BETA


2021/0213(CNS) Energy Taxation Directive

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON VAN OVERTVELDT Johan (icon: ECR ECR) MARTUSCIELLO Fulvio (icon: EPP EPP), SCHUSTER Joachim (icon: S&D S&D), KOVAŘÍK Ondřej (icon: Renew Renew), GRUFFAT Claude (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), GUSMÃO José (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion ITRE HAJŠEL Robert (icon: S&D S&D) Giorgos GEORGIOU (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Henrike HAHN (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Gheorghe FALCĂ (icon: PPE PPE), Sylvia LIMMER (icon: ID ID), Grzegorz TOBISZOWSKI (icon: ECR ECR), Ivars IJABS (icon: RE RE)
Committee Opinion TRAN GRAPINI Maria (icon: S&D S&D) Angel DZHAMBAZKI (icon: ECR ECR), Markus FERBER (icon: PPE PPE), Caroline NAGTEGAAL (icon: RE RE), Clare DALY (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Anna DEPARNAY-GRUNENBERG (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion AGRI HLAVÁČEK Martin (icon: Renew Renew) Franc BOGOVIČ (icon: PPE PPE), Luke Ming FLANAGAN (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Marc TARABELLA (icon: S&D S&D), Bert-Jan RUISSEN (icon: ECR ECR), Ivan DAVID (icon: ID ID), Claude GRUFFAT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion PECH MATO Gabriel (icon: EPP EPP) Izaskun BILBAO BARANDICA (icon: RE RE), João PIMENTA LOPES (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Nicolás GONZÁLEZ CASARES (icon: S&D S&D), Francisco GUERREIRO (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Bert-Jan RUISSEN (icon: ECR ECR), Valentino GRANT (icon: ID ID)
Committee Recast Technique Opinion JURI AUBRY Manon (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 110, RoP 57, TFEU 192-p2-a2

Events

2022/06/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/05/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/05/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/28
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2022/04/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/04/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/03/22
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/02
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2022/02/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - HLAVÁČEK Martin (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2022/01/03
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/30
   EP - MATO Gabriel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in PECH
2021/11/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/29
   EP - GRAPINI Maria (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/10/07
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2021/09/28
   EP - HAJŠEL Robert (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/01
   EP - VAN OVERTVELDT Johan (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to restructure the EU framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity (recast).

PROPOSED ACT: Council Directive.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: the taxation of energy products and electricity plays an important role in the area of climate and energy policy. The harmonised rules set under the Directive 2003/96/EC restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity (Energy Taxation Directive or ETD) aim to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market. However, since the adoption of the ETD, the underlying climate and energy policy framework has changed radically and the Directive is no longer aligned with current EU policies.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990. This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

The proposal for recasting is part of this package as it focuses on environmental and climate issues to support the Commission’s commitment to tackling environmental-related challenges and achieve the EU’s domestic greenhouse gas emissions reductions objectives and air pollution reduction.

CONTENT: this proposal for a Council Directive aims to align the taxation of energy products with EU energy and climate policies , promote clean technologies and remove outdated exemptions and reduced rates that currently encourage the use of fossil fuels. The new rules aim at reducing the harmful effects of energy tax competition, helping secure revenues for Member States from green taxes, which are less detrimental to growth than taxes on labour.

It proposes with effect from first of January 2023:

- the introduction of a new structure of tax rates based on the energy content and environmental performance of the fuels and electricity: taxation based on energy content provides a better benchmark for comparing different energy products and electricity and removes the current disadvantageous tax treatment of certain products, such as biofuels. Minimum rates would be set on the basis of the energy content (calculated in EUR/gigajoule) of each product;

- the grouping of energy products and electricity into general categories by type , according to a classification that takes into account energy content and environmental performance so that the most polluting fuels are the most taxed. Member States should replicate this ranking at national level. Electricity should always be included among the least taxed energy sources in order to encourage its use, particularly in the transport sector;

- broadening the taxable base defined in the Directive by including more products in the scope and removing some of the existing exemptions and reductions. It would still be possible to apply certain reduced rates, such as those applicable to electricity or advanced energy products produced from renewable energy sources and to primary sector industries such as farming;

- different minimum levels of taxation for motor fuels, heating fuels and electricity. Over a ten-year period, the minimum rates for these fuels would gradually increase, while low-carbon fuels for these sectors would have a zero minimum rate to encourage their use;

- taxation of energy products and electricity used by aircraft and ships. Energy products and electricity supplied for intra-EU air navigation (with the exception of those supplied for cargo-only flights) and for intra-EU inland waterway navigation, including fishing, should be taxed;

- the possibility of tax exemptions for certain products or for electricity from certain sources such as renewable electricity, non-biological renewable fuels, etc.

2021/07/01
   EP - AUBRY Manon (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in JURI

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
973 2021/0213(CNS)
2022/02/17 PECH 49 amendments...
source: 719.660
2022/03/09 ITRE 348 amendments...
source: 719.942
2022/03/10 TRAN 7 amendments...
source: 729.838
2022/03/16 TRAN 158 amendments...
source: 729.888
2022/03/25 AGRI 15 amendments...
source: 730.068
2022/03/29 AGRI 78 amendments...
source: 730.019
2022/04/08 ECON 318 amendments...