BETA


2022/0288(COD) Import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition: implementation of Article 10 of the UN Firearms Protocol. Recast

Progress: Awaiting Council's 1st reading position

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA LANGE Bernd (icon: S&D S&D) ASIMAKOPOULOU Anna-Michelle (icon: EPP EPP), PAET Urmas (icon: Renew Renew), GREGOROVÁ Markéta (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BERLATO Sergio (icon: ECR ECR), LANCINI Danilo Oscar (icon: ID ID), MAUREL Emmanuel (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion LIBE RADEV Emil (icon: EPP EPP) Cornelia ERNST (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Assita KANKO (icon: ECR ECR), Diana RIBA I GINER (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Thijs REUTEN (icon: S&D S&D), Patricia CHAGNON (icon: ID ID), Bergur Løkke RASMUSSEN (icon: RE RE)
Committee Recast Technique Opinion JURI ADAMOWICZ Magdalena (icon: EPP EPP)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 113, RoP 57_o, TFEU 033, TFEU 207

Events

2024/04/23
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:

Subject

This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.

This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.

Entry and import requirements

Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.

An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.

The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.

In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.

Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.

Export authorisation procedure

The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.

Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.

Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.

The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.

Traceability of firearms

The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.

Annual report

The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.

The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.

Electronic licensing system

An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.

Documents
2024/03/20
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2024/03/20
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2024/03/18
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2023/11/09
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 71)
2023/11/08
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 71)
2023/10/30
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on International Trade adopted the report by Bernd LANGE (S&D, DE) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the proposal as follows:

Post-shipment checks

The Commission and competent authorities granting the export authorisation should carry out regular post-shipment checks, not only in case of suspicion but also randomly to ensure that the exported firearms, their essential components and ammunition are in line with the commitments made in the export certificate as set out in Annex IV.

Procedures at import and export

The amended text stressed that customs authorities should suspend the import of the goods for the customs procedure concerned, if they have certain reasonable doubts and in such a case, they should inform immediately, through electronic means the competent national authority, which should take the decision on the treatment of the goods. If the national competent authority does not reply to the customs authority within 20 working days (as opposed to 10 working days proposed by the Commission), then the customs authority should release the goods without delay.

Results of controls

Where customs authorities discover an illicit shipment of firearms, their components, ammunition or alarm and signal weapons, they should without delay and no later than two working days from that discovery inform the competent authority in the country of the customs authority thereof.

Statistics

To increase transparency, Member States should submit to the Commission via suitable confidential means, each year by 31 July, their national annual data for the preceding year on the number of authorisations and refusals and the reasons thereof, the quantities and values of actual imports and exports of firearms, their essential components and ammunition, by category and sub-category as listed in Annex I, by origin and by destination, the quantity and results of post-shipment checks at Member State level, the quantity and results of undertaken enforcement actions at Member State level.

Electronic licensing system

Members stressed that the Commission should without delay establish and maintain an electronic licensing system for import and export authorisations and decisions. Member States should take all necessary measures to speed up the implementation of the electronic licensing system.

Export certificate

The export certificate is to include at least the following information: (i) details of the importer including the signature, name and title of the importer; (ii) the date of issue of the export certificate; (iii) if applicable, a unique identifying number or contract number relating to the export certificate.

The Commission should be empowered to adopt delegated acts to establish a uniform export certificate.

Penalties

The report stressed that Member States should lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of this Regulation. The penalties provided for should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Penalties for infringements of this Regulation may be linked to the global annual revenue of the undertaking concerned.

Annual implementation report

The Commission should, in consultation with the Firearms Imports and Exports Coordination Group, submit an annual report on the implementation and enforcement of this regulation. That annual report should be public. It should include information about the number of authorisations and refusals, the quantities and values of actual imports and exports of firearms, their essential components and ammunition, by category and sub-category as listed in Annex I, by origin and by destination at Union and at Member States level. It should also inform about penalties applied by the Member States and assess their effectiveness.

Documents
2023/10/24
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2023/10/24
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2023/09/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/09/11
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2023/07/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/07/01
   EP - ADAMOWICZ Magdalena (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2023/06/05
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/03/22
   EP - RADEV Emil (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2023/03/16
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2023/01/31
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2022/11/30
   EP - LANGE Bernd (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2022/11/09
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2022/10/27
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2022/10/27
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2022/10/27
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2022/10/27
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to update EU rules on the import, export and transit of firearms for civilian use.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: it is estimated that 35 million illicit firearms were owned by civilians in the EU in 2017 (56% of the estimated total of firearms). According to those estimates, illicit firearms outnumber legally-held firearms in 12 EU Member States.

The 2021 Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment, published by the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol), pointed out that illegal firearms originate from within the EU but also from weapon stocks outside the EU. Trafficking of firearms into the EU from post-conflict countries is one of the main supply chains. Legacy weapons from the armed conflicts in the Western Balkans are the largest source for cross-border trafficking of firearms into the EU.

The proposal aims at combating and preventing firearms trafficking into and from the EU, including by addressing the risks at import and at export. At import, the two main risks are linked to the circumvention of unclear rules that enable the import of “semi-finished” firearms and components. These semi-finished firearms and components can be used to manufacture firearms at home, which are not correctly marked and registered. Furthermore, alarm and signal weapons that are convertible into lethal firearms are used all over the EU in criminal contexts.

At export, the main risk lies in the diversion of civilian firearms shipped to a non-EU country and being re-exported to countries subject to arms embargoes or sold to criminals and armed forces due to lack of controls and supervision before and after the export process.

This proposal also reflects the priorities of the Commission’s EU Strategy to tackle Organised Crime, which identifies firearms as a key enabler of the increasing violence by criminal groups. In addition, this proposal follows-up on the implementation of the 2020-2025 EU Action Plan on firearms trafficking.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation, and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition and alarm and signal weapons for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.

This proposal aims to:

- enable coordinated controls between Member States and to ensure the traceability of firearms . Notably, the proposal provides for the proper recording of firearms-related information, responds to the need of improving the work of customs authorities in detection of illicit firearms, their components and ammunition, and limits the import of semi-finished firearms and essential components to arms dealers and brokers only, which is a key novelty;

- clarify the role of the licencing authorities . The proposal also aims to improve cooperation between law enforcement authorities (including customs) and licensing authorities, in both import and export, in order to improve the traceability of firearms, their components and ammunition;

- improve the systematic data collection on international movements of firearms for civilian use, as well as data on seized firearms. The proposal focuses on receiving annual data by Member States on the number of authorisations and refusals for authorisation as well as the quantities and values of civilian firearms imports and exports, by origin and destination;

- ensure a level playing field and to reduce the administrative burden placed on economic operators and firearms owners by creating a clear legal framework, focusing on digitalisation of procedures, and increasing the cooperation between customs and licensing authorities to facilitate the import, export and transit procedures.

State-to-State (i.e. government-to-government) transactions as well as direct sales to the armed forces, the police or public authorities will remain excluded from the scope of this initiative.

The updated rules will include:

- clear and common procedures for the import, export and transit of firearms for civilian use, their essential components, ammunitions and alarm and signal weapons;

- simplified import and export procedures for hunters, sport shooters and exhibitors;

- a new EU electronic licensing system for firearms manufacturers and dealers to apply for import and export authorisation, replacing the diverse, mostly paper-based national systems;

- strict technical standards for alarm and signal weapons, which are devices manufactured to only be able to fire blank, tear gas or irritant ammunition;

- stricter rules on semi-finished firearms components;

- an end-user certificate for the more dangerous firearms;

- strict checks on refusals to grant import or export authorisations.

Documents

  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0302/2024
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE759.983
  • Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations: PE759.983
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2024)001606
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading: A9-0312/2023
  • Committee opinion: PE749.313
  • Specific opinion: PE752.959
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE751.636
  • Committee draft report: PE748.984
  • Contribution: COM(2022)0480
  • Document attached to the procedure: SEC(2022)0330
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2022)0298
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2022)0299
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2022)0480
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SEC(2022)0330
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2022)0298
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2022)0299
  • Committee draft report: PE748.984
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE751.636
  • Specific opinion: PE752.959
  • Committee opinion: PE749.313
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2024)001606
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE759.983
  • Contribution: COM(2022)0480

Votes

A9-0312/2023 – Bernd Lange – Provisional agreement – Am 93 #

2024/04/23 Outcome: +: 537, -: 40, 0: 28
DE ES FR PL IT RO NL PT SE BE HU FI BG IE DK CZ AT SK EL LT SI LV LU EE HR MT ?? CY
Total
88
54
72
44
58
23
27
20
20
21
17
14
14
12
14
20
17
12
12
9
8
7
6
6
5
3
1
1
icon: PPE PPE
150

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
123

Belgium S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Poland Renew

1
3

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Greece Renew

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
66

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
58

Germany ECR

1

France ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

1

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1
icon: The Left The Left
30

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Czechia The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Greece The Left

2
icon: NI NI
35
1

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Romania NI

For (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

3

Greece NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ID ID
48

Belgium ID

Abstain (1)

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
308 2022/0288(COD)
2023/07/07 INTA 207 amendments...
source: 751.636
2023/07/10 LIBE 101 amendments...
source: 751.576

History

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docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
type
Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2024-0302_EN.html title: T9-0302/2024
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body
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events/9/summary
  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
date
2024-04-23T00:00:00
docs
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
docs/9
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 571 votes to 18, with 17 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the proposal as follows:
  • Subject
  • This Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation , and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers (goods listed in Annex I), for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This Regulation should not apply to transactions of firearms, essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers that in the direct or indirect framework of contractual relationships or substantiated by end-user certificates, are destined for the armed forces, the police, or the public authorities.
  • Entry and import requirements
  • Firearms without marking , entering the customs territory of the Union, should not be imported or re-exported. Deactivated firearms should only be declared for release for free circulation or temporary admission in cases of non-established persons so authorised by this Regulation, if they are accompanied by the deactivation certificate and are marked. An import authorisation for an alarm and signal weapon should only be granted by the competent authority provided that the device complies with the technical specifications of Directive (EU) 2021/555 or a model listed as a non-convertible alarm and signal weapon in the implementing act drawn up by the Commission.
  • An import authorisation should be necessary for the entry of non-Union goods listed in Annex I ( List of firearms and ammunitions, according to Directive (EU) 2021/555) into the customs territory of the Union. The authorisation should be granted by the competent authority of the Member State of final destination. Only dealers and brokers are entitled to apply for an import authorisation for semi-finished firearms and semi-finished essential components. In case a person is not entitled to apply for an import authorisation, the competent authority should not accept the application.
  • The competent authority should process applications for import authorisations within a period of time, which should not exceed 90 working days , from the date on which all required information has been provided to the competent authority. For duly justified reasons, and in any case for goods listed in Category A of Annex I, that period may be extended to 110 working days. Th e competent authority may refuse to grant an import authorisation if the applicant is a natural person and has a criminal record concerning conduct constituting an offence listed in Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA, or concerning any other conduct provided that it constituted an offence punishable by a maximum penalty of at least four years of imprisonment.
  • In order to facilitate administrative simplification , persons authorised in the EU to possess firearms should, in certain cases, be exempt from the obligation to obtain import and export authorisations.
  • Any person holding a European firearms pass may import goods listed in Annex I into the customs territory of the Union without an import authorisation. In case of movements in the customs territory of the Union of non-Union goods listed in Annex I, the import authorisation should contain information about the planned movements, including where appropriate, the different Member States where an evaluation, exhibition, repair or sport-shooting, hunting or historical re-enacting event are to take place.
  • Export authorisation procedure
  • The amended text clarifies that a person that wishes to export firearms, essential components, ammunition, deactivated firearms, semi-finished firearms, semi-finished essential components and silencers, should hold an export authorisation. Eligibility to apply for such an authorisation should be limited to exporters allowed to possess, deal or broker those goods in the Member State of establishment.
  • Persons not established in the customs territory of the Union may obtain an authorisation to temporarily import and export firearms, their essential components, ammunition, alarm and signal weapons, deactivated firearms, and silencers for the purposes of exhibitions, repairs, hunting, sport shooting or historical re-enacting events. The information related to firearms declared for temporary admission should be clearly spelled out, to enable customs and competent authorities to proceed efficiently with the discharge and limit the risk of firearms remaining illegally on the customs territory of the Union.
  • Persons exporting in the course of their business activities should be able to benefit from an export authorisation valid for a maximum of three years.
  • The export authorisation should contain the information referred to in Annex III and it should be issued through the electronic licensing systems.
  • Traceability of firearms
  • The amended text specifies the information that must be contained in the export authorisation or import authorisation issued by the third country concerned. No export authorisation should be required for the temporary export or re-export of goods where hunters, re-enactors or sport shooters present to the competent authority of exit, by means of the electronic system for issuing authorisations, at least ten working days before taking the goods out of the customs territory of the Union (i) the reasons for the journey, in particular by presenting an invitation or other proof of hunting, re-enactment or sport shooting activities in the third country of destination; (ii) the European firearms pass. A simplified export authorisation may be requested in certain situations.
  • Annual report
  • The Commission recommended that Member States should collect detailed statistics of the preceding year about the number of authorisations, refusals, the quantities and values of firearms exports and imports, by origin or destination, and submit these statistics to the Commission. This Regulation should enable the Commission to collect those data directly from the electronic systems set up for the purpose of implementing this Regulation. The statistics should be anonymised.
  • The Commission should compile the data received by Member States and publish those data as part of an annual report by 31st of October each year. The report should be made public and submitted to the Parliament.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • An electronic licencing system should be established to digitalise the procedures set out in this Regulation. It is important that a person entitled to request an authorisation is registered in that system before starting the application procedure. This electronic licensing system should be in place at least 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Member States may maintain their existing national authorisation systems. In this case, the electronic licensing system established by this Regulation should be able to interconnect with those. This interconnection should ensure the transferring of the information on the authorisations granted through the national systems to the electronic licensing system.
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  • The Committee on International Trade adopted the report by Bernd LANGE (S&D, DE) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components and ammunition, implementing Article 10 of the United Nations’ Protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (UN Firearms Protocol) (recast).
  • The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the proposal as follows:
  • Post-shipment checks
  • The Commission and competent authorities granting the export authorisation should carry out regular post-shipment checks, not only in case of suspicion but also randomly to ensure that the exported firearms, their essential components and ammunition are in line with the commitments made in the export certificate as set out in Annex IV.
  • Procedures at import and export
  • The amended text stressed that customs authorities should suspend the import of the goods for the customs procedure concerned, if they have certain reasonable doubts and in such a case, they should inform immediately, through electronic means the competent national authority, which should take the decision on the treatment of the goods. If the national competent authority does not reply to the customs authority within 20 working days (as opposed to 10 working days proposed by the Commission), then the customs authority should release the goods without delay.
  • Results of controls
  • Where customs authorities discover an illicit shipment of firearms, their components, ammunition or alarm and signal weapons, they should without delay and no later than two working days from that discovery inform the competent authority in the country of the customs authority thereof.
  • Statistics
  • To increase transparency, Member States should submit to the Commission via suitable confidential means, each year by 31 July, their national annual data for the preceding year on the number of authorisations and refusals and the reasons thereof, the quantities and values of actual imports and exports of firearms, their essential components and ammunition, by category and sub-category as listed in Annex I, by origin and by destination, the quantity and results of post-shipment checks at Member State level, the quantity and results of undertaken enforcement actions at Member State level.
  • Electronic licensing system
  • Members stressed that the Commission should without delay establish and maintain an electronic licensing system for import and export authorisations and decisions. Member States should take all necessary measures to speed up the implementation of the electronic licensing system.
  • Export certificate
  • The export certificate is to include at least the following information: (i) details of the importer including the signature, name and title of the importer; (ii) the date of issue of the export certificate; (iii) if applicable, a unique identifying number or contract number relating to the export certificate.
  • The Commission should be empowered to adopt delegated acts to establish a uniform export certificate.
  • Penalties
  • The report stressed that Member States should lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of this Regulation. The penalties provided for should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Penalties for infringements of this Regulation may be linked to the global annual revenue of the undertaking concerned.
  • Annual implementation report
  • The Commission should, in consultation with the Firearms Imports and Exports Coordination Group, submit an annual report on the implementation and enforcement of this regulation. That annual report should be public. It should include information about the number of authorisations and refusals, the quantities and values of actual imports and exports of firearms, their essential components and ammunition, by category and sub-category as listed in Annex I, by origin and by destination at Union and at Member States level. It should also inform about penalties applied by the Member States and assess their effectiveness.
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  • PURPOSE: to update EU rules on the import, export and transit of firearms for civilian use.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.
  • BACKGROUND: it is estimated that 35 million illicit firearms were owned by civilians in the EU in 2017 (56% of the estimated total of firearms). According to those estimates, illicit firearms outnumber legally-held firearms in 12 EU Member States.
  • The 2021 Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment, published by the European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol), pointed out that illegal firearms originate from within the EU but also from weapon stocks outside the EU. Trafficking of firearms into the EU from post-conflict countries is one of the main supply chains. Legacy weapons from the armed conflicts in the Western Balkans are the largest source for cross-border trafficking of firearms into the EU.
  • The proposal aims at combating and preventing firearms trafficking into and from the EU, including by addressing the risks at import and at export. At import, the two main risks are linked to the circumvention of unclear rules that enable the import of “semi-finished” firearms and components. These semi-finished firearms and components can be used to manufacture firearms at home, which are not correctly marked and registered. Furthermore, alarm and signal weapons that are convertible into lethal firearms are used all over the EU in criminal contexts.
  • At export, the main risk lies in the diversion of civilian firearms shipped to a non-EU country and being re-exported to countries subject to arms embargoes or sold to criminals and armed forces due to lack of controls and supervision before and after the export process.
  • This proposal also reflects the priorities of the Commission’s EU Strategy to tackle Organised Crime, which identifies firearms as a key enabler of the increasing violence by criminal groups. In addition, this proposal follows-up on the implementation of the 2020-2025 EU Action Plan on firearms trafficking.
  • CONTENT: the proposed Regulation lays down rules governing import and export authorisation, and import, export and transit measures for firearms, their essential components, ammunition and alarm and signal weapons for the purpose of implementing Article 10 of the United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime.
  • This proposal aims to:
  • - enable coordinated controls between Member States and to ensure the traceability of firearms . Notably, the proposal provides for the proper recording of firearms-related information, responds to the need of improving the work of customs authorities in detection of illicit firearms, their components and ammunition, and limits the import of semi-finished firearms and essential components to arms dealers and brokers only, which is a key novelty;
  • - clarify the role of the licencing authorities . The proposal also aims to improve cooperation between law enforcement authorities (including customs) and licensing authorities, in both import and export, in order to improve the traceability of firearms, their components and ammunition;
  • - improve the systematic data collection on international movements of firearms for civilian use, as well as data on seized firearms. The proposal focuses on receiving annual data by Member States on the number of authorisations and refusals for authorisation as well as the quantities and values of civilian firearms imports and exports, by origin and destination;
  • - ensure a level playing field and to reduce the administrative burden placed on economic operators and firearms owners by creating a clear legal framework, focusing on digitalisation of procedures, and increasing the cooperation between customs and licensing authorities to facilitate the import, export and transit procedures.
  • State-to-State (i.e. government-to-government) transactions as well as direct sales to the armed forces, the police or public authorities will remain excluded from the scope of this initiative.
  • The updated rules will include:
  • - clear and common procedures for the import, export and transit of firearms for civilian use, their essential components, ammunitions and alarm and signal weapons;
  • - simplified import and export procedures for hunters, sport shooters and exhibitors;
  • - a new EU electronic licensing system for firearms manufacturers and dealers to apply for import and export authorisation, replacing the diverse, mostly paper-based national systems;
  • - strict technical standards for alarm and signal weapons, which are devices manufactured to only be able to fire blank, tear gas or irritant ammunition;
  • - stricter rules on semi-finished firearms components;
  • - an end-user certificate for the more dangerous firearms;
  • - strict checks on refusals to grant import or export authorisations.
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