that are at high risk of shortage, along the lines of the ‘RescEU’ mechanism, in order to alleviate recurrent shortages and create an emergency European pharmacy;

- the development of innovative and coordinated strategies and the strengthening of the exchange of best practices in stock management;

- the introduction of new European joint procurement procedures to combat shortages, particularly in times of health crises, with simplified and transparent procedures for greater responsiveness.

3) Strengthening cooperation among Member States

- set up an innovative, transparent and centralised digital platform to report harmonised information provided by national agencies and all stakeholders on available stocks and shortages of medicines and medical equipment;

- improve early communication with healthcare professionals and patients on the availability of medicines through the use of innovative digital tools;

- share with all the actors involved information such as epidemiological forecasts to help them plan their activities better in the face of rising demand and respond better to needs at times of shortage.

4) Preventing and responding to shortages in the event of health crises

Members called on the Commission, in close collaboration with the Member States, to adopt a European pandemic preparedness plan in order to ensure a coordinated and effective response. They also called for simplified legislation and more flexible regulatory measures in times of crisis to alleviate shortages and facilitate the movement of medicines between Member States, such as the acceptance of different packaging formats, extended expiry dates or the use of veterinary medicines.

Documents
2020/07/14
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2020/06/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/06/16
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/06/15
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2020/06/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/06/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/06/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/06/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/05/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2020/05/27
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2020/05/27
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2020/05/13
   EP - KEMPA Beata (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2020/05/04
   EP - LEBRETON Gilles (ID) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2020/04/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/04/28
   EP - CAMPOMENOSI Marco (ID) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2020/04/23
   EP - MÉLIN Joëlle (ID) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2020/04/15
   EP - KOVATCHEV Andrey (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2020/03/25
   EP - COLIN-OESTERLÉ Nathalie (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI

Documents

Votes

A9-0142/2020 - Nathalie Colin-Oesterlé - § 60

2020/09/16 Outcome: +: 376, -: 256, 0: 58
FR BE HU ES DE PT FI AT RO IE CY CZ DK EE MT LT LU SK SI LV EL NL BG HR SE PL IT
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21
20
59
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20
14
19
29
12
6
21
14
7
6
11
5
14
8
8
20
28
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21
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75
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A9-0142/2020 - Nathalie Colin-Oesterlé - § 93/1

2020/09/16 Outcome: +: 649, -: 28, 0: 13
FR DE IT ES PL RO NL HU CZ PT AT SE BE BG EL SK IE LT FI HR LV SI DK CY MT LU EE
Total
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29
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A9-0142/2020 - Nathalie Colin-Oesterlé - § 93/2

2020/09/16 Outcome: +: 395, -: 286, 0: 9
ES FR PT BE DE IE FI AT LU CY EE RO MT SK BG LT LV CZ SE SI EL HR NL DK HU PL IT
Total
59
79
20
21
95
12
14
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5
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A9-0142/2020 - Nathalie Colin-Oesterlé - Résolution

2020/09/17 Outcome: +: 663, -: 23, 0: 10
IT FR DE ES PL RO NL HU BE PT AT CZ BG SE EL DK SK IE LT HR FI LV SI CY MT LU EE
Total
75
79
94
59
51
31
29
21
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21
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AmendmentsDossier
1068 2020/2071(INI)
2020/05/18 INTA 69 amendments...
source: 652.313
2020/05/19 ITRE 254 amendments...