BETA


2010/2111(INI) EU protein deficit: what solution for a long standing problem?

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI HÄUSLING Martin (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion ENVI TABAJDI Csaba Sándor (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2011/09/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2011/03/08
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2011/03/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the EU protein deficit.

Supply, demand and international trade : the resolution notes that the total EU protein crop production currently occupies only 3% of the Union's arable land and supplies only 30% of the protein crops consumed as animal feed in the EU , with a trend over the past decade towards an increase in this deficit.

Historically, this significant deficit in protein crop production goes back to previously established international trade agreements , especially with the United States, which allowed the EU to protect its cereal production and in return allowed duty-free imports of protein crops and oilseeds into the EU (GATT and 1992 Blair House Agreement).

70% (42 million tonnes in 2009) of the raw materials rich in plant proteins consumed, especially soy flour, are imported , mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the USA. Approximately 60% of these imports (26 million tonnes) are by-products derived from vegetable oil production and are used as meals, especially soymeal, for animal feed. T hese producers are not subject to the same environmental, health and GMO regulatory constraints as European producers.

The EU livestock sector is vulnerable to price volatility and trade distortions, and depends on affordable and high quality protein imports. The sector's competitiveness is undermined by the additional costs of protein imports for feed incurred by the lack of an EU technical solution to the current zero tolerance policy on low level presence of unapproved GMOs.

Advantages of reducing the protein deficit : the resolution highlights that rebalancing the supply and consumption of cereals, proteins and oilseeds in the EU could have major economic benefits for farmers and the food and feed industry, as well as improving the variety of healthy, high-quality food for consumers. The Commission communication of 17 November 2010 clearly highlights the need to enhance protein crop production within a more integrated crop rotation system.

In this context, Parliament calls on the Commission to t ake a medium- to long-term view in reviewing its policy on proteins , ensuring that its legislative proposals for CAP reform include adequate and reliable new measures and instruments which support farmers in improving crop rotation systems so as to substantially reduce the current protein deficit and price volatility.

Recommendations and demands : highlighting that it is advantageous for farmers to grow protein crops in several areas, Parliament invites the Commission to:

submit a report on the possibilities and options for increasing domestic protein crop production in the EU by means of new policy instruments; report on the impact of the zero tolerance rule for the presence in imported feed of GMOs which are not authorised in Europe, giving particular consideration to the possibility of introducing limit values and their practical application; maintain the common organisation of the market in dried fodder in place until 2013 so as to ensure the continued survival of this key sector, which is vitally important in the production of feed proteins for the livestock sector; support research into breeding and supply of protein crop seeds in the EU, including their contribution to disease control; propose, in the context of promoting rural development , measures to promote an increase in the number of animals with biological material of high value and productive potential; propose a framework for rural development measures which introduce improved, decentralised facilities for the production of animal feed; carry out an appraisal evaluating the effects of current import tariffs and trade agreements on the various oilseed and protein crops and to submit to Parliament and the Council a detailed legal study on the current scope of the Blair House agreements on the production of protein crops in Europe; ensure an unhindered supply of soya to the EU market by providing a technical solution regarding the low-level presence of GMOs in protein crops for food and feed imported into the EU; consider including in its legislative proposals for a reformed CAP and beyond this the promotion of crop rotation with protein crops as a precautionary measure against crop disease and a contribution to improved agricultural practices and new challenges such as food security, climate change, management of resources etc and in recognition of the fact that local and proximity farming are of greater benefit to the environment; adopt suitable measures creating market conditions that favour local production as compared to imported products, and that meet the requirements of the feedstuffs industry; submit a legislative proposal to Parliament and the Council which authorises the use of processed animal proteins from slaughter offal for the production of feed for monogastric animals (pigs and poultry); introduce a specific framework programme for decentralised agricultural and rural development research and to improve European and international cooperation; propose a coherent overall political approach to the application of the agro-environmental rules to food products sold within the Union with regard to the importation of genetically modified protein crops; establish a monitoring mechanism on the origin of protein crops imported into the European Union ; consider including in its legislative proposals on CAP reform the provision of support for farmers cultivating protein crops in crop rotation systems which contribute to the reduction of GHGs and the EU’s crop protein deficit and improve disease control and soil fertility; bring forward incentive-based measures to promote the cultivation of fallow land , which could contribute significantly to reducing the protein deficit in the EU.

Documents
2011/03/08
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2011/03/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2011/02/04
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2011/02/04
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2011/02/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2011/01/26
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report drafted by Martin HÄUSLING (Greens/EFA, DE) on the EU protein deficit.

The report notes that the total EU protein crop production currently occupies only 3% of the Union's arable land and supplies only 30% of the protein crops consumed as animal feed in the EU, with a trend over the past decade towards an increase in this deficit.

Historically, this significant deficit in protein crop production goes back to previously established international trade agreements , especially with the United States, which allowed the EU to protect its cereal production and in return allowed duty-free imports of protein crops and oilseeds into the EU (GATT and 1992 Blair House Agreement).

70% (42 million tonnes in 2009) of the raw materials rich in plant proteins consumed, especially soy flour, are imported , mainly from Brazil, Argentina and the USA. Approximately 60% of these imports (26 million tonnes) are by-products derived from vegetable oil production and are used as meals, especially soymeal, for animal feed. T hese producers are not subject to the same environmental, health and GMO regulatory constraints as European producers.

The EU livestock sector is vulnerable to price volatility and trade distortions, and depends on affordable and high quality protein imports. The sector's competitiveness is undermined by the additional costs of protein imports for feed incurred by the lack of an EU technical solution to the current zero tolerance policy on low level presence of unapproved GMOs.

The report highlights that rebalancing the supply and consumption of cereals, proteins and oilseeds in the EU could have major economic benefits for farmers and the food and feed industry, as well as improving the variety of healthy, high-quality food for consumers. The Commission communication of 17 November 2010 clearly highlights the need to enhance protein crop production within a more integrated crop rotation system.

In this context, Members call on the Commission to t ake a medium- to long-term view in reviewing its policy on proteins , ensuring that its legislative proposals for CAP reform include adequate and reliable new measures and instruments which support farmers in improving crop rotation systems so as to substantially reduce the current protein deficit and price volatility.

The Commission is invited to:

submit a report on the possibilities and options for increasing domestic protein crop production in the EU by means of new policy instruments; report on the impact of the zero tolerance rule for the presence in imported feed of GMOs which are not authorised in Europe, giving particular consideration to the possibility of introducing limit values and their practical application; maintain the common organisation of the market in dried fodder in place until 2013 so as to ensure the continued survival of this key sector, which is vitally important in the production of feed proteins for the livestock sector; support research into breeding and supply of protein crop seeds in the EU, including their contribution to disease control; propose, in the context of promoting rural development , measures to promote an increase in the number of animals with biological material of high value and productive potential; propose a framework for rural development measures which introduce improved, decentralised facilities for the production of animal feed; carry out an appraisal evaluating the effects of current import tariffs and trade agreements on the various oilseed and protein crops and to submit to Parliament and the Council a detailed legal study on the current scope of the Blair House agreements on the production of protein crops in Europe; ensure an unhindered supply of soya to the EU market by providing a technical solution regarding the low-level presence of GMOs in protein crops for food and feed imported into the EU; consider including in its legislative proposals for a reformed CAP and beyond this the promotion of crop rotation with protein crops as a precautionary measure against crop disease and a contribution to improved agricultural practices and new challenges such as food security, climate change, management of resources etc and in recognition of the fact that local and proximity farming are of greater benefit to the environment; adopt suitable measures creating market conditions that favour local production as compared to imported products, and that meet the requirements of the feedstuffs industry; submit a legislative proposal to Parliament and the Council which authorises the use of processed animal proteins from slaughter offal for the production of feed for monogastric animals (pigs and poultry); introduce a specific framework programme for decentralised agricultural and rural development research and to improve European and international cooperation; propose a coherent overall political approach to the application of the agro-environmental rules to food products sold within the Union with regard to the importation of genetically modified protein crops; establish a monitoring mechanism on the origin of protein crops imported into the European Union ; consider including in its legislative proposals on CAP reform the provision of support for farmers cultivating protein crops in crop rotation systems which contribute to the reduction of GHGs and the EU’s crop protein deficit and improve disease control and soil fertility; bring forward incentive-based measures to promote the cultivation of fallow land , which could contribute significantly to reducing the protein deficit in the EU.

2010/12/01
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2010/10/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2010/09/20
   EP - TABAJDI Csaba Sándor (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2010/07/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2010/04/28
   EP - HÄUSLING Martin (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Votes

A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 2

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 598, -: 47, 0: 5
DE IT FR ES PL RO EL PT HU NL BG BE SE FI DK AT SK IE LT LV LU SI EE CZ CY MT GB
Total
87
66
66
43
47
30
20
19
19
22
16
16
16
13
13
14
11
10
8
8
6
6
6
18
6
5
58
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244

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1

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2

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3

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2

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2
2

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2
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167

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3

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2

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74
3

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53

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3

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4
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24

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3

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A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 3

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 390, -: 211, 0: 30
GB ES PL IT DE RO BG IE SK SI CZ PT LT LV LU EE FI NL SE MT DK BE CY FR AT HU EL
Total
59
43
43
65
86
30
16
8
11
6
17
20
8
8
6
6
12
21
15
4
13
17
6
61
14
16
19
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2
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3
3
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A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 5

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 570, -: 64, 0: 1
DE IT FR ES RO EL PT PL NL BE HU BG SE AT SK IE FI DK SI EE LT CY MT LV LU CZ GB
Total
88
67
65
41
29
20
19
46
21
19
18
16
15
13
11
10
11
13
6
6
7
5
5
6
4
17
56
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233

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3

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1

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2
2

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70
3

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1
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53

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2

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1

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3
3

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A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 7

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 579, -: 65
DE IT FR ES RO EL PT PL HU BE NL BG AT FI SK IE DK LT SE LV LU SI EE CY CZ MT GB
Total
93
67
59
44
31
20
19
46
19
18
21
16
12
11
11
10
13
8
16
8
6
6
6
6
19
4
54
icon: PPE PPE
238

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1

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2

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3

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1
2

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2

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168

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3

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1

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72
3

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53

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3

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2

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2
3

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1

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1

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4
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2

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A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 9

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 349, -: 246, 0: 55
ES GB IT PL BG CZ RO SI PT DE LU IE MT NL EE SK SE LV LT FI DK BE CY AT FR HU EL
Total
41
57
66
44
16
20
31
6
19
90
6
10
5
22
6
11
16
8
8
13
13
18
6
14
65
17
21
icon: PPE PPE
240

Czechia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2

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1

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2

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1

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4
2
icon: ALDE ALDE
74

Slovenia ALDE

2

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1

Ireland ALDE

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4

Estonia ALDE

3

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1

Lithuania ALDE

1
3
icon: ECR ECR
47

Netherlands ECR

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1

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1

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2

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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3

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2

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4

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2

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1

A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 10/1

2011/03/08 Outcome: +: 620, -: 36
DE IT FR ES PL RO GB EL PT BE HU CZ NL BG DK FI SK IE AT LT LV SE EE CY SI MT LU
Total
91
67
66
44
44
31
58
20
20
19
19
19
22
16
12
13
11
10
14
8
8
16
6
6
5
5
5
icon: PPE PPE
245

Czechia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

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1
2

Slovenia PPE

2

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2

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3
icon: S&D S&D
168

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
76
3

Lithuania ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
51

Spain Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1
3

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
45

Belgium ECR

For (1)

1

Hungary ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
23

France EFD

Against (1)

1

Greece EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

1

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2
icon: NI NI
17

Spain NI

1

Romania NI

1
3

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

For (1)

1

Netherlands NI

2

Bulgaria NI

For (1)

1

A7-0026/2011 - Martin Häusling - § 10/2

2011/03/08 Outcome: -: 360, +: 271, 0: 2
AT FR ES PT CY IE SK EL BE MT DE LT CZ LV NL FI SI LU EE RO IT BG DK HU SE PL GB
Total
14
63
41
19
6
9
9
19
19
5
89
8
20
8
19
9
6
6
6
31
63
16
13
17
15
45
57
icon: S&D S&D
161

Ireland S&D

2
2

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

1

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

Against (1)

2
3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

France GUE/NGL

2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
17

Spain NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Netherlands NI