BETA


2006/0147(COD) Flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI DRČAR MURKO Mojca (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Responsible Committee ENVI DRČAR MURKO Mojca (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Committee Opinion ITRE
Former Committee Opinion IMCO
Former Committee Opinion AGRI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 037, EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 095

Events

2008/12/31
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to lay down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods to ensure the effective functioning of the internal market and a high level of human health protection and consumer protection.

LEGISLATIVE ACT : Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulations (EC) No 2232/96 and (EC) No 110/2008 and Directive 2000/13/EC.

CONTENT: the Council adopted this Regulation having accepted all the amendments made by the European Parliament at second reading. This Regulation lays down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods with a view to ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market whilst ensuring a high level of protection of human health and a high level of consumer protection, including the protection of consumer interests and fair practices in food trade, taking into account, where appropriate, the protection of the environment.

The approval of flavourings should also take into account other factors relevant to the matter under consideration including societal, economic, traditional, ethical and environmental factors, the precautionary principle and the feasibility of controls.

Raw foodstuffs which have not undergone any processing treatment and non-compound foodstuffs such as spices, herbs, teas and infusions (e.g. fruit or herbal tea) as well as mixtures of spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion, as long as they are consumed as such and/or not added to the food, do not fall within the scope of this Regulation.

It provides for:

a Community list of flavourings and source materials approved for use in and on foods, set out in Annex I (‘the ‘Community list’); conditions of use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties in and on foods; rules on the labelling of flavourings.

The main objectives of the Regulation are:

to clarify the scope of legislation on flavourings; to modernise and adapt the existing legislation on flavourings to technological and scientific developments; to establish clear evaluation and authorisation procedures; to inform better the consumer about the use of natural flavourings; to adapt to the requirements of Regulation (EC) N° 882/2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules.

The Regulation provides that only flavourings or food ingredients with flavouring properties which meet the following conditions may be used in or on foods:

(a) they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available, pose a safety risk to the health of the consumer; and

(b) their use does not mislead the consumer.

The Regulation contains maximum levels for undesirable substances in food. The conditions for the use of the term "natural" in describing flavourings are made stricter. The use of flavourings must not mislead the consumer, particularly as regards the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product.

When a flavouring already included in the Community list is produced from a different source falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, it will not require a new authorisation under this Regulation, as long as the new source is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and the flavouring complies with the specifications established under this Regulation.

A producer or user of a flavouring substance, or the representative of such producer or user, shall, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the amount of the substance added to foods in the Community in a period of 12 months. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential insofar as this information is not required for the safety assessment.

The text also makes reference to natural flavouring substances and smoke flavouring(s) produced from food(s) or food category or source(s) (e.g. smoke flavouring produced from beech).

It should be noted that the Regulation forms part of the package of proposals on 'food improvement agents'. This package of proposals refers to food additives , food enzymes and flavourings. It contributes to the Commission’s simplification programme and also provides for harmonisation not only in their respective fields but also promotes consistency between the three related areas. An additional fourth act within the package will establish a single common authorisation procedure for the evaluation and approval of these substances.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 20/01/2009.

APPLICATION: It shall apply from 20 January 2011.

Article 10 ( Community list of flavourings and source materials ) shall apply from 18 months after the date of application of the Community list.

Articles 26 ( Amendments to Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 ) and 28 ( Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 ) shall apply from the date of application of the Community list.

Article 22 ( Amendments to Annexes II to V) shall apply from 20/01/ 2009. Foods lawfully placed on the market or labelled prior to 20/01/2011 which do not comply with this Regulation may be marketed until their date of minimum durability or use-by-date.

2008/12/16
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2008/12/16
   CSL - Final act signed
2008/12/16
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/11/18
   CSL - Act approved by Council, 2nd reading
2008/11/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/10/17
   EC - Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading
Details

The European Parliament voted, in second reading, a consolidated text which contains a number of amendments to the text of the common position. The text is the result of negotiations between the Council, the EP and the Commission. The amendments are mainly of technical nature and are generally in line with and strengthen the key principles of the initial proposal. Of particular note are the amendments which will exempt certain aspects of the legislation from applying when only herbs and spices have been added to food.

Other amendments concern the clarification of the interplay between the proposed Regulation on food additives and Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed and also creating more legal certainty for producers and users of flavourings by extending the deadline for the adoption of the community list of flavouring substances. Other amendments strengthen the precautionary principle and further clarify the principle of not misleading the consumer.

Additionally a number of technical changes have been introduced as a result of the replacement of the spirit drink Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89 by a new Regulation (EC) No 110/2008.

The Commission accepts all the amendments voted by the European Parliament and amends its proposal as set out above.

2008/07/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution amending the Council’s common position for adopting a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 1576/89 and (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC. The recommendation for second reading (under the codecision procedure) had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Mojca DRCAR MURKO (ALDE, SI) on behalf of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

The amendments were the result of a compromise between the Council and the Parliament. The main amendments – adopted under the 2nd reading of the codecision procedure – are as follows:

Vulnerable groups : a new part recital states that, where possible, attention should be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences for vulnerable groups. The use of flavourings must not mislead the consumer.

Consumer protection : Parliament stressed that the objectives are the effective functioning of the internal market, a high level of protection of human health and a high level of consumer protection.

Herbs and spices : non-compound foods and mixtures such as, but not exclusively, fresh, dried or frozen spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion as such are outside the scope of the Regulation.

Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 : when a flavouring already included on the Community list, is produced from a different source falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, it will not require a new authorisation under this Regulation, as long as the new source is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and the flavouring complies with the specifications established under this Regulation

Reporting by the food business operators : a producer or user of a flavouring substance must, if required, inform the Commission of the amount of the substance added to foods in the Community in a period of 12 months. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data insofar as this information is not required for the safety assessment.

Spirit Drinks Regulation : Parliament inserted an amendment which is intended to adapt the new spirit drinks regulation (EC) No 110/2008. It replaces the Common position text adapting the old regulation (EEC) No 1576/89. The deletion of the category “nature-identical“ category must allow the producers of the traditional spirits aquavit and väkevä glögi to only use natural flavouring substances for the sake of their quality image. Regarding the latter, flavouring substances and preparations must be allowed;

Smoke flavourings : Parliament inserted an amendment providing the opportunity for referring to specific smoke flavourings so that consumers would be properly informed about salmon flavouring, bacon flavouring, barbecue flavouring and so on.

Lastly, Article 10 (the content of the Community lists of food additives) shall apply from 18 months after the date of application of the Community list.

Documents
2008/07/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2008/05/13
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
2008/05/13
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
2008/05/06
   EP - Vote in committee, 2nd reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety unanimously adopted a report drafted by Mojca DRCAR MURKO (ALDE, SI) recommending some amendments to the Council's common position for adopting a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 1576/89 and (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC. It reinserted several amendments that had not been taken up by the Council in its common position. The main amendments are as follows:

Herbs and spices : non-compound foods and mixtures such as, but not exclusively, fresh, dried or frozen spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion as such are outside the scope of the Regulation. Where necessary, it may be decided in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny) whether or not a given substance or mixture of substances, material or type of food falls within the scope of this Regulation.

Benefit for consumer : the committee reinstated amendments stating that the use of flavourings should be permitted where they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available and the precautionary principle, pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. Their use must have advantages and benefits for the consumer, and there must be a reasonable technological need.

Maximum levels : these should only be set when there is a justified scientific concern that certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in compound foods may pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. In such cases, the Commission may, on its own initiative or on the basis of information provided by Member States, and following the opinion of the Authority, set maximum levels for these substances which will be listed in Part B of Annex III.

The maximum levels shall not apply where a compound food contains no added flavourings and the only food ingredients with flavouring properties which have been added are fresh, dried or frozen herbs and spices. The committee felt that there is no scientific evidence that an herb displays the same toxicological effect of concern that an isolated component within it. Setting maximum levels for such components may lead to increased use of herb extracts and the Parliament doubts whether this will provide better consumer protection

Avoid dual approval procedures : the committee clarified again that a flavouring or source material falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and not already included in the Community list in Annex I may be included in that list in accordance with this Regulation only if it is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

Other amendments include the following:

- better traceability is ensured by specifying that the seller must be established within the EU;

- there should be no restriction to the 5% of the flavouring component derived from other source material as long as other source materials are also natural, and hence the total 100% is obtained from natural sources;

- an amendment is inserted which is intended to adapt the new spirit drinks regulation (EC) No 110/2008. It replaces the Common position text adapting the old regulation (EEC) No 1576/89. The deletion of the category "nature-identical" category must allow the producers of the traditional spirits aquavit and väkevä glögi to only use natural flavouring substances for the sake of their quality image. Regarding the latter, flavouring substances and preparations must be allowed;

- the Community list of flavourings should be adopted by 31 December 2010 (rather than 2008) at the latest;

- with regard to smoke flavourings, a designation in the list of ingredients is not required when the approved smoke product is used on the surface of the food product in the smoking process to obtain a smoke colour, texture and flavour.

Lastly, the committee deleted Annex III Part B (Maximum levels of certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in certain compound food as consumed to which flavourings and/or food ingredients with flavouring properties have been added). This amendment provides a blank list unless harmfulness of certain naturally occurring undesirable substances is assessed by the Authority.

2008/04/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/03/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading
2008/03/11
   EC - Commission communication on Council's position
Details

The Commission supports the common position, which was adopted unanimously by the Council. The changes made by Council are in line with the objectives set out in the initial proposal as well as reflecting the core principles of several Parliamentary amendments tabled at first reading.

Amendments made by the Parliament accepted by the Commission and which are in line with the common position:

Criteria for authorising flavourings: taking account of Parliament’s concerns, the common position clarifies what is meant by misleading the consumer in Recital 6.

Labelling natural flavourings: in line with Parliament’s amendments, the common position modifies the initial proposal so that at least 95% of the flavouring component (and not 90% as originally proposed) must be obtained from the source referred to. This change corresponds better to consumer expectations and will have a limited impact on current practices.

Regulatory procedure with scrutiny: the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agree that measures to amend non-essential elements of the Regulation by supplementing it will be subject to the regulatory procedure with scrutiny. However, both the Council and the Commission introduced the option for an urgency procedure.

Amendments made by Parliament accepted by the Commission but not incorporated in the common position:

Four Parliamentary amendments accepted by the Commission have not been incorporated into the Common position. They refer to the labelling of flavourings falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003; and defining an "appropriate physical process" for the production of natural flavouring substances or flavouring preparations. In the amendment the Parliament sought to avoid traditional preparation processes being considered physical processes. The Commission accepted this amendment, given that it clarifies the situation and in case of doubt, a comitology decision can be adopted.

Commission's position on new provisions introduced by the Council:

Several new provisions have been introduced by the Council. Most of which seek to clarify the text or are in line with the objective’s proposed in the initial proposal. In summary, they refer to:

clarifying the meaning of "raw foods" and "non-compound food"; justifying the risk based approach for the establishment of maximum levels for substances of toxicological concern, referred to in Article 5, that may be present in flavourings. It furthermore emphasizes the responsibilities of the producers in relation to those substances; clarifying the principle already included in the General Food Law (Regulation (EC) No 178/2002) that the rules on flavourings take into account, where appropriate, the protection of the environment. This change is consistent with the proposed Regulation on food additives and food enzymes and relevant EP amendments on the proposal on food additives; adding to the definition of natural flavouring substance that they correspond to substances that are naturally present and have been identified in nature. This is to void that some flavouring substances that are not present in materials of vegetable r animal origin, but that are obtained by artificial enzymatic processes, would be considered as natural; adding to that the definition of source materials considered as food for the production of flavourings is valid for the purpose of this Regulation only; clarifying that flavourings and/or foodstuffs in which flavourings are used should not be placed on the market, if the flavouring or its use does not comply with the proposed Regulation; introducing the option for an urgency procedure into the regulatory procedure with scrutiny; clarifying labelling requirements and aligning them with the proposals on food additives and food enzymes; clarifying that the maximum of 5% of the flavouring component derived from other source materials shall not reproduce the flavour of the source material referred to; in Annex III Part A, aloin and coumarin remain included in the list of substances that shall not be added as such to food, as already established in the current legislation. Scientific consideration on potential carcinogenicity of aloin is still ongoing and there are concerns that the exposure to coumarin via the use of food ingredients with flavouring properties (cinnamon) could be already too high; clarifying that maximum levels will not apply to compound foods which are prepared and consumed on the same site (restaurants), that contain no added flavourings and contain only herbs and spices as food ingredients with flavouring properties; setting maximum levels for coumarin in certain food categories; increasing the maximum levels for teucrine A in alcoholic beverages from 2 to 5 mg/kg in bitter tasting spirit drinks and liqueurs with bitter taste. This change was introduced at the request of Italy which has concerns about some local traditional drinks in Italy that otherwise could no longer be maintained on the market. The Commission can accept this increase, as these spirit drinks will have a limited impact on the total exposure to teucrine A.

Major problems encountered in adoption of the Common Position:

New analytical data from Germany demonstrated that the actual levels in certain foodstuffs to which cinnamon is added, are much higher than the current maximum levels and that the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) was likely to be exceeded. Germany therefore requested to reintroduce maximum levels. The Member States agreed with this reintroduction. However there was major concern about traditional cinnamon containing products that could be affected by too strict levels. The Commission organised two technical meetings with Member State experts and stakeholders and, following these consultations, possible maximum levels were identified. The Commission, therefore, asked the EFSA to assess this information. The conclusions of EFSA's additional assessment are expected to be available in May 2008. The Council has in the mean time adopted maximum levels that will be reconsidered in the light of these conclusions and a joint statement of Council and Commission has therefore been prepared.

To conclude, the Commission supports the common position as adopted unanimously by the Council.

2008/03/10
   CSL - Council position published
Details

The Council has introduced a number of modifications to the text of the initial proposal with many of these based on amendments proposed by the European Parliament. Some of the Parliamentary amendments were introduced by Council on its own initiative. Of the 43 amendments proposed by Parliament, the Council has decided to adopt either in principle or in full, 27 amendments.

In summary, the modifications made by Council are as follows:

A single legal base: accepting Parliamentary suggestions, the Council has decided to retain Article 96 of the TEU as the sole legal base for the proposal agreeing that agricultural aspects are merely incidental and not core to the proposed Regulation’s objectives.

Misleading the consumer : the Council has decided to included, in accordance with Parliamentary amendments, references to “misleading the consumer” in recital 7.

Environmental protection: the Council has modified the proposal so that prior to an authorisation being granted, scientific evaluators should take any environmental impacts into consideration when authorising flavourings.. Environmental protection is also listed as one of the Regulation’s objectives.

Scope: the Council clarifies that smoke flavourings are not completely excluded from the scope of the proposed Regulation. The common position, therefore, opts for the complementary application of two Regulations namely: the proposed Regulation, in the absence of more specific rules set out in Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003 on smoke flavourings.

The common position specifies that the proposed Regulation will not apply to mixtures of herbs and/or spices, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusions, on condition that they are not used as food ingredients. This is in line with a Parliamentary amendment on the matter.

Definitions: the Council has given particular attention to the accuracy of definitions and their consistency with other Community legislation. Thus, the term “flavourings not elsewhere specified” has the same meaning as the formulation proposed by the Commission namely “flavourings” not defined elsewhere. The Council favours the latter interpretations given that it is more consistent with Article 3.

Regulatory procedure with scrutiny: the proposal has been modified in order to apply the regulatory procedure with scrutiny when adopting measures that supplement the Regulation. The Council has also introduced the urgency procedure to allow the Commission to restrict, on grounds of emergency, the use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for which an approval is not required. The urgency procedure will also allow for amendments to Annexes II and V.

Interpretation decisions : all provisions relating to interpretations have been regrouped into a new single article. Given that they do not supplement the Regulation they have been made subject to the regulatory comitology procedure without scrutiny.

Prohibiting the use of non compliant flavourings or food containing such flavourings : for reasons of clarity, legal certainty and the correct functioning of the internal market, the Council has inserted an article that prohibits producers from placing non-compliant food enzymes on the market. This is consistent with the proposals concerning enzymes and food additives.

Use of the term “natural” flavouring : in order to safeguard consumer interests, the Council agrees with Parliamentary proposals that the term “natural” should only be sued in reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source, on condition that at least 95% by w/w has been obtained from the source material (as opposed to 90% proposed in the Commission’s initial proposal). Further, the common position adds that the remaining 5% flavouring component, derived from other sources materials, should not reproduce the flavour of the source material referred to.

Authorising flavourings that fall within the scope of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed : the Council agrees that two authorisation procedures can be carried out simultaneously. Some drafting changes to the text have been made in order to make these provisions compatible with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

Labelling: the common position streamlines labelling provisions in a bid to harmonise them with provisions already laid down by Directive 2000/13/EC. A distinction is drawn between “business to business” labelling and the labelling of products intended for the final consumer. Although, the structure of the Chapter on Labelling is different to that proposed by Parliament, the underlying principles, nevertheless, remain the same.

Transitional measures for products already on the market: The Council has allowed for a two year transition phase, from the entry into force of the Regulation. Thus, food lawfully placed on the market or labelled during this two-year period may be marketed until their date of minimum durability or use-by-date.

Amendments not incorporated in the common position include, inter alia :

Precautionary principle: given that this principle already applies to general food law, the Council has decided there is no specific need to refer to it in the proposed Regulation. Further, and taking account of the risk analysis framework, the precautionary principle can only be taken into account within the context of risk management, never in the risk assessment phase, as suggested by Parliament.

Defining “appropriate physical process”: the Council does not wish to confuse the traditional food preparation processes listed in Annex II with the “appropriate physical process”.

Defining “flavouring substance”: the Council indicates, in recital 14, which flavouring substances can be considered products. Defining this term would restrict the methods that may be used.

Decisions submitted to the regulatory comitology procedure: decisions on whether or not a given substance should fall within the scope of the Regulation are of an interpretive nature and as a result do not fall under the regulatory comitology procedure with scrutiny – in this case i) rules on implementing Annex IIIB and the common methodology for monitoring the consumption and use of flavourings – are of an interpretive nature and therefore do not supplement the Regulation. As a result they do not fall within the scope of the regulatory comitology procedure with scrutiny.

Labelling of GMOs: food additives remain subject to the labelling provisions as defined in Directive 2000/13/EC on the approximation of the laws relating to labelling, presentation and advertising foodstuffs, as well as Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed. Any amendments that could potentially interfere with the scope of the horizontal Regulations in force have not been accepted by Council.

Conditions for use: the Council has decided not to include a reference to “benefiting the consumer” and “the technological need as a general condition for the use of flavouring” as suggested by Parliament given that the implementation of these provisions would not be possible.

Labelling: although the Council has reorganised the Chapter on Labelling, the principles underlying the provisions remain fundamentally the same. However, the Council is unable to accept proposals to label GMOs. This is due to the fact that it would not be consistent with related EU legislation on both labelling and GMOs.

Entry into force: Parliament’s proposals to change the dates for the entry into force of certain provisions have been rejected by Council on the grounds that they can only apply after the Community list of authorised flavourings and source materials has become applicable. Further the date of application of the Community list can only be determined after it has been adopted through the comitology procedure with scrutiny and pending the outcome of an EFSA evaluation.

Presence of toxic substances: The Council attaches great importance to using a risk-based approach to the setting of maximum limits in the proposed Regulation. As a result certain Parliamentary suggestions on the presence of toxic substances go against the need to provide a high level of protection to human health. Further, the Council is of the view that a general exclusion, as suggested by on amendment, regarding the application of Annex III B to compound food to which only herbs and spices have been added is too broad and would not provide sufficient protection to consumers. On the grounds of proportionality, the Council concludes that the exclusion from maximum levels set in Annex III B is justified for the use of herbs and spices on condition that they are used in compound foods which are prepared and consumed on the same site and thus will not affect cross-border trade.

To conclude, the Council believes that the common position offers a balanced approach as well as incorporating many of Parliamentary suggestions.

Documents
2008/03/10
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/03/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2008/03/03
   CSL - Council statement on its position
Documents
2007/12/17
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/10/24
   EC - Modified legislative proposal published
Details

To recall, the European Parliament adopted 43 amendments to the original proposal, of which many were accepted. 19 amendments were not.

Technical/editorial amendments : Most of the amendments proposed by Parliament (in this case 19) seek to improve the proposal from a technical and editorial point of view. In such cases the Commission has amended its initial proposal accordingly.

Legal basis: The Commission has decided to delete Article 37 of the TEU as the legal basis for the Regulation, as proposed by Parliament.

Comitology: The Commission has agreed to align the implementing powers with Decision 2006/512/EC (regulatory procedure with scrutiny) in cases where scrutiny is required.

Definitions: On the question of definitions, the Commission has decided not to accept amendments that i) change the definition of flavouring properties that contribute significantly to the presence of the substances in Annex III part B; ii) to change the term other flavourings to flavourings not elsewhere specified and iii) to restrict the production of flavouring substances to appropriate natural processes or chemical synthesis.

Prohibition of non-compliant flavourings: The Commission has accepted an amendment specifying that food additives and enzymes that do not conform with the provisions of the proposed Regulation should not be placed on the market.

General conditions of use: The Commission has accepted proposed amendments that clarify provisions that seek to prevent the consumer from being mislead. However, amendments that would require the use of flavourings needing to have an advantage plus consumer benefit linked to technological need have been rejected. Further, amendments requiring the authorisation of flavourings to be based on the precautionary principle have been rejected given that such provisions are already set out in the General Food Law Regulation.

Presence of certain substances: The Commission has decided not to accept an amendment concerning the maximum limits for substances of toxicological concern in Annex III part B. Similarly, an amendment that introduces a blank Annex III part B has been rejected.

Proposed Regulation’s relation with GM food and feed: The Commission has decided to endorse an amendment stating that GMO procedures should run simultaneously. The proposed definition “produced by GMO’s” has been rejected though on the ground that should such a definition be needed it should be covered by Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003.

Labelling: The Commission has decided to accept an amendment regarding the labelling of natural flavourings from 90% to 95% when referring to a natural sources. On the other hand, it rejected an amendment which required that for trade between food business operators, an address in the EU should be provided. This is not accepted as it could lead to barriers to trade with third countries. The description of smoke flavourings has not been accepted on the grounds that it could be misleading to the consumer. The labelling of flavourings obtained from GMO’s should be covered by Regulation 1829/2003 and not by this Regulation. On a final point, the Commission has decided to accept Parliamentary proposals to simplify labelling provisions for additives and enzymes sold from business to business or to the final consumer.

Food business operator reporting : The Commission has decided to accept an amendment requiring producers to inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which might affect the assessment of the safety of flavouring substances. The requirement that “information which is known and accessible to him” be provided is not, however, accepted as this restricts the responsibility of the producer.

2007/08/29
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2007/07/10
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2007/07/10
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Mojca Drcar Murko (ALDE, SI), and made some amendments to the Commission’s proposal. Parliament felt that the use of flavourings should be permitted where they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available and the precautionary principle, pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. Their use must have advantages and benefits for the consumer, and there must be a reasonable technological need. The main amendments were as follows:

- the precautionary principle introduced stricter conditions of use;

- a new part recital states that attention should be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences for vulnerable groups, including the development of taste preferences in children, in the use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties;

- Parliament added that misleading the consumer includes, but is not limited to, issues related to the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product;

- food flavourings should remain subject to the general labelling obligations as provided for in Directive 2000/13/EC and, where appropriate, in Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. In addition, specific provisions on labelling of flavourings sold as such to the manufacturer or to the final consumer should be included in this Regulation;

- where necessary, it may be decided in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny whether or not a given substance or mixture of substances, material or type of food falls within the scope of the Regulation. On several issues, detailed implementing rules are to be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny;

- Parliament amended the definitions of "flavouring substance" "flavouring not elsewhere specified ", food ingredient with flavouring properties", "appropriate physical process", and added a definition for "produced by GMOs";

- when there is a justified scientific concern that certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in compound foods may pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer, the Commission may, on its own initiative or on the basis of information provided by Member States, and following the opinion of the Authority, set maximum levels for these substances. By way of derogation, the maximum levels shall not apply where a compound food contains no added flavourings and the only food ingredients with flavouring properties which have been added are fresh, dried or frozen herbs and spices;

- Parliament clarified that a flavouring or source material falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and not already included in the Community list in Annex I may be included in that list in accordance with this Regulation only if it is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003;

- labelling must contain where appropriate , the indication "produced from GMOs"

- the term "natural" may only be used in combination with a reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source if at least 95% (and not 90% as proposed by the Commission) of the flavouring component has been obtained from the source material referred to;

- better traceability is ensured by specifying that the seller must be established within the EU;

- a producer or user of a flavouring substance shall inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which is known and accessible to him which might affect the assessment of the safety of the flavouring substance. The food industry user of the flavouring containing the flavouring substance and the producer of the flavouring shall in cooperation, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the actual use of the flavouring substance. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data;

- for flavourings produced from a source material falling under the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, the indication "produced from GMOs" shall appear on the label. For flavourings produced by an organism falling under the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, no specific labelling shall be required;

- flavourings and food placed lawfully on the market before the date of application of the Regulation may continue to be used until stocks have been exhausted.

Lastly, Parliament made some amendments for the sake of clarity and precision.

Documents
2007/07/09
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2007/05/30
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

Pending the European Parliament first reading opinion, the Council reached general approaches on three draft Regulations concerning: common authorisation procedure; food additives; food enzymes. It took note of a progress report regarding a draft Regulation on flavourings.

Documents
2007/05/30
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/05/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2007/05/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2007/05/08
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
Details

In adopting the report drafted by Ms Mojca Drčar Murko (ALDE, SI), the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety amended in first reading the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89, Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC.

The main amendments are as follows:

- scope : the Committee amended Art 2.1(a) to read as follows: ‘ flavourings which are used or intended to be used in or on foods, without prejudice to more specific provisions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003’. It considers that, in the interest of consistency and clarity, all legislation relating to the safety and use of flavourings should be within the scope of this Regulation. Smoke flavourings are already specifically regulated under Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003.

It also amended the wording of Article 2.1(c) to ensure that foods containing flavourings and/or food ingredients with flavouring properties are covered because the Commission’s wording would have excluded from the scope food containing only flavourings and food containing only food ingredients with flavouring properties. The purpose of extending the scope of the Regulation to include food ingredients with flavouring properties is to assist in the control of biologically active principles (certain substances naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties). Should certain naturally occurring undesirable substances raise scientifically justified concern for the health of consumers, maximum levels can be set by the Commission following EFSA's opinion.

The Committee considered it useful to amend Art 2.2.(b) regarding raw or non-compound foods and provide examples , since it remains unclear to what extent, for example, herbal and fruit teas and traditional spice mixtures would fall within the Regulation's scope.

Because the proposal does not mention the possibility of adding food and/or food additives to flavourings even though additives and food are necessary for the storage and use of flavourings and for dissolving and diluting these products, the Committee added a new Article 3.2(a) to allow for this (in many cases, flavourings are compounded to contain food ingredients as part of the flavouring, e.g. cheese powder in a cheese and onion flavouring).

- definitions : as the Committee considered that the definition of 'other flavouring' required clarification, it amended Article 3.2(h) to read as follows: ‘flavouring not elsewhere specified’ shall mean a flavouring added or intended to be added to food in order to impart odour and/or taste and which does not fall under the definitions 3.2(b) to (g).

The definition of a ‘food ingredient’ (Art 3.2(i) was amended to restrict the scope of the regulation to those food ingredients with flavouring properties which are considered to contribute significantly to intake.

MEPs adopted an amendment whereby the term ‘natural’ may only be used in combination with a reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source if at least 95% [by w/w] of the flavouring component has been obtained from the source material referred to. This was because the proposed text could give consumers the impression that the flavouring was obtained primarily from the majority component referred to, whereas in fact the remaining 10% was obtained from entirely different ingredients. Rather than the Commission’s proposed ratio of 90/10, MEPs in the Committee consider it should be 95/5.

- GMOs: The Committee amended Article 15.1 to ensure that labelling of flavourings intended for sale to the final consumer is also done in accordance with Directive 89/396/EEC concerning the lot and with GMO Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, where appropriate, for the labelling of food flavourings containing, consisting of or produced from GMOs, in addition to Directive 2000/13/EC, as proposed by the Commission. MEPs also added a new paragraph to Art 22 concerning Annex III clarifying labelling provisions regarding flavourings produced from or by GMOs. This is in line with the concept of 'last living organism' governing the labelling provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on GM food and feed.

- traceability : Article 13.1(b) has been amended to ensure better traceability by specifying that the business operator must be established within the EU.

- precautionary principle : MEPs consider that the precautionary principle should be in the centre of the risk assessment of food enzymes and to this end amended Article 4(a).

- reporting : in relation to Article 16, the Committee believes that reports on annual amounts of every flavouring substance added to foods and use levels for each category will be extremely difficult to collect, as the flavouring supplier will not necessarily know in which food categories a flavouring is to be used, nor will he know the exact dosage used. Therefore such information is unlikely to assist in intake assessment or safety evaluation. Instead, a producer or user of a flavouring substance shall inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which is known and accessible to him which might affect the assessment of the safety of the flavouring substance. In addition, the food industry user of the flavouring containing the flavouring substance and the producer of the flavouring shall in cooperation, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the actual use of the flavouring substance. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data.

- comitology : in several articles of this draft regulation, the Committee amended provisions to align the text to the provisions of the new comitology decision (Decision 2006/512/EC) which lays down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission.

In the sixth recital, the Committee makes specific reference to the need, w here possible, for attention to be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences of flavourings for vulnerable groups, including the development of taste preferences in children. It also adds that misleading the consumer includes, but is not limited to, issues related to the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product.

2007/04/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2007/04/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2007/02/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2006/11/07
   EP - DRČAR MURKO Mojca (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2006/09/14
   EP - DRČAR MURKO Mojca (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2006/09/05
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2006/07/28
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2006/07/28
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2006/07/28
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE : to lay down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods to ensure the effective functioning of the internal market and a high level of human health protection and consumer protection.

PROPOSED ACT : Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

CONTENT : the European Commission has adopted a package of legislative proposals which aim to introduce harmonised EU legislation on food enzymes and upgrade current rules for flavourings and additives (refer to COD/2006/0144 and COD/2006/0145 ).

The texts aim to clarify and update current legislation in this area and to create a simplified common approval procedure for food additives, flavourings and enzymes, based on scientific opinions from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (refer also COD/2006/143 ).

At present, Council Directive 88/388/EEC sets out the definition of flavourings, general rules for their use, requirements for labelling and maximum levels for substances which raise concern for human health. It provides that Community Legislation relating to flavourings should take account primarily of human health requirements. However, the Directive needs to be substantially amended, to take into account technological and scientific developments in the area of flavourings. In addition, as a result of the adoption of Regulation 178/2002/EC laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and laying down procedures in matters of food safety, certain provisions need to be adapted and others need to be newly introduced.

In the interest of clarity and efficiency Directive 88/388/EEC shall be replaced by the present proposal.

This Regulation provides for:

- a Community list of flavourings and source materials approved for use in and on foods, set out in Annex I (‘the Community list’);

- conditions of use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties in and on foods;

- rules on labelling of flavourings.

Lastly, the new legislation proposed sets out clearer rules on maximum levels for undesirable substances, in line with EFSA opinions. Definitions of flavourings (e.g. flavouring substance, flavouring preparation, thermal process flavouring) are clarified and stricter conditions are also introduced for the use of the term “natural” when describing flavourings. Consumers must be informed if the smoky taste of food is due to the presence of smoke flavourings.

For more details of the financial implications of this proposal, please refer to the financial statement.

Documents

Votes

Rapport Drčar Murko A6-0185/2007 - am. 38

2007/07/10 Outcome: +: 668, 0: 16, -: 2
DE FR IT GB PL ES RO NL CZ PT HU BE EL AT BG SE FI DK IE LT SK LV CY EE SI MT LU ??
Total
91
73
56
64
51
42
33
25
24
21
20
19
17
16
15
15
14
13
13
11
14
9
6
6
5
5
6
2
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
247

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE-DE

1

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Slovenia PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: PSE PSE
187

Czechia PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Lithuania PSE

2

Estonia PSE

3

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

PSE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
89

Hungary ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
40

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

France GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
37

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ITS ITS
19

Italy ITS

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ITS

Against (1)

1

Belgium ITS

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
10
2

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia NI

1

Slovakia NI

3

Rapport Drčar Murko A6-0185/2007 - am. 51

2007/07/10 Outcome: -: 342, +: 315, 0: 24
FR SE NL AT DK PT MT CY ?? EE ES BE LU BG DE LV EL RO SI GB FI LT IE SK HU CZ IT PL
Total
73
15
25
17
12
19
5
6
2
5
43
19
6
15
89
9
17
33
5
62
14
12
13
14
20
24
56
51
icon: PSE PSE
184

PSE

1

Estonia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Czechia PSE

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

France GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
37

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
18

Sweden IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1
icon: ITS ITS
19

Belgium ITS

2

Bulgaria ITS

3

United Kingdom ITS

Abstain (1)

1

Italy ITS

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
11

Austria NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Slovakia NI

3

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1
2
icon: UEN UEN
40

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
89

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands ALDE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5

Austria ALDE

1
4

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Spain ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Hungary ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
247

Denmark PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

Against (2)

2

PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Bulgaria PPE-DE

3

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

3

Lithuania PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Recommandation Drčar Murko A6-0177/2008 - bloc 1

2008/07/08 Outcome: +: 668, 0: 13, -: 11
DE IT FR GB ES PL RO NL EL BE HU PT CZ BG SE FI AT SK LT DK IE LV SI CY EE LU MT
Total
93
66
66
67
46
47
32
25
23
20
20
20
21
16
16
14
15
13
12
12
12
8
6
6
6
6
4
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
263
2

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
189

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Estonia PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Malta PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
90
2

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
38

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Ireland UEN

3
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

France GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
34

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

1

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
27

Italy NI

For (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

Abstain (2)

6
2

Czechia NI

1

Bulgaria NI

For (1)

1

Austria NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
15

France IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Poland IND/DEM

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
21 2006/0147(COD)
2008/04/07 ENVI 21 amendments...
source: PE-404.638

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2006-09-14T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2006-11-07T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
docs/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0185_EN.html
docs/6
date
2007-08-29T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=13610&j=0&l=en title: SP(2007)4170
type
Commission response to text adopted in plenary
body
EC
docs/10
date
2008-05-13T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008
type
Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
body
EP
docs/11
date
2008-05-13T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008
type
Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
body
EP
docs/11
date
2008-08-27T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=15009&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)4891
type
Commission response to text adopted in plenary
docs/11/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0177_EN.html
docs/12/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0606/COM_COM(2008)0606_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0606/COM_COM(2008)0606_EN.pdf
events/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0185_EN.html
events/6
date
2007-07-10T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323 title: T6-0323/2007
summary
events/6
date
2007-07-10T00:00:00
type
Results of vote in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=13610&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
events/7
date
2007-07-10T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323 title: T6-0323/2007
summary
events/7/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2007-0323_EN.html
events/11
date
2008-05-13T00:00:00
type
Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008
events/12
date
2008-05-13T00:00:00
type
Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008
events/12/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0177_EN.html
events/13
date
2008-07-08T00:00:00
type
Results of vote in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15009&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
events/14/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-331
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0331_EN.html
events/18/docs/1/url
Old
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:TOC
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:SOM:EN:HTML
activities
  • date: 2006-07-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0427/COM_COM(2006)0427_EN.pdf title: COM(2006)0427 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52006PC0427:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers Commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2006-09-05T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-05-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0185/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2803 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2803*&MEET_DATE=30/05/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2803 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2007-07-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20070709&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2007-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0323/2007 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-10-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0671/COM_COM(2007)0671_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0671 type: Modified legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52007PC0671:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers Commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla type: Modified legislative proposal published
  • date: 2007-12-17T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2841
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2858 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=16677%2F07&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Council position published title: 16677/3/2007 council: General Affairs date: 2008-03-10T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-03-13T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading
  • date: 2008-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading title: A6-0177/2008 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
  • date: 2008-07-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080707&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15009&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-331 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading title: T6-0331/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-11-18T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2904
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-31T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008R1334 title: Regulation 2008/1334 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:TOC title: OJ L 354 31.12.2008, p. 0034
commission
  • body: EC dg: Health and Food Safety commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2006-09-14T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2006-11-07T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/1
body
EP
responsible
True
committee
ENVI
date
2006-09-14T00:00:00
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
rapporteur
group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
committees/2
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
opinion
False
committees/2
body
EP
responsible
True
committee
ENVI
date
2006-11-07T00:00:00
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
rapporteur
group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
committees/3
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
opinion
False
committees/3
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
committees/4
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
opinion
False
committees/4
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2904 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2904*&MEET_DATE=18/11/2008 date: 2008-11-18T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: General Affairs meeting_id: 2858 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2858*&MEET_DATE=10/03/2008 date: 2008-03-10T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2841 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2841*&MEET_DATE=17/12/2007 date: 2007-12-17T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs meeting_id: 2803 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2803*&MEET_DATE=30/05/2007 date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2006-07-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2006/1042/COM_SEC(2006)1042_EN.pdf title: SEC(2006)1042 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=1042 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2006-07-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2006/1043/COM_SEC(2006)1043_EN.pdf title: SEC(2006)1043 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=1043 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE384.469 title: PE384.469 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2007-04-19T00:00:00 docs: title: PE386.521 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2007-04-25T00:00:00 docs: title: PE388.519 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2007-05-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN title: A6-0185/2007 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-03-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=6734%2F08&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 06734/2008 type: Council statement on its position body: CSL
  • date: 2008-03-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.786 title: PE402.786 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-03-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0142/COM_COM(2008)0142_EN.pdf title: COM(2008)0142 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2008&nu_doc=142 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission supports the common position, which was adopted unanimously by the Council. The changes made by Council are in line with the objectives set out in the initial proposal as well as reflecting the core principles of several Parliamentary amendments tabled at first reading. Amendments made by the Parliament accepted by the Commission and which are in line with the common position: Criteria for authorising flavourings: taking account of Parliament’s concerns, the common position clarifies what is meant by misleading the consumer in Recital 6. Labelling natural flavourings: in line with Parliament’s amendments, the common position modifies the initial proposal so that at least 95% of the flavouring component (and not 90% as originally proposed) must be obtained from the source referred to. This change corresponds better to consumer expectations and will have a limited impact on current practices. Regulatory procedure with scrutiny: the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agree that measures to amend non-essential elements of the Regulation by supplementing it will be subject to the regulatory procedure with scrutiny. However, both the Council and the Commission introduced the option for an urgency procedure. Amendments made by Parliament accepted by the Commission but not incorporated in the common position: Four Parliamentary amendments accepted by the Commission have not been incorporated into the Common position. They refer to the labelling of flavourings falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003; and defining an "appropriate physical process" for the production of natural flavouring substances or flavouring preparations. In the amendment the Parliament sought to avoid traditional preparation processes being considered physical processes. The Commission accepted this amendment, given that it clarifies the situation and in case of doubt, a comitology decision can be adopted. Commission's position on new provisions introduced by the Council: Several new provisions have been introduced by the Council. Most of which seek to clarify the text or are in line with the objective’s proposed in the initial proposal. In summary, they refer to: clarifying the meaning of "raw foods" and "non-compound food"; justifying the risk based approach for the establishment of maximum levels for substances of toxicological concern, referred to in Article 5, that may be present in flavourings. It furthermore emphasizes the responsibilities of the producers in relation to those substances; clarifying the principle already included in the General Food Law (Regulation (EC) No 178/2002) that the rules on flavourings take into account, where appropriate, the protection of the environment. This change is consistent with the proposed Regulation on food additives and food enzymes and relevant EP amendments on the proposal on food additives; adding to the definition of natural flavouring substance that they correspond to substances that are naturally present and have been identified in nature. This is to void that some flavouring substances that are not present in materials of vegetable r animal origin, but that are obtained by artificial enzymatic processes, would be considered as natural; adding to that the definition of source materials considered as food for the production of flavourings is valid for the purpose of this Regulation only; clarifying that flavourings and/or foodstuffs in which flavourings are used should not be placed on the market, if the flavouring or its use does not comply with the proposed Regulation; introducing the option for an urgency procedure into the regulatory procedure with scrutiny; clarifying labelling requirements and aligning them with the proposals on food additives and food enzymes; clarifying that the maximum of 5% of the flavouring component derived from other source materials shall not reproduce the flavour of the source material referred to; in Annex III Part A, aloin and coumarin remain included in the list of substances that shall not be added as such to food, as already established in the current legislation. Scientific consideration on potential carcinogenicity of aloin is still ongoing and there are concerns that the exposure to coumarin via the use of food ingredients with flavouring properties (cinnamon) could be already too high; clarifying that maximum levels will not apply to compound foods which are prepared and consumed on the same site (restaurants), that contain no added flavourings and contain only herbs and spices as food ingredients with flavouring properties; setting maximum levels for coumarin in certain food categories; increasing the maximum levels for teucrine A in alcoholic beverages from 2 to 5 mg/kg in bitter tasting spirit drinks and liqueurs with bitter taste. This change was introduced at the request of Italy which has concerns about some local traditional drinks in Italy that otherwise could no longer be maintained on the market. The Commission can accept this increase, as these spirit drinks will have a limited impact on the total exposure to teucrine A. Major problems encountered in adoption of the Common Position: New analytical data from Germany demonstrated that the actual levels in certain foodstuffs to which cinnamon is added, are much higher than the current maximum levels and that the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) was likely to be exceeded. Germany therefore requested to reintroduce maximum levels. The Member States agreed with this reintroduction. However there was major concern about traditional cinnamon containing products that could be affected by too strict levels. The Commission organised two technical meetings with Member State experts and stakeholders and, following these consultations, possible maximum levels were identified. The Commission, therefore, asked the EFSA to assess this information. The conclusions of EFSA's additional assessment are expected to be available in May 2008. The Council has in the mean time adopted maximum levels that will be reconsidered in the light of these conclusions and a joint statement of Council and Commission has therefore been prepared. To conclude, the Commission supports the common position as adopted unanimously by the Council. type: Commission communication on Council's position body: EC
  • date: 2008-04-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE404.638 title: PE404.638 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-08-27T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=15009&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)4891 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2008-10-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0606/COM_COM(2008)0606_EN.pdf title: COM(2008)0606 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2008&nu_doc=606 title: EUR-Lex summary: The European Parliament voted, in second reading, a consolidated text which contains a number of amendments to the text of the common position. The text is the result of negotiations between the Council, the EP and the Commission. The amendments are mainly of technical nature and are generally in line with and strengthen the key principles of the initial proposal. Of particular note are the amendments which will exempt certain aspects of the legislation from applying when only herbs and spices have been added to food. Other amendments concern the clarification of the interplay between the proposed Regulation on food additives and Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed and also creating more legal certainty for producers and users of flavourings by extending the deadline for the adoption of the community list of flavouring substances. Other amendments strengthen the precautionary principle and further clarify the principle of not misleading the consumer. Additionally a number of technical changes have been introduced as a result of the replacement of the spirit drink Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89 by a new Regulation (EC) No 110/2008. The Commission accepts all the amendments voted by the European Parliament and amends its proposal as set out above. type: Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading body: EC
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F08&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03661/2008/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
events
  • date: 2006-07-28T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0427/COM_COM(2006)0427_EN.pdf title: COM(2006)0427 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=427 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE : to lay down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods to ensure the effective functioning of the internal market and a high level of human health protection and consumer protection. PROPOSED ACT : Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. CONTENT : the European Commission has adopted a package of legislative proposals which aim to introduce harmonised EU legislation on food enzymes and upgrade current rules for flavourings and additives (refer to COD/2006/0144 and COD/2006/0145 ). The texts aim to clarify and update current legislation in this area and to create a simplified common approval procedure for food additives, flavourings and enzymes, based on scientific opinions from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (refer also COD/2006/143 ). At present, Council Directive 88/388/EEC sets out the definition of flavourings, general rules for their use, requirements for labelling and maximum levels for substances which raise concern for human health. It provides that Community Legislation relating to flavourings should take account primarily of human health requirements. However, the Directive needs to be substantially amended, to take into account technological and scientific developments in the area of flavourings. In addition, as a result of the adoption of Regulation 178/2002/EC laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and laying down procedures in matters of food safety, certain provisions need to be adapted and others need to be newly introduced. In the interest of clarity and efficiency Directive 88/388/EEC shall be replaced by the present proposal. This Regulation provides for: - a Community list of flavourings and source materials approved for use in and on foods, set out in Annex I (‘the Community list’); - conditions of use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties in and on foods; - rules on labelling of flavourings. Lastly, the new legislation proposed sets out clearer rules on maximum levels for undesirable substances, in line with EFSA opinions. Definitions of flavourings (e.g. flavouring substance, flavouring preparation, thermal process flavouring) are clarified and stricter conditions are also introduced for the use of the term “natural” when describing flavourings. Consumers must be informed if the smoky taste of food is due to the presence of smoke flavourings. For more details of the financial implications of this proposal, please refer to the financial statement.
  • date: 2006-09-05T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: In adopting the report drafted by Ms Mojca Drčar Murko (ALDE, SI), the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety amended in first reading the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89, Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC. The main amendments are as follows: - scope : the Committee amended Art 2.1(a) to read as follows: ‘ flavourings which are used or intended to be used in or on foods, without prejudice to more specific provisions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003’. It considers that, in the interest of consistency and clarity, all legislation relating to the safety and use of flavourings should be within the scope of this Regulation. Smoke flavourings are already specifically regulated under Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003. It also amended the wording of Article 2.1(c) to ensure that foods containing flavourings and/or food ingredients with flavouring properties are covered because the Commission’s wording would have excluded from the scope food containing only flavourings and food containing only food ingredients with flavouring properties. The purpose of extending the scope of the Regulation to include food ingredients with flavouring properties is to assist in the control of biologically active principles (certain substances naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties). Should certain naturally occurring undesirable substances raise scientifically justified concern for the health of consumers, maximum levels can be set by the Commission following EFSA's opinion. The Committee considered it useful to amend Art 2.2.(b) regarding raw or non-compound foods and provide examples , since it remains unclear to what extent, for example, herbal and fruit teas and traditional spice mixtures would fall within the Regulation's scope. Because the proposal does not mention the possibility of adding food and/or food additives to flavourings even though additives and food are necessary for the storage and use of flavourings and for dissolving and diluting these products, the Committee added a new Article 3.2(a) to allow for this (in many cases, flavourings are compounded to contain food ingredients as part of the flavouring, e.g. cheese powder in a cheese and onion flavouring). - definitions : as the Committee considered that the definition of 'other flavouring' required clarification, it amended Article 3.2(h) to read as follows: ‘flavouring not elsewhere specified’ shall mean a flavouring added or intended to be added to food in order to impart odour and/or taste and which does not fall under the definitions 3.2(b) to (g). The definition of a ‘food ingredient’ (Art 3.2(i) was amended to restrict the scope of the regulation to those food ingredients with flavouring properties which are considered to contribute significantly to intake. MEPs adopted an amendment whereby the term ‘natural’ may only be used in combination with a reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source if at least 95% [by w/w] of the flavouring component has been obtained from the source material referred to. This was because the proposed text could give consumers the impression that the flavouring was obtained primarily from the majority component referred to, whereas in fact the remaining 10% was obtained from entirely different ingredients. Rather than the Commission’s proposed ratio of 90/10, MEPs in the Committee consider it should be 95/5. - GMOs: The Committee amended Article 15.1 to ensure that labelling of flavourings intended for sale to the final consumer is also done in accordance with Directive 89/396/EEC concerning the lot and with GMO Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, where appropriate, for the labelling of food flavourings containing, consisting of or produced from GMOs, in addition to Directive 2000/13/EC, as proposed by the Commission. MEPs also added a new paragraph to Art 22 concerning Annex III clarifying labelling provisions regarding flavourings produced from or by GMOs. This is in line with the concept of 'last living organism' governing the labelling provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on GM food and feed. - traceability : Article 13.1(b) has been amended to ensure better traceability by specifying that the business operator must be established within the EU. - precautionary principle : MEPs consider that the precautionary principle should be in the centre of the risk assessment of food enzymes and to this end amended Article 4(a). - reporting : in relation to Article 16, the Committee believes that reports on annual amounts of every flavouring substance added to foods and use levels for each category will be extremely difficult to collect, as the flavouring supplier will not necessarily know in which food categories a flavouring is to be used, nor will he know the exact dosage used. Therefore such information is unlikely to assist in intake assessment or safety evaluation. Instead, a producer or user of a flavouring substance shall inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which is known and accessible to him which might affect the assessment of the safety of the flavouring substance. In addition, the food industry user of the flavouring containing the flavouring substance and the producer of the flavouring shall in cooperation, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the actual use of the flavouring substance. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data. - comitology : in several articles of this draft regulation, the Committee amended provisions to align the text to the provisions of the new comitology decision (Decision 2006/512/EC) which lays down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission. In the sixth recital, the Committee makes specific reference to the need, w here possible, for attention to be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences of flavourings for vulnerable groups, including the development of taste preferences in children. It also adds that misleading the consumer includes, but is not limited to, issues related to the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product.
  • date: 2007-05-15T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN title: A6-0185/2007
  • date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2803*&MEET_DATE=30/05/2007 title: 2803 summary: Pending the European Parliament first reading opinion, the Council reached general approaches on three draft Regulations concerning: common authorisation procedure; food additives; food enzymes. It took note of a progress report regarding a draft Regulation on flavourings.
  • date: 2007-07-09T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20070709&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2007-07-10T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323 title: T6-0323/2007 summary: The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Mojca Drcar Murko (ALDE, SI), and made some amendments to the Commission’s proposal. Parliament felt that the use of flavourings should be permitted where they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available and the precautionary principle, pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. Their use must have advantages and benefits for the consumer, and there must be a reasonable technological need. The main amendments were as follows: - the precautionary principle introduced stricter conditions of use; - a new part recital states that attention should be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences for vulnerable groups, including the development of taste preferences in children, in the use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties; - Parliament added that misleading the consumer includes, but is not limited to, issues related to the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product; - food flavourings should remain subject to the general labelling obligations as provided for in Directive 2000/13/EC and, where appropriate, in Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. In addition, specific provisions on labelling of flavourings sold as such to the manufacturer or to the final consumer should be included in this Regulation; - where necessary, it may be decided in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny whether or not a given substance or mixture of substances, material or type of food falls within the scope of the Regulation. On several issues, detailed implementing rules are to be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny; - Parliament amended the definitions of "flavouring substance" "flavouring not elsewhere specified ", food ingredient with flavouring properties", "appropriate physical process", and added a definition for "produced by GMOs"; - when there is a justified scientific concern that certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in compound foods may pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer, the Commission may, on its own initiative or on the basis of information provided by Member States, and following the opinion of the Authority, set maximum levels for these substances. By way of derogation, the maximum levels shall not apply where a compound food contains no added flavourings and the only food ingredients with flavouring properties which have been added are fresh, dried or frozen herbs and spices; - Parliament clarified that a flavouring or source material falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and not already included in the Community list in Annex I may be included in that list in accordance with this Regulation only if it is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003; - labelling must contain where appropriate , the indication "produced from GMOs" - the term "natural" may only be used in combination with a reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source if at least 95% (and not 90% as proposed by the Commission) of the flavouring component has been obtained from the source material referred to; - better traceability is ensured by specifying that the seller must be established within the EU; - a producer or user of a flavouring substance shall inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which is known and accessible to him which might affect the assessment of the safety of the flavouring substance. The food industry user of the flavouring containing the flavouring substance and the producer of the flavouring shall in cooperation, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the actual use of the flavouring substance. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data; - for flavourings produced from a source material falling under the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, the indication "produced from GMOs" shall appear on the label. For flavourings produced by an organism falling under the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, no specific labelling shall be required; - flavourings and food placed lawfully on the market before the date of application of the Regulation may continue to be used until stocks have been exhausted. Lastly, Parliament made some amendments for the sake of clarity and precision.
  • date: 2007-10-24T00:00:00 type: Modified legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0671/COM_COM(2007)0671_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0671 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=671 title: EUR-Lex summary: To recall, the European Parliament adopted 43 amendments to the original proposal, of which many were accepted. 19 amendments were not. Technical/editorial amendments : Most of the amendments proposed by Parliament (in this case 19) seek to improve the proposal from a technical and editorial point of view. In such cases the Commission has amended its initial proposal accordingly. Legal basis: The Commission has decided to delete Article 37 of the TEU as the legal basis for the Regulation, as proposed by Parliament. Comitology: The Commission has agreed to align the implementing powers with Decision 2006/512/EC (regulatory procedure with scrutiny) in cases where scrutiny is required. Definitions: On the question of definitions, the Commission has decided not to accept amendments that i) change the definition of flavouring properties that contribute significantly to the presence of the substances in Annex III part B; ii) to change the term other flavourings to flavourings not elsewhere specified and iii) to restrict the production of flavouring substances to appropriate natural processes or chemical synthesis. Prohibition of non-compliant flavourings: The Commission has accepted an amendment specifying that food additives and enzymes that do not conform with the provisions of the proposed Regulation should not be placed on the market. General conditions of use: The Commission has accepted proposed amendments that clarify provisions that seek to prevent the consumer from being mislead. However, amendments that would require the use of flavourings needing to have an advantage plus consumer benefit linked to technological need have been rejected. Further, amendments requiring the authorisation of flavourings to be based on the precautionary principle have been rejected given that such provisions are already set out in the General Food Law Regulation. Presence of certain substances: The Commission has decided not to accept an amendment concerning the maximum limits for substances of toxicological concern in Annex III part B. Similarly, an amendment that introduces a blank Annex III part B has been rejected. Proposed Regulation’s relation with GM food and feed: The Commission has decided to endorse an amendment stating that GMO procedures should run simultaneously. The proposed definition “produced by GMO’s” has been rejected though on the ground that should such a definition be needed it should be covered by Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. Labelling: The Commission has decided to accept an amendment regarding the labelling of natural flavourings from 90% to 95% when referring to a natural sources. On the other hand, it rejected an amendment which required that for trade between food business operators, an address in the EU should be provided. This is not accepted as it could lead to barriers to trade with third countries. The description of smoke flavourings has not been accepted on the grounds that it could be misleading to the consumer. The labelling of flavourings obtained from GMO’s should be covered by Regulation 1829/2003 and not by this Regulation. On a final point, the Commission has decided to accept Parliamentary proposals to simplify labelling provisions for additives and enzymes sold from business to business or to the final consumer. Food business operator reporting : The Commission has decided to accept an amendment requiring producers to inform the Commission immediately of any new scientific or technical information which might affect the assessment of the safety of flavouring substances. The requirement that “information which is known and accessible to him” be provided is not, however, accepted as this restricts the responsibility of the producer.
  • date: 2008-03-10T00:00:00 type: Council position published body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=16677%2F07&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 16677/3/2007 summary: The Council has introduced a number of modifications to the text of the initial proposal with many of these based on amendments proposed by the European Parliament. Some of the Parliamentary amendments were introduced by Council on its own initiative. Of the 43 amendments proposed by Parliament, the Council has decided to adopt either in principle or in full, 27 amendments. In summary, the modifications made by Council are as follows: A single legal base: accepting Parliamentary suggestions, the Council has decided to retain Article 96 of the TEU as the sole legal base for the proposal agreeing that agricultural aspects are merely incidental and not core to the proposed Regulation’s objectives. Misleading the consumer : the Council has decided to included, in accordance with Parliamentary amendments, references to “misleading the consumer” in recital 7. Environmental protection: the Council has modified the proposal so that prior to an authorisation being granted, scientific evaluators should take any environmental impacts into consideration when authorising flavourings.. Environmental protection is also listed as one of the Regulation’s objectives. Scope: the Council clarifies that smoke flavourings are not completely excluded from the scope of the proposed Regulation. The common position, therefore, opts for the complementary application of two Regulations namely: the proposed Regulation, in the absence of more specific rules set out in Regulation (EC) No 2065/2003 on smoke flavourings. The common position specifies that the proposed Regulation will not apply to mixtures of herbs and/or spices, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusions, on condition that they are not used as food ingredients. This is in line with a Parliamentary amendment on the matter. Definitions: the Council has given particular attention to the accuracy of definitions and their consistency with other Community legislation. Thus, the term “flavourings not elsewhere specified” has the same meaning as the formulation proposed by the Commission namely “flavourings” not defined elsewhere. The Council favours the latter interpretations given that it is more consistent with Article 3. Regulatory procedure with scrutiny: the proposal has been modified in order to apply the regulatory procedure with scrutiny when adopting measures that supplement the Regulation. The Council has also introduced the urgency procedure to allow the Commission to restrict, on grounds of emergency, the use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for which an approval is not required. The urgency procedure will also allow for amendments to Annexes II and V. Interpretation decisions : all provisions relating to interpretations have been regrouped into a new single article. Given that they do not supplement the Regulation they have been made subject to the regulatory comitology procedure without scrutiny. Prohibiting the use of non compliant flavourings or food containing such flavourings : for reasons of clarity, legal certainty and the correct functioning of the internal market, the Council has inserted an article that prohibits producers from placing non-compliant food enzymes on the market. This is consistent with the proposals concerning enzymes and food additives. Use of the term “natural” flavouring : in order to safeguard consumer interests, the Council agrees with Parliamentary proposals that the term “natural” should only be sued in reference to a food, food category or a vegetable or animal flavouring source, on condition that at least 95% by w/w has been obtained from the source material (as opposed to 90% proposed in the Commission’s initial proposal). Further, the common position adds that the remaining 5% flavouring component, derived from other sources materials, should not reproduce the flavour of the source material referred to. Authorising flavourings that fall within the scope of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed : the Council agrees that two authorisation procedures can be carried out simultaneously. Some drafting changes to the text have been made in order to make these provisions compatible with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. Labelling: the common position streamlines labelling provisions in a bid to harmonise them with provisions already laid down by Directive 2000/13/EC. A distinction is drawn between “business to business” labelling and the labelling of products intended for the final consumer. Although, the structure of the Chapter on Labelling is different to that proposed by Parliament, the underlying principles, nevertheless, remain the same. Transitional measures for products already on the market: The Council has allowed for a two year transition phase, from the entry into force of the Regulation. Thus, food lawfully placed on the market or labelled during this two-year period may be marketed until their date of minimum durability or use-by-date. Amendments not incorporated in the common position include, inter alia : Precautionary principle: given that this principle already applies to general food law, the Council has decided there is no specific need to refer to it in the proposed Regulation. Further, and taking account of the risk analysis framework, the precautionary principle can only be taken into account within the context of risk management, never in the risk assessment phase, as suggested by Parliament. Defining “appropriate physical process”: the Council does not wish to confuse the traditional food preparation processes listed in Annex II with the “appropriate physical process”. Defining “flavouring substance”: the Council indicates, in recital 14, which flavouring substances can be considered products. Defining this term would restrict the methods that may be used. Decisions submitted to the regulatory comitology procedure: decisions on whether or not a given substance should fall within the scope of the Regulation are of an interpretive nature and as a result do not fall under the regulatory comitology procedure with scrutiny – in this case i) rules on implementing Annex IIIB and the common methodology for monitoring the consumption and use of flavourings – are of an interpretive nature and therefore do not supplement the Regulation. As a result they do not fall within the scope of the regulatory comitology procedure with scrutiny. Labelling of GMOs: food additives remain subject to the labelling provisions as defined in Directive 2000/13/EC on the approximation of the laws relating to labelling, presentation and advertising foodstuffs, as well as Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed. Any amendments that could potentially interfere with the scope of the horizontal Regulations in force have not been accepted by Council. Conditions for use: the Council has decided not to include a reference to “benefiting the consumer” and “the technological need as a general condition for the use of flavouring” as suggested by Parliament given that the implementation of these provisions would not be possible. Labelling: although the Council has reorganised the Chapter on Labelling, the principles underlying the provisions remain fundamentally the same. However, the Council is unable to accept proposals to label GMOs. This is due to the fact that it would not be consistent with related EU legislation on both labelling and GMOs. Entry into force: Parliament’s proposals to change the dates for the entry into force of certain provisions have been rejected by Council on the grounds that they can only apply after the Community list of authorised flavourings and source materials has become applicable. Further the date of application of the Community list can only be determined after it has been adopted through the comitology procedure with scrutiny and pending the outcome of an EFSA evaluation. Presence of toxic substances: The Council attaches great importance to using a risk-based approach to the setting of maximum limits in the proposed Regulation. As a result certain Parliamentary suggestions on the presence of toxic substances go against the need to provide a high level of protection to human health. Further, the Council is of the view that a general exclusion, as suggested by on amendment, regarding the application of Annex III B to compound food to which only herbs and spices have been added is too broad and would not provide sufficient protection to consumers. On the grounds of proportionality, the Council concludes that the exclusion from maximum levels set in Annex III B is justified for the use of herbs and spices on condition that they are used in compound foods which are prepared and consumed on the same site and thus will not affect cross-border trade. To conclude, the Council believes that the common position offers a balanced approach as well as incorporating many of Parliamentary suggestions.
  • date: 2008-03-13T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading body: EP summary: The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety unanimously adopted a report drafted by Mojca DRCAR MURKO (ALDE, SI) recommending some amendments to the Council's common position for adopting a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 1576/89 and (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC. It reinserted several amendments that had not been taken up by the Council in its common position. The main amendments are as follows: Herbs and spices : non-compound foods and mixtures such as, but not exclusively, fresh, dried or frozen spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion as such are outside the scope of the Regulation. Where necessary, it may be decided in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny) whether or not a given substance or mixture of substances, material or type of food falls within the scope of this Regulation. Benefit for consumer : the committee reinstated amendments stating that the use of flavourings should be permitted where they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available and the precautionary principle, pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. Their use must have advantages and benefits for the consumer, and there must be a reasonable technological need. Maximum levels : these should only be set when there is a justified scientific concern that certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in compound foods may pose a safety concern to the health of the consumer. In such cases, the Commission may, on its own initiative or on the basis of information provided by Member States, and following the opinion of the Authority, set maximum levels for these substances which will be listed in Part B of Annex III. The maximum levels shall not apply where a compound food contains no added flavourings and the only food ingredients with flavouring properties which have been added are fresh, dried or frozen herbs and spices. The committee felt that there is no scientific evidence that an herb displays the same toxicological effect of concern that an isolated component within it. Setting maximum levels for such components may lead to increased use of herb extracts and the Parliament doubts whether this will provide better consumer protection Avoid dual approval procedures : the committee clarified again that a flavouring or source material falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and not already included in the Community list in Annex I may be included in that list in accordance with this Regulation only if it is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003. Other amendments include the following: - better traceability is ensured by specifying that the seller must be established within the EU; - there should be no restriction to the 5% of the flavouring component derived from other source material as long as other source materials are also natural, and hence the total 100% is obtained from natural sources; - an amendment is inserted which is intended to adapt the new spirit drinks regulation (EC) No 110/2008. It replaces the Common position text adapting the old regulation (EEC) No 1576/89. The deletion of the category "nature-identical" category must allow the producers of the traditional spirits aquavit and väkevä glögi to only use natural flavouring substances for the sake of their quality image. Regarding the latter, flavouring substances and preparations must be allowed; - the Community list of flavourings should be adopted by 31 December 2010 (rather than 2008) at the latest; - with regard to smoke flavourings, a designation in the list of ingredients is not required when the approved smoke product is used on the surface of the food product in the smoking process to obtain a smoke colour, texture and flavour. Lastly, the committee deleted Annex III Part B (Maximum levels of certain substances, naturally present in flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties, in certain compound food as consumed to which flavourings and/or food ingredients with flavouring properties have been added). This amendment provides a blank list unless harmfulness of certain naturally occurring undesirable substances is assessed by the Authority.
  • date: 2008-05-13T00:00:00 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN title: A6-0177/2008
  • date: 2008-07-07T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080707&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15009&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-331 title: T6-0331/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted a legislative resolution amending the Council’s common position for adopting a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulations (EEC) No 1576/89 and (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 and Directive 2000/13/EC. The recommendation for second reading (under the codecision procedure) had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Mojca DRCAR MURKO (ALDE, SI) on behalf of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The amendments were the result of a compromise between the Council and the Parliament. The main amendments – adopted under the 2nd reading of the codecision procedure – are as follows: Vulnerable groups : a new part recital states that, where possible, attention should be given to whether or not there could be any negative consequences for vulnerable groups. The use of flavourings must not mislead the consumer. Consumer protection : Parliament stressed that the objectives are the effective functioning of the internal market, a high level of protection of human health and a high level of consumer protection. Herbs and spices : non-compound foods and mixtures such as, but not exclusively, fresh, dried or frozen spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion as such are outside the scope of the Regulation. Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 : when a flavouring already included on the Community list, is produced from a different source falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, it will not require a new authorisation under this Regulation, as long as the new source is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and the flavouring complies with the specifications established under this Regulation Reporting by the food business operators : a producer or user of a flavouring substance must, if required, inform the Commission of the amount of the substance added to foods in the Community in a period of 12 months. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential data insofar as this information is not required for the safety assessment. Spirit Drinks Regulation : Parliament inserted an amendment which is intended to adapt the new spirit drinks regulation (EC) No 110/2008. It replaces the Common position text adapting the old regulation (EEC) No 1576/89. The deletion of the category “nature-identical“ category must allow the producers of the traditional spirits aquavit and väkevä glögi to only use natural flavouring substances for the sake of their quality image. Regarding the latter, flavouring substances and preparations must be allowed; Smoke flavourings : Parliament inserted an amendment providing the opportunity for referring to specific smoke flavourings so that consumers would be properly informed about salmon flavouring, bacon flavouring, barbecue flavouring and so on. Lastly, Article 10 (the content of the Community lists of food additives) shall apply from 18 months after the date of application of the Community list.
  • date: 2008-11-18T00:00:00 type: Act approved by Council, 2nd reading body: CSL
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2008-12-31T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to lay down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods to ensure the effective functioning of the internal market and a high level of human health protection and consumer protection. LEGISLATIVE ACT : Regulation (EC) No 1334/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on flavourings and certain food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91, Regulations (EC) No 2232/96 and (EC) No 110/2008 and Directive 2000/13/EC. CONTENT: the Council adopted this Regulation having accepted all the amendments made by the European Parliament at second reading. This Regulation lays down rules on flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods with a view to ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market whilst ensuring a high level of protection of human health and a high level of consumer protection, including the protection of consumer interests and fair practices in food trade, taking into account, where appropriate, the protection of the environment. The approval of flavourings should also take into account other factors relevant to the matter under consideration including societal, economic, traditional, ethical and environmental factors, the precautionary principle and the feasibility of controls. Raw foodstuffs which have not undergone any processing treatment and non-compound foodstuffs such as spices, herbs, teas and infusions (e.g. fruit or herbal tea) as well as mixtures of spices and/or herbs, mixtures of tea and mixtures for infusion, as long as they are consumed as such and/or not added to the food, do not fall within the scope of this Regulation. It provides for: a Community list of flavourings and source materials approved for use in and on foods, set out in Annex I (‘the ‘Community list’); conditions of use of flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties in and on foods; rules on the labelling of flavourings. The main objectives of the Regulation are: to clarify the scope of legislation on flavourings; to modernise and adapt the existing legislation on flavourings to technological and scientific developments; to establish clear evaluation and authorisation procedures; to inform better the consumer about the use of natural flavourings; to adapt to the requirements of Regulation (EC) N° 882/2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules. The Regulation provides that only flavourings or food ingredients with flavouring properties which meet the following conditions may be used in or on foods: (a) they do not, on the basis of the scientific evidence available, pose a safety risk to the health of the consumer; and (b) their use does not mislead the consumer. The Regulation contains maximum levels for undesirable substances in food. The conditions for the use of the term "natural" in describing flavourings are made stricter. The use of flavourings must not mislead the consumer, particularly as regards the nature, freshness, quality of ingredients used, the naturalness of a product or of the production process, or the nutritional quality of the product. When a flavouring already included in the Community list is produced from a different source falling within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, it will not require a new authorisation under this Regulation, as long as the new source is covered by an authorisation in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 and the flavouring complies with the specifications established under this Regulation. A producer or user of a flavouring substance, or the representative of such producer or user, shall, at the request of the Commission, inform it of the amount of the substance added to foods in the Community in a period of 12 months. The information provided in this context shall be treated as confidential insofar as this information is not required for the safety assessment. The text also makes reference to natural flavouring substances and smoke flavouring(s) produced from food(s) or food category or source(s) (e.g. smoke flavouring produced from beech). It should be noted that the Regulation forms part of the package of proposals on 'food improvement agents'. This package of proposals refers to food additives , food enzymes and flavourings. It contributes to the Commission’s simplification programme and also provides for harmonisation not only in their respective fields but also promotes consistency between the three related areas. An additional fourth act within the package will establish a single common authorisation procedure for the evaluation and approval of these substances. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 20/01/2009. APPLICATION: It shall apply from 20 January 2011. Article 10 ( Community list of flavourings and source materials ) shall apply from 18 months after the date of application of the Community list. Articles 26 ( Amendments to Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 ) and 28 ( Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 ) shall apply from the date of application of the Community list. Article 22 ( Amendments to Annexes II to V) shall apply from 20/01/ 2009. Foods lawfully placed on the market or labelled prior to 20/01/2011 which do not comply with this Regulation may be marketed until their date of minimum durability or use-by-date. docs: title: Regulation 2008/1334 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008R1334 title: OJ L 354 31.12.2008, p. 0034 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:TOC
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ENVI/6/58918
New
  • ENVI/6/58918
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008R1334
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008R1334
procedure/instrument
Old
Regulation
New
  • Regulation
  • Amending Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91 Repealing Directives 88/388/EEC and 91/71/EEC, Decision 88/389/EEC Repealing Regulation (EC) No 2232/96 1993/0478(COD) Amending Directive 2000/13/EC 1999/0090(COD) Amending Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 2005/0028(COD)
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.10.10 Foodstuffs, foodstuffs legislation
  • 3.40.13 Food industry
  • 4.60.02 Consumer information, advertising, labelling
  • 4.60.04.04 Food safety
New
3.10.10
Foodstuffs, foodstuffs legislation
3.40.13
Food industry
4.60.02
Consumer information, advertising, labelling
4.60.04.04
Food safety
procedure/summary
  • Amending Directive 2000/13/EC
  • Amending Regulation (EC) No 110/2008
  • Amending Regulation (EEC) No 1601/91
  • Repealing Directives 88/388/EEC and 91/71/EEC, Decision 88/389/EEC
  • Repealing Regulation (EC) No 2232/96
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
activities
  • date: 2006-07-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0427/COM_COM(2006)0427_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52006PC0427:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2006)0427 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers Commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla
  • date: 2006-09-05T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-05-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-185&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0185/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2803 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2803*&MEET_DATE=30/05/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2803 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2007-07-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20070709&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2007-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-323 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0323/2007 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-10-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0671/COM_COM(2007)0671_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52007PC0671:EN type: Modified legislative proposal published title: COM(2007)0671 type: Modified legislative proposal published body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers Commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla
  • date: 2007-12-17T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2841
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2858 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=16677%2F07&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Council position published title: 16677/3/2007 council: General Affairs date: 2008-03-10T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-03-13T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading
  • date: 2008-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-177&language=EN type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading title: A6-0177/2008 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
  • date: 2008-07-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080707&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15009&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-331 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading title: T6-0331/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-11-18T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2904
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-31T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008R1334 title: Regulation 2008/1334 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:354:TOC title: OJ L 354 31.12.2008, p. 0034
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2006-11-07T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: ALDE name: DRČAR MURKO Mojca
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers commissioner: VASSILIOU Androulla
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ENVI/6/58918
reference
2006/0147(COD)
instrument
Regulation
legal_basis
stage_reached
Procedure completed
summary
subtype
Legislation
title
Flavourings and food ingredients with flavouring properties for use in and on foods
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject