BETA

Activities of Catharina RINZEMA

Plenary speeches (3)

International procurement instrument (debate)
2022/06/08
Dossiers: 2012/0060(COD)
Amending Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2020/2093 of 17 December 2020 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027 - Amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 as regards the establishment of a diversified funding strategy as a general borrowing method - 'Macro-Financial Assistance+' instrument for providing support to Ukraine for 2023 (debate)
2022/11/23
Legal protection for rainbow families exercising free movement, in particular the Baby Sara case (debate)
2022/11/23
Dossiers: 2022/2954(RSP)

Reports (1)

RECOMMENDATION on the draft Council decision amending Decision (EU) 2015/2169 on the conclusion of the Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Korea, of the other part
2022/11/17
Committee: INTA
Dossiers: 2022/0257(NLE)
Documents: PDF(172 KB) DOC(52 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Catharina RINZEMA', 'mepid': 229519}]

Shadow reports (2)

REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on foreign subsidies distorting the internal market
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Dossiers: 2021/0114(COD)
Documents: PDF(502 KB) DOC(221 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Christophe HANSEN', 'mepid': 193419}]
REPORT on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down rules for the exercise of the Union's rights in the implementation and enforcement of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part
2022/10/13
Committee: AFCOAFETINTA
Dossiers: 2022/0068(COD)
Documents: PDF(254 KB) DOC(102 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Danuta Maria HÜBNER', 'mepid': 96779}, {'name': 'Andreas SCHIEDER', 'mepid': 197670}, {'name': 'Seán KELLY', 'mepid': 96668}]

Oral questions (1)

Legal protection for rainbow families exercising free movement, in particular the Baby Sara case
2022/10/17
Documents: PDF(59 KB) DOC(12 KB)

Written explanations (6)

Objection pursuant to Rule 111(3): Acceptance period of vaccination certificates issued in the EU Digital COVID Certificate format indicating the completion of the primary vaccination series (B9-0092/2022)

Net als velen wil de VVD zo snel als mogelijk af van het digitale COVID-reiscertificaat. De introductie van het COVID-reiscertificaat maakte reizen binnen de EU weer mogelijk en hielp om toerisme weer veilig doorgang te laten vinden. Nu we in een andere fase van de pandemie lijken te zijn beland, zal de VVD de komende tijd echter kritisch blijven kijken naar de functionaliteit, proportionaliteit en toekomstige noodzaak van EU-COVID-reiscertificaten. De afweging of het certificaat nog nodig is en welke voorwaarden daaraan worden gesteld, wordt gemaakt op basis van informatie en advies van het EMA en ECDC. Het bezwaar waar we vandaag over hebben gestemd, gaat daartegen in. Ook valt niet uit te sluiten dat we deze infrastructuur ook weer nodig hebben bij een mogelijke opleving van het virus en nieuwe ziekmakende varianten. Vandaar dat de VVD-delegatie tegen het bezwaar heeft gestemd.
2022/02/15
Implementation report on on-farm animal welfare (A9-0296/2021 - Jérémy Decerle)

De VVD-delegatie steunt dit initiatiefverslag en stemt tegen het amendement waarin wordt gepleit voor een verbod op het doden van mannelijke kuikens. Hoewel er ook in Nederland naar gestreefd wordt om op termijn te stoppen met het doden van eendagskuikens, is een verbod op dit moment nog voorbarig. Ontwikkelingen in de techniek om eieren te seksen en verdienmodellen voor het houden van hanen zullen bijdragen aan een versnelde uitfasering.
2022/02/15
Russian aggression against Ukraine (B9-0123/2022)

Het Europees Parlement heeft gisteren een resolutie aangenomen over de invasie van Rusland in Oekraïne. De VVD staat achter de stevige sancties die in deze resolutie zijn opgenomen om Poetin en de Russische oligarchen hard aan te pakken, Oekraïne meer te steunen en Rusland verder te isoleren op het wereldtoneel.In punt 34 wordt gesteld dat de EU-instellingen naar de toekenning van de status van kandidaat-lidstaat aan Oekraïne toe zullen werken, op basis van verdienste en zonder een gestelde termijn. In principe staat het elk Europees land vrij om een toetredingsverzoek in te dienen, dat vervolgens aan strenge voorwaarden wordt getoetst. Voorts is het aan de lidstaten om elke stap van dit proces unaniem goed te keuren. De toekenning van de status van kandidaat-lidstaat aan Oekraïne is op dit moment dan ook niet aan de orde. Het gaat namelijk om een langdurig en moeilijk proces dat vaak vele jaren kan duren.De VVD vindt dat we Oekraïne in de huidige situatie niet met deze discussie helpen en meent dat we het land beter concrete steun kunnen bieden die we meteen kunnen waarmaken.
2022/03/01
Parliament’s estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2023 (A9-0087/2022 - Niclas Herbst)

Het Europees Parlement stelt voor om zijn begroting voor 2023 met 6,24 % te verhogen ter financiering van de hogere energierekening, het indexeren van salarissen en investeringen in cyberbeveiliging. Hoewel de VVD ingenomen is met de investeringen in cyberbeveiliging en de voorgestelde bezuinigingen op begrotingsposten elders, vindt de VVD de voorgestelde verhoging van 130 miljoen euro buitenproportioneel, ook gelet op de alsmaar stijgende kosten waar burgers mee worden geconfronteerd. De VVD heeft zich daarom onthouden bij de stemming over dit verslag.
2022/04/07
Conclusions of the European Council meeting of 24-25 March 2022: including the latest developments of the war against Ukraine and the EU sanctions against Russia and their implementation (RC-B9-0197/2022, B9-0197/2022, B9-0200/2022, B9-0201/2022, B9-0203/2022, B9-0210/2022, B9-0211/2022)

De VVD steunt het nieuwe pakket aan EU-sancties volledig. Maar er kan, en moet, nog meer worden gedaan. Daarom heeft de VVD-fractie voor de oproep tot het instellen van extra sancties gestemd. Ook moet de handhaving van de sancties beter. President Poetin en zijn regime moeten niet aan de consequenties kunnen ontsnappen.Ook moet de EU haar afhankelijkheid van Russisch gas zo snel mogelijk afbouwen. Liever vandaag dan morgen. Hier is de VVD het volledig mee eens. Maar dit moet wel doordacht gebeuren en met oog voor alle mogelijke gevolgen. Daarom heeft de VVD zich onthouden bij een directe boycot, maar steunt de VVD wel een embargo zo snel als mogelijk.
2022/04/07
Promoting regional stability and security in the broader Middle East region (A9-0256/2022 - Manu Pineda)

Vandaag heeft het Europees Parlement gestemd op het rapport 'de bevordering van de regionale stabiliteit en veiligheid in het grotere Midden-Oosten'. De VVD-delegatie onderschrijft het belang van stabiliteit en veiligheid aan de buitengrenzen van de Europese Unie. In het rapport staan enkele goede suggesties die erop gericht zijn, door middel van samenwerking en goed nabuurschap met de EU, deze landen vooruit te helpen. Echter, de VVD heeft onthouden op de eindstem vanwege een oproep in de tekst om onmiddellijk alle IS-bruiden met een EU-nationaliteit te repatriëren. De VVD-delegatie heeft ernstige bezwaren bij deze uitspraak, mede vanwege de grote veiligheidsrisico's die gepaard zouden gaan met een dergelijke repatriëring.
2022/11/23

Written questions (4)

Access to EU funding for LGBTI organisations in Ukraine in the context of Russia’s invasion
2022/07/01
Documents: PDF(48 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Access for all to blood and plasma donation
2022/07/04
Documents: PDF(41 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Shutdown of SMUG in Uganda – status of LGBTI+ rights
2022/08/23
Documents: PDF(49 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Large-scale pro-Russian disinformation operations online on Twitter and Facebook
2022/10/19
Documents: PDF(51 KB) DOC(11 KB)

Amendments (399)

Amendment 1 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 3 a (new)
— having regard to the Commission proposal for a regulation on prohibiting products made with forced labour on the Union market (COM 2022/453)
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 6 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas the recent external shocks caused by violent conflicts,Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, the COVID-19 pandemics and arbitraryin the resulting disruptions of supply chains have tested the resilience of economies worldwide; whereas the EU’s economy has shown itself to beto be resilient and recovering quickly due to the coordinated EU level response; whereas the EU economy is highly dependent on 137 products, in particular those related to energy and critical raw materials, medicines and health products, cutting- edge and cloud technologies, batteries and semiconductors;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 19 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas the World Trade Organization (WTO) should bring a higher level of transparency to trade and trade- related measures for its members, as divisions risk undermining the maintenance and openness of global supply chains; whereas certain WTO members, such as China, disregard global trade rules they signed up to on WTO level, damaging multilateralism and disrupting global supply chains;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 26 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C
C. whereas largeRussia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, increases in commodity prices, higher prices around the globe and a troublesomefor both products and resources around the globe resulting in more competition in global supply chains and a spike in inflation are expected to further challenge global supply chains;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 42 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital F
F. whereas small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for 99 % of all EU businesses, 65 % of all EU jobs and more than 50 % of the EU’s economic output from the non-financial sector; whereas SMEs are more vulnerable to supply chain disruptions and energy scarcity than larger companies;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 46 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G
G. whereas in order to increase the resilience of its supply chains, the EU should implement a combination of different commodity-based solutions, including boosting existing EU production, reshoring and nearshoring, stockpiling,supply chain disruptions and the current geopolitical context present challenges and opportunities for the EU, such as promoting the circular economy and diversifying suppliers through strategic free trade and investment agreements, sectoral partnerships and alliances, and trade and technology councils for critical goods, and advancing work on trade and technology councils with strategic partners such as the US, Japan and Taiwan;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 54 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1
1. Underlines that for the resilience of the EU economy and international trade relations it is crucial to develop an EU respondse to the possible negative consequences of any external shocks with a coordinated approach at national and EU level;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 59 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2
2. Calls on the Commission to assess existing and potential trade shortages, mitigate the consequences of external shocks, and pay special attention to the sensitive sectors outlined hereafter, which are particularly crucial to developing or and enhancinge the EU level approach to strengthening resiliencesupply chain resilience on EU level, and in the specific supply chains;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 78 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Stresses that the war inRussian war of aggression against Ukraine and the subsequent justified sanctions on Russia have increased the difficulty of sourcingdisruptions in global supply chains for critical raw materials; takes note ofwelcomes the announcement of the forthcoming publication of the Critical Raw Materials Act during the 2022 State of the Union address; underlines the potential of strategic partnerships for critical raw materials, such as the Strategic Partnership on raw materials with Canada; recalls that critical raw materials are crucial for the EU’s open strategic autonomy, the digital and green transitions, and the resilience of the EU on the long term; calls on the Commission to work together with our global partners to diversify supply chains and ensure access to critical raw materials on the long term;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 94 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. HopeExpects that the EU Chips Act will effectively catalyse EU competitiveness and resilience in semiconductor technologies and applications; asks the Commission to also focus on the production of basic chips necessary for the production of goods with high added value, such as those used in the automotive sector; underlines the need for cooperation with likeminded partners to ensure access to global supply chains, as well as cooperation on critical technology and global standard-setting for emerging technologies;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 114 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Stresses that medical supply chains can be strengthened by investing in skills, building health data infrastructure, and supporting regulatory framework and intellectual property policies that foster innovation and ensure affordable medicines; Underlines the multilateral dimension of pandemic preparedness, both in the WTO and the WHO; stresses that the Commission must ensure that the lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic should lead to a better preparedness in future crisis and ensure better alignment on the EU level; calls for enhanced cooperation with global partners to ensure access to medicines and health products, as well as more diversification of supply chains for critical goods in times of shortages and crises;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 122 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Underlines the need for a harmonised approach on the unilateral, bilateral and multilateral levelEU assessment of the approach towards critical supply chains on the unilateral, bilateral and multilateral level; underlines that an assessment should look into the potential positive and negative effects with a short- , medium- and long-term perspective;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 128 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8
8. Welcomes the development of an EU toolbox of autonomous trade instruments, including anthe anti-coercion instrument, the foreign-direct-investment screening mechanism, the foreign subsidies instrument and the international procurement instrument as well as the creation of the post of Chief Trade Enforcement Officer (CTEO) to respond to these emerging challenges; underlines the importance of the CTEO in relation to keeping supply chains open and tackling unfair trade practices;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 143 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10
10. Recalls that in cooperation with the Member States and international partners, the EUCommission must guarantee freedom of the sea and trade routes and thus ensureto ensure open trade routes for global access to goods, raw materials, energy and export markets;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 147 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11
11. Considers that the EU’s research and development policy should be promoted further while guaranteeing openness of trade and investment relations, and exchanges among different research hubs, universities, stakeholders, regions and Member States in order to significantly boost the EU’s digital independence;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 148 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)
11 a. Calls on the Commission to thoroughly review how and to what extent transfers of emerging and disruptive technologies are taking place from the EU to authoritarian states via trade and investment flows; calls on the Commission to advance new measures to limit such transfers, including supply- chain cooperation with like-minded partners, such as through Trade and Technology Councils, as well as through other potential bilateral initiatives;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 150 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Calls for the shortening of supply chains, in combination with other instruments, and the relocation to the EU of EU businesses’ production facilities in countries outside the bloc;deleted
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 155 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Calls on the Member States and the Commission to start aadvance the dialogue with neighbouring countries on the possibility of nearshoring producsupply chain diversification and increasing regulatory cooperation in order to boost the security of supply and diversify its sources at the same time;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 165 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. Recalls that the circular economy action plan is intended to help the EU to reduce its overdependence on certain external players so as to support strategic autonomy in a wide range of sectors, including miningactors; underlines support for the goal of open strategic autonomy, with a focus on diversification of supply for a wide range of critical sectors through cooperation with likeminded partners;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 170 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15 a (new)
15 a. Underlines the potential of concluding trade and investment agreements with likeminded global partners for the open strategic autonomy of the EU, and the potential of enhanced partnerships through multilateral fora such as the WTO, TTCs, the OECD and the G7;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 178 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16
16. Believes that free trade agreements (FTAs) may btrade and investment agreements are crucial tofor diversifying sources of supply and reducing the EU’s dependence on just a few countries; calls foron the EU to prioritise strategic FTAs with a particular focus on chapters on raw materials and energy,Commission to conclude new, ambitious, sustainable and forward- looking trade and investment agreements to enhance cooperation with our global partners on critical sectors, such as raw materials and energy, as well as cooperation on technical barriers to trade and regulatory cooperation;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 183 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17
17. Welcomes the launch of the EU-US Trade and Technology Council (TTC) in June 2021 and the EU-India agreement on launching a trade and technology council in April 2022; regards these initiatives as meaningful forums for addressing new challenges in the areas of trade, technology and security, as well as regulatory cooperation and global standard-setting; underlines that TTCs should also be instrumental in diversifying global supply chains; calls for a stronger Parliamentary role in scrutinizing TTCs, as well as decisions made during the TTCs meetings;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 186 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18
18. Welcomes the launch of sectoral industrial alliances in the context of the new industrial strategy, such as the European Battery Alliance and the European Raw Materials Alliance, which should create a framework of discussion and consultation, open to all relevant stakeholders;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 188 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Welcomes the launch of new EU digital partnerships with Japan, South Korea and Singapore with a view to cooperating on the development and standardisation of connectivity tools and bolstering supply-chain resilience, especially in the case of semiconductors; underlines the crucial role of Taiwan in the supply chains of semiconductors, and the potential of further and deepened cooperation with Taiwan;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 189 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19 a (new)
19 a. Urges the Commission to move forward with a bilateral investment agreement with Taiwan, showing commitment to meaningful engagement in trade and investment relations, most notably on semiconductors; reiterates the importance of the bilateral structural dialogue with Taiwan, including on matters related to multilateralism and the WTO, technology and public health, as well as essential cooperation on critical supplies such as semiconductors;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 196 #

2022/2040(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21
21. CUnderlines that the reform and modernisation of the WTO is key for a functioning multilateral system; calls for a deep and pragmatic reform that results in a more flexible and better functioning WTO with an effective multilateral rulebook and an effective dispute settlement system at its core; welcomes the progress made during the 12th Ministerial Conference on many important elements to advance global trade relations; calls on the Commission to engage with WTO members to work towards sustainable solutions for effective WTO reform during the 13th Ministerial Conference;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 1 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 2
— having regard to the Commission Communication of 22 April 2008 on the protection of consumers, in particular minorschildren, in respect of the use of video games (COM(2008)0207),
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 6 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 8 a (new)
— having regard to the Commission Notice –Guidance on the interpretation and application of Directive 2005/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning unfair business-to- consumer commercial practices in the internal market;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 10 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 14 a (new)
— having regard to the Council Conclusions on Building a European Strategy for the Cultural and Creative Industries Ecosystem published on 5 April 2022;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 11 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas video games are played by all age groups in Europe, in particular minors, 68-79% of whom play themwith 50% of the European population between 6 to 64 years old playing videogames, with the largest age group being 45 to 64 years old; whereas videogames are popular with children, as in 2020 68% of 6 to 10 years old played a videogame once in the past month;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 15 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A a (new)
Aa. whereas the European video games sector has become a leading cultural and creative industry (CCI), with an estimated European market size of EUR 23.3 billion in 2020; whereas this industry is the only CCI to have experienced turnover growth during the COVID-19 crisis1a and represents an important potential for growth and job creation in Europe’s Digital Single Market; _________________ 1a EY, Rebuilding Europe: the cultural and creative economy before and after the COVID-19 crisis, January 2021.
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 18 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A b (new)
Ab. whereas the growing video game sector offers an increasing number of new job opportunities for many cultural creators, such as game developers, designers, writers, music producers and other artists, for which any Union action in this field and especially funding activities should be taken into consideration;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 23 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A c (new)
Ac. whereas the European video game industry is mainly made up of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and startups, which have an important role for the innovation and growth of this sector1a ; _________________ 1a https://digital- strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/value- european-video-games-society
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 24 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A d (new)
Ad. whereas video games are complex creative works protected both by the Computer Programs Directive 2009/24 and the Copyright Directive 2001/29 and have a unique and creative value as recognised by the Court of Justice of the EU;1a _________________ 1a Judgement of the CJEU Case C 355/12
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 30 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas the video games industry employed 86 953 people in 2019, of whom around 20% were women; whereas some of the companies use content created by children;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 49 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital E a (new)
Ea. whereas children have the right to participate in the digital world to the fullest extent possible;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 64 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital J
J. whereas mental health and well- being are interrelated issues that need to be taken into account in all areas such as education, health, employment and social inclusion; whereas videogames can be important tools to deal with mental health and well-being and can be used to advance in these areas, as well as to help citizens to develop several skills which are essential in a digital society and for the building of the Digital Single Market;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 72 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital K a (new)
Ka. Whereas in 2020 one-fifth of the EU population was expected to have a disability; whereas the Union is committed to improving social and economic situations of persons with disabilities; whereas social and economic situations online is an important aspect of life; whereas there are certain disabilities that can be particular disabling for online video games, like colour blindness, visual challenges or hand mobility impairments; whereas colour blindness affect 10 % of the male population;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 87 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1
1. Welcomes the measures taken to better protect consumers; notes, however, the need for a single, coordinated approach between Member States in order to avoid fragmentation of the single market and to protect European consumers; Acknowledges that the EU Consumer law acquis provides for a strong consumer protection, fully applicable in videogames, in particular the Commission Notice -Guidance on the interpretation and application of Directive 200/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market1a; notes, however, the need for a single, coordinated approach between Member States in order to avoid fragmentation of the single market and to protect European consumers; _________________ 1a Commission Notice – Guidance on the interpretation and application of Directive 2005/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 93 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Notes the existence of online video game platforms that allow players, including children, to create their own games using the developer tools provided by them; calls on the Commission to adopt, if needed, regulatory measures in order to protect users against illegal practices caused by these platforms;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 94 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 b (new)
1b. Urges the European Commission and the Network of Consumer Protection Authorities (CPC-Net) to ensure that European consumer law is fully respected and enforced in the video game sector;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 95 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 c (new)
1c. Calls on the European Commission to put forward a European Video Game Strategy that unlocks the economic, social, educational, cultural and innovative potential of this sector to enable it to become a leader in the global video game market, as well as to ensure a high level of consumer protection in the Single Market and the protection of children's rights;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 106 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Calls to the Commission and the Member States to support the promotion of public and private education and information campaigns in Member States directed at parents and caretakers in order to inform them of the tools in place, such as the PEGI phone application, and to encourage their usage;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 111 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Points out that some video games offer their users the possibility to pay, sometimes even with real money, in order to obtain rewards through loot boxes or any other type of randomized in-game purchase;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 114 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. Stresses that in-game purchases have been present in video games for many years and the Guidance on the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive already bans their mandatory use; highlights that consumers and parents must be informed of the presence of in- game purchases prior to the purchase or download of the application;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 117 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. Acknowledges that it has not yet been clearly established whether loot boxes may be considered gambling in Europe; notes, however, that several Member States have considered loot boxes to be gambling and have adopted regulatory measures to ban them; calls on the Commission to analyse and determine whether or not loot boxes can be considered to be a gambling activity and, if so,calls on the Commission to take the necessary steps to bring about a common European approach;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 122 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5a. Points out that the European Parliament commissioned a study on loot boxes and their effect on consumers, in particular young consumers1a , and recommended to examine loot boxes from a consumer protection legislation perspective but also to consider the efficiency of industry measures; _________________ 1a https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank /en/document/IPOL_STU(2020)652727
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 123 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 b (new)
5b. Notes that it has not yet been clearly established whether loot boxes may be considered gambling in Europe1a; notes, however, that gambling law is national competence of Member States and that Belgium and the Netherlands have considered that loot boxes constitute gambling and have regulated them accordingly; _________________ 1a https://op.europa.eu/en/publication- detail/-/publication/f84fa393-0f01-11e4- a7d0-01aa75ed71a1/language-en
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 124 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 c (new)
5c. Welcomes the Commission recently adopted Guidance on the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive, which establishes harmonised rules where paid random items are present in video games; calls for its compliance and swift implementation to ensure consumer protection in the Single Market, particularly for children; urges the Commission to further assess consumer protection in video games and take the necessary steps to bring about a common European approach on loot boxes and any other type of randomized in-game purchases;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 128 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Points out that certain game designs used for in-game purchasing systems can be particularly harmful when targeted at minors; calls for such advertising to be banned when targeted at minors: stresses that they must also be compliant with the recently adopted Guidance on the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive to ensure that they do not result in harmful practices affecting consumers, especially children;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 135 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Stresses that online games that are likely to be accessible to children must take their rights and vulnerabilities into account; stresses that they must meet the highest possible standards by design and by default when it comes to security and privacy, in accordance with the GDPR and the DSA and their particular provisions related to the data processing of children and the protection of their online privacy;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 140 #

2022/2014(INI)

7a. Stresses that videogames are both tools for playing as well as art works with cultural value; points out that article 31 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child states that all children have the right to play and to freely and fully experience cultural life and activities according to their age;1a _________________ 1a https://www.ohchr.org/en/instruments- mechanisms/instruments/convention- rights-child
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 142 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8
8. Stresses that consumers should have all the necessary information about an online video game related to the presence of in-game purchases, loot boxes and other randomised in-game purchases, before starting to play it, as well as during the game, in terms of the multiple options for possible purchases while playing and other information that may be considered to be of interest; stresses that such information should be clearly displayed and easily understandable for all consumers before the moment of purchase; notes that, when virtual currencies are used in online games, the value on real-world currency must always be provided alongside virtual currency;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 150 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 a (new)
8a. Welcomes that the Commission will examine auto-renewals for subscriptions and contracts in the upcoming fitness check of consumer protection legislation; points out that auto-renewals can be beneficial for both the user and the trader, improving convenience for users and limiting subscriber administration for the trader, but it can also be problematic if the auto- renewals continue indefinitely against the consumer's intentions; encourages the Commission and traders to take into account best-practices from Member states or companies that already have consumer-friendly auto-renewal policies in place; calls for the introduction of an obligation at EU level whereby traders must provide users with an opt-in proposal at purchase instead of having it as a default feature, to provide clear and easy-accessible information on how to cancel auto-renewals at anytime and to make the process of cancelling the auto- renewals simple and as easy as signing up;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 155 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 b (new)
8b. Underlines that return and refund guarantee policies are a corner stone of the Union’s consumer rights, and consumers should experience the same rights for online gaming purchases and subscriptions as they would for in-person, psychical purchases; calls on traders to fully comply to EU consumer protection rules and relay information on how to request a refund or make use of the right of withdrawal transparently and reliably;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 156 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 c (new)
8c. Stresses that persons with disabilities should be able to play all types of online video games; highlights that both technical and communicative features of all online video games and any relevant information related to playing or purchasing the game must be inclusive and accessible; calls on the Commission to propose an extension of the scope of the European Accessibility Act to online video games; encourages providers of online video games to make games accessible by applying the accessibility requirements of Annex I of Directive 2019/882;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 157 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9
9. Points out that once an item that has been obtained in a video game, it can be exchanged for actual money can only be used in that game and it is prohibited to exchange it outside the game-play environment; calls on national authorities to put an end to illegal practices organised by illegal third party sites, allowing to exchange, sell or bet on in-game sites; stresses that, above and beyond consumer protection issues, these services have led to money laundering; calls on the Commission to put an end to this practice; considers that the Digital Services Act may help mitigate this problem, in particular through the implementation of the ‘know your business customer’ obligations;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 189 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Stresses that playing online video games excessively can have a negative impact on social relations, such as school drop-out, physical and mental health problems, and poor academic performance, to name but a few issues; calls for the strengthening of supervisory mechanisms for children and adolescentspublic information campaigns about responsible game play and parental control tools allowing parents to manage children’s video game play; encourages parents to join children in their digital past time;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 212 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. StreConsiders that the European Commission should assess thate possibility of requiring providers of online video games that are played by children should be required to conduct, directed towards children, the development of ex-ante child impact assessments based on the 4Cs framework for classifying risk;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 224 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18
18. Welcomes industry-led initiatives such as Pan European Game Information (PEGI) that is used in 38 countries; considers that such a rating system can beis particularly beneficial in providing information on the recommended minimum age and protecting minors from inappropriatage for playing a game; welcomes the sector's longstanding safety by design commitment through the PEGI Code of Conduct provisions on safe online gameplay environments which were introduced in 2007, and the presence of parental control tools which are effective agameinst illegal and harmful content; welcomes the PEGI descriptor function which informs consumers if a game includes paid random pay-to-playitems features; notes that some countries have made the PEGI system law and calls on the Commission to explore the possibilities for entrenching it in EU law; highlights that PEGI is a well- known and affordable system for consumers and companies that provides guidance for parents helping them to determinate which games are appropriate for which age;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 228 #

2022/2014(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18 a (new)
18a. Calls on the Commission to assess further the implementation of the PEGI system across the EU and the possibility to make the PEGI system the harmonised mandatory age-rating system applicable to all videogames and online platforms, together with its Code of Conduct, in order to ensure the highest European standards of safety, privacy and security for all consumers in a uniform manner the EU, as well as to avoid fragmentation in the Single Market and provide legal certainty for the videogame industry;
2022/06/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 12 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Notes that SMEs are the foundation of the EUHighlights the central role of SMEs in achieving the green and digital transitions; emphasises that the twin transition needs the involvement of European industry; underlines the need to fully support SMEs in the twin transition by providing them with easier access to finance;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 13 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. Highlights the strategic importance of digitalisation; Stresses the need to support SMEs in the digital transition and in the development of new technologies, which should be supported by access to appropriate financing and education in digital skills for employees; Calls on the Commission and Member States to step up their efforts to strengthen cybersecurity measures;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 15 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 b (new)
2 b. Stresses the need to ensure a level playing field for SMEs, including by implementing effectively the EUs Trade Defence Instruments (TDIs), so that European companies are not exposed to unfair trading practices;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 18 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Is concerned that both the current and the proposed EU legislation envisages too many bureaucratic hurdles for EU businesses; Underlines the need to reduce unnecessary administrative burdens for European businesses, SMEs in particular; calls on the Commission to fully implement the principles of better regulation and ‘think small first’;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 28 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Considers that for the EU to be competitive in open markets, every sector must receive sufficient support in developing its respective technological base and in promoting the research and innovation efforts carried out by public and private stakeholders;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 35 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5 a. Observes with caution the need to evaluate dependencies on third countries in order to reduce vulnerabilities; Stresses the importance of sustainable and resilient global supply chains, while maintaining that the goal of the EU is to promote free trade;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 36 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 b (new)
5 b. Calls for further negotiations of ambitious free trade agreements; Stresses the need to monitor the efficient use of the EU trade toolbox, namely the International Procurement Instrument, the Regulation on foreign subsidies distorting the internal market and, the Anti-Coercion Instrument;
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 59 #

2022/2008(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8
8. Calls on the Commission to step up its efforts to secure the necessary energy supply for European industry through diversifying energy sources and suppliers, and reducing the EU’s energy dependencies; In light of the war in Ukraine, in particular on Russian coal, oil and gas.
2022/04/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 13 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 4
(4) The Union and the United Kingdom may conclude other bilateral agreements between them that constitute supplementing agreements to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement and such supplementing agreements are an integral part of the overall bilateral relations as governed by this Agreement and form part of the overall framework. It is recalled that in accordance with Article 774 of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement that agreement neither applies to Gibraltar nor has any effects in that territory.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 18 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5
(5) Should the need arise to exercise its rights in implementing and enforcing the Withdrawal Agreement and the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, the Union should be in a position to make appropriate use of the instruments available to it swiftly and in a proportionate, effective and flexible manner, while fully involving Member States and the European Parliament. The Union should also be able to take appropriate measures if effective recourse to binding dispute settlement under those Agreements is not possible because the United Kingdom does not cooperate in making such recourse possible. It is therefore necessary to lay down rules and procedures governing the adoption of those measures.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 19 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5 a (new)
(5 a) To give effect to political control competences of the European Parliament laid down in Article 14(1) of the Treaty on the European Union and Article 218(10) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the European Parliament should be fully informed in a timely manner on a par with the Council of all difficulties that may arise, in particular possible breaches of the Agreements and other situations that might result in measures being taken pursuant to this Regulation, as well as of the Commission's intention to adopt any enforcement measures under the Agreements and of the follow up to any measures taken in order to enable a meaningful exchange of views to take place. The European Parliament should have the possibility to express its opinion to the Commission, which the Commission should consider before it adopts any enforcement measures.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 21 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5 b (new)
(5 b) Without prejudice to the powers of the Commission laid down in this Regulation, the European Parliament and the Council should be able to exercise their right of scrutiny under Article 11 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 25 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 9
(9) Since only the Union is party to the TCA and the WA, action at the level of international law in respect of these agreements can only be taken by the Union where they concern its exclusive competences, and thus the objective of this Regulation, namely to lay down rules and procedures governing the exercise of Union's rights under the Withdrawal Agreement and the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, and to empower the Commission to adopt the necessary measures including, as appropriate, restrictions in trade, investment or other activities within the scope of the latter Agreement cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of its scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. Moreover, since only the Union is Party to the TCA and the WA, action at the level of international law in respect of these agreements can only be taken by the Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective,.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 35 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – introductory part
2. The measures to be adopted pursuant to paragraph 1 shall be determined on the basis of the following criteria, in light of available information and of the Union's general interest:proportionality to the objectives pursued, the effectiveness of the measures in inducing compliance of the United Kingdom with the agreements referred to in Article 1(1) and any specific criteria that may be established in the agreements in connection with the measures referred to in Article 1(2).
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 37 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point a
(a) effectiveness of the measures in inducing compliance of the United Kingdom with the agreements referred to in Article 1(1);deleted
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 39 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point b
(b) potential of the measures to provide relief to economic operators within the Union affected by the measures of the United Kingdom;deleted
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 41 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point c
(c) availability of alternative sources of supply for the goods or services concerned, in order to avoid or minimise any negative impact on downstream industries, contracting authorities or entities, or final consumers within the Union;deleted
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 42 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point d
(d) avoidance of disproportionate administrative complexity and costs in the application of the measures;deleted
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 44 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point e
(e) any specific criteria that may be established in the agreements referred to in Article 1(1) in connection with the measures referred to in Article 1(2).deleted
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 48 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 3 a (new)
3 a. The Commission shall fully inform the European Parliament and the Council simultaneously and in a timely manner of all difficulties that may arise, in particular possible breaches of the Agreements and other situations that may give rise to measures taken pursuant to this Regulation, as well as of its intention to adopt measures referred to in paragraph 1 and of the follow up to any measures taken in order to enable a meaningful exchange of views to take place. The European Parliament shall have the possibility to give its opinion to the Commission, which the Commission shall consider before it adopts any enforcement measures. If the Commission does not follow the position of the European Parliament, the Commission shall explain the reasons for not doing so.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 50 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 4
4. Where there is a particular concern of one or more Member States, or the European Parliament, that or those Member States may request the Commission to adopt measures referred to in Article 1(2), or the European Parliament may request the Commission to review its concern and assess the need to adopt such measures. If the Commission does not respond positively to such a request, it shall inform the European Parliament and the Council in a timely manner of its reasons.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 54 #

2022/0068(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 5
5. If, due to persisting significant divergences, rebalancing measures referred to in Article 1(2), point (c), of this Regulation last for more than a year, one or more Member States may request the Commission to activate the review clause provided for in Article 411 of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, or the European Parliament may express its concern and request the Commission to review its concern and assess the need to activate the review clause. The Commission shall examine this request in a timely manner and shall consider seizing as appropriate the Partnership Council of that matter, in accordance with the provisions set out in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement. If the Commission does not respond positively to such a request, it shall inform the European Parliament and the Council in a timely manner of its reasons.
2022/09/12
Committee: AFETINTAAFCO
Amendment 115 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a
(a) on obligations for companies regarding actual and potential human rights adverse impacts and environmental adverse impacts, with respect to their own operations, the operations of their subsidiaries, and the valuesupply chain operations carried out outside of the EU and by entities with whom the company has an established direct business relationship and
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 128 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
The nature of direct business relationships as ‘established’ shall be reassessed periodically, and at least every 12 months.
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 210 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point f
(f) ‘established business relationship’ means a direct business relationship, whether direct or indirect, which is, or which is expected to be lasting, in view of its intensity or duration and which does not represent a negligible or merely ancillary part of the valuesupply chain;
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 234 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point q
(q) ‘appropriate measure’ means a measure that is capable of achieving the objectives of due diligence, commensurate with the degree of severity and the likelihood of the adverse impact, and reasonably available to the company, taking into account the circumstances of the specific case, including characteristics of the economic sector and of the specific direct business relationship and the company’s influence thereof, and the need to ensure prioritisation of action.
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 296 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 9 – paragraph 1
1. Member States shall ensure that companies provide the possibility for persons and organisations listed in paragraph 2 to submit complaints to them where they have legitimate concerns regarding actual or potential adverse human rights impacts and adverse environmental impacts with respect to their own operations, the operations of their subsidiaries and their value chainssupply chains outside of the Union. The complaint must be factually justified and reasonably documented.
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 313 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a
(a) persons who are directly affected or have reasonable and justifiable grounds to believe that they mightwill be affected by an adverse impact,
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 319 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b
(b) trade unions and, other workers’ representatives or civil society organisations representing individuals working in the valueor affected by the supply chain concerned,
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 324 #

2022/0051(COD)

(c) civil society organisations active in the areas related to the value chain concerndeleted.
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 344 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 13 – paragraph 1
In order to provide support to companies or to Member State authorities on how companies should fulfil their due diligence obligations, the Commission, in consultation with Member States and stakeholders, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, the European Environment Agency, and where appropriate with international bodies having expertise in due diligence, mayshall issue specific and timely guidelines, including for specific sectors or specific adverse impacts. In particular, those guidelines shall facilitate the compliance of all companies with the obligations laid down in this Directive, taking into account the need to simplify the administrative burden for smaller companies, to ensure a level playing field within the Union and to ensure a consistent implementation of this Directive.
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 410 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
No later than … [OP please insert the date = 73 years after the date of entry into force of this Directive], the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the implementation of this Directive. The report shall evaluate the effectiveness of this Directive in reaching its objectives and assess the following issues:
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 414 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) whether the thresholds regarding the number of employees and net turnover laid down in Article 2(1) need to be lowerchanged;
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 428 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 (new)
e) the impact on SMEs
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 431 #

2022/0051(COD)

Proposal for a directive
Article 29 – paragraph 1 a (new)
f) the availability and effectiveness of supporting tools
2022/11/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 116 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 21
(21) Products may be designed to make certain data directly available from an on- device data storage or from a remote server to which the data are communicated. Access to the on-device data storage may be enabled via cable-based or wireless local area networks connected to a publicly available electronic communications service or a mobile network. The server may be the manufacturer’s own local server capacity or that of a third party or a cloud service provider who functions as data holder. Data processors as defined in Regulation (EU) 2016/679 are by default not considered to act as data holders, unless specifically tasked by the data controller. They may be designed to permit the user or a third party to process the data on the product or on a computing instance of the manufacturer.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 170 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 57
(57) In case of public emergencies, such as public health emergencies, emergencies resulting from environmental degradation and major natural disasters including those aggravated by climate change, as well as human-induced major disasters, such as major cybersecurity incidents, the public interest resulting from the use of the data will outweigh the interests of the data holders to dispose freely of the data they hold. In such a case, data holders should be placed under an obligation to make the data available to public sector bodies or to Union institutions, agencies or bodies upon their request. The existence of a public emergency is determined according to the respective procedures in the Member States or of relevant international organisations. In the case of major cybersecurity incidents, this should not result in the duplication of requirements for firms such as those under Regulation XXXX/XXXX on Digital Operational Resilience for the financial sector and the Directive XXXX/XXXX on measures for a high common level of cybersecurity across the union, repealing Directive (EU) 2016/1148.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 174 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 69
(69) The ability for customers of data processing services, including cloud and edge services, to switch from one data processing servicecloud service provider to another, while maintaining a minimum functionality of service, is a key condition for a more competitive market with lower entry barriers for new service providers. Facilitating a multi-cloud approach for customers of cloud services also contributes to increase their digital operational resilience, as recognised for financial service institutions in the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA).
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 178 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 69 a (new)
(69a) Unnecessarily high data egress fees, or data transfer costs have the potential to restrict competition and cause lock-in effects for the customers of data processing services, by reducing incentives to choose a different or additional service provider. Therefore, the gradual withdrawal of the charges associated with switching data processing services shall specifically include withdrawing any “egress fees” charged by the data processing service to a customer.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 181 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 71
(71) Data processCloud computing services should cover services that allow on-demand and broad remote access to a scalable and elastic pool of shareable and distributed computing resources. Those computing resources include resources such as networks, servers or other virtual or physical infrastructure, operating systems, software, including software development tools, storage, applications and services. The deployment models of cloud computing should include private, community, public and hybrid cloud. The aforementioned service and deployment models have the same meaning as the terms of service and deployment models defined under ISO/IEC 17788:2014 standard. The capability of the customer of the data processing service to unilaterally self- provision computing capabilities, such as server time or network storage, without any human interaction by the service provider of cloud computing services could be described as on-demand administration. The term ‘broad remote access’ is used to describe that the computing capabilities are provided over the network and accessed through mechanisms promoting the use of heterogeneous thin or thick client platforms (from web browsers to mobile devices and workstations). The term ‘scalable’ refers to computing resources that are flexibly allocated by the data processprovider of cloud computing service providers, irrespective of the geographical location of the resources, in order to handle fluctuations in demand. The term ‘elastic pool’ is used to describe those computing resources that are provisioned and released according to demand in order to rapidly increase or decrease resources available depending on workload. The term ‘shareable’ is used to describe those computing resources that are provided to multiple users who share a common access to the service, but where the processing is carried out separately for each user, although the service is provided from the same electronic equipment. The term ‘distributed’ is used to describe those computing resources that are located on different networked computers or devices and which communicate and coordinate among themselves by message passing. The term ‘highly distributed’ is used to describe data processing services that involve data processing closer to where data are being generated or collected, for instance in a connected data processing device. Edge computing, which is a form of such highly distributed data processing, is expected to generate new business models and cloud service delivery models, which should be open and interoperable from the outset.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 184 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 72
(72) This Regulation aims to facilitate switching between data processing services, which encompasses all conditions and actions that are necessary for a customer to terminate a contractual agreement of a data processing service, to conclude one or multiple new contracts with different providers of data processing services, to port all its digital assets, including data, to the concerned other providers and to continue to use them in the new environment while benefitting from functional equivalence. It should be noted that the data processing services in scope are those where data processing, as defined under the Regulation, forms part of the core-business of a provider. Digital assets refer to elements in digital format for which the customer has the right of use, including data, applications, virtual machines and other manifestations of virtualisation technologies, such as containers. Functional equivalence means the maintenance of a minimum level of functionality of a service after switching, and should be deemed technically feasible whenever both the originating and the desSwitching is an operation consisting in three main successive steps: i) data extraction, i.e downloading data from a originating provider’s ecosystem; ii) transformation, when the data is structured in a way that matches the schema of the target location iii) load of the data in a new destination location. Obstacles of different natures may occur during the different steps of the switching process. Cloud service providers and clients have different levels of responsibilities, depending on the steps of the process referred to. Obstacles to switching are of different nature, depending on the step of the switching process it is referred to. Functional equivalence means a definition as agreed upon by a customer and provider of data processing services, or the maintenance of a minimum level of pre-defined functionality during the switching process, to such an extent that the service will deliver comparable minimum level functionality, such as the same output at the same performance and with the same level of security, operational resilience and quality of service as agreed at the time of termination of the contract, where both the original and destination service providers independently offer the same core functionation data processing services cover (in part or in whole) the same service type. Meta-data, generated by the customer’s use of a service, should also be portable pursuant to this Regulation’s provisions on switching. lity; Services can only be expected to facilitate functional equivalence for the functionalities that both the originating and destination service offer. The Regulation does not instance an obligation of facilitating functional equivalence for data processing services of the PaaS and/or SaaS delivery model. Meta-data, generated by the customer’s use of a service, should also be portable pursuant to this Regulation’s provisions on switching. Data processing services are used across sectors and vary in complexity and service type; this is an important consideration with regards to the porting process and the timeframes.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 190 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 74
(74) Data processProviders of cloud computing service providers should be required to remove all relevant obstacles, offer all assistance and support that is required to make the switching process successful, safe and effective and in line with the industry best practices, without requiring those data processing servicecloud computing providers to develop new categories of services within or on the basis of the IT-infrastructure of different data processing service providers to guarantee functional equivalence in an environment other than their own systems. Nevertheless, service providers are required to offer all assistance and support that is required to make the switching process effective. Providers of cloud computing services should support development of customer’s exit strategy relevant to the contracted services, including through providing information such as procedures for initiating switching from the cloud computing service, the machine-readable data formats that user’s data can be exported to, the tools, including at least one open standard data portability interface, foreseen to export data, information on known technical restrictions and limitations that could impact switching process, estimated time necessary to complete the switching process and additional services offered to facilitate the switching process, including the ability of the customer to test its switching process. Existing rights relating to the termination of contracts, including those introduced by Regulation (EU) 2016/679 and Directive (EU) 2019/770 of the European Parliament and of the Council67 should not be affected. Any mandatory period under this Regulation shall not affect the compliance with goals under sectoral legislation. _________________ 67 Directive (EU) 2019/770 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2019 on certain aspects concerning contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services (OJ L 136, 22.5.2019, p. 1).
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 192 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 75 a (new)
(75a) In order to facilitate switching between cloud computing services, providers of destination cloud computing services should cooperate in good faith with the provider of source cloud computing services with a view to enable the timely transfer of necessary items such as data or applications.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 194 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 75 b (new)
(75b) Certain cloud computing services, such as cloud computing services, which have been custom built to facilitate a specific customer’s need, or cloud computing services that operate on a trial basis or only supply a testing and evaluation service for business product offerings, should be exempted from the obligations applicable to cloud computing service switching.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 196 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 76
(76) Open interoperability specifications and standards developed in accordance with paragraph 3 and 4 of Annex II of Regulation (EU) 1025/2021 in the field of interoperability and portability enable a seamless multi-vendor cloud environment, which is a key requirement for open innovation in the European data economy. As market-driven processes have not demonstrated the capacity to establish technical specifications or standards that facilitate effective cloud computing service interoperability at the PaaS (platform-as-a- service) and SaaS (software-as-a-service) levels, the Commission should be able, on the basis of this Regulation and in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012, to request European standardisation bodies to develop such standards, particularly forfor equivalent service types where such standards do not yet exist. In addition to this, the Commission will encourage parties in the market to develop relevant open interoperability specifications. TFollowing consultation with stakeholders and taking into account relevant international and European standards and self-regulating initiatives, the Commission, by way of delegated acts, can mandate the use of European standards for interoperability or open interoperability specifications for specific equivalent service types through a reference in a central Union standards repository for the interoperability of data processcloud computing services. European standards and open interoperability specifications will only be referenced if in compliance with the criteria specified in this Regulation, which have the same meaning as the requirements in paragraphs 3 and 4 of Annex II of Regulation (EU) No 1025/2021 and the interoperability facets defined under the ISO/IEC 19941:2017.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 198 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 79
(79) Standardisation and semantic interoperability should play a key role to provide technical solutions to ensure interoperability. In order to facilitate the conformity with the requirements for interoperability, it is necessary to provide for a presumption of conformity for interoperability solutions that meet harmonised standards or parts thereof in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The Commission should adopt common specifications in areas where no harmonised standards exist or where they are insufficient in order to further enhance interoperability for the common European data spaces, application programming interfaces, cloud switching as well as smart contracts. Additionally, common specifications in the different sectors could remain to be adopted, in accordance with Union or national sectoral law, based on the specific needs of those sectors. Reusable data structures and models (in form of core vocabularies), ontologies, metadata application profile, reference data in the form of core vocabulary, taxonomies, code lists, authority tables, thesauri should also be part of the technical specifications for semantic interoperability. Furthermore, following consultation with stakeholders and taking into account relevant international and European standards and self-regulating initiatives the Commission should be enabled to mandate the development of harmonised standards for the interoperability of data processcloud computing services.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 211 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 4 a (new)
4 a. The obligations on 'data holders' laid down in Chapters II, V and VI in this Regulation shall not apply to public sector bodies.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 215 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1
(1) ‘data’ means any digital representation of acts, facts or information and any compilation of such acts, facts or information, including in the form of sound, visual or audio-visual recording, however only raw 'data' that has not undergone any processing beyond mere collection or is generated as a by-product of the user's actions, including diagnostics and other technical data;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 251 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 10
(10) ‘public emergency’ means an exceptional situation negatively affecting the population of the Union, a Member State or part of it, with a risk of seriousany life- threatening, serious hazard and lasting repercussions on living conditions or economic stability, or the substantial degradation of economic assets in the Union or the relevant Member State(s) as a consequence of: a) a major or regional natural disaster having the Union or the relevant Memberaken place on the territory of the same eligible State or of a neighbouring eligible State; or b) a major public health emergency having taken place on the territory of the same eligible State(s);
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 254 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 12
(12) ‘data process'cloud computing service’ means a digital service other than an online content service as defined in Article 2(5) of Regulation (EU) 2017/1128, provided to a customer, which enables on-demand administration and broad remoservice enabling ubiquitous, scalable, elastic and on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources of a centralised, distributed or highly distributed nature provided to a customer that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider inte raccess to a scalable and elastic pool of shareable computing resources of a centralised, distributed or highly distributed nature;tion; (This amendment applies throughout the text [cloud computing service] shall replace [data processing service]. Adopting it will necessitate corresponding changes throughout.)
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 261 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 13 a (new)
(13a) ‘cloud computing service data portability’ means the ability of the cloud service to move and suitably adapt its data between the customer’s cloud services, including in different deployment models;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 263 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 13 b (new)
(13b) 'cloud computing service switching’ means the process where a cloud service customer suitably changes from using one cloud computing service to using a second equivalent or other service offered by a different provider of cloud computing services, involving the provider of source cloud computing services, the customer and the provider of destination cloud computing services.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 266 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 14
(14) ‘functional equivalence’ means a definition as agreed upon by a customer and provider of data processing services, or the maintenance of a minimum level of pre-defined functionality in the environment of a new data processing service after the switching process, to such an extent that, in response to an input action by the user on core elements of the service, the desduring the switching process, to such an extent that the service will deliver comparable minimum level functionation service will deliverlity, such as the same output at the same performance and with the same level of security, operational resilience and quality of service as the originating service at the time of termination of the contractagreed at the time of termination of the contract, where both the original and destination service providers independently offer the same core functionality;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 272 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 20 a (new)
(20a) ‘Switching’ shall be understood as the process enabling, for any client of a cloud service provider, to extract, transform and load their data to another provider(s). By extension, switching also applies to configurations where data transfers occur when clients of cloud service providers are using several providers simultaneously.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 296 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a a (new)
(aa) How long time the data holder shall store such data and thus make it available for the data user.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 328 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 2
2. Any undertaking providing core platform services for which one or more of such services have been designated as a gatekeeper, pursuant to Article […] of [Regulation XXX on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector (Digital Markets Act)73 ], shall not be an eligible third party under this Article and therefore shall not: (a) solicit or commercially incentivise a user in any manner, including by providing monetary or any other compensation, to make data available to one of its services that the user has obtained pursuant to a request under Article 4(1); (b) solicit or commercially incentivise a user to request the data holder to make data available to one of its services pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article; (c) receive data from a user that the user has obtained pursuant to a request under Article 4(1). _________________ 73 OJ […].deleted
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 347 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 2 – point d
(d) make the data available it receives to an undertaking providing core platform services for which one or more of such services have been designated as a gatekeeper pursuant to Article […] of [Regulation on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector (Digital Markets Act)];deleted
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 364 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 8 – paragraph 3
3. A data holder shall not discriminate between comparable categories of data recipients, including partner enterprises or linked enterprises, as defined in Article 3 of the Annex to Recommendation 2003/361/EC, of the data holder, when making data available. Where a data recipient considershas a reasonable doubt that the conditions under which data has been made available to it to be discriminatory, it shall be for the data holder and the data recipient to demonstrate thatwhether there has been no discrimination.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 380 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. The data holder should be allowed to charge the data user for a value-added data service irrespective of article 4.1.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 470 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. Providers of a data processcloud computing service shall take the measures provided for in Articles 24, 25 and 26 to ensure that customers of their service canable customers switching to another data processcloud computing service, covering the sameequivalent service type, which is provided by a different service provider of cloud computing services. In particular, providers of data processa cloud computing service shall removnot impose commercial, technical, contractual and organisational obstacles, which inhibit customers from:
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 473 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) terminating, after a maximum notice period of 30 calendar days or after a notice period agreed in the contractual agreement between the customer and the provider of cloud computing services, the contractual agreement of the service;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 479 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 1 – point b
(b) concluding new contractual agreements with a different provider of data processcloud computing services covering the sameequivalent service type;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 480 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 1 – point c
(c) porting ithe customer's data, applications and other digital assets to another provider of data processing services; and receiving its data, applications, depending on the service type, and other digital assets from the cloud computing provider;
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 486 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 1 – point d
(d) maintaining functional equivalence of the service in the IT-environment of the different provider or providers of data processing servicecloud computing providers covering the same service type, in accordance with Article 26. , without requiring those cloud computing providers to develop or copy new categories of services within or on the basis of the IT-infrastructure of different cloud computing providers to guarantee functional equivalence in an environment other than their own systems.
2022/11/16
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 488 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 2
2. Paragraph 1 shall only apply to obstacles that are related to the services, contractual agreements or commercial practices provided by the original provider.deleted
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 490 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 2
2. Paragraph 1 shall only apply to obstacles that are related to the services, contractual agreements or commercial practices provided by the original providerprovider of source cloud computing services.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 496 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. The rights of the customer and the obligations of the provider of a data processcloud computing service in relation to switching between providers of such services shall be clearly set out in a written contract. Without prejudice to Directive (EU) 2019/770, that contrace provider of cloud computing services shall ensure that contractual agreement shall include at least the following:
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 501 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point a – introductory part
(a) clauses allowing the customer, upon request, to switch to a data processing service offered by another provider of data processing service or to port all data, applications and digital assets generated directly or indirectly by the customer to an on-premise system, in particular the establishment of a mandatory maximum transition period of 30 calendar days, to be initiated after the maximum notice period referred to in Article 23, during which the data processing service provider shall:
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 512 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point a – point 1
(1) assist and, where technically feasible, complethrough and facilitate the switching process;
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 514 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point a – point 2
(2) ensure fullact with due care to maintain business continuity and security of the service and, taking into account the advancement in the switching process, ensure, to the greatest extent possible, continuity in the provision of the respectivelevant functions or services within the provider of source cloud computing services’ infrastructure capacity and according to the contractual obligations.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 518 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point a – point 2 a (new)
(2 a) provide clear information concerning known risks to continuity in the provision of the respective functions or services from the side of provider of source cloud computing services during the switching process.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 522 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point a – point 2 b (new)
(2 b) obligation to complete the switching process within the period which may not exceed 6 months. The customer shall retain the right to extend this period, if needed, prior to or during the switching process;
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 527 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point b
(b) an exhaustive specification of all data and application categories exportable during the switching process, including, at minimum, all data imported by the customer at the inception of the service agreement and all data and metadata related to the customer's services and created by the customer and by the use of the service during the period the service was provided, including, but not limited to, configuration parameters, security settings, access rights and access logs to the service; being understood that cloud service providers shall not be required to disclose trade secrets or other proprietary information.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 534 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)
(b a) support for development of the customer’s exit strategy relevant to the contracted services, including through providing information such as procedures for initiating switching from the cloud computing service, the machine-readable data formats that user’s data can be exported to, the tools, including at least one open standard data portability interface, foreseen to export data, known technical restrictions and limitations that could impact switching process, estimated time necessary to complete the switching process, costs indication related to the data transfers and additional services offered to facilitate the switching process, including the ability of the customer to test its switching process.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 536 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1 – point c
(c) a minimum period for data retrieval of at least 30 calendar days, starting after the termination of the transition period that was agreed between the customer and the service provider of cloud computing services, in accordance with paragraph 1, point (a) and paragraph 2.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 547 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. Following a successful switch to another provider or back on-premises by the customer, the provider of the cloud computing service should be required to permanently delete the user data, unless otherwise expressly agreed.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 548 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 a (new)
Article 24 a Obligations of the providers of destination cloud computing services The provider of destination cloud computing services shall comply with the following obligations towards the customer: a) shall provide information on available procedures for switching and porting to the cloud computing service when it is a porting destination, including information on available porting methods, formats as well as known restrictions and technical limitations; b) shall cooperate in good faith with the provider of source cloud computing services to enable the timely transfer of necessary items such as data or software via commonly used, machine-readable format and by means of the open standard data portability interface, unless otherwise agreed by both parties.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 553 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 1
1. From [date X+3yrs, the date of entry into force of this Regulation] onwards, providers of data processcloud computing services shall not impose any charges on the customers who are consumers for the switching process.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 565 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 2
2. From [date X, the date of entry into force of the Data Act] until [date X+3yrsis Regulation], providers of data processcloud computing services mayshall impose reduced charges on theall customers for the switching process.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 570 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 3
3. The charges referred to in paragraph 2 shall not exceed the costs incurred by the provider of data processcloud computing services that are directly linked to the switching process and shall be associated with mandatory operations that the provider of cloud computing processing services must perform as part of the switching process concerned.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 572 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 3 a (new)
3 a. Before entering into a contractual agreement with a customer, the provider of cloud computing services shall provide the customer with clear information describing the charges imposed on the customer for the switching process and where relevant, shall provide information on services associated with highly complex or costly switching or impossible to switch without significant interference in the data or application or service architecture.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 573 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 4
4. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 38 to supplement this Regulation in order to introduce a monitoring mechanism for the Commission to monitor switching charges imposed by data processproviders of cloud computing service providers on the market to ensure that the withdrawal of switching charges as described in paragraph 1 of this Article will be attained in accordance with the deadline provided in the same paragraph.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 575 #
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 579 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 1
1. Providers of data processcloud computing services that concern scalable and elastic computing resources limited to infrastructural elements such as servers, networks and the virtual resources necessary for operating the infrastructure, but that do not provide access to the operating services, software and applications that are stored, otherwise processed, or deployed on those infrastructural elements, shall ensureto the extend possible support that the customer, after switching to a service covering the same service type offered by a different provider of data processcloud computing services, enjoysis well equipped to achieve functional equivalence in the use of the new service.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 583 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 2
2. For data processing services other than those covered by paragraph 1, providers of data processProviders of cloud computing services, including providers of destination cloud computing services shall make open interfaces publicly available and free of charge for the purpose of portability and interoperability.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 587 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 3
3. For data processing services other than those covered by paragraph 1, providers of data processing services shallAll providers of cloud computing services shall, where technically feasible, ensure compatibility with open interoperability specifications or European standards for interoperability that are identified in accordance with Article 29(5) of this Regulation.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 589 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 4
4. Where the open interoperability specifications or European standards referred to in paragraph 3 do not exist for the equivalent service type concerned, the provider of data processcloud computing services shall, at the request of the customer, export where technically feasible, all data generated or co-generated, including the relevant data formats and data structures, and metadata in a structured, commonly used and machine- readable format as indicated to the customer in accordance with Article 24 (1 ab), unless other format is accepted by the customer.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 594 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 4 a (new)
4 a. Where the open interoperability specifications or European standards referred to in paragraph 3 do not exist for the service type concerned, the provider of data processing services shall make APIs available for the purpose of interoperability. These APIs shall ensure, where technically feasible, that third-party services can enjoy the same functional equivalence as first-party services.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 597 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 4 b (new)
4 b. The requirements set out in this chapter shall not require a provider of cloud computing services to: a) develop new technologies or services; b) disclose or transfer proprietary or confidential data or technology that is protected as a trade secret or by other property rights, to the customer or to another provider of cloud computing services;or c) engage in, facilitate or enable anti- competitive behaviour.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 598 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 a (new)
Article 26 a Withdrawal of interoperability charges 1. From [date X] onwards, providers of data processing services shall not impose charges for the interoperability process in excess of the costs incurred by the provider of data processing services that are directly linked to the interoperability process concerned. 2. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 38 to supplement this Regulation in order to introduce a monitoring mechanism for the Commission to monitor interoperability charges imposed by data processing service providers on the market to ensure that the limitation of interoperability charges as described in paragraph 1 of this Article will be attained in accordance with the deadline provided in the same paragraph.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 599 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 b (new)
Article 26 b Exemptions for certain cloud computing services The obligations set out in this Chapter shall not apply to: a) cloud computing services, which have been custom-built to facilitate a specific customer’s need; b) cloud computing services that operate on a trial basis or only supply a testing and evaluation service for business product offerings.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 608 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point c a (new)
(c a) or where the Commission has decided that the third country, a territory or one or more specified sectors within that third country, or the international organisation in question ensures an adequate level of protection according to Article 45 of the Regulation (EU) 2016/679.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 613 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 28 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part
OData holders and operators ofwithin data spaces shall comply with, the following essential requirements to facilitate interoperability of data, data sharing mechanisms and services:
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 625 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 28 – paragraph 3
3. Operators ofwithin data spaces and data holders that meet 3. the harmonised standards or parts thereof published by reference in the Official Journal of the European Union shall be presumed to be in conformity with the essential requirements referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, to the extent those standards cover those requirements.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 629 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – title
Interoperability and portability for data processing services
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 630 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. Open interoperability and portability specifications and European standards for the interoperability of data processing services shall:
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 634 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) be performance oriented towards achieving interoperability and portability between different data processing services that cover the same service type;
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 636 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 1 – point b
(b) enhance interoperability and portability of digital assets between different data processing services that cover the same service type;
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 643 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 2 – introductory part
2. Open interoperability specifications and European standards for the interoperability and portability of data processing services shall address:
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 647 #

2022/0047(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 5
5. For the purposes of Article 26(3) of this Regulation, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts, in accordance with Article 38, to publish the reference of open interoperability specifications and European standards for the interoperability and portability of data processing services in central Union standards repository for the interoperability and portability of data processing services, where these satisfy the criteria specified in paragraph 1 and 2 of this Article.
2022/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 61 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 1
(1) Semiconductors are at the core of any digital device: from smartphones and cars, through critical applications and infrastructures in health, energy, communications and automation to most other industry sectors. While semiconductors are essential to the functioning of our modern economy and society, the Union has witnessed unprecedented disruptions in their supply. The current supply shortage is a symptom of permanent and serious structural deficiencies in the Union’s semiconductor value and supply chainresult of panic purchasing, coupled with last- minute order changes or cancellations, supplier shutdowns in Asia, and political instability in parts of the world. The disruptions have exposed long-lasting vulnerabilities in this respect, notably a strong third-country dependency in manufacturing and design of chips.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 78 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 4
(4) It is necessary to take measures to build capacity and strengthen the Union’s semiconductor sector in line with Article 173(3) of the Treaty. These measures do not entail the harmonisation of national laws and regulations. In this regard, the Union should reinforce the competitiveness and resilience of the semiconductor technological and industrial base, whilst strengthening the innovation capacity of its semiconductor sector, reducing dependence on a limited number of third country companies and geographies, and strengthening its capacity to design and produce advanced componentnext generation semiconductor technologies. The Chips for Europe Initiative (the ‘Initiative’) should support these aims by bridging the gap between Europe’s advanced research and innovation capabilities and their sustainable industrial exploitation. It should promote capacity building to enable design, production, packaging, testing and systems integration in next generation semiconductor technologies, enhance collaboration among key players across the Union, strengthening Europe's semiconductor supply and value chains, serving key industrial sectors and creating new markets.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 83 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6) The achievement of these objectives will be supported by a governance mechanism. At Union level, this Regulation establishes a European Semiconductor Board, composed of representatives of the Member States, the relevant semiconductor industry actors and research organisations, and chaired by the Commission. The European Semiconductor Board will provide advice to and assist the Commission on specific questions, including the consistent application of this Regulation, facilitating cooperation among Member States and exchanging information on issues relating to this Regulation. The European Semiconductor Board should hold separate meetings for its tasks under the different chapters of this Regulation. The different meetings may include different compositions of the high-level representatives and the Commission may establish subgroups.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 91 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7
(7) Given the globalised nature of the semiconductor supply chain, international cooperation with third partner countries is an important element to achieve a resilience of the Union’s semiconductor ecosystem. The actions taken under this Regulation should also enable the Union to play a stronger role, as a centre of excellence, in a better functioning global, interdependent semiconductors ecosystem. The Commission, assisted by the European Semiconductor Board, should cooperate and build partnerships with third partner countries with a view to seeking solutions to address, to the extent possible, disruptions of the semiconductor supply chain.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 92 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7 a (new)
(7 a) The Commission, on behalf of the Union, shall pursue cooperation with strategic partners such as the United States, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan and other like-minded partners, with a view to strengthening the semiconductor supply chain and addressing future supply chain disruptions through a 'Chips Diplomacy Initiative'. To this end, Commission should promote international cooperation with strategic partners through future investment and trade agreements, the EU-US and EU-India Trade and Technology Councils, as well as relevant international fora, where the strengthening of the semiconductor supply chain and addressing future supply chain disruptions should be a key priority. In addition, where necessary, the Commission should enter into a dialogue, consultations or cooperation framework with relevant third countries with a view to seeking solutions to address supply chain disruptions or third country decisions that could cause such disruptions, such as those related to extraterritorial export restrictions, in line with international obligations. This may involve coordination in relevant international fora or other diplomatic measures, while ensuring robust engagement with the stakeholder community.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 107 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 19
(19) Integrated Production Facilities and Open EU Foundries should provide semiconductor manufacturing capabilities, or manufacturing capabilities in material and/or equipment exclusively used in semiconductor manufacturing that are “first-of-a-kind” in the Union and contribute to the security of supply and to a resilient ecosystem in the internal market. The qualifying factor for the production of a first-of-a-kind facility could be with regard to the technology node, substrate material, such as silicon carbide and gallium nitride, and other product innovation that can offer better performance, process technology or energy and environmental performance. A facility of a comparable capability on an industrial scale should not yet substantively be present or committed to be built within the Union, excluding facilities for research and development or small-scale production sites.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 108 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 20
(20) Where an Open EU Foundry offers production capacity to undertakings not related to the operator of the facility, the Open EU Foundry should establish, implement and maintain adequate and effective functional separation in order to prevent the exchange of confidential information between internal and external production. This should apply to any information gained in the design and in the front-end or back-end manufacturing processes including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 113 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 29
(29) In light of the structural deficienciescomplexity of the semiconductor supply chain and the resulting risks of future shortages, this Regulation provides instruments for a coordinated approach to monitoring and effectively tackling possible market disruptions.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 115 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 30
(30) Due to the complex, quickly evolving and interlinked semiconductor value chains with various actors, a coordinated approach to regular monitoring is necessary to increase the understanding of the value chain as well as the ability to mitigate risks that may negatively affect the supply of semiconductors. The Commission and Member States should monitor the semiconductor value chain focusing on early warning indicators and the availability and integrity of the services and goods provided by key market actors, in such a way that it would not represent an excessive administrative burden for undertakings.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 119 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 31
(31) Any relevant findings, including information provided by relevant stakeholders and industry associations, shFindings that are relevant for the purpose of mitigating risks and/or signalling disruptions in the supply chain could be provided to the European Semiconductor Board to allow for a regular exchange of information between high- level representatives of Member States and for integration of the information into a monitoring overview of the semiconductor value chains.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 126 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 35
(35) As part of the monitoring, national competent authorities should also do a mapping of undertakings operating in the Union along the semiconductor supply chain established in their national territory and notify this information to the Commissionthe European Semiconductor Board should do a long-term mapping of the dynamics, strengths and weaknesses of the semiconductor value chain, including a holistic understanding of the market, the barriers to entry and technology characteristics. Once complete, the mapping could be updated and revised every six months.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 128 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 36
(36) In order to facilitate effective monitoring, in-depth assessment of the risks associated with different stages of the semiconductor value chain is needed, including on the origins and sources of supplies beyond the Union. Such risks may be related to critical inputs and equipment for the industry, including digital products that may be vulnerable, possible impact of counterfeit semiconductors, manufacturing capacities and other risks that may disrupt, compromise or negatively affect the supply chain. Those risks could include supply chains with a single point of failure or which are otherwise highly concentrated. Other relevant factors could include the availability of substitutes or alternative sources for critical inputs and resilient and sustainable transport. The Commission should, assisted by the European Semiconductor Board and taking also into account information received from the main user categories, develop a Union level risk assessment. Moreover, appropriate measures, procedures and remedies must be provided to ensure the availability of civil redress against the unauthorized acquisition or use of trade secrets or copyrighted works embedded in semiconductors.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 131 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 37 a (new)
(37 a) In order to increase the Union’s global role in the semiconductors ecosystem and its value chain, due consideration must be paid to the demand for rare earths and critical raw materials and gases. Member States and the Commission should ensure that the Union does not create a new dependency, but rather a sustainable supply chain, in line with the Statement on Critical Raw Materials Act published following the State of the European Union in September 2022.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 137 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 44
(44) Close cooperation between the Commission and the Member States, Member States industry and research stakeholders, and coordination of any national measures taken with regard to the semiconductor supply chain is indispensable during the crisis stage with a view to addressing disruptions with the necessary coherence, resiliency and effectiveness. To this end, the European Semiconductor Board should hold extraordinary meetings as necessary. Any measures taken should be strictly limited to the duration period of the crisis stage.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 143 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 46
(46) A number of sectors are critical for the proper functioning of the internal market. Those critical sectors are the sectors listed in the Annex of the Commission proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the resilience of critical entities61 . For the purposes of this Regulation, defence and other activities that are relevant for public safety and security should be additionally considered as a critical sector. Certain measures should only be enacted fur the purpose of securing supply to critical sectors in a crisis stage. The Commission mayshould limit the emergency measures to certain of these sectors or to certain parts of them when the semiconductor crisis has disturbed or is threatening to disturb their operation. _________________ 61 COM(2020) 829. 16.12.2020.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 157 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 59
(59) In order to ensure trustful and constructive cooperation of competent authorities at Union and national level, all parties involved in the application of this Regulation should respect the confidentiality of information and data, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights, obtained in carrying out their tasks. The Commission and the national competent authorities, their officials, servants and other persons working under the supervision of these authorities as well as officials and civil servants of other authorities of the Member States should not disclose information acquired or exchanged by them pursuant to this Regulation and of the kind covered by the obligation of professional secrecy. This should also apply to the European Semiconductor Board and the Semiconductor Committee established in this Regulation. Where appropriate, the Commission should be able to adopt implementing acts to specify the practical arrangements for the treatment of confidential information, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights, in the context of information gathering.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 158 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 59 a (new)
(59 a) Innovative businesses are increasingly exposed to unlawful or anticompetitive practices aimed at misappropriating intellectual property and trade secrets, such as theft, unauthorised copying, industrial espionage or the breach of confidentiality requirements from outside the Union, particularly in high-technology fields like the semiconductor sector. Intellectual property theft or the unlawful use of trade secrets in the semiconductor sector could compromise the objectives of the Chips Act by inhibiting the ability of private holders of intellectual property to obtain legitimate first-mover returns from their innovation-related efforts and thus diminish incentives for private investment. In the absence of the effective enforcement of the existing rules for the protection of intellectual property in third countries, incentives to engage in innovation-related activity beyond the borders of the internal market could therefore be undermined. This Regulation should therefore ensure the effective enforcement of intellectual property law in the semiconductor sector, in full respect of Directives (EU) 2016/9431a and 2004/48/EC1b of the European Parliament and of the Council. Furthermore, it introduces stricter terms for beneficiaries for engaging in significant transactions in third countries with an intellectual property theft programme directed at the Union of a Member State.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 159 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 62
(62) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission as regards the selection of ECICs and as regards the procedure for establishing and defining the tasks of competence centres and the procedure for establishing the network, so that the objectives of the Initiative are achieved. Furthermore, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission as regards activating the crisis stage in a semiconductor crisis, to allow a rapid and coordinated response, and for specifying the practical arrangements for the treatment of confidential information, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council64 of the European Parliament and of the Council. _________________ 64 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers, (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 163 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4
(4) ‘semiconductor supply chain’ means the system of activities, organisations, actors, technology, information, resources and services involved in the production of semiconductors, including raw materials, manufacturing equipment, design, fabrication, assembly, testing and packaging, packaging, and advanced packaging, including raw materials and gases;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 165 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 10
(10) ‘first-of-a-kind facility’ means an industrial facility capable of semiconductor manufacturing, including front-end or back-end, or both, or capable of manufacturing materials or equipment exclusively used in semiconductor manufacturing, that is not substantively already present or committed to be built within the Union, for instance with regard to the technology node, substrate material, such as silicon carbide and gallium nitride, and other product innovation that can offer better performance, process innovation or energy and environmental performance;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 167 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 15
(15) ‘key market actors’ means undertakings in the Union semiconductor sectorupply chain, the reliable functioning of which is essential for the semiconductor supply chain;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 170 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 16
(16) ‘critical sector’ means any sector referred to in the Annex of the Commission proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the resilience of critical entities, the defence sector and other activities that are relevant for public safety and security defence sector;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 173 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 16 a (new)
(16 a) ‘crisis’ means a serious and unforeseen event which has a severe impact on the Union and substantially endangers or restricts the security, safety and the public health and alters the normal functioning of society and of the economy, and requires exceptional measures in order to supply the population with critical necessities;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 175 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 17
(17) ‘crisis-relevant product’ means semiconductors, intermediate products and critical raw materials and gases required to produce semiconductors or intermediate products, that are materially affected by the semiconductor crisis or of strategic importance to remedy the semiconductor crisis or economic effects thereof;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 191 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 2 – point e – point 3
(3) accelerating investment in the field of semiconductor manufacturing technologies and chip design and to leveraging funding from both the public and the private sectors, while increasing the security of supply and intellectual property protection for the whole semiconductor value chain.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 207 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 8 – paragraph 3
3. Member States shall designate candidate competence centres in accordance with its national procedures, administrative and institutional structures through an open and competitive process. The Commission shall, by means of implementingdelegated acts, set the procedure for establishing competence centres, including selection criteria, and further tasks and functions of the centres with respect to the implementation of the actions under the Initiative, the procedure for establishing the network as well to adopt decisions on the selection of entities forming the network. Those implementingdelegated acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 33(2).
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 208 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 1
1. Integrated Production Facilities are first-of-a-kind semiconductor design and manufacturing facilities, including front- end or back-end, or both, or capable of manufacturing materials or equipment exclusively used in semiconductor manufacturing in the Union that contribute to the security of supply for the internal market.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 228 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part
The Commission, in cooperation with Member States, shall carry out regular monitoring of the semiconductor value chain. In particular, they shall:
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 233 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
Member StatesThey shall provide relevant findings to the European Semiconductor Board in the form of regular updates.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 235 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 2
2. The Commission, in cooperation with Member States, shall invite the main users of semiconductors and other relevant stakeholders to provide information regarding significant fluctuations in demand and known disruptions of their supply chain. To facilitate the exchange of information, Member States shall provide for a mechanism and administrative set-up for these updates.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 237 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. The Commission shall provide for standardised and secure means for the information collection and processing for the purpose of paragraph 1, with due regard to minimising the administrative burden for SMEs.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 238 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 3
3. NThe Commission, in cooperation with national competent authorities designated pursuant to Article 26(1), may request information from representative organisations of undertakings or individual undertakings operating along the semiconductor supply chain where necessary and proportionate for the purpose of paragraph 1. National competent authoritiThey will provide for standardised and secure means for the information collection and proces sin such caseg for the purpose of paragraph 1, and will pay particular attention to SMEs to minimise administrative burden resulting from the request and will privilege digital solutions for obtaining such information. Any information obtained pursuant to this paragraph shall be treated in compliance with the confidentiality obligations set out in Article 27.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 242 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 5 – point a – point 1 a (new)
(1 a) coordinating with stakeholders of the semiconductor value chain with a view to of identifying, preparing and operationalising preventive measures to mitigate shortages and choke points that would prevent escalation towards a crisis stage;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 244 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 5 – point b
(b) enter into consultations or cooperation, on behalf of the Union, with relevant third countries with a view to seeking cooperative solutions to address supply chain disruptions or third country decisions, such as those related to extraterritorial export restrictions, that could cause such disruptions, in compliance with international obligations. This may involve, where appropriate, coordination in relevant international fora or other diplomatic measures while ensuring robust engagement with the stakeholder community.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 251 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission shall, after consulting develop a list of early warning indicators in cooperation with the European Semiconductor Board, assess with a view to identifying risks that may disrupt, compromise or negatively affect the supply of semiconductors (Union risk assessment). In the Union risk assessment, the Commission shall identify early warning indicators.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 253 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 2
2. The Commission shall review the Union risk assessment including the early warning indicators as necessary.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 254 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 3
3. When monitoring the semiconductor value chain pursuant to Article 15, Member States shall monitor the early warning indicators identified by the Commission, and the European Semiconductor Board.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 261 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 18 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. A semiconductor crisis shall be considered to occur, as defined in article 2(1)(16a), when there are serious disruptions in the supply of semiconductors leading to significant shortages, which:
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 263 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 18 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) entail significant delays or significant negative effects on one or more important economic sectorcritical sectors or essential services in the Union, or
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 265 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 18 – paragraph 2
2. Where an assessment of the Commission provides concrete, serious, and reliable evidence of a semiconductor crisis, the Commission may, after consulting the European Semiconductor Board, activate the crisis stage by means of implementing acts in accordance with Article 33(2). The duration of the activation shall be specified in the implementing act. WThere, in view of the scope and gravity of the semiconductor crisis, duly justified imperative grounds of urgency so require, the procedure provided for in Article 33(3) shall apply to implementing acts adopted pursuant to this Article Commission shall report on a regular basis to the European Semiconductor Board.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 274 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 20 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission shall, after consulting the European Semiconductor Board, request representative organisations of undertakings or, if necessary, individual undertakings operating along the semiconductor supply chain to inform the Commission about their production capabilities, production capacities, current primary disruptions and provide other existing data. The requested information shall be limited to what is the minimum necessary to assess the nature of the semiconductor crisis or to identify and assess potential mitigation or emergency measures at national or Union level. The Commission shall substantiate its targeted requests for sensitive and business confidential data and shall keep them to the minimum. The Commission shall develop the request for information in cooperation with the European Semiconductor Board. The Commission shall provide for secure means for the information collection and processing that ensures confidentiality, business secrecy and cybersecurity with due regard to minimising the administrative burden for SMEs.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 276 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 20 – paragraph 2
2. The request for information shall state its legal basis, be proportionate in terms of the granularity and volume of the data and frequency of access to the data requested, have regard for the legitimate aims of the undertaking, take into account the protection of trade secrets and business sensitive information and the cost and effort required to make the data available, and set out the time limit within which the information is to be provided. It shall also indicate the penalties provided for in Article 28.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 279 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 21 – paragraph 1
1. Where necessary and proportionate to ensure the operation of all or certain critical sectors, the Commission may oblige Integrated Production Facilities and Open EU Foundries that have received public financial support to accept and prioritise an order of crisis-relevant products (‘priority rated order’). The obligation shall take precedence over any performance obligation under private or public law.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 281 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 21 – paragraph 2
2. The obligation under paragraph 1 can also be imposed to other semiconductor undertakings which have accepted such possibility in the context of receiving public financial support.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 284 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 21 – paragraph 4
4. The obligations under paragraph 1, 2 and 3 shall be enacted by the Commission via decision. The decision shall be takena last resort measure taken after consulting the European Semiconductor Board, in accordance with all applicable Union legal obligations, having regard to the circumstances of the case, including the principles of necessity and proportionality. The decision shall in particular have regard foronly be made when all other measures have been exhausted and in particular have regard for the preventive measures taken by the critical sector requesting the priority order, and the legitimate aims of the undertaking concerned and the cost and effort required for any change in production sequence. In its decision, the Commission shall state the legal basis of the priority rated order, fix the time-limit within which the order is to be performed, and, where applicable, specify the product and quantity, and state the penalties provided for in Article 28 for non- compliance with the obligation. The priority rated order shall be placed at fair and reasonable price.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 290 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 2 – point c
(c) discussing and preparing, with involvement of key market actors, the identification of specific sectors and technologies with potential high social impact and respective security significance in need of certification for trusted products;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 292 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 2 – point e a (new)
(e a) creating and regularly updating the long- term mapping of the dynamics in, as well as strengths and weaknesses of the semiconductor value chain in the Union. This mapping exercise may help the Chips Act to set targets, allowing for more focused investments in capability gaps.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 293 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 23 – paragraph 2 – point e b (new)
(e b) providing advice and assisting the Commission with regard to developing consistent guidelines on how to best protect, in the context of this Regulation, confidential information, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights, from unlawful access that risks intellectual property theft or industrial espionage;
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 297 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 1
1. The European Semiconductor Board shall be composed of representatives of the Member States, and three representatives of the Industrial Alliance on Processors and Semiconductor Technologies, and shall be chaired by a representative of the Commission.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 299 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 24 – paragraph 4
4. The Commission may establish standing or temporary sub-groups for the purpose of examining specific questions. Where appropriate, the Commission mayshall invite organisations within the Union and from partner countries representing the interests of the semiconductor industry, including the Industrial Alliance on Processors and Semiconductor Technologies and users of semiconductors at Union level, to participate in such sub- groups in the capacity of observeras observers that enjoy speaking rights, but no voting rights. A sub-group including Union Research and Technology Organisations shall be established for the purpose of examining specific aspects on strategic technology directions and reporting on this to the European Semiconductor Board.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 302 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 4
4. The Commission shall involve industry and civil society stakeholders in their respective role, meaning that the Commission may appoint observers to take part in the meetings, as appropriate. The Commission may invite experts with specific expertise, including from relevant stakeholder organisations, such as the Industrial Alliance for Processors and Semiconductor Technologies, with respect to a subject matter on the agenda to take part in the meetings of the European Semiconductor Board on an ad hoc basis. The Commission may facilitate exchanges between the European Semiconductor Board and other Union bodies, offices, agencies and advisory groups. The Commission shall invite a representative from the European Parliament as an observer to the European Semiconductor Board. The Commission shall ensure the participation of relevant other Union institutions and bodies as observers to the European Semiconductor Board with respect to meetings concerning Chapter IV on monitoring and crisis response. Observers and experts shall not have voting rights and shall notbut may be invited to participate in the formulation of opinions, recommendations or advice of the European Semiconductor Board and its sub-groups.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 304 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 25 – paragraph 5
5. The European Semiconductor Board shall take the necessary measures to ensure the safe handling and processing of confidential information, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 309 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission and the national competent authorities, their officials, servants and other persons working under the supervision of these authorities as well as officials and civil servants of other authorities of the Member States shall not disclose information acquired or exchanged by them pursuant to this Regulation and of the kind covered by the obligation of professional secrecy. They shall respect the confidentiality of information and data obtained in carrying out their tasks and activities in such a manner as to protect in particular any intellectual property rights and sensitive business information orand trade secrets. They shall take appropriate technical and organisational measures to preserve the confidentiality of sensitive business information and trade secrets. This obligation shall apply to all representatives of Member States, key market actors observers, experts and other participants attending meetings of the European Semiconductor Board pursuant to Article 23 and the members of the Committee pursuant to Article 33(1).
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 311 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 2
2. The Commission and Member States may exchange, where necessary, confidential information with competent authorities of third countries with which they have agreed on bilateral or multilateral confidentiality arrangements to provide an adequate level of confidentiality.deleted
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 314 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 3
3. The Commission may adopt implementing acts, as necessary following experience gained in information gathering, to specify the practical arrangements for the treatment of confidential information, including trade secrets or content protected by intellectual property rights, in the context of exchange of information pursuant to this Regulation. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 33(2).
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 315 #

2022/0032(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 a (new)
Article 27 a IP-Theft Guardrails 1. Each undertaking receiving Union funds under this Regulation (beneficiary) shall enter into an agreement with the Commission that, for a duration of 10 years, precludes the beneficiary from engaging in any significant transactions, as defined in that agreement, involving the material expansion of semiconductor manufacturing or R&D capacity in a third country with an intellectual property theft programme directed at the Union or a Member State. This shall not apply to significant transactions that predominantly serves the market of a third country, or to existing facilities, equipment or R&D of a beneficiary intended for manufacturing legacy semiconductors. 2. During the term of agreement, the beneficiary shall notify the Commission of any planned significant transactions. The Commission shall decide whether this constitutes a breach of the agreement, and shall notify the beneficiary. In case of a breach, the Commission will first propose and agree on conditions with the beneficiary for the mitigation of risks concerning intellectual property theft. Im lieu of an agreement, the Commissions shall request evidence that the planned significant transaction has ceased or has been abandoned. If the beneficiary fails to cease or abandon a breach, the Commission shall recover the full amount of the Union funds provided to the beneficiary and may impose fines. Any information obtained pursuant to this paragraph shall be treated in compliance with the confidentiality obligations set out in Article 27.
2022/10/18
Committee: INTA
Amendment 11 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas the Indo-Pacific region has become a geopolitical and geoeconomic reality; whereas the global economy’s centre of gravity has shifted from the Atlantic to the PacificIndo-Pacific region has become a major economic power;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 13 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas Europe and the Indo- Pacific together represent over 70 % of global trade in goods and services and over 60 % of foreign direct investment (FDI) with their annual trade reaching EUR 1.5 trillion in 2019; whereas the Indo-Pacific region produces 60 % of global gross domestic product (GDP) and contributes to two thirds of global economic growth; whereas the EU is the biggest investor in the areagion, which includes four (China, Japan, South Korea and India) out of the EU’s top 10 global trading partners;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 43 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G
G. whereas the COVID-19 crisis has accelerated a number of geopolitical trends that were already under way; whereas it also highlighted the need for international cooperation; whereas it has also shown vulnerabilities in the global supply chains and has made clear the need for more diversification; whereas this has been further accentuated by the Russian invasion of Ukraine;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 48 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G a (new)
G a. Whereas, as stated in the Trade Policy Review, the EU works together with its partners to ensure adherence to universal values, notably the promotion and protection of human rights. This includes core labour standards, social protection, gender equality, and the fight against climate change and biodiversity loss;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 52 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G b (new)
G b. whereas the EU outermost regions and overseas countries and territories, constitutionally linked to its Member States, are an important part of the EU’s approach to the Indo-Pacific;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 56 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1
1. Welcomes the EU strategy for cooperation in the Indo-Pacific, which identifies trade as a priority; believes its main focus on inclusiveness and cooperation based on shared values and principles, including a commitment to respecting democracy, human rights and the rule of law, is essential; calls for the EU’s strategic approach and engagement with the Indo-Pacific region to be developed based on the multilateral, rules- based international order with a modernised World Trade Organization at its core, based on the principles of open environment for trade and investment, a level playing field, reciprocity and mutual benefit; stresses that this new approach should constitute a fundamental reorientation based on shared interests as the region is vital to EU prosperity;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 61 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2
2. Calls on the Commission to work closely with its Indo-Pacific like-minded partners to reinforce value chains by strengthening and diversifying trade relations in order to reduce strategic dependencies in critical supply chains with a particular focus on technologies and raw materials, by working towards the full implementation and better enforcement of existing trade agreements, by finalising ongoing trade negotiations and by developing cooperation in strategic sectors; underlines the importance of working together with like-minded Indo-Pacific countries on establishing technical standards, to further promote the EU as a global standard-setter; further calls on the Commission to closely work together with the Indo-Pacific partners in the process of shaping and implementing the planned Due Diligence framework;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 71 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3
3. Stresses that the EU should make better and more strategic use of its economic leverage while respecting the political and economic specificities of its partner countries in order to reach its geopolitical goals, by deploying its full, integrated range of policy instruments, including the requirement of promoting fundamental human and labour rights, environmental protection and good governance as part of GSP, for this purpose;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 89 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Believes the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement has been instrumental in creating more sustainable trade; welcomes the increase in the preference utilisation rates for EU exports to Japan in 2020; underlinnotes that further progress is needed e has been some progress regarding the implementation of the agreement, in particular as regardsexpansion of the list for GI protection for both parties, the utilisation rates of tariff rate quotas opened by Japan for EU exporters, and the process for ratification of ILO Convention No 105 by Japan; underlines that further progress is needed in the implementation of the agreement, in particular as regards the liberalisation of trade in services and the ratification of ILO Conventions No 105 and No 111;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 98 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Call on the Member States to ratify the EU-Vietnam IPA so that it enters into force and creates favourable conditions to boost EU investment in Vietnam and in the region, in particular in areas promoting green transformation and the circular economy; urges Vietnam to guarantee a full implementation of the sanitary and phytosanitary provisions; inviturges Vietnam to complete its key labour reforms in accordance with the agreement and to swiftly ensure the ratification of ILO Convention No 87 by 2023;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 102 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8
8. Calls for continuing actions oriented at raising awareness among businesses and citizens of existing FTAs in the region and the opportunities they provide; calls for strengthened technical and financial support where necessary to help partner countries to effectively implement FTAs, in particular the chapters on TSD; Calls on the Commission to work together with our Indo-Pacific partners also in the context of the TSD review;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 112 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9
9. Calls for substantive progress and the conclusion of negotiations on the EU- Australia and EU-New Zealand FTAs by no later than mid 2022 in order for the European Parliament to be able to duly ratify these agreements in the current parliamentary mandate; believes that, especially in the current geopolitical situation, it is of utmost importance that democracies strengthen their mutual relations, also when it comes to trade;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 120 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11
11. Underlines the need for the EU to pursengage in a comprehensive dialogue wits multifaceted engagement with Chinah China and firmly defend the interests and values of the EU, keeping in mind that China’s goals are often divergent from ours, especially in this geopolitically challenging global context; stresses that it is important to continue engaging bilaterally to promote solutions to common challenges and to cooperate on issues of common interest such as fighting climate change; acknowledges that the support of China was vital for the conclusion of the Paris Agreement, and that engagement with China is necessary to curb global greenhouse emissions;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 123 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)
11 a. Acknowledges that China’s continued delay in complying with all WTO rules continues to complicate the trade relations between the EU and China. Main issues that must be solved are the multiple barriers European companies face to access the Chinese market, protection of intellectual property rights, counterfeiting, product safety concerns, social and environmental standards, forced technology transfers, obliged Joint Ventures, unfair subsidies and unfair competition by state-owned enterprises;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 125 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Acknowledges that the discussions on the ratification of the Comprehensive Investment Agreement between the EU and China have been put on hold in the European Parliament for the moment; believes, however, that despite our differencesdue to China’s decision to sanction, among others, five Members of the European Parliament and the Human Rights sub-committee for criticizing China’s human rights record; stresses that it is unthinkable that the European Parliament will discuss or ratify the CAI as long as MEPs and one of its committees are under sanctions; further recalls the coercive pressure China has put on member states such as in the case of Lithuania; believes, however, that we should continue to maintain dialogue at all levels and through various channels to be able to understand each others positions and in particular to find a way out of the present situation;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 129 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12 a (new)
12 a. Reminds that the cooperation with China must go hand in hand with firmness on the issue of human rights and minority; underlines the need for the EU to take a clear stance against the human rights violations in China, notably the forced labour camps and continuous repression against the Uyghur community in Xinjiang, which according to several international organisations amount to crimes against humanity and that some parliaments already have called a genocide; further deplores the oppression of the Tibetan community and the violation of China’s international commitments in Hong Kong;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 135 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Is looking forward toTakes note of the EU-China Summit taking place in April 2022; trusthopes that it will contribute to calming the recently the de-escalatingon of trade and geopolitical tensions between both parties, that it will allow progress towards developing a much more balanced economic relationship based on reciprocity and, that it will help to resolve the crisis linked tobe the occasion for a frank dialogue on the worrying human rights situation in China as well as that it will help to lift the unjustified Chinese sanctions imposed on EU policymakers, including members of the European Parliament;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 140 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14
14. Urges the EU to launch a structured dialogue with Taiwan on cooperating in green technology and digital economy, including the semiconductor industry, with a view to signing a memorandum of understanding that benefits both the EU and Taiwan; repeats thatits call on the Commission shouldto begin an impact assessment, public consultation and scoping exercise on a bilateral investment agreement with Taiwan in preparation for negotiations to deepen bilateral economic ties;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 169 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Calls for a new strategic approach towards the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership as a core element of the EU’s Indo-Pacific strategy, stresses that closer cooperation would allow the EU to reap important economic benefits with regard to possible welfare gains, diversification of supply chains and reduction of strategic dependencies, and would give the EU the opportunity to continue to shape standards in the Indo-Pacific region and globally;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 171 #

2021/2200(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 20 a (new)
20 a. recalls the need to take into account the specificity of the outermost regions and overseas countries and territories in these regional and bilateral negotiations and to take and implement specific provisions in their regards;
2022/03/28
Committee: INTA
Amendment 21 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas the EU and Africa have an important and longstanding political, economic and cultural relationship; whereas the 6th Summit of the EU and the AU in 2022 led to an agreement on ‘A Joint Vision for 2030’, to drive our common priorities, shared values and international law, by preserving together our interests and common public goods, the security and prosperity of our citizens, the protection of human rights for all, gender equality and women’s empowerment in all spheres of life; whereas both Unions recognised the importance of food security and nutrition;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 43 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital E
E. whereas strengthening the intra- continental trade in Africa is essential for its sustainable economic development; whereas the entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) gives new momentum to pan-African trade and investment opportunities; whereas the EU’s trade policy has an important role in strengthening EU-Africa, as well as intra- African trade;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 50 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G
G. whereas AfCFTA aims to be beyond a trade liberalising instrument an enabler of inclusive growth and sustainable development; whereas the AfCFTA can contribute to the advancement of women and youth-lead SMEs; whereas the effective implementation of the AfCFTA is essential for enhancing intra-African trade, notably through enhanced trade facilitation, removal of tariff and non- tariff barriers, and better customs procedures;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 62 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital H
H. whereas Africa is a continent of hope and opportunity and perceived as such by a growing number of its young population; whereas empowering the economic position of women and youth in Africa contributes to both economic growth, and advancing their position in society;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 95 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital O a (new)
O a. whereas the war in Ukraine demonstrates the interconnectedness of food security and the global market, and the dependency of some African countries on food imports from a small number of exporting countries or regions; whereas an overdependence can leave countries vulnerable to external shocks;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 114 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1
1. Affirms that EU-Africa trade and investment relations form part of our joint endeavour to achieve the UN SDGs by 2030 and the objectives of the Paris Agreement; stresses that the modernisation of EU-AU trade and investment relations must adhere to the principle of policy coherence for development and contribute to the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic by means of, and to the green and digital transformation of the economies in both the EU and the AU, as well as among our global trading partners;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 124 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2
2. Stresses the importance of creating a resilient, competitive and solid infrastructural and industrial basis in Africa, as laid down in the AU Agenda 2063, aiming at the development of resilient value chains and high added value processing of raw materials in Africa as a major avenue towards quality job creation;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 129 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3
3. Underlines that the EU needs an entirely new foundation for itsmust engage in a renewed, mutually beneficial economic partnership with Africa, based on equal grounds and based on mutual respectity, mutual respect and understanding of the challenges African partners face in the context of trade and investment relations; underlines that the EU-Africa trade relationship should take into consideration commitments towards promoting human rights, good governance, the rule of law and ugenderstanding; equality; calls on the Commission to advance these elements within the context of EU-Africa trade relations;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 152 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. Underlines the need for the further development of infrastructure that contributes to better interconnectedness of the African continent, most notably for rural areas; stresses that Global Gateway should contribute to the development of infrastructure to increase intra-African trade; Calls on the Commission to facilitate the development of regional value chains and better regional infrastructures in Africa;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 166 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Underlines that a rules-based multilateral trading system contributes to advancing economic growth in the EU, and on the African continent; Notes that the future of the international trading system depends on the revitalising of the WTO and finalising the Doha Round, on which African countries have placed their hopes;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 194 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11
11. Stresses that the EU should deepen its economic and trade relations with Africa through investments and the creation of jobs; underlines the discrepancy of access to finance within African regions and countries due to various factors; underlines that the emphasis of investments should be placed on new infrastructures, such as digital and green infrastructures, and renewable energy production; Calls on the Commission to foster investment in the African continent through innovative financial instruments to increase capital flows and reduce risks; encourages the Commission to propose sustainable investment initiatives- as announced in its communication “Trade Policy Review - An Open, Sustainable and Assertive Trade Policy” - with African countries;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 209 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14
14. Stresses that least developed countries (LDCs) have an interest in and are strong supporters of rules-based multilateral trading systems; is aware of the fact that special and differentiated treatment is a founding principle of the WTO; calls on the Commission to ensure that developing countries can fully exercise their rights under the WTO special and differential treatment provisions, most notably to ensure their food security; is of the opinion that an overdependence on a single country or geographic region for any given product can leave countries vulnerable to external shocks, which could have a hugely damaging impact on the food security of developing countries; believes therefore that the Commission should support our African partners in diversifying their trade flows, to increase their resilience;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 232 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17
17. Reiterates that the different EPAs should contribute to developing intra- African integration and to the development of a fair and sustainable trade model; stresses that EPAs should contribute to and promote sustainable development in line with the SDGs and Agenda 2030, foster intra-African trade flows, contribute to trade facilitation and the removal of unnecessary barriers to trade, market access for businesses, most notably SMEs, to the European and African market, promote public and private investments in Africa, and foster trade relations between the EU and Africa, taking into account the outcomes of the EU-AU summit; calls on the Commission in the revision of EPAs to address, mitigate and avoid any potential effect that could impair the objectives of the development of the intra-African market, in close cooperation with our African partners; calls on the Commission to ensure EPAs are a basis for the strengthening of economic relations between the parties in a mutually beneficial way, taking into account their respective levels of development; calls on the Commission to pay special attention to SMEs, and to support African SMEs who export to the EU with technical assistance;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 250 #

2021/2178(INI)

18. Is committed to strengthening fair and sustainable trade and investment relations between Europe and Africa as part of a wider advanced cooperation framework, including increased investments in research and development related to green goods and technologies; in this context, calls on the Commission to work with our African partners to advance fair and sustainable trade, notably through TSD chapters in EPAs, and to work with our partners in the upcoming TSD review;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 251 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18 a (new)
18 a. Welcomes the reform of the GSP and its role in increasing trading opportunities for developing countries, advancing sustainable development and ensuring adherence to human rights, good governance and gender equality; underlines that the GSP has the potential for African countries to foster sustainable and resilient economic growth and interconnectedness in the global economy; stresses that countries benefitting from the GSP must adhere to international conventions, such as the Paris Agreement and ILO conventions; calls on the Commission to ensure GSP is complementary to other trade policy initiatives on the African continent;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 256 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Welcomes the agreement of the AfCFTA Council of Ministers on common rules of origin for the bloc for 87.7 % of goods or 3 800 tariff lines covered by AfCFTA; calls on the European Commission to harmonise the rules of origin in all the different EU agreements with regions and countries in Africa with the common AfCFTA rules; calls on the EU to engage with the AfCFTA Secretariat to advance capacity building and technical support for the implementation of the AfCFTA;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 263 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 20
20. Appreciates the initiative by the Council and the Commission to organise the first Africa-Europe Week, which was held in February 2022 in Brussels; stresses that better European engagement with young Africans and the African diaspora in Europe can structurally improve the EU-Africa relationship on the long-term; calls on the Commission to organise the Africa-Europe week on an annual basis, and to include young people, especially women and girls, in discussions organised during the Africa-Europe Week;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 277 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 23
23. Calls for the responsible and swift implementation of the commitments on trade and investment agreed at the 2022 EU-Africa Summit, and calls on the Commission to structurally report to the European Parliament on the implementation of the commitments on trade and investment in the relevant committees;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 286 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25
25. Notes that knowledge-sharing and skills development within Africa can contribute to the development of a sustainable trade relationship; underlines the possibilities digital infrastructure has in stimulating the African economy, as well as driving innovation on the continent; Calls for reinforced cooperation on EU-AU digital agendas based on the principles of democratic governance, effective regulatory mechanisms across the digital domain and global-to-local governance mechanisms for data and digital infrastructures that place people- centred development at the core;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 289 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 a (new)
25 a. Underlines that human rights and gender equality must be at the centre of the reinforced cooperation between the EU and the AU, with a special focus on the impact of emerging and innovative technologies on human rights and the inclusion of women in the economy; Stresses the potential digital trade can have for advancing and improving trade facilitation in Africa, and calls on the Commission to advance digital capabilities in light of the implementation of EPAs, and the implementation of the AfCFTA; calls on the Commission to include the EU-AU digital agenda in the engagement with its global strategic partners;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 293 #

2021/2178(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 b (new)
25 b. Underlines that effective engagement with civil society groups, businesses, most notably SMEs, and disadvantaged groups, such as women, are a vital element in advancing the EU’s equal partnership with Africa; stresses in this regard that the EU should further facilitate and include civil society dialogues in its trade relations with Africa to better understand the position of African interest groups, and their specific needs in trade relations with the EU; calls on the Commission to structurally advance its engagement with African civil society to advance inclusive engagement and economic growth across the continent;
2022/03/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 62 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6) Whilst always acting within the framework of international law, it is essential that the Union possess an appropriate instrument to deter and counteract economic coercion by third countries in order to safeguard its rights and interests and those of its Member States. This is particularly the case where third countries take or threaten to take measures affecting trade or investment that interfere in the legitimate sovereign choices of the Union or a Member State by seeking to prevent or obtain the cessation, modification or adoption of a particular act by the Union or a Member State. Such measures affecting trade or investment or threat thereof may include not only actions taken or actions threaten to be taken on, and having effects within, the territory of the third country, but also actions taken or threatened to be taken by the third country, including through entities controlled or directed by the third country and present in the Union, that cause harm to economic activities in the Union, such as, among others, some extraterritorial effects of third county sanctions.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 68 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7
(7) This Regulation aims to ensure an effective, efficient and swift Union response to economic coercion, including deterrence of economic coercion of the Union or a Member State and, in the last resort, countermeasures. This Regulation shall be complementary to other existing Union instruments and relations such as the Regulation (EU) 2021/167 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a and the review of the Blocking Statute 1b _________________ 1a Regulation (EU) 2021/167 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 February 2021 amending Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 concerning the exercise of the Union’s rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules (OJ L 49, 12.2.2021, p. 1.). 1b Council Regulation (EC) No 2271/96 of 22 November 1996 protecting against the effects of the extra-territorial application of legislation adopted by a third country, and actions based thereon or resulting therefrom, OJ L 309,29.11.1996, p. 1–6
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 72 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 8
(8) The objectives of this Regulation, in particular counteracting third countries’ economic coercion of the Union or a Member State, cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member States acting on their own, especially in the context of the Union internal market. This is because Member States as distinct actors under international law may not be entitled under international law to respond to economic coercion directed against the Union. Additionally, because of the exclusive competence conferred on the Union by Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Member States are prevented from taking common commercial policy measures as a response to economic coercion. Therefore, those objectives can be achieved with greater effectiveness at Union level.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 78 #

2021/0402(COD)

(10) Any action undertaken by the Union on the basis of this Regulation should comply with the Union’s obligations under international law. IThe Union should continue to support the rules-based multilateral trading system, with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at its core. Out of the WTO's framework, international law allows, under certain conditions, such as proportionality and prior notice, the imposition of countermeasures, that is to say of measures that would otherwise be contrary to the international obligations of an injured party vis-à-vis the country responsible for a breach of international law, and that are aimed at obtaining the cessation of the breach or reparation for it.10 Accordingly, response measures adopted under this Regulation should take the form of either measures adhering to the Union’s international obligations or measures constituting permitted countermeasures. Under international law, and in accordance with the principle of proportionality, they should not exceed a level that is commensurate with the injury suffered by the Union or a Member State due to the third country’s measures of economic coercion, taking into account the gravity of the third country’s measures and the Union’s rights and interests in question. In this respect, injury to the Union or a Member State is understood under international law to include injury to Union economic operators. _________________ 10 See Articles 22 and 49-53 of the Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts, adopted by the United Nations’ International Law Commission at its fifty-third session, in 2001, and taken note of by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 56/83.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 85 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 13
(13) The Commission should examine whether third-country measures are coercive, on its own initiative or following information received from any source, including legal and natural persons, the European Parliament or a Member State. Following this examination, the Commission should determine in a decision whether the third-country measure is coercive. The Commission should communicate any affirmative determination to the third country concerned, together with a request that the economic coercion cease and a request, where appropriate, that any injury be repaired.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 90 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 16
(16) Union response measures adopted in accordance with this Regulation should be selected and designed on the basis of objective criteria, including: the effectiveness of the measures in inducing the cessation of coercion by the third country; the effectiveness of the measures in repairing the injury caused by the economic coercion; their potential to provide relief to economic operators within the Union affected by the third-country measures of economic coercion; the aim of avoiding or minimising negative economic and other effects on the Union; and the avoidance of disproportionate administrative complexity and costs. It is also essential that the selection and design of Union response measures take account of the Union’s interest. Union response measures should be selected from a wide array of options in order to allow the adoption of the most suitable measures in any given case.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 93 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 18
(18) In pursuing the objective of obtaining the cessation of the measure of economic coercion and the reparation of the injury caused, Union response measures consisting of restrictions on foreign direct investment or on trade in services should only apply with regard to services supplied, or direct investments made, within the Union by one or more legal persons established in the Union which are owned or controlled by persons of the third country concerned where necessary to ensure the effectiveness of Union response measures and in particular to prevent their avoidance. The decision to impose any such restrictions will be duly justified in implementing acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation in the light of the criteria specified in this Regulation.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 98 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 21
(21) It is important to ensure an effective communication and exchange of views and information between the Commission on the one hand and the European Parliament and the Council on the other, in particular on efforts to engage with the third country concerned to explore options with a view to obtaining the cessation of the economic coercion and the reparation of the injury caused and on matters that may lead to the adoption of Union response measures under this Regulation.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 106 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1
1. This Regulation lays down rules and procedures in order to ensure the effective protection of the interests of the Union and its Member States where a third country seeks, through measures, failure to act or threat thereof affecting trade or investment, to coerce the Union or a Member State into adopting or refraining from adopting a particular act. This Regulation provides a framework for the Union to respond in such situations with the objective to deter, obtain the cessation and the reparation of the injury caused or have the third country desist from such actions, whilst permitting the Union, in the last resort, to counteract such actions.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 111 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 a (new)
Article 1 a Definitions For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions apply: (a) “coercion” means any third country action or measure interfering in the legitimate sovereign choices of the Union or a Member State by seeking to prevent or obtain the cessation, modification or adoption of a particular act by the Union or a Member State, including some extraterritorial effects of third countries' sanctions; (b) “third country action or measure” means any type of measure, form of action, failure to act or threat thereof that is attributable to the relevant third country; (c) “economic coercion” means coercion through a third-country action or measure affecting trade or investment; (d) “particular act” means a particular policy choice, legal act or a stance with regard to a policy choice of the Union or a Member State; (e) “injury” means negative impact suffered by the Union or a Member State, including Union economic operators; (f) “Union response measure” means any measure adhering to the Union’s international obligations or permitted under international law vis-à-vis the third country responsible for economic coercion, which are commensurate with the injury suffered by the Union or a Member State and aimed at obtaining the cessation of economic coercion and the reparation for the injury caused; (g) “Union interest” means first and foremost the need to preserve the policy space of the Union or its Member States to take legitimate sovereign choices, as well as strategic economic interests of the Union, including economic and social coherence.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 116 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. This Regulation applies in the event of economic coercion, where a third country:
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 117 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – indent 1
— interferes in the legitimate sovereign choices of the Union or a Member State by seeking to prevent or obtain the cessation, modification or adoption of a particular act by the Union or a Member State, including some extraterritorial effects of third countries' sanctions;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 122 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – indent 2
— by applying, failing to adopt or threatening to apply measures affecting trade or investment.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 124 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1
For the purposes of this Regulation, such third-country actions shall be referred to as measures of economic coercion.deleted
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 125 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – introductory part
2. In determining economic coercion and whether the conditions set out in paragraph 1 are met, the followingCommission shall be taken into account the following:
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 127 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point a
(a) the intensity, severity, frequency, duration, breadth and magnitude of the third country’s measure and, failure to act or threat thereof as well as the pressure arising from it;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 128 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point c
(c) the extent to which the third- country measure, failure to act or threat thereof encroaches upon an area of the Union’s or Member States’ sovereignty;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 131 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point d
(d) whether the third country is acting based on a legitimate concern that is internationally recognisedwell defined and recognised as legitimate by international law and conventions ;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 134 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission may examine any measure of a third country, failure to act and threat thereof in order to determine whether it meets the conditions set out in Article 2(1). The Commission shall act expeditiously.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 136 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1 a (new)
1 a. The Council or the European Parliament may oblige the Commission, with a duly justified complaint, to examine any measure of a third country, failure to act and threat thereof in order to determine whether it meets the conditions set out in Article 2(1). The Commission shall act expeditiously
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 138 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2
2. The Commission mayshall carry out the examination referred to in paragraph 1 on its own initiative or following information received from any sourcereliable source, notably a Member State, the European Parliament, economic operators or trade unions. The Commission shall ensure the protection of confidential information in line with Article 12, which may include the identity of the supplier of the information.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 141 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1
The Commission mayshall duly and in a timely manner inform the European Parliament and the Council of any development in the examination of third country measures. It shall publish a notice in the Official Journal of the European Union or through other suitable public communication means with an invitation to submit information within a specified time limit which shall not exceed 4 months. In that event, the Commission shall notify the third country concerned of the initiation of the examination.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 149 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 2
Prior to adopting its decision, the Commission may invite the third country concerned to submit its observations within a reasonable and specified time limit that shall not unduly delay the Commission's decision.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 151 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 3
Where the Commission decides that the measure of the third country concerned meets the conditions set out in Article 2(1), it shall notify the third country concerned of its decision and request it to cease the economic coercion and, where appropriate, repair the injury suffered by the Union or its Member States within a reasonable and specified period of time.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 157 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1 – indent 3
— submitting, in parallel, the matter to international adjudication, without implying any undue delay in the Commission's decision.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 160 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 2
The Commission shall seek to obtain the cessation of the economic coercion by also raising, in addition to the Commission's determination of the third country's measures, the matter in any relevant international forum.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 162 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 3
The Commission shall keep the European Parliament and the Council fully, regularly and in timely manner informed of relevantall the developments.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 170 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. The Commission shall adopt an implementing act determining that it shall taketaking a Union response measure where:
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 172 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) action pursuant to the Articles 4 and 5 has not resulted in the cessation of the economic coercion and reparation of the injury it has caused to the Union or a Member State within athe reasonable period of time set in the decision referred to in Article 4;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 180 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1
In the implementing act, the Commission shall also determine the appropriate Union response from among the measures provided for in Annex I. Such measures may also apply with regard to natural or legal persons designated in accordance with Article 8. The Commission may also adopt measures which it can take pursuant to other legal instruments. , notably the Blocking Statute 1a . _________________ 1a Council Regulation (EC) No 2271/96 of 22 November 1996 protecting against the effects of the extra-territorial application of legislation adopted by a third country, and actions based thereon or resulting therefrom, OJ L 309,29.11.1996, p. 1–6
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 187 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 2
2. The Union response measures shall apply from a specified date after the adoption of the implementing act referred to in paragraph 1. The Commission shall set this date of application, taking into account the circumstances, to allow for the notification of the third country concerned pursuant to paragraph 3 and for it to cease the economic coercion and to repair the injury caused.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 191 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 3
3. The Commission shall, upon adoption of the implementing act, notify the third country concerned of the Union response measures adopted pursuant to paragraph 1. In the notification, the Commission shall, on behalf of the Union, call on the third country concerned to promptly cease the economic coercion, offer to negotiate a solution and the reparation of the injury caused by it to the Union and its Member States, and inform the third country concerned that the Union response measure will apply, unless the economic coercion ceases.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 192 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 4
4. The implementing act referred to in paragraph 1 shall state that the application of the Union response measures shall be deferred for a period specified in that implementing act, where the Commission has credible information that the third country has ceased the economic coercion before the start of application of the adopted Union response measures. In that event, the Commission shall publish a notice in the Official Journal of the European Union indicating that there is such information and the date from which the deferral shall apply. If the third country ceases the economic coercion before the Union response measures start to apply, the Commission shall terminate the Union response measures in accordance with Article 10 making sure that the injury caused by the economic coercion to the Union and its Member States has been repaired.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 200 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 6
6. On duly justified imperative grounds of urgency to avoid irreparable damage to the Union, its internal market, or its Member States by the measures of economic coercion the Commission shall adopt immediately applicable implementing acts imposing Union response measures, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 15(3). The requirements set out in paragraphs 2 to 5 shall apply. Those acts shall remain in force for a period not exceeding three months.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 206 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 7 – point b
(b) provide as effective or more effective relief to the internal market and the economic operators within the Union affected by the measures of economic coercion, including via internal measures such as an ad hoc compensation fund for those economic operators;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 217 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a a (new)
(aa) the effectiveness of the measures in the reparation of the injury caused to the Union and its Member States;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 218 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b
(b) the potential of the measures to provide relief to economic operators within the Union internal market affected by the economic coercion;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 226 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 3 – introductory part
3. The Commission may decide to apply Union response measures under Articles 7 or 8 consisting of restrictions on foreign direct investment or on trade in services also with regard to services supplied, or direct investments made, within the Union by one or more legal persons established in the Union and owned or controlled by persons of the third country concerned where necessary to achieve the objectives of this Regulation. The Commission may decide on such application where Union response measures not covering such situations would be insufficient to effectively achieve the objectives of this Regulation, in particular where such measures could be avoided or circumvented. In assessing whether to adopt such a decision the Commission shall consider, in addition to the criteria in paragraphs 1 and 2, amongst other things:
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 228 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 a (new)
The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council in designing the Union response measures.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 231 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 2
2. Where the third country concerned suspends the economic coercion, or and where it is necessary in the Union’s interestthe injury caused to the Union and its Member States has been repaired, the Commission may suspend the application of the respective Union response measure for the duration of the third country’s suspension, or as long as necessary in light ofif it is in the Union’s interest. The Commission shall suspend the Union response measures if the third country concerned has offered, and the Union has concluded, an agreement to submit the matter to binding international third-party adjudication and if the third country is also suspending its measures of economic coercion as well as if the injury caused to the Union and its Member States by the economic coercion has been repaired. The Commission shall, by means of an implementing act, decide to suspend the Union response measure. These implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(2).
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 236 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 – paragraph 4 – point a
(a) where the economic coercion has ceased and the injury caused has been repaired;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 248 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 4 – point d
(d) the Union’s interest.deleted
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 250 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 5
5. The Commission shall take utmost account of the information gathered during the information gathering exercise. An analysis of the envisaged measures and their potential impacts shall accompany the draft implementing act when submitted to the committee in the context of the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(2).
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 252 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 6
6. Prior to the adoption of an implementing act in accordance with Article 7(6) or Article 10(5), the Commission shall seek information and views from relevant stakeholders in a targeted manner, unless the, especially the economic operators affected by the economic coercion, unless the exceptional situation of imperative grounds of urgency are such that information seeking and consultations are not possible or not needed for objective reasons, for instance to ensure compliance with international obligations of the Union.
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 263 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 16 – paragraph 2
2. No later than three years after the adoption of the first implementing act under this Regulation or six years after the entry into force of this Regulation, whichever is earlier, the Commission shall review this Regulation and its implementation and shall report toentry into force of this Regulation, the Commission shall review this Regulation and its implementation, in ensuring complementarity with the review of the Blocking Statute1a and the review of the Enforcement Regulation1b, and shall report to the European Parliament and the Council, notably in the relevant reporting of the Chief Trade Enforcement Officer. _________________ 1a Council Regulation (EC) No 2271/96 of 22 November 1996 protecting against the effects of the extra-territorial application of legislation adopted by a third country, and actions based thereon or resulting therefrom, OJ L 309,29.11.1996, p. 1–6 1b Regulation (EU) 2021/167 of the European Parliament and of the Council. of 10 February 2021 amending Regulation (EU) No 654/2014 concerning the exercise of the Union’s rights for the application and enforcement of international trade rules (OJ L 49, 12.2.2021, p. 1.)
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 270 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – paragraph 1 – point j a (new)
(ja) the suspension of applicable international obligations with respect to the treatment of goods, as necessary, and the imposition of restrictions on the approval of motor vehicles and equipments and parts thereof under the motor vehicles legislation of the Union;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 271 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – paragraph 1 – point j b (new)
(jb) the suspension applicable international obligations with respect to the treatment of goods, as necessary, and the imposition of restrictions on the certification of aircrafts, equipments and parts thereof under the aviation legislation of the Union;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 272 #

2021/0402(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I – paragraph 1 – point j c (new)
(jc) the suspension applicable international obligations with respect to the treatment of goods, as necessary, and the imposition of restrictions on the certification of railway vehicles, products and parts thereof under the railway legislation of the Union;
2022/05/30
Committee: INTA
Amendment 61 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5
(5) It is therefore necessary to complement existing Union instruments with a new tool to effectively deal with distortions in the internal market caused by foreign subsidies and ensure a level playing field. In particular, the new tool complements Union State aid rules which deal with distortions in the internal market caused by Member State subsidies. In parallel, the Union should promote effective rules on subsidies at multilateral level.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 63 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6) Rules and procedures to investigate foreign subsidies that actually or potentially distort the internal market should be laid down and, where relevant, those distortions should be redressed. Foreign subsidies could distort the internal market if the undertaking benefitting from the foreign subsidy engages in an economic activity in the Union. The proper application and enforcement of this Regulation will contribute to the resilience of the internal market against distortions caused by external economic actors. This Regulation should therefore establish rules for all undertakings engaging in an economic activity in the Union. Given the significance of the economic activities pursued by SMEs, and their contribution to the fulfilment of the Union’s key policy goals, special attention is given to the impact of this Regulation on them.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 71 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 9
(9) There should be a financial contribution provided, directly or indirectly, by the public authorities of a third country. The financial contribution may be granted through public or private entities. Whether a public entity provides a financial contribution should be determined on a case-by-case basis with due regard to elements such as the characteristics of the relevant entity and the legal and economic environment prevailing in the third country in which the entity operates including the government’s role in the economy of that third country. Financial contributions may also be granted through a private entity if its actions can be attributed to the third country. A financial contribution includes the privileged access to the domestic market that an undertaking has, for instance due to special or exclusive rights that were granted to an undertaking without receiving adequate remuneration in conformity with market rates. Such a privileged access could lead to an unfair competitive advantage and create distortions in the internal market.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 81 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10
(10) Such aA financial contribution should confer a benefit to an undertaking engaging in an economic activity in the internal market. A financial contribution that benefits an entity engaging in non- economic activities does not constitute a foreign subsidy. The existence of a benefit should be determined on the basis of comparative benchmarks, such as the investment practice of private investors, rates for financing obtainable on the market, a comparable tax treatment, or the adequate remuneration for a given good or service.. If no directly comparable benchmarks are available, existing benchmarks could be adjusted or alternative benchmarks could be established based on generally accepted assessment methods.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 86 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 14
(14) When applying these indicators, the Commission could take into account different elements such as the size of the subsidy in absolute terms or in relation to the size of the market or to the value of the investment. For instance, a concentration, in the context of which a foreign subsidy covers a substantial part of the purchase price of the target, is likely to be distortive. Similarly, foreign subsidies covering a substantial part of the estimated value of a contract to be awarded in a public procurement procedure are likely to cause distortions. If a foreign subsidy is granted for operating costs, it seems more likely to cause distortions than if it is granted for investment costs. Foreign subsidies to small and medium-sized undertakings may be considered less likely to cause distortions than foreign subsidies to large undertakings. Furthermore, the characteristics of the market, and in particular the competitive conditions on the market, such as barriers to entry, should be taken into account. Foreign subsidies leading to overcapacity by sustaining uneconomic assets or by encouraging investment in capacity expansions that would otherwise not have been built are likely to cause distortions. A foreign subsidy to a beneficiary that shows a low degree of activity in the internal market, measured for instance in terms of turnover achieved in the Union, is less likely to cause distortions than a foreign subsidy to a beneficiary that has a more significant level of activity in the internal market. Finally, foreign subsidies not exceeding EUR 5 million200.000 should be deemed, as a general rule, unlikely to distort the internal market within the meaning of this Regulation if the undertaking is established in the internal market, and EUR 5 million if the undertaking is established in a third country. The Commission should make available guidelines to clarify the assessment of the distortive nature of a foreign subsidy and provide legal certainty to undertakings.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 91 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 16
(16) The Commission should take into account the positive effects of the foreign subsidy on the development of the relevant subsidised economic activity. The Commission should weigh these positive effects against the negative effects of a foreign subsidy in terms of distortion on the internal market in order to determine, if applicable, the appropriate redressive measure or accept commitments. The positive effects of the foreign subsidy should effectively contribute to achieving the objectives of Union policies. The balancing may also lead to the conclusion that no redressive measures should be imposed. Categories of foreign subsidies that are deemed most likely to distort the internal market are less likely to have more positive than negative effects. The Commission should make available guidelines to clarify the criteria used for the application of the balancing test, including the positive effects in relation to the objectives of Union policies.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 97 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 19
(19) The undertaking concerned could offer to repay the subsidy, together with appropriate interest. The Commission shcould accept a repayment offered as a commitment if it can ascertain that the repayment fully remedies the distortion, is executed in a transparent manner and is effective in practice, while taking into account the risk of circumvention of the objectives of this Regulation.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 107 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 21 a (new)
(21 a) A contact point should be established by the Commission so that Member States or interested parties such as undertakings or trade associations can share information regarding actual or potential cases of distortion on the internal market with the Commission. The Commission can use this information for the relevant procedures under this Regulation, including the ex officio review.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 110 #

2021/0114(COD)

(22) The Commission should be given adequate investigative powers to gather all necessary information. It should therefore have the power to request information from any undertaking or association of undertakings throughout the whole procedure. The Commission should be able to use information from any available source, including from Member States and interested parties such as undertakings and trade associations. In addition, the Commission should have the power to impose fines and periodic penalty payments for failure to timely supply the requested information or for supplying incomplete, incorrect or misleading information. The Commission could also address questions to Member States or to third countries. Furthermore, the Commission should have the power to make fact-finding visits at the Union premises of the undertaking, or, subject to agreement by the undertaking and the third country concerned, at the premises of the undertaking in the third country. The Commission should also have the power to take decisions on the basis of facts available if the undertaking in question does not cooperate.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 115 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 26
(26) The Commission should have appropriate instruments to ensure the effectiveness of commitments and redressive measures. If the undertaking concerned does not comply with a decision with commitments, a decision imposing redressive measures, or a decision ordering interim measures, the Commission should have the power to impose fines and periodic penalty payments. The Commission shall take into account cases of repeated non-compliance when imposing such fines and periodic penalty payments.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 120 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 30
(30) It is necessary to strike a balance between effective protection of the internal market and the need to limit the administrative burden on undertakings subject to this Regulation. Therefore, only concentrations meeting combined thresholds as defined in this Regulation based on the size of the turnover in the Union and the size of the subsidy should be subject to mandatory prior notification. The effectiveness of the threshold for the notification obligation for concentrations should be reviewed one year after the entry into force of this Regulation.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 122 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 31
(31) Below the notification thresholds, the Commission cshould require the notification of potentially subsidised concentrations that were not yet implemented or the notification of potentially subsidised bids prior to the award of a public contract, if it considers that the concentration or the bid would merit ex-ante review given their impact in the Union. The Commission should also have the possibility to carry out a review on its own initiative of already implemented concentrations or awarded public contracts.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 129 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 32
(32) When reviewing a concentration, the assessment of whether there is a distortion in the internal market should be limited to the concentration at stake, and only foreign subsidies granted in the three years prior to the concentration or known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the concentration should be considered in the assessment.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 135 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 34
(34) When a foreign financial contribution is notified in the context of a public procurement procedure, the assessment should be limited to that procedure. The assessment shall include foreign financial contributions in the three years prior to the notification and known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the procurement procedure.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 141 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 36 a (new)
(36 a) The effectiveness of the threshold for the notification obligation for procurement should be reviewed one year after the entry into force of this Regulation.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 145 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 37 a (new)
(37 a) Whereas this Regulation should cover all economic sectors of the internal market, the ex officio review could in particular take into account sectors that are of strategic interest to the Union, such as sectors related to national security or public order.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 146 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 37 b (new)
(37 b) The Commission should be able to use information obtained from the market investigation for the relevant procedures under this Regulation, including the ex officio review.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 156 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 48
(48) In order to ensure a level playing field on the internal market also in the long term, with a view to ensuring adequate coverage of cases investigated both through notifications as well as ex officio, the Commission should review the functioning and effectiveness of this Regulation at the latest three years after its entry into force. The Commission should present its findings in a report to the European Parliament and the Council. The power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty should be delegated to the Commission in respect of amending the notification thresholds for concentrations and for public procurement procedures, including the use of different thresholds for certain sectors, exempting certain categories of undertakings from the notification obligations under this Regulation, as well as amending the time limits for the preliminary review and the in-depth investigations of notified concentrations or notified financial contributions in the context of a public procurement procedure. In relation to financial contributions in the context of a public procurement procedure, the power to adopt such acts should be exercised in a way thatSuch acts should takes into account the interests of SMEs. It is of particular importance that the Commission carries out appropriate consultations during the preparations of those acts, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making47 . In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council should receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically should have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts. _________________ 47 Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making (OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1).
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 171 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point a – introductory part
(a) a financial contribution shall include, inter alia:
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 176 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point a – point ii
(ii) the foregoing of revenue that is otherwise due; or such as granting special or exclusive rights without adequate remuneration or tax exemptions;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 178 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point a – point iii
(iii) the provision of goods or services or the purchase of goods andor services;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 197 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
(1) A distortion on the internal market shall be deemed to exist where a foreign subsidy is liable to improve the competitive position of the undertaking concerned in the internal market and where, in doing so, it actually or potentially negatively affects competition on the internal market. Whether there is a distortion on the internal market shall be determined on the basis of indicators, which may include, inter alia, the following:
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 201 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point d
(d) the level of economic activity of the undertaking concerned on the internal market, including of any subsidiaries of that undertaking on the internal market;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 203 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)
(d a) the level of economic activity of that undertaking on its domestic market;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 207 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2
(2) A foreign subsidy is unlikely to distort the internal market if its total amount is below EUR 5 million200.000 over any consecutive period of three fiscal years, and that undertaking is established in the internal market.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 214 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2 a (new)
(2 a) A foreign subsidy is unlikely to distort the internal market if its total amount is below EUR 5 million over any consecutive period of three fiscal years, and that undertaking is established in a third country.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 217 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2 b (new)
(2 b) The Commission shall make available guidelines on the application of this Article.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 222 #

2021/0114(COD)

(4 a) a foreign subsidy compensating for the operating costs of an undertaking, enabling that undertaking to offset its operating losses and provide goods and services at price levels that are not economically justifiable.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 227 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)
the transfer of a foreign subsidy to a subsidiary of the undertaking established in the internal market;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 235 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1
(1) The Commission shall, where warranted, balance the negative effects of a foreign subsidy in terms of distortion on the internal market with positive effects on the development of the relevant economic activity. The positive effects shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives of Union policies.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 245 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)
(2 a) The Commission shall make available guidelines on the criteria that are used for the balancing between the negative and the positive effects of a foreign subsidy.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 257 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 3 – introductory part
(3) Commitments or redressive measures may consist, inter alia, of the following:
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 259 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point a
(a) offering access under fair and non- discriminatory conditions to an infrastructure or facility that was acquired or supported by the distortive foreign subsidies unless such fair and non- discriminatory access is already provided for by legislation in force in the Union;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 263 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point h a (new)
(h a) exclusion from future procurement procedures;
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 266 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 5
(5) If an undertaking offers commitments which fully and effectively remedy the distortion on the internal market, the Commission may accept them and make themthe Commission shall in that case make those commitments binding on the undertaking in a decision with commitments according to Article 9(3).
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 272 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 6
(6) Where the undertaking concerned proposes to repay the foreign subsidy including an appropriate interest rate, the Commission shallcould accept such repayment as commitment if it can ascertain that the repayment is transparent and effectively remedies the distortion, while taking into account the risk of circumvention.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 284 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1
The Commission may on its own initiative examine information from any source regarding alleged distortive foreign subsidies, including from Member States and interested parties such as undertakings and trade associations.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 331 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 5 a (new)
(5 a) The Commission shall establish a contact point where Member States and interested parties such as undertakings and trade associations can share information with regard to actual or potential distortions of the internal market.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 345 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 13 – paragraph 1
In order to carry out the duties assigned to it by this Regulation, the Commission may conduct inspections in the territory of a third country, provided that the undertaking concerned has given its consent and the government of the third country has been officially notified and has agreed to the inspection. Article 12(1), (2), and (3) points (a) and (b) shall apply by analogy.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 357 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 2
(2) Fines imposed in the cases referred to in paragraph 1 shall not exceed 1 5% of the aggregate turnover of the undertaking or association of undertakings concerned in the preceding business year.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 359 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 3
(3) Periodic penalty payments imposed in the cases referred to in paragraph 1 shall not exceed 510% of the average daily aggregate turnover of the undertaking or association of undertakings concerned in the preceding business year for each working day of delay, calculated from the date established in the decision, until it submits complete and correct information as requested by the Commission.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 361 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 15 – paragraph 5 – point b
(b) periodic penalty payments not exceeding 510% of the average daily aggregate turnover of the undertaking concerned in the preceding business year for each day of non-compliance, starting from the day of the Commission decision imposing such penalty payments, until the Commission finds that the undertaking concerned complies with the decision.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 367 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 17 – paragraph 1
In a concentration, the assessment whether there is a distortion on the internal market within the meaning of Articles 3 or 4 shall be limited to the concentration at stake. Only foreign subsidies granted in the three calendar years prior to the conclusion of the agreement, the announcement of the public bid, or the acquisition of a controlling interest, or known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the concentration, shall be considered in the assessment.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 388 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 19 – paragraph 4
(4) If the undertakings concerned fail to meet their obligation to notify, the Commission mayshall review a notifiable concentration in accordance with this Regulation by requesting the notification of that concentration. In that case the Commission shall not be bound by the time limits referred to in Article 23(1) and (4).
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 394 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 19 – paragraph 5
(5) The Commission may request the prior notification of any concentration which is not a notifiable concentration within the meaning of Article 18 at any time prior to its implementation where the Commission suspects that the undertakings concerned may have benefitted from foreign subsidies in the three years prior to the concentration or may benefit from known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the concentration. That concentration shall be deemed to be a notifiable concentration for the purposes of this Regulation.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 416 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 26 – paragraph 1
Foreign subsidies that cause or risk causing a distortion in a public procurement procedure shall be understood as foreign subsidies that enable an undertaking to submit a tender that is unduly advantageous in relation to the works, supplies or services concerned. The assessment of whether there is a distortion on the internal market pursuant to Article 3 and whether a tender is unduly advantageous in relation to the works, supplies or services concerned shall be limited to the public procurement procedure at stake. Only foreign subsidies granted during the three years prior to the notification or known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the procurement procedure shall be taken into account in the assessment.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 422 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 27 – paragraph 2
(2) For the purpose of Article 28, a notifiable foreign financial contribution in an EU public procurement procedure shall be deemed to arise where the estimated value of that public procurement is equal or greater than EUR 250 million150 million for goods and services and EUR 250 million for public works.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 435 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 28 – paragraph 2
(2) The obligation to notify foreign financial contributions under this paragraph shall extend to economic operators, groups of economic operators referred to in Article 26(2) of Directive 2014/23/EU, Article 19(2) of Directive 2014/24/EU and Article 37(2) of Directive 2014/25/EU, main subcontractors and main suppliers. A subcontractor or supplier shall be deemed to be main where their participation ensures key elements of the contract performance and in any case where the economic share of their contribution exceeds 3015% of the estimated value of the contract.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 444 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 28 – paragraph 6
(6) Where the Commission suspects that an undertaking may have benefitted from foreign subsidies in the three years prior to the submission of the tender or request to participate in the public procurement procedure or may benefit from known subsidies that have already been established and shall become effective following the procurement procedure, it may request the notification of the foreign financial contributions received by that undertaking in any public procurement procedure which are not notifiable under Article 27(2) or fall within the scope of paragraph 5 of this Article, at any time before the award of the contract. Once the Commission has requested the notification of such a financial contribution, it is deemed to be a notifiable foreign financial contribution in a public procurement procedure.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 452 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 2
(2) The Commission shall carry out a preliminary review no later than 630 days after it received the notification.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 458 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 29 – paragraph 4
(4) The Commission may adopt a decision closing the in-depth investigation no later than 2100 days after it received the notification. In exceptional circumstances, this time limit may be extended after consultation with the concerned contracting authority or contracting entity.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 490 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 34 – paragraph 3
(3) The Commission may use the information obtained from such market investigations in the framework of procedures under this Regulation, including the ex officio review.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 503 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 40 – paragraph 7
(7) An investigation pursuant to this Regulation shall not be carried out and measures shall not be imposed or maintained where such investigation or measures would be contrary to the Union’s obligations emanating from any relevant international agreement it has entered into. In particular, no action shall be taken under this Regulation which would amount to a specific action against a subsidy within the meaning of Article 32.1 of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures except where the country granting the subsidy is not a WTO member or where the Commission has well-founded indications that the country granting the subsidy is in substantial non-compliance with notification obligations under the Agreement or under other international agreements. Provided that, regardless of the sector involved, actions may always be taken under this Regulation in relation to foreign subsidies which cause distortions on the internal market in public procurement procedures or in relation to concentrations. This Regulation shall not prevent the Union from exercising its rights or fulfilling its obligations under international agreements.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 520 #

2021/0114(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 46 – paragraph 1
Within fivthree years after the entry into force of this Regulation at the latest, the Commission shall present a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Regulation, accompanied, where the Commission considers it appropriate, by relevant legislative proposals. The relevant thresholds for the concentration and procurement procedures shall also be subject to a review one year after entry into force of this Regulation.
2022/02/11
Committee: INTA
Amendment 348 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5
(5) A Union legal framework laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence is therefore needed to foster the development, use and uptake of artificial intelligence in the internal market that at the same time meets a high level of protection of public interests, such as health and safety and the protection of fundamental rights, as recognised and protected by Union law. To achieve that objective, rules regulating the placing on the market and putting into service of certain AI systems should be laid down, thus ensuring the smooth functioning of the internal market and allowing those systems to benefit from the principle of free movement of goods and services. By laying down those rules as well as measures in support of innovation with a particular focus on SMEs and start-ups, this Regulation supports the objective of the Union of being a global leader in the development of secure, trustworthy and ethical artificial intelligence, as stated by the European Council33 , and it ensures the protection of ethical principles, as specifically requested by the European Parliament34 . _________________ 33 European Council, Special meeting of the European Council (1 and 2 October 2020) – Conclusions, EUCO 13/20, 2020, p. 6. 34 European Parliament resolution of 20 October 2020 with recommendations to the Commission on a framework of ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies, 2020/2012(INL).
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 576 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 37
(37) Another area in which the use of AI systems deserves special consideration is the access to and enjoyment of certain essential private and public services and benefits necessary for people to fully participate in society or to improve one’s standard of living. In particular, AI systems used to evaluate the credit score or creditworthiness of natural persons should be classified as high-risk AI systems, since they determine those persons’ access to financial resources or essential services such as housing, electricity, and telecommunication services. AI systems used for this purpose may lead to discrimination of persons or groups and perpetuate historical patterns of discrimination, for example based on racial or ethnic origins, disabilities, age, sexual orientation, or create new forms of discriminatory impacts. Considering the very limited scale of the impact and the available alternatives on the market, it is appropriate to exempt AI systems for the purpose of creditworthiness assessment and credit scoring when put into service by small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups for their own use. Natural persons applying for or receiving public assistance benefits and services from public authorities are typically dependent on those benefits and services and in a vulnerable position in relation to the responsible authorities. If AI systems are used for determining whether such benefits and services should be denied, reduced, revoked or reclaimed by authorities, they may have a significant impact on persons’ livelihood and may infringe their fundamental rights, such as the right to social protection, non- discrimination, human dignity or an effective remedy. Those systems should therefore be classified as high-risk. Nonetheless, this Regulation should not hamper the development and use of innovative approaches in the public administration, which would stand to benefit from a wider use of compliant and safe AI systems, provided that those systems do not entail a high risk to legal and natural persons. Finally, AI systems used to dispatch or establish priority in the dispatching of emergency first response services should also be classified as high- risk since they make decisions in very critical situations for the life and health of persons and their property.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 733 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 73
(73) In order to promote and protect innovation, it is important that the interests of small-scaletart-ups and SME providers and users of AI systems are taken into particular account. To this objective, Member States should develop initiatives, which are targeted at those operators, including on awareness raising and information communication. Moreover, the specific interests and needs of small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups shall be taken into account when Notified Bodies set conformity assessment fees. Translation costs related to mandatory documentation and communication with authorities may constitute a significant cost for providers and other operators, notably those of a smaller scale. Member States should possibly ensure that one of the languages determined and accepted by them for relevant providers’ documentation and for communication with operators is one which is broadly understood by the largest possible number of cross-border users.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 802 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)
(e a) measures in support of innovation with a particular focus on SMEs and start-ups, including the setting up of regulatory sandboxes and the reduction of regulatory burdens.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 862 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. AI systems likely to interact with or impact on children shall be considered high-risk for this group;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1456 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 a (new)
Article 6 a Risk assessment 1. In order to determine the level of risk of AI systems, the provider of an AI system with an intended purpose in the areas referred to in Annex III has to conduct a risk assessment. 2.The risk assessment has to contain the following elements: a) name all possible harms to life, health and safety or fundamental rights of potentially impacted persons or entities or society at large; b) asses the likelihood and severity these harms might materialise; c) name the potential benefits of such system for the potentially impacted persons and society at large; d) name possible and taken measures to address, prevent, minimise or mitigate the identified harms with a high probability to materialise; e) asses the possibilities to reverse these negative outcome; f) the extent to which decision-making of the system is autonomous and outside of human influence. 3. If the risk assessment showed a significant harm is likely to materialise the provider has to comply with Chapter 2 in a way that is appropriate and proportionate to the identified risks.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1466 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
1. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 73 to update the list in Annex III by adding high-risk AI systems where, after an adequate and transparent consultation process involving the relevant stakeholders, to update the list in Annex III by withdrawing areas from that list or by adding critical areas. For additions both of the following conditions arneed to be fulfilled:
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1747 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 a (new)
Article 10 a Risk management system for AI systems likely to interact with children AI systems likely to interact with or impact on children shall implement a riskmanagement system addressing content, contact, conduct and contract risks to children;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1753 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1
The technical documentation shall be drawn up in such a way to demonstrate that the high-risk AI system complies with the requirements set out in this Chapter and provide national competent authorities and notified bodies with all the necessary information to assess the compliance of the AI system with those requirements. It shall contain, at a minimum, the elements set out in Annex IV or, in the case of SMEs and start-ups, any equivalent documentation meeting the same objectives, subject to approval of the competent authority.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1790 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 13 – paragraph 1
1. High-risk AI systems shall be designed and developed in such a way to ensure that their operation is sufficiently transparent to enable users to interpret the system’s output and use it appropriately. An appropriate type and degree of transparency shall be ensured, with a view to achieving compliance with the relevant obligations of the user and of the provider set out in Chapter 3 of this Title. Transparency shall thereby mean that, to the extent that can be reasonably expected and is feasible in technical terms, the AI systems output is interpretable by the user and the user is able to understand the general functionality of the AI system and its use of data.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2141 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 41 – paragraph 2
2. The Commission, when preparing the common specifications referred to in paragraph 1, shall gather the views of stakeholders, including SMEs and start- ups, relevant bodies or expert groups established under relevant sectorial Union law.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2375 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 55 – paragraph 1 – point a
(a) provide small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups with priority access to the AI regulatory sandboxes to the extent that they fulfil the eligibility conditions;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2377 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 55 – paragraph 1 – point b
(b) organise specific awareness raising activities about the application of this Regulation tailored to the needs of the small-scale providerSMEs, sart-ups and users;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2379 #

2021/0106(COD)

(c) where appropriate, establish a dedicated channel for communication with small-scale providers andSMEs, start-ups, users and other innovators to provide guidance and respond to queries about the implementation of this Regulation.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2381 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 55 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)
(c a) support SME's increased participation in the standardisation development process;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2387 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 55 – paragraph 2
2. The specific interests and needs of the small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups shall be taken into account when setting the fees for conformity assessment under Article 43, reducing those fees proportionately to their size and market size.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2389 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 55 a (new)
Article 55 a Promoting research and development of AI in support of socially and environmentally beneficial outcomes Member States shall promote research and development of AI solutions which support socially and environmentally beneficial outcomes, including but not limited to development of AI-based solutions to increase accessibility for persons with disabilities, tackle socio- economic inequalities, and meet sustainability and environmental targets, by: (a) providing relevant projects with priority access to the AI regulatory sandboxes to the extent that they fulfil the eligibility conditions; (b) earmarking public funding, including from relevant EU funds, for AI research and development in support of socially and environmentally beneficial outcomes; (c) organising specific awareness raising activities about the application of this Regulation, the availability of and application procedures for dedicated funding, tailored to the needs of those projects; (d) where appropriate, establishing accessible dedicated channels for communication with projects to provide guidance and respond toqueries about the implementation of this Regulation.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2405 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 56 – paragraph 2 – introductory part
2. The Board shall provide advice and assistance to the Commission and to the national supervisory authorities in order to:
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2484 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 58 – paragraph 1 – introductory part
When providing advice and assistance to the Commission and to the national supervisory authorities in the context of Article 56(2), the Board shall in particular:
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2513 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 58 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)
(c a) carry out annual reviews and analyses of the complaints sent to and findings made by national competent authorities, of the serious incidents reports referred to in Article 62, and of the new registration in the EU Database referred to in Article 60 to identify trends and potential emerging issues threatening the future health and safety and fundamental rights of citizens that are not adequately addressed by this Regulation;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2521 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 58 – paragraph 1 – point c b (new)
(c b) coordinate among national competent authorities; issue guidelines, recommendations and best practices with a view to ensuring the consistent implementation of this Regulation;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2526 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 58 – paragraph 1 – point c c (new)
(c c) promote the cooperation and effective bilateral and multilateral exchange of information and best practices between the national supervisory authorities;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2539 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 58 – paragraph 1 – point c f (new)
(c f) promote public awareness and understanding of the benefits, rules and safeguards and rights in relation to the use of AI systems.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2710 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 65 – paragraph 1 a (new)
1 a. When AI systems are likely to interact with or impact on children, the precautionary principle shall apply.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2712 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 65 – paragraph 2 – introductory part
2. Where the market surveillance authority of a Member State has sufficient reasons to consider that an AI system presents a risk as referred to in paragraph 1, they shall carry out an evaluation of the AI system concerned in respect of its compliance with all the requirements and obligations laid down in this Regulation. When risks to the protection of fundamental rights are present, the market surveillance authority shall also inform the relevant national public authorities or bodies referred to in Article 64(3). The relevant operators shall cooperate as necessary with the market surveillance authorities and the other national public authorities or bodies referred to in Article 64(3). Where there is sufficient reason to consider that that an AI system exploits the vulnerabilities of children or violates their rights intentionally or unintentionally, the market surveillance authority shall have the duty to investigate the design goals, data inputs, model selection, implementation and outcomes of the AI system and the burden of proof shall be on the operator or operators of that system to demonstrate compliance with the provisions of this Regulation. The relevant operators shall cooperate as necessary with the market surveillance authorities and the other national public authorities or bodies referred to in Article 64(3), including by providing access to personnel, documents, internal communications, code, data samples and on platform testing as necessary. Where, in the course of its evaluation, the market surveillance authority finds that the AI system does not comply with the requirements and obligations laid down in this Regulation, it shall without delay require the relevant operator to take all appropriate corrective actions to bring the AI system into compliance, to withdraw the AI system from the market, or to recall it within a reasonable period, commensurate with the nature of the risk, as it may prescribe. The corrective action can also be applied to AI systems in other products or services judged to be similar in their objectives, design or impact.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2793 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 69 – paragraph 4
4. The Commission and the Board shall take into account the specific interests and needs of the small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups when encouraging and facilitating the drawing up of codes of conduct.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 2821 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 71 – paragraph 1
1. In compliance with the terms and conditions laid down in this Regulation, Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties, including administrative fines, applicable to infringements of this Regulation and shall take all measures necessary to ensure that they are properly and effectively implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate, and dissuasive. They shall take into particular account the size and interests of small-scale providerSMEs and start-ups and their economic viability.
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 3136 #

2021/0106(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex III – paragraph 1 – point 5 – point b
(b) AI systems intended to be used to evaluate the creditworthiness of natural persons or establish their credit score, with the exception of AI systems put into service by small scale providerSMEs and start-ups for their own use;
2022/06/13
Committee: IMCOLIBE
Amendment 1 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A
A. whereas the decision of the UK government to pursue a hard Brexit upon its withdrawal of the UK from the EU was inevitably going to entail the disruptive disintegration of economic and trade ties and the divergence of regulatory regimes for operators, citizens and third-country trading partners;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 4 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital B
B. whereas the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (the Protocol) is the only solution found with the UK, after four years of intense negotiations, to address the specific consequences for Northern Ireland of the UK’s decision to leave the EU single market and the customs union, and to ensure the protection of the Good Friday Agreement in all its dimensions, the functioning of the all- island economy without a hard border and the integrity of the EU’s single market for goods, consumer protection and other areas;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 5 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital B
B. Whereas Brexit has never had cross-community support in Northern Ireland, whereas the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (the Protocol) is the only solution found with the UK, after four years of intense negotiations, to address the specific consequences for Northern Ireland of the UK’s decision to leave the EU single market and the customs union, and to ensure the protection of the Good Friday Agreement, the functioning of the all-island economy and the integrity of the EU’s single market;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 8 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital C
C. whereas the EU-UK’s Withdrawal Agreement, notably the Protocol and the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA), constitute a common framework for the UK’s trading relationship with the EU, whereas the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement is predicated on the full implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement and its Protocol, and implementation challenges under the Withdrawal Agreement and the Protocol are therefore inextricably linked to the TCA;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 12 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital C a (new)
C a. whereas it is necessary to preserve a level-playing field and legal certainty for businesses and citizens;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 13 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital C b (new)
C b. whereas a lack of implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement will have serious consequences for the entire EU- UK relationship, extending beyond the Withdrawal Agreement;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 15 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital C c (new)
C c. whereas it is paramount to uphold international law and strengthen cooperation with likeminded countries and democratic allies on the basis of mutual trust, in particular given the current geopolitical and security context;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 26 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Reiterates the consistent EU position that the Protocol will not be renegotiated and highlights that EU Member States and institutions remain united in this view; points out that renegotiation would only further increase legal uncertainty and lack of predictability for businesses and citizens in Northern Ireland;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 34 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4 a. Notes the recent resumption of talks between the EU and the UK following a pause in the talks since February 2022; regrets that the UK has not been willing to accept a satisfactory negotiated solution yet, despite the flexibility of the EU to engage on the Northern Ireland Protocol;
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 36 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. DStrongly deplores the publication on 13 June 2022 of the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill by the UK; calls on, which is an attempt to unilaterally override most parts of the Protocol; highlights the need to preserve the role of the European Court of Justice, which is necessary to interpret the applicable EU law; strongly rejects the proposed removal of the obligation for businesses in Northern Ireland to align with provisions in EU law; reaffirms the need for a level-playing field in the field of state-aid; and therefore urges the UK Parliament not to adopt the bill and calls on the UK Government to engage constructively with the Commission toand address practical trading issues within the legal framework of the Protocol.
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA
Amendment 39 #

2020/2202(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5 a. Takes note of the Regulation 2022/0068(COD)1a proposal by the Commission which will allow the Union to take swift action in the form of measures if there is a breach of the Withdrawal Agreement and/or the Trade and Cooperation Agreement; emphasises the importance of this readiness, given the recent threats by the UK government to unilaterally override parts of the Protocol; however, believes that a satisfactory negotiated solution should be found in good faith and on the basis of mutual trust. _________________ 1a Laying down rules for the exercise of the Union's rights in the implementation and enforcement of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part (COM(2022)0089 – C9- 0059/2022 – 2022/0068(COD))
2022/10/24
Committee: INTA