BETA


2015/0093(COD) Possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI LA VIA Giovanni (icon: PPE PPE) BALAS Guillaume (icon: S&D S&D), GIRLING Julie (icon: ECR ECR), MEISSNER Gesine (icon: ALDE ALDE), BOYLAN Lynn (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), STAES Bart (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), EVI Eleonora (icon: EFDD EFDD), D'ORNANO Mireille (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion AGRI DESS Albert (icon: PPE PPE) Beata GOSIEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR), Susanne MELIOR (icon: S&D S&D), Giulia MOI (icon: EFDD EFDD), Maria Lidia SENRA RODRÍGUEZ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 114

Events

2016/01/07
   CY_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/10/28
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/10/28
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/10/28
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 577 votes to 75, with 38 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 as regards the possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory.

In line with the recommendation by the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, Parliament rejected the Commission proposal by 619 votes to 58, with 13 abstentions. It called on the Commission to withdraw its position.

In its resolution, Parliament recalled that the reasoned opinions submitted, within the framework of Protocol No 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, by the Belgian Chamber of Representatives, the Spanish Parliament, the Netherlands House of Representatives and the Austrian Federal Council, asserted that the draft legislative act does not comply with the principle of subsidiarity.

Documents
2015/10/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/10/19
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Giovanni LA VIA (EPP, IT) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 as regards the possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory.

The committee recommended that Parliament reject the Commission proposal and called on the Commission to withdraw its position.

In its proposal, the Commission suggests to mirror, as regards genetically modified food and feed, the recent amendment of Directive 2001/18/EC in respect of GMOs intended for cultivation ( Directive (EU) 2015/412 which entered into force in early April 2015). Accordingly, it proposed to allow Member States to restrict or prohibit - under certain conditions - the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory after these products have been authorised ("opt-out").

Members considered, in particular, that - as its adoption was not preceded by an assessment of all possible impacts and alternative options available - the proposal conflicts with the "Better Regulation" and "Transparency" pledges made by the new Commission.

As the EU remains highly dependent on the supply of proteins from GM sources and considering that the proposal is likely to have negative indirect effect on imports, Members are of the view that the proposal may seriously endanger livestock production and also negatively affect agriculture in the EU.

Documents
2015/10/13
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2015/10/13
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2015/09/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/16
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2015/09/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/08/04
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/27
   AT_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/23
   BG_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/23
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/20
   BE_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/13
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2015/07/13
   CSL - Council Meeting
2015/07/02
   HR_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/02
   IE_HOUSES-OF-OIREACHTAS - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/02
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/07/02
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2015/06/29
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2015/06/25
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/06/25
   NL_CHAMBER - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2015/06/09
   EP - LA VIA Giovanni (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2015/05/20
   EP - DESS Albert (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2015/04/30
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2015/04/22
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Details

This Communication from the Commission reports on the results of the Commission’s review of the decision-making process for authorising genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

It sets out the rationale that has led to the legislative proposal adopted by the Commission aiming to review the decision-making process for authorising GMOs.

The decision-making process in the field of GMOs is governed by both a specific legal framework and common institutional rules. This Communication summarises the context of such decisions, discusses the way the authorisation process has worked in practice, and describes changes introduced recently.

The legal framework : the European Union has a comprehensive legal framework in place for the authorisation, traceability and labelling of GMOs.

Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed (the 2003 Regulation) covers food, food ingredients, and feed containing, consisting of or produced from GMOs; The other piece of legislation in this area is Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. This covers GMOs for uses other than food and feed (notably for cultivation).

Both legislative acts set out authorisation procedures the aim of which is to ensure that the placing on the market of the products concerned will not pose a risk to human or animal health or to the environment.

Decision-making process : the Political Guidelines presented by the Commission to the European Parliament explained the problem faced in the specific GMO context – namely that the system did not allow the individual concerns of democratically elected governments to be taken into account .

From a legal point of view, decisions to authorise GMOs take the form of implementing acts adopted by the Commission (comitology). Whilst the Commission therefore plays a decisive role in the authorisation process, Member States are also very much involved. However, since the entry into force of the 2003 Regulation, Member States have never obtained a qualified majority in favour of or against a draft Commission decision authorising GMOs , whether for cultivation or for GM food and feed. The result has always been “no opinion”.

It has become “the norm” for decision on GMO authorisations that the dossier is returned to the Commission for the final decision, making decisions in this area very much the exception to the usual functioning of the EU comitology procedure as a whole. This implies de facto that the Commission is systematically put in a situation where it has to take a decision on authorisations without support of Member States in relevant committees .

Recent reform of the rules for GMOs authorised for cultivation : in 2010, the Commission submitted a proposal to amend the GMO legislation to extend the grounds on which Member States could restrict or prohibit the cultivation of EU authorised GMOs on their territory ("opt-outs").

The proposed amendment has now been adopted into EU law as Directive (EU) 2015/412 (The 2015 Directive). It enables Member States to restrict or prohibit GMO cultivation on their territory (or part of it) provided that such measures are justified on the basis of compelling reasons other than the risk to human or animal health and the environment that is, criteria other than those assessed by EFSA in its risk assessment.

The 2015 Directive therefore gives Member States more flexibility to decide whether or not they wish to cultivate GMOs on their territory, whilst still maintaining the system of EU authorisation based on risk assessment.

Commission’s proposal : the Commission proposes to amend the 2003 Regulation in such a way as to allow Member States to restrict or prohibit the use, on part or all of their territory, of GM food and feed authorised at EU level for compelling reasons other than the risk to human or animal health or to the environment. This will enable Member States to address at national level considerations which are not covered by the EU decision-making process.

Any Member State wishing to make use of this "opt-out" will need to provide justification for that specific case , taking into account the GMO in question, the type of measure envisaged, and the specific circumstances present at national or regional level that constitute the grounds for such an opt-out.

This proposal would mirror and complement the rights already given to Member States in respect of GMOs for cultivation by the 2015 Directive – and cover the much greater number of authorisations granted, which are those for food and feed.

According to the Commission’s opinion, the EU should have a consistent set of rules for GM authorisations for cultivation and for food and feed.

2015/04/22
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to amend existing legislation in order to give Member States the possibility to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 allows Member States to adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use of authorised GMOs and GM food and feed only if they are able to demonstrate that the product in question is likely to pose risks to health and to the environment. The Regulation requires the Commission as risk manager to take a decision on an application for authorisation in a reasonable period of time (to grant an authorisation or refuse an authorisation).

Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, there has never been a qualified majority amongst Member States in favour of or against a draft Commission Decision authorising Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and Genetically Modified (GM) food and feed. The result has always been a “no opinion” for all stages of the procedure. As a result, the authorisation decisions have been adopted by the Commission, in accordance with applicable legislation, without the support of the Member States’ committee opinion.

Regarding cultivation of GMOs , Directive (EU) 2015/412 grants Member States more flexibility to decide whether or not they wish to cultivate GMOs on their territory without affecting the risk assessment provided in the system of Union authorisations of GMOs. However, that Directive does not cover GMOs and GM food and feed authorised under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

In its Communication on the reviewing the decision-making process on genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the Communication concluded that the current legal framework should be amended, by extending the approach agreed in Directive (EU) 2015/412 to other products covered by the Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

CONTENT: the Commission proposal amends Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 to introduce new provisions allowing Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of GMOs and GM food and feed covered by the GMO legal framework, in part or all of their territory, in complement to the possibilities already offered to Member States with respect to GMOs for cultivation by Directive (EU) 2015/412. The proposal does not affect the Union procedure of authorisation based on risks which should remain harmonised at Union level in order to maintain a same level of safety throughout the EU.

According to the proposed Regulation, Member States may adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use GMOs or GM food and feed products provided that such measures are:

reasoned and based on compelling grounds in accordance with Union law which shall, in no case, conflict with the risk assessment carried out pursuant this Regulation; proportional and non-discriminatory .

Where a Member State intends to adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use of products, it shall first submit to the Commission a draft of those measures, and the corresponding justification. The Commission shall immediately notify to the other Member States the draft measures and the corresponding justification.

During a period of 3 months from the date of submission to the Commission of the draft measures and various information:

the Member State shall refrain from adopting and implementing those measures; the Commission and the Member States may make any comments they consider appropriate to the Member State which has submitted the draft measures.

The proposal does not allow Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of products which do not have to be labelled under the GMO legal framework, even if they may contain a small proportion of GMOs or GM food and feed below the thresholds set out therein.

Provisions are also established to protect the rights of economic operators which lawfully placed on the market a GMO or a GM food and feed before the Member State adopt measures pursuant to the proposal. Sufficient time should be given to operators to allow the phasing out of the product from the market.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0305/2015 - Giovanni La Via - Am 1

2015/10/28 Outcome: +: 579, -: 106, 0: 5
DE ES GB RO IT FR PT EL BE NL SE CZ PL BG FI IE HR DK AT SI SK LU LV EE MT LT CY HU
Total
88
49
70
27
70
69
21
18
21
23
18
15
48
13
13
10
10
12
17
8
12
6
7
6
6
9
5
19
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
199

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

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1

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1

Latvia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

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2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1
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46

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: ECR ECR
67

Romania ECR

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1

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1
2

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3

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1

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12

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
38

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1

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3
2
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

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1

A8-0305/2015 - Giovanni La Via - Am 2

2015/10/28 Outcome: +: 377, -: 293, 0: 6
IT ES DE AT EL HU PT SE FI LT IE DK BE EE NL LU HR BG PL CY CZ SI LV RO MT SK GB FR
Total
71
47
86
16
18
18
21
19
13
8
10
12
21
5
24
6
10
13
46
5
14
8
7
27
6
12
66
67
icon: S&D S&D
168

Lithuania S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

Against (1)

3
3
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

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2

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1

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3

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2

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1
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47

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3

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
39

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2

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
12

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
68

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2

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1

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2

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1

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2

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icon: ENF ENF
39

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2
5

A8-0305/2015 - Giovanni La Via - Am 3

2015/10/28 Outcome: -: 383, +: 281, 0: 16
FR IT EL DE LT IE LV CY LU AT DK HR PT FI EE SI MT SK SE BG HU PL BE CZ NL RO ES GB
Total
66
71
18
88
9
10
7
5
6
18
12
10
20
13
5
8
6
12
19
13
18
46
21
15
24
27
48
65
icon: S&D S&D
172

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

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1

Slovenia S&D

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1

Malta S&D

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Slovakia S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Sweden S&D

For (1)

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5

Hungary S&D

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3

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

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2

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

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1

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1

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3

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1

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1

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2

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2

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5
icon: ENF ENF
38

Austria ENF

For (1)

4
2

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1

Netherlands ENF

4

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
12

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
37

Lithuania EFDD

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1

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2

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1
icon: ECR ECR
67

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2

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1

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1

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1

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2

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3

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1

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2

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Lithuania ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

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1

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1

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1

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1

Denmark ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

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2

Slovenia ALDE

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1

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3

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2

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1
icon: PPE PPE
199

Lithuania PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

2

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For (1)

3

Denmark PPE

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1

Finland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1
5

A8-0305/2015 - Giovanni La Via - Résolution législative

2015/10/28 Outcome: +: 577, -: 75, 0: 38
DE ES IT GB RO FR PT BE HU NL CZ BG SE PL FI DK IE HR AT SK SI EL LT LU MT LV EE CY
Total
89
49
70
71
28
68
21
21
18
24
15
13
19
47
12
12
10
10
18
12
8
18
8
6
6
7
5
5
icon: PPE PPE
199

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
176

Netherlands S&D

2

Czechia S&D

3

Finland S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2
3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

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1

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

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For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Slovenia Verts/ALE

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
46

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1

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3

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icon: ECR ECR
68

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1
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1

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1

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icon: NI NI
12

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1

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1

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

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2

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
39

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1

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1

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Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

2
AmendmentsDossier
86 2015/0093(COD)
2015/07/22 AGRI 31 amendments...
source: 565.017
2015/09/18 ENVI 55 amendments...
source: 567.727

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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committee
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rapporteur
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  • date: 2015-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0177/COM_COM(2015)0177_EN.pdf title: COM(2015)0177 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52015PC0177:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/health-and-food-safety_en title: Health and Food Safety Commissioner: ANDRIUKAITIS Vytenis Povilas type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2015-04-30T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2015-05-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: DESS Albert body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: BALAS Guillaume group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: ALDE name: MEISSNER Gesine group: GUE/NGL name: BOYLAN Lynn group: Verts/ALE name: STAES Bart group: EFD name: EVI Eleonora group: ENF name: D'ORNANO Mireille responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2015-06-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LA VIA Giovanni body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 3402 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3402*&MEET_DATE=13/07/2015 type: Debate in Council title: 3402 council: Agriculture and Fisheries date: 2015-07-13T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2015-10-13T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2015-05-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: DESS Albert body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: BALAS Guillaume group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: ALDE name: MEISSNER Gesine group: GUE/NGL name: BOYLAN Lynn group: Verts/ALE name: STAES Bart group: EFD name: EVI Eleonora group: ENF name: D'ORNANO Mireille responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2015-06-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LA VIA Giovanni body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0305&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A8-0305/2015 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2015-05-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: DESS Albert body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: BALAS Guillaume group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: ALDE name: MEISSNER Gesine group: GUE/NGL name: BOYLAN Lynn group: Verts/ALE name: STAES Bart group: EFD name: EVI Eleonora group: ENF name: D'ORNANO Mireille responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2015-06-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LA VIA Giovanni body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE date: 2015-10-19T00:00:00
  • date: 2015-10-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26307&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20151028&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2015-0379 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T8-0379/2015 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
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  • body: EC dg: Health and Food Safety commissioner: ANDRIUKAITIS Vytenis Povilas
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council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 3402 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3402*&MEET_DATE=13/07/2015 date: 2015-07-13T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2015-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2015&nu_doc=0176 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(2015)0176 summary: This Communication from the Commission reports on the results of the Commission’s review of the decision-making process for authorising genetically modified organisms (GMOs). It sets out the rationale that has led to the legislative proposal adopted by the Commission aiming to review the decision-making process for authorising GMOs. The decision-making process in the field of GMOs is governed by both a specific legal framework and common institutional rules. This Communication summarises the context of such decisions, discusses the way the authorisation process has worked in practice, and describes changes introduced recently. The legal framework : the European Union has a comprehensive legal framework in place for the authorisation, traceability and labelling of GMOs. Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed (the 2003 Regulation) covers food, food ingredients, and feed containing, consisting of or produced from GMOs; The other piece of legislation in this area is Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. This covers GMOs for uses other than food and feed (notably for cultivation). Both legislative acts set out authorisation procedures the aim of which is to ensure that the placing on the market of the products concerned will not pose a risk to human or animal health or to the environment. Decision-making process : the Political Guidelines presented by the Commission to the European Parliament explained the problem faced in the specific GMO context – namely that the system did not allow the individual concerns of democratically elected governments to be taken into account . From a legal point of view, decisions to authorise GMOs take the form of implementing acts adopted by the Commission (comitology). Whilst the Commission therefore plays a decisive role in the authorisation process, Member States are also very much involved. However, since the entry into force of the 2003 Regulation, Member States have never obtained a qualified majority in favour of or against a draft Commission decision authorising GMOs , whether for cultivation or for GM food and feed. The result has always been “no opinion”. It has become “the norm” for decision on GMO authorisations that the dossier is returned to the Commission for the final decision, making decisions in this area very much the exception to the usual functioning of the EU comitology procedure as a whole. This implies de facto that the Commission is systematically put in a situation where it has to take a decision on authorisations without support of Member States in relevant committees . Recent reform of the rules for GMOs authorised for cultivation : in 2010, the Commission submitted a proposal to amend the GMO legislation to extend the grounds on which Member States could restrict or prohibit the cultivation of EU authorised GMOs on their territory ("opt-outs"). The proposed amendment has now been adopted into EU law as Directive (EU) 2015/412 (The 2015 Directive). It enables Member States to restrict or prohibit GMO cultivation on their territory (or part of it) provided that such measures are justified on the basis of compelling reasons other than the risk to human or animal health and the environment that is, criteria other than those assessed by EFSA in its risk assessment. The 2015 Directive therefore gives Member States more flexibility to decide whether or not they wish to cultivate GMOs on their territory, whilst still maintaining the system of EU authorisation based on risk assessment. Commission’s proposal : the Commission proposes to amend the 2003 Regulation in such a way as to allow Member States to restrict or prohibit the use, on part or all of their territory, of GM food and feed authorised at EU level for compelling reasons other than the risk to human or animal health or to the environment. This will enable Member States to address at national level considerations which are not covered by the EU decision-making process. Any Member State wishing to make use of this "opt-out" will need to provide justification for that specific case , taking into account the GMO in question, the type of measure envisaged, and the specific circumstances present at national or regional level that constitute the grounds for such an opt-out. This proposal would mirror and complement the rights already given to Member States in respect of GMOs for cultivation by the 2015 Directive – and cover the much greater number of authorisations granted, which are those for food and feed. According to the Commission’s opinion, the EU should have a consistent set of rules for GM authorisations for cultivation and for food and feed. type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2015-06-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE560.784 title: PE560.784 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2015-06-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/parlements_nationaux/com/2015/0177/NL_CHAMBER_AVIS-COM(2015)0177_EN.pdf title: PE560.871 type: Reasoned opinion body: NL_CHAMBER
  • date: 2015-06-29T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/parlements_nationaux/com/2015/0177/ES_PARLIAMENT_AVIS-COM(2015)0177_EN.pdf title: PE560.898 type: Reasoned opinion body: ES_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2015-09-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE560.772&secondRef=02 title: PE560.772 committee: AGRI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2015-09-16T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:2913)(documentyear:2015)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES2913/2015 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2015-09-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE567.727 title: PE567.727 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2015-10-13T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.cor.europa.eu/CORDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:3636)(documentyear:2015)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CDR3636/2015 type: Committee of the Regions: opinion body: CofR
  • date: 2015-10-20T00:00:00 docs: title: PE569.815 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2016-01-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: CY_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2015-07-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: AT_BUNDESRAT
  • date: 2015-07-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: BE_CHAMBER
  • date: 2015-07-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: BG_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2015-08-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
  • date: 2015-07-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: DE_BUNDESRAT
  • date: 2015-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: HR_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2015-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: IE_HOUSES-OF-OIREACHTAS
  • date: 2015-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2015-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2015)0177 title: COM(2015)0177 type: Contribution body: RO_SENATE
events
  • date: 2015-04-22T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2015/0177/COM_COM(2015)0177_EN.pdf title: COM(2015)0177 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2015&nu_doc=0177 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to amend existing legislation in order to give Member States the possibility to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory. PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council. BACKGROUND: Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 allows Member States to adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use of authorised GMOs and GM food and feed only if they are able to demonstrate that the product in question is likely to pose risks to health and to the environment. The Regulation requires the Commission as risk manager to take a decision on an application for authorisation in a reasonable period of time (to grant an authorisation or refuse an authorisation). Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, there has never been a qualified majority amongst Member States in favour of or against a draft Commission Decision authorising Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and Genetically Modified (GM) food and feed. The result has always been a “no opinion” for all stages of the procedure. As a result, the authorisation decisions have been adopted by the Commission, in accordance with applicable legislation, without the support of the Member States’ committee opinion. Regarding cultivation of GMOs , Directive (EU) 2015/412 grants Member States more flexibility to decide whether or not they wish to cultivate GMOs on their territory without affecting the risk assessment provided in the system of Union authorisations of GMOs. However, that Directive does not cover GMOs and GM food and feed authorised under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. In its Communication on the reviewing the decision-making process on genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the Communication concluded that the current legal framework should be amended, by extending the approach agreed in Directive (EU) 2015/412 to other products covered by the Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. CONTENT: the Commission proposal amends Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 to introduce new provisions allowing Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of GMOs and GM food and feed covered by the GMO legal framework, in part or all of their territory, in complement to the possibilities already offered to Member States with respect to GMOs for cultivation by Directive (EU) 2015/412. The proposal does not affect the Union procedure of authorisation based on risks which should remain harmonised at Union level in order to maintain a same level of safety throughout the EU. According to the proposed Regulation, Member States may adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use GMOs or GM food and feed products provided that such measures are: reasoned and based on compelling grounds in accordance with Union law which shall, in no case, conflict with the risk assessment carried out pursuant this Regulation; proportional and non-discriminatory . Where a Member State intends to adopt measures restricting or prohibiting the use of products, it shall first submit to the Commission a draft of those measures, and the corresponding justification. The Commission shall immediately notify to the other Member States the draft measures and the corresponding justification. During a period of 3 months from the date of submission to the Commission of the draft measures and various information: the Member State shall refrain from adopting and implementing those measures; the Commission and the Member States may make any comments they consider appropriate to the Member State which has submitted the draft measures. The proposal does not allow Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of products which do not have to be labelled under the GMO legal framework, even if they may contain a small proportion of GMOs or GM food and feed below the thresholds set out therein. Provisions are also established to protect the rights of economic operators which lawfully placed on the market a GMO or a GM food and feed before the Member State adopt measures pursuant to the proposal. Sufficient time should be given to operators to allow the phasing out of the product from the market.
  • date: 2015-04-30T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2015-07-13T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3402*&MEET_DATE=13/07/2015 title: 3402
  • date: 2015-10-13T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2015-10-19T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0305&language=EN title: A8-0305/2015 summary: The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Giovanni LA VIA (EPP, IT) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 as regards the possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory. The committee recommended that Parliament reject the Commission proposal and called on the Commission to withdraw its position. In its proposal, the Commission suggests to mirror, as regards genetically modified food and feed, the recent amendment of Directive 2001/18/EC in respect of GMOs intended for cultivation ( Directive (EU) 2015/412 which entered into force in early April 2015). Accordingly, it proposed to allow Member States to restrict or prohibit - under certain conditions - the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory after these products have been authorised ("opt-out"). Members considered, in particular, that - as its adoption was not preceded by an assessment of all possible impacts and alternative options available - the proposal conflicts with the "Better Regulation" and "Transparency" pledges made by the new Commission. As the EU remains highly dependent on the supply of proteins from GM sources and considering that the proposal is likely to have negative indirect effect on imports, Members are of the view that the proposal may seriously endanger livestock production and also negatively affect agriculture in the EU.
  • date: 2015-10-28T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26307&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2015-10-28T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20151028&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2015-10-28T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2015-0379 title: T8-0379/2015 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 577 votes to 75, with 38 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 as regards the possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory. In line with the recommendation by the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, Parliament rejected the Commission proposal by 619 votes to 58, with 13 abstentions. It called on the Commission to withdraw its position. In its resolution, Parliament recalled that the reasoned opinions submitted, within the framework of Protocol No 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, by the Belgian Chamber of Representatives, the Spanish Parliament, the Netherlands House of Representatives and the Austrian Federal Council, asserted that the draft legislative act does not comply with the principle of subsidiarity.
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  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/health-and-food-safety_en title: Health and Food Safety commissioner: ANDRIUKAITIS Vytenis Povilas
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  • name: European Economic and Social Committee
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  • Regulation
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  • 3.10.09.06 Agro-genetics, GMOs
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activities/3/committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2015-05-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: EPP name: DESS Albert
  • body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: BALAS Guillaume group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: ALDE name: MEISSNER Gesine group: GUE/NGL name: BOYLAN Lynn group: Verts/ALE name: STAES Bart group: EFD name: EVI Eleonora group: ENF name: D'ORNANO Mireille responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2015-06-09T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LA VIA Giovanni
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
activities/3/date
Old
2015-11-24T00:00:00
New
2015-10-13T00:00:00
activities/3/type
Old
Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
activities/4
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2015-0305&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A8-0305/2015
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
committees
date
2015-10-19T00:00:00
activities/5
date
2015-10-28T00:00:00
docs
body
EP
type
Debate in Parliament
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting committee decision
New
Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/6
group
ENF
name
D'ORNANO Mireille
activities/2
body
CSL
meeting_id
3402
docs
url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3402*&MEET_DATE=13/07/2015 type: Debate in Council title: 3402
council
Agriculture and Fisheries
date
2015-07-13T00:00:00
type
Council Meeting
committees/1/shadows/6
group
ENF
name
D'ORNANO Mireille
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/2
group
ALDE
name
MEISSNER Gesine
committees/1/shadows/2
group
ALDE
name
MEISSNER Gesine
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/1
group
ECR
name
GIRLING Julie
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/2
group
GUE/NGL
name
BOYLAN Lynn
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/3
group
Verts/ALE
name
STAES Bart
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/4
group
EFD
name
EVI Eleonora
committees/1/shadows/1
group
ECR</