BETA


2013/0433(COD) Cloning of animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species kept and reproduced for farming purposes

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI SOMMER Renate (icon: PPE PPE), MOI Giulia (icon: EFDD EFDD) AYUSO Pilar (icon: PPE PPE), AGUILERA Clara (icon: S&D S&D), SÂRBU Daciana Octavia (icon: S&D S&D), NICHOLSON James (icon: ECR ECR), WOJCIECHOWSKI Janusz (icon: ECR ECR), FEDERLEY Fredrick (icon: ALDE ALDE), MÜLLER Ulrike (icon: ALDE ALDE), ECK Stefan (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), HAZEKAMP Anja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), BOVÉ José (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), STAES Bart (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead AGRI SOMMER Renate (icon: PPE PPE), MOI Giulia (icon: EFDD EFDD) AYUSO Pilar (icon: PPE PPE), AGUILERA Clara (icon: S&D S&D), SÂRBU Daciana Octavia (icon: S&D S&D), NICHOLSON James (icon: ECR ECR), WOJCIECHOWSKI Janusz (icon: ECR ECR), FEDERLEY Fredrick (icon: ALDE ALDE), MÜLLER Ulrike (icon: ALDE ALDE), ECK Stefan (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), HAZEKAMP Anja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), BOVÉ José (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), STAES Bart (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Former Responsible Committee AGRI
Committee Opinion INTA KIRTON-DARLING Jude (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO
Former Committee Opinion INTA
Former Committee Opinion ENVI
Former Committee Opinion ITRE
Former Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Legal Basis Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 58, TFEU 043-p2

Events

2015/10/22
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2015/09/08
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/09/08
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/09/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 529 votes to 120, with 157 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the cloning of animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species kept and reproduced for farming purposes.

Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Choice of legal instrument : Parliament voted to use a Regulation as the appropriate legal instrument (as opposed to a Directive as proposed by the Commission).

Objective and scope : Parliament recalled that animal cloning for food production purposes jeopardises the defining characteristics of the European farming model , which is based on product quality, food safety, consumer health, strict animal welfare rules and the use of environmentally sound methods.

In this regard, the objective of this Regulation is to address concerns relating to animal health and welfare and to consumers' perceptions and ethical considerations with regard to the cloning technique.

Members recalled that the majority of Union citizens disapprove of cloning for farming purposes due to, inter alia, animal welfare and general ethical concerns.

Provisional or permanent prohibitions : although the proposal qualifies the prohibitions on the use of cloning as “provisional”, Parliament favoured a pure and simple prohibition .

Thus, the Regulation shall prohibit the placing on the market of:

animal clones, embryo clones,

and the import of :

animal clones, embryo clones descendants of animal clones, germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants (meaning semen, oocytes and embryos collected or produced from animals for the purpose of reproduction), food and feed from animal clones and their descendants.

The Regulation shall apply to all species of animals kept and reproduced for farming purposes and not only animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species as was proposed by the Commission.

Import conditions : Members stated that animals shall not be imported from third countries unless the accompanying import certificates show that they are not animal clones or descendants of animal clones.

In order to ensure that import certificates accompanying animals and germinal products and food and feed of animal origin indicate whether they are, or are derived from, animal clones or descendants of animal clones, the Commission shall adopt specific import conditions under Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council by 6 months from the entry into force of this Regulation and shall, if necessary, present a proposal to amend other legislation in the field of animal health or zootechnical and genealogical conditions for imports.

Traceability : Parliament noted that traceability systems shall be established for animal clones; descendants of animal clones; germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to establish detailed rules for such systems. The power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years (tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration) from the entry into force of the Regulation.

Penalties : the penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate, dissuasive and shall ensure a level playing field .

Reports and reviews : by 6 years from the entry into force of this Regulation, the Member States shall report to the Commission on the experience gained by them on the application of this Regulation, scientific and technical progress, the evolution of consumer perceptions, and international developments, in particular trade flows and the Union's trade relations as well as ethical issues relating to animal cloning.

By means of an official EU-Survey, the Commission shall launch a public consultation aimed at assessing any new trends regarding consumers' perceptions of food products from cloned animals.

The Regulation shall apply from 1 year from the entry into force of this Regulation.

Documents
2015/06/25
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development jointly adopted the report by Renate SOMMER (EPP, DE) on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the cloning of animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species kept and reproduced for farming purposes.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the commission proposal as follows:

Choice of legal instrument : while the Commission considers that a Directive is the most appropriate instrument for this legislation, Members proposed using a Regulation as the legal instrument as this would enhance legal certainty and ensure the rationality and consistency of the enforcement, while respecting the subsidiarity and proportionality principles.

Purpose and scope : Members considered that the Regulation should establish rules concerning the placing on the market and import of:

animal clones, embryo clones, descendants of animal clones , germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants (meaning semen, oocytes and embryos collected or produced from animals for the purpose of reproduction), food and feed from animal clones and their descendants.

It shall apply to all species of animals kept and reproduced for farming purposes and not only animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species as was proposed by the Commission.

Moreover, the objective of this Regulation is to address concerns relating to animal health and welfare and to consumers' perceptions and ethical considerations with regard to the cloning technique. It has been clearly and consistently shown by consumer research, the majority of Union citizens disapprove of cloning for farming purposes due to, inter alia, animal welfare and general ethical concerns.

Provisional or permanent prohibitions : although the proposal qualifies the prohibitions on the use of cloning as “provisional”, referring to a “suspension” of the use of the technique, Members suggested a pure and simple prohibition .

Import conditions : Members stated that animals shall not be imported from third countries unless the accompanying import certificates show that they are not animal clones or descendants of animal clones.

In order to ensure that import certificates accompanying animals and germinal products and food and feed of animal origin indicate whether they are, or are derived from, animal clones or descendants of animal clones, the Commission shall adopt specific import conditions under Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council by 6 months from the entry into force of this Regulation and shall, if necessary, present a proposal to amend other legislation in the field of animal health or zootechnical and genealogical conditions for imports.

Traceability : the report noted that traceability systems shall be established for animal clones; descendants of animal clones; germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to establish detailed rules for such systems.

Reports and reviews : this Regulation shall be reviewed within a reasonable time, taking into account the experience gained by the Member States in its application, scientific and technical progress, the evolution of consumer perceptions, and international developments, in particular trade flows and the Union's trade relations.

By means of an official EU-Survey, the Commission shall launch a public consultation aimed at assessing any new trends regarding consumers' perceptions of food products from cloned animals.

Documents
2015/06/17
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2015/06/09
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/05/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/04/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/03/23
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2014/12/17
   EP - Referral to joint committee announced in Parliament
2014/10/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2014/09/03
   EP - Committee Opinion
2014/07/14
   EP - Responsible Committee
2014/07/14
   EP - Responsible Committee
2014/02/27
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2014/02/24
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2014/02/20
   AT_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2014/02/11
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2014/01/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2013/12/18
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2013/12/18
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2013/12/18
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to suspend the use of the technique and the marketing of animal clones for farming purposes ensures that all Union farmers and breeders are subject to the same conditions while adequately protecting animal welfare.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: Directive 98/58/EC on the protection of animals kept for farming purposes sets very general minimum animal welfare standards for animals used in agriculture. It does not refer explicitly to cloning, but calls on Member States to avoid unnecessary pain, suffering or injury in farm animals. If cloning causes unnecessary pain, suffering or injury Member States have to act at national level to avoid it.

In 2008, the Commission presented a proposal to streamline the approval process in Regulation (EC) N° 258/97 on novel foods. In the legislative procedure, lawmakers aimed to amend the proposal to introduce specific rules on cloning. Yet no agreement was reached on the scope and features of these insertions so that the proposal was abandoned after a failed Conciliation in March 2011.

As a result, the Commission was asked to prepare a legislative proposal on cloning in food production based on an impact assessment outside the Novel Food Regulation.

The European Parliament resolution of 6 July 2011 on the Commission Work Programme 2012 requested a legislative proposal to prohibit food from clones, offspring and descendants.

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) views cloning primarily as an animal welfare hazard related to the low efficiency of the technique. It up-dated its opinion on cloning of animals in 2012 concluding that scientific knowledge available on cloning has increased but that nevertheless its efficiency remains low compared to other reproduction techniques.

Union citizens , on the other hand, held a broadly negative perception of the use of the cloning technique for the production of animals for farming purposes.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the option calling for a temporary suspension of the technique and of imports of live clones was retained as the basis of the present proposal.

CONTENT: the proposal envisages a suspension on Union territory of:

the use of the technique for food production purposes; the marketing of live clones (animal clones).

These provisional prohibitions will confine a production technique causing distress to animals to areas where it appears to have particular benefit.

The provisional prohibitions are kept under review given the development of knowledge on the technique and progress in the application of the technique in areas outside farming.

This proposal excludes cloning carried out in research, for the preservation of rare breeds or endangered species and for the production of medicinal products and medical devices.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0216/2015 - Giulia Moi et Renate Sommer - Am 55

2015/09/08 Outcome: -: 595, +: 104, 0: 9
IE SI DK LU EE CY MT NL PL LV LT SK AT HR EL FI BG HU PT BE SE CZ IT FR RO ES GB DE
Total
10
7
13
6
6
6
6
26
47
8
11
13
17
11
18
12
14
20
19
19
20
21
69
72
31
49
65
90
icon: ENF ENF
37

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Abstain (1)

2
3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
11

Netherlands NI

For (1)

1

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Netherlands ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

3

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Italy ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2
4
3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: ALDE ALDE
67

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

Against (1)

2

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
184

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: PPE PPE
206

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

2

A8-0216/2015 - Giulia Moi et Renate Sommer - Am 56

2015/09/08 Outcome: -: 617, +: 62, 0: 26
IE SI LU EE CY MT LT LV AT FI HR NL EL DK SK BE HU BG PT SE CZ FR RO PL IT ES GB DE
Total
10
7
6
6
6
6
11
8
17
12
11
26
18
13
13
18
20
14
19
20
21
72
30
47
67
49
65
91
icon: ENF ENF
37
3

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1
2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
11

Netherlands NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

France NI

2

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
40

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2
4
3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: ECR ECR
63

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Italy ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3
4

Latvia ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
182

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3
3

Belgium S&D

Against (2)

3

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: PPE PPE
207

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

Abstain (1)

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A8-0216/2015 - Giulia Moi et Renate Sommer - Résolution législative

2015/09/08 Outcome: +: 529, -: 120, 0: 57
DE IT FR PL RO HU PT AT ES EL IE SK NL BG BE DK LV CY MT SI HR LU LT CZ FI SE EE GB
Total
91
69
71
48
31
20
19
17
49
18
10
13
26
14
19
13
6
6
6
7
11
6
11
21
12
20
6
64
icon: PPE PPE
206

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
184

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
49

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: ENF ENF
36

Poland ENF

2

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1
3

Netherlands ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
11

Germany NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

Netherlands NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Italy ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands ECR

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Romania ALDE

For (1)

3

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Abstain (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
187 2013/0433(COD)
2015/04/21 INTA 51 amendments...
source: 554.861
2015/04/28 ENVI, AGRI 136 amendments...
source: 554.978

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/1
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
date
rapporteur
shadows
committees/1
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
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False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
date
rapporteur
shadows
committees/6
type
Former Committee Opinion
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committee_full
International Trade
committee
INTA
date
    committees/6
    type
    Former Committee Opinion
    body
    EP
    associated
    False
    committee_full
    International Trade
    committee
    INTA
    date
    • 2014-01-20T00:00:00
    rapporteur
    • name
      PIRILLO Mario
      group
      Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
      abbr
      S&D
    committees/7
    type
    Former Committee Opinion
    body
    EP
    associated
    False
    committee_full
    Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
    committee
    ENVI
    date
      committees/7
      type
      Former Committee Opinion
      body
      EP
      associated
      False
      committee_full
      Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
      committee
      ENVI
      date
      • 2014-03-20T00:00:00
      rapporteur
      • name
        MAZEJ KUKOVIČ Zofija
        group
        European People's Party (Christian Democrats)
        abbr
        PPE
      activities
      • date
        2013-12-18T00:00:00
        docs
        • url
          http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=0892
          text
          • PURPOSE: to suspend the use of the technique and the marketing of animal clones for farming purposes ensures that all Union farmers and breeders are subject to the same conditions while adequately protecting animal welfare.

            PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

            ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

            BACKGROUND: Directive 98/58/EC on the protection of animals kept for farming purposes sets very general minimum animal welfare standards for animals used in agriculture. It does not refer explicitly to cloning, but calls on Member States to avoid unnecessary pain, suffering or injury in farm animals. If cloning causes unnecessary pain, suffering or injury Member States have to act at national level to avoid it.

            In 2008, the Commission presented a proposal to streamline the approval process in Regulation (EC) N° 258/97 on novel foods. In the legislative procedure, lawmakers aimed to amend the proposal to introduce specific rules on cloning. Yet no agreement was reached on the scope and features of these insertions so that the proposal was abandoned after a failed Conciliation in March 2011.

            As a result, the Commission was asked to prepare a legislative proposal on cloning in food production based on an impact assessment outside the Novel Food Regulation.

            The European Parliament resolution of 6 July 2011 on the Commission Work Programme 2012 requested a legislative proposal to prohibit food from clones, offspring and descendants.

            The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) views cloning primarily as an animal welfare hazard related to the low efficiency of the technique. It up-dated its opinion on cloning of animals in 2012 concluding that scientific knowledge available on cloning has increased but that nevertheless its efficiency remains low compared to other reproduction techniques.

            Union citizens, on the other hand, held a broadly negative perception of the use of the cloning technique for the production of animals for farming purposes.

            IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the option calling for a temporary suspension of the technique and of imports of live clones was retained as the basis of the present proposal.

            CONTENT: the proposal envisages a suspension on Union territory of:

            • the use of the technique for food production purposes;
            • the marketing of live clones (animal clones).

            These provisional prohibitions will confine a production technique causing distress to animals to areas where it appears to have particular benefit.

            The provisional prohibitions are kept under review given the development of knowledge on the technique and progress in the application of the technique in areas outside farming.

            This proposal excludes cloning carried out in research, for the preservation of rare breeds or endangered species and for the production of medicinal products and medical devices.

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          • The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development jointly adopted the report by Renate SOMMER (EPP, DE) on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the cloning of animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species kept and reproduced for farming purposes.

            The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the commission proposal as follows:

            Choice of legal instrument: while the Commission considers that a Directive is the most appropriate instrument for this legislation, Members proposed using a Regulation as the legal instrument as this would enhance legal certainty and ensure the rationality and consistency of the enforcement, while respecting the subsidiarity and proportionality principles.

            Purpose and scope: Members considered that the Regulation should establish rules concerning the placing on the market and import of:

            • animal clones,
            • embryo clones,
            • descendants of animal clones,
            • germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants (meaning semen, oocytes and embryos collected or produced from animals for the purpose of reproduction),
            • food and feed from animal clones and their descendants.

            It shall apply to all species of animals kept and reproduced for farming purposes and not only animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine, caprine and equine species as was proposed by the Commission.

            Moreover, the objective of this Regulation is to address concerns relating to animal health and welfare and to consumers' perceptions and ethical considerations with regard to the cloning technique. It has been clearly and consistently shown by consumer research, the majority of Union citizens disapprove of cloning for farming purposes due to, inter alia, animal welfare and general ethical concerns.

            Provisional or permanent prohibitions: although the proposal qualifies the prohibitions on the use of cloning as “provisional”, referring to a “suspension” of the use of the technique, Members suggested a pure and simple prohibition.

            Import conditions: Members stated that animals shall not be imported from third countries unless the accompanying import certificates show that they are not animal clones or descendants of animal clones.

            In order to ensure that import certificates accompanying animals and germinal products and food and feed of animal origin indicate whether they are, or are derived from, animal clones or descendants of animal clones, the Commission shall adopt specific import conditions under Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council by 6 months from the entry into force of this Regulation and shall, if necessary, present a proposal to amend other legislation in the field of animal health or zootechnical and genealogical conditions for imports.

            Traceability: the report noted that traceability systems shall be established for animal clones; descendants of animal clones; germinal products of animal clones and of their descendants. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to establish detailed rules for such systems.

            Reports and reviews: this Regulation shall be reviewed within a reasonable time, taking into account the experience gained by the Member States in its application, scientific and technical progress, the evolution of consumer perceptions, and international developments, in particular trade flows and the Union's trade relations.

            By means of an official EU-Survey, the Commission shall launch a public consultation aimed at assessing any new trends regarding consumers' perceptions of food products from cloned animals.

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